Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev

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Computer Science Engineering (CSE) : Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev

The document Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev is a part of the Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Course Environmental Engineering - Notes, Videos, MCQs & PPTs.
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BASIC EQUATION FOR BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF WASTEWATER 

According to Monod kinetics, 

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev (4.2.1)
 Where, s is the substrate concentration, ks is the substrate concentration when µ(=µmax/2), µmax is the maximum µ when substrate is not limiting. Also, solid production rate Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev  is related to substrate utilization rate Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev by 
 following relationship: 

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev (4.2.2) 
 Where, Sr is the mass of soluble substrate (i.e. BOD), Y is the yield coefficient (kg of new cells formed/kg BOD removed). However owing to large treatment time in many of the large treatment units, substantial number of cells may die because of endogenous respiration. Therefore, 

Net production rate Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev (4.2.3)

Where, Kd is the endogenous respiration decay rate constant. For growth phase only, 

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev (4.2.3)

Case 1- S>>Ks    

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev(4.2.4)
 i.e. removal rate is independent of substrate concentration and that the removal rate depends on X only. 

Case 2: S<< KS 

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev (4.2.5)

Here, removal rate depends both upon X and S. Where, X is the mass of biomass in the system (usually represented by MLSS i.e. Mixed Liquor Suspended Solid), µ is the specific growth rate constant (time-1). 

Major Terms [a] Hydraulic detention time,

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev (4.2.6)

[b] Sludge age or mean residence time(θC)

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev(4.2.7)

Where, x (=X/V) the concentration of microbial solution in the system, x’ is the concentration of solids withdrawn. 

For the flow through system, x’ = x and Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev

For the flow system with recycling, x’ < x and  Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev

[c] Food to microorganism ratio 

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev (4.2.8)

 

Problem 4.2.1: An aerated activated sludge tank is being operated under following conditions: Q=4400 m3/d, MLSS=3500 mg/l, Y=0.5, tank volume =770 m3, Endogeneous decay rate constant kd=0.09 d-1.
 (a) Estimate weight of solids produced per day for the conditions in which BOD is reduced from 350 mg/l to 130 mg/l.
 (b) Estimate θc.
 (c) Estimate F/M ratio. 

Solution: 

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev

=241.4 kg/d. 

θc  = mass of solid in the system/ mass of solid leaving the system per day = Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev

Anaerobic and Aerobic Treatment Biochemical Kinetics Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev= 0.359 (kg BOD/kg MLSS) 

θc = 11.17 day.

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