Assumption (Critical Reasoning) for GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev

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ASSUMPTION

10% of GMAT CR Questions
 A fairly common CR question type

Assumption (Critical Reasoning) for GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev

Objective
Assumption questions ask you to find a piece of information that would also have to be true for the argument to function. Put another way, you’re looking for the answer that’s required to be true for the argument to work.

The Opposite Test
The Opposite Test is a powerful tool to prove if an option is required. If we take the opposite of the correct option, the argument will fall apart.

Example:
ExBenton Motor Company has developed a driver monitoring system that will warn the driver by flashing lights, and warning sounds if the driver is not paying attention to the road ahead, or a dangerous situation is detected. A spokeswoman for the company claims that the new system will make its new cars safer.
The argument above rests on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The new system will be commercially successful.

(B) ExBenton Motor Company is likely to sell more cars if the new feature is available to the public.

(C) People unfamiliar with the new system could become distracted or confused by the system’s flashing lights and warning sounds.

(D)Drivers of cars equipped with the new system are likely to know how to respond to the warning lights and flashing sounds to avert danger.

(E) Similar driver monitoring systems have been proven to improve safety in both testing and on real-life conditions.

Common Question Forms

Here are some of the most common ways Assumption questions are asked:
1. Which of the following is an assumption that supports drawing the conclusion above from the reason given for that conclusion?
 2. Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
 3. The conclusion above is properly drawn if which of the following is assumed?

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