Which of the following pairs of molecules have the almost identical bond dissociation energy:
  • a)
    F2 and H2
  • b)
    N2 and CO
  • c)
    F2 and I2
  • d)
    HF and O2
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Chemistry Question

Aakash Pandey answered Aug 30, 2018
The bond enthalpies for the halogens are:

Plotting these data we would expect the bond enthalpy of F2 to be the strongest of them all, something around 300 kJ/mol, but in fact it much weaker than for chlorine. Indeed it is so weak, it as almost as weak as for iodine.

The reason for this is that fluorine is so small that it breaks the trend. The atomic radius is so small that the electrostatic repulsion between the nuclei is significant, and the non-bonding electrons surrounding each atom also repel each other due to the small amount of space available. These forces counteract the strong attraction between the nuclei and the bonding pair of electrons and weakens the bond compared to what might be expected.

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