ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE part 1 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Class 8 : ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE part 1 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

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Active and Passive voice: Words come together to form a sentence and these sentences can be formed in more than one way. The way these sentences are made make a lot of difference in writing and we are going to learn all about that in this chapter. One thing to note here is that no matter what the structure of the sentence is, the meaning of the sentence does not change. That’s actually a very important point to remember throughout this chapter. Keep it in mind. Let’s dive straight into the realm of Active and Passive.




Active and Passive Voice:

You know that every subject has a subject, a verb, and an object. A subject is an agent who performs the verb on the object. Let’s understand this with the help of an example:

  • I swim in the ocean. – is the subject, swim is the verb, and ocean is the object.
  • My mom plays violin. – My mom is the subject, plays is the verb, and violin is the object.

Active voice: When a subject is directly acting on the object, the sentence is written in Active voice.

Passive voice: When the object is acted upon by the subject, the sentence is written in Passive voice.


In both the above sentences, the meaning remains the same and only the structure is what that changes. Usually, the structure or sequence of the subject, verb, and object expressed in the active voice sentence gets reversed in the passive voice of the same sentence. To understand the difference, just focus on how the subject and object change the structure of the sentences in the table below:


Active VoicePassive Voice
I ate the strawberry pieThe strawberry pie was eaten by me
I bought a Honda carA Honda car was bought by me
The sun rises from the eastEast is where the sun rises from
Reema can do skydivingSkydiving can be done by Reema

Now you must have gotten some idea of how the active and passive voice sentences look like. Note again how the meaning has stayed the same throughout. You may use some different words in situations where you must. But this conversion from one voice to another voice is really simple when you know a few rules that we will chalk out for you here:

Structure of Active and Passive voice:

Active voice: Subject Verb Object

Passive voice: Object Verb Subject

You must have seen that the verb form changes when you switch from active to passive voice. Now verbs used are of two kinds: the main and the auxiliary verbs. Usually, an auxiliary verb is accompanied by the main verb. The auxiliary verb like be, do or have shows the tense or mood of the verb. For example, in the sentence “I have finished my scuba diving course in the Havelock Islands”, finished is the main verb and have is the auxiliary verb




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