You know that every subject has a subject, a verb, and an object. A subject is an agent who performs the verb on the object. Let’s understand this with the help of an example:
Active voice: When a subject is directly acting on the object, the sentence is written in Active voice.
Passive voice: When the object is acted upon by the subject, the sentence is written in Passive voice.
In both the above sentences, the meaning remains the same and only the structure is what that changes. Usually, the structure or sequence of the subject, verb, and object expressed in the active voice sentence gets reversed in the passive voice of the same sentence. To understand the difference, just focus on how the subject and object change the structure of the sentences in the table below:
|Active Voice||Passive Voice|
|I ate the strawberry pie||The strawberry pie was eaten by me|
|I bought a Honda car||A Honda car was bought by me|
|The sun rises from the east||East is where the sun rises from|
|Reema can do skydiving||Skydiving can be done by Reema|
Now you must have gotten some idea of how the active and passive voice sentences look like. Note again how the meaning has stayed the same throughout. You may use some different words in situations where you must. But this conversion from one voice to another voice is really simple when you know a few rules that we will chalk out for you here:
Active voice: Subject Verb Object
Passive voice: Object Verb Subject
You must have seen that the verb form changes when you switch from active to passive voice. Now verbs used are of two kinds: the main and the auxiliary verbs. Usually, an auxiliary verb is accompanied by the main verb. The auxiliary verb like be, do or have shows the tense or mood of the verb. For example, in the sentence “I have finished my scuba diving course in the Havelock Islands”, finished is the main verb and have is the auxiliary verb
Part 2 will coming soon..!!!