An analogy is like a tool that helps explain how different things or ideas are similar or connected to each other.
Basically, in this type of questions, you have four pairs of words as options. These pairs of words share some kind of relationship that you need to decipher. However, amongst these four pairs, a pair of words share the same relationship with its pair as the pair given in the question.
Example: Question: Artist : Painting ::
(a) Driver: Car
(b) Composer : Symphony
(c) Surgeon : Operation
(d) Novel : Author
Sol: Now, let’s again read the initial pair of words, but substituting words for colons. The first colon (:) is translated as “is to” and two colons (::) are translated as “as”. So, it will be read as “Artist is to Painting as…”. Next, let’s look into this question: What is the relationship an artist and a painting shares? An artist creates a painting.
Therefore, the pair we are looking for should share a relationship closest to that between an artist and a painting. Let us consider the first option: A driver drives a car. We definitely know that the relationship between the Driver and the car is not the same as between the Artist and the painting. Consequently, that option is eliminated.
With the first option eliminated, we have three more options to look into. Considering the options, we know that a Surgeon “does” an operation, “a Novel is written by an Author”. These options do not reflect the relationship that an Artist and a painting share. However, option b is Composer is to Symphony. We know that a Composer creates a Symphony. This is the only option that comes closest to the relationship between an Artist and a painting. So, the correct option is B.
Example 1: baker : eating -
(a) surgeon : anesthesia
(b) author : reading
(c) gardener : watering
(d) policeman : enforcement
Sol: The relationship between the words in bold type: eating is an activity involving the product of the baker's work. Response (b) has the same relationship: reading is an activity involving the product of the author's work. The other responses are incorrect: anesthesia is a stage that precedes a surgeon's work. Watering is one of the jobs of a gardener. Enforcement is the objective of the policeman's work.
Example 2: to shutter : is closed -
(a) to explain : is understood
(b) to estimate : is exact
(c) to believe : is correct
(d) to permit : is forbidden
Sol: The relationship between the words in bold type: to shutter something causes it to be closed. Response (a) contains the same relationship: to explain something causes it to be understood. The other responses are incorrect: to estimate is to make an approximate calculation of something's worth, not an exact one; to believe something is to think that it is correct; to permit something means to declare that it is not forbidden.
Example 3: deck : fleet -
(a) ruler : country
(b) roof : neighborhood
(c) clothespin : laundry
(d) player : team
Sol: The relationship between the words in bold type: a deck is the upper part of a ship, and a group of ships makes up a fleet. Response (b) contains the same relationship: a roof is the upper part of a house, and a group of houses makes up a neighborhood. The other responses are incorrect: a ruler is someone who rules over a country. A clothespin is a means for hanging laundry on a clothesline. A player may be part of a team.
Example 4: warn : wariness -
(a) distort : truth
(b) provoke : anger
(c) know : proficiency
(d) dissuade : action
Sol: The relationship between the words in bold type: to warn means to do something that produces wariness in someone else. Response (2) contains the same relationship: to provoke means to do something that produces anger in someone else. The other responses are incorrect: to distort means to twist the truth. To know means to have proficiency. To dissuade means to cause someone to refrain from a particular action.
Example 5: Curd : Milk :: Shoe : ?
Sol: As curd is made from milk similarly shoe is made from leather.
Example 6: Calf : Piglet :: Shed : ?
Sol: Calf is young one of the cow and piglet is the young of Pig. Shed is the dwelling place of cow. Similarly Pigsty is the dwelling place of pig.
Example 7: Malaria : Mosquito :: ? : ?
(a) Poison : Death
(b) Cholera : Water
(c) Rat : Plague
(d) Medicine : Disease
Sol: As malaria is caused due to mosquito similarly cholera is cause due to water.
Example 8: ABC : ZYX :: CBA : ?
Sol: CBA is the reverse of ABC similarly XYZ is the reverse of ZYX.
Example 9: 4 : 18 :: 6 : ?
Sol: As, (4)2 + 2 =18
Similarly, (6)2 + 2 = 38.
|1. What is an analogy?|
|2. What are some tips to solve analogies?|
|3. What are analogies and reverse analogies questions?|
|4. Can you provide an example of an analogy?|
|5. How can analogies be helpful in SSC CGL exam preparation?|