Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

TS Grewal Solutions - Class 11 Accountancy

Created by: Nipun Tuteja

Commerce : Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

The document Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev is a part of the Commerce Course TS Grewal Solutions - Class 11 Accountancy.
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Page No 19.69:
Question 9:
Following balances were extracted from the books of Vijay on 31st March, 2019:
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

Prepare Trading and Profit and Loss Account for the year ended 31st March, 2019 and Balance Sheet as at that date after giving effect to the following adjustments:
(a) Stock as on 31st March, 2019 was valued at ₹ 2,30,000.
(b) Write off further ₹ 1,800 as Bad Debts and maintain the Provision for Doubtful Debts at 5%.
(c) Depreciate Machinery at 10%.
(d) Provide ₹ 7,000 as outstanding interest on loan.
ANSWER:
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

Page No 19.70:
Question 10:
From the following Trial Balance and other information, prepare Trading and Profit and Loss Account for the year ended 31st March, 2019 and Balance Sheet as at that date:
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

Stock on 31st March, 2019 was ₹ 1,24,500. Rent was unpaid to the extent of ₹ 850 and ₹ 1,500 were outstanding for General Expenses; ₹ 4,000 are to be written off as bad debts out of the above debtors; and 5% is to be provided for doubtful debts. Depreciate Plant and Machinery by 10% and Premises by 2%.
Manager is entitled to a commission of 5% on net profit after charging his commission.
ANSWER:
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Note: In the question, Manager Commission is given as 5% on Net Profit after charging commission. But, during the year the firm had a Net Loss of Rs 42,750, therefore, manager commission is not payable.

Page No 19.71:
Question 11:
From the following Trial Balance of Shubho, prepare final accounts for the year ended 31st March, 2019 and Balance Sheet as at that date:
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

The following adjustments be taken care of:
(i) Depreciate Land and Building @ 6%, Plant and Machinery @ 10%, Office equipments @ 20% and Furniture and Fixtures @ 15%.
(ii) Calculate Provision for Doubtful Debts at 2% on Sundry Debtors.
(iii) Insurance premium includes ₹ 250 Insurance Premium paid in advance
(iv) Provide salary to Shubho ₹ 15,000 p.a.
(v) Outstanding Salaries ₹ 11,500.
(vi) 10% of the final profit is to be transferred to General Reserve.
ANSWER:
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

Page No 19.72:
Question 12:
Following is the Trial Balance as on 31st March, 2019. Prepare Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet:
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

Stock on 31st March, 2019, ₹ 20,600.
You are to make adjustments in respect of the following:
(a) Depreciate Machinery at 10% p.a.
(b) Make a provision @ 5% for Doubtful Debts.
(c) Provide discount on debtors @ 212/212%.
(d) Rent includes Rent deposit of ₹ 400.
(e) Insurance Prepaid ₹ 120.
ANSWER:
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev


Page No 19.73:
Question 13:
Prepare Trading and Profit and Loss Account for the year ended 31st March, 2019 and Balance Sheet as at that date from the following Trial Balance:Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

Adjustments:
(i) Taxes ₹ 3,000 are outstanding but Insurance ₹ 500 is prepaid.
(ii) Commission ₹ 1,000 received in advance for the next year.
(iii) Interest ₹ 2,100 is to be received on Deposits and Interest on Bank Loan ₹ 3,000 is to be paid.
(iv) Provision for Doubtful Debts to be maintained at ₹ 10,000.
(v) Depreciate Furniture by 10%.
(vi) Stock on 31st March, 2019 is ₹ 45,000.
(vii) A fire occurred on 1st April, 2019 destroying goods costing ₹ 10,000. These goods were purchased paying CGST and SGST @ 6% each.
ANSWER:
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

Working Notes:
(1) Loss of stock by fire has ocurred on 1st April, 2019. Hence, it will not affect the Balance Sheet dated 31st March, 2019.
(2)GST Set off
First:CGST Payable/(Receivable)=Output CGST-Input CGST=8,000-10,000=(2,000)
Second:SGST Payable/(Receivable)=Output SGST-Input SGST=8,000-10,000=(2,000)
Third:IGST Payable/(Receivable)=Output IGST-Input CGST-Input SGST=6,000-2,000-2,000=2,000
Final:GST Payable=Output IGST=2,000

Page No 19.74:
Question 14:
From the following Trial Balance of Ramesh, prepare Trading, Profit and Loss Account for the year ending 31st March, 2019 and a Balance Sheet as on that date:
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

Adjustments:
(i) Cost of stock on 31st March, 2019 was ₹ 37,000. However, its market value was ₹ 35,000.
(ii) Wages outstanding were ₹ 6,000 and salaries outstanding were ₹ 5,000 on 31st March, 2019.
(iii) Depreciate Land and Building @ Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev%, Plant and Machinery @ 10% p.a. and Furniture @ 15% p.a.
(iv) Purchase includes purchase of machinery for ₹ 10,000 on 1st October, 2018.
(v) Debtors include bad debts of ₹ 2,000. Maintain a provision for doubtful debts @ 10% on Debtors.
ANSWER:
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev
Adjustments in Preparation of Financial Statements (Part - 2) Commerce Notes | EduRev

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