Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

CLAT: Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

The document Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT is a part of the CLAT Course Current Affairs & General Knowledge.
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Different Branches of Science

Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Branch ➜ Concerning Field

  • Aeronautics ➜ Science of flight of aeroplanes.
  • Astronomy ➜ Study of heavenly bodies.
  • Agronomy ➜ Science dealing with crop plants.
  • Angiology ➜ Deals with the study of the blood vascular system.
  • Anthology ➜ Study of flowers.
  • Anthropology ➜ Study of apse and man.
  • Apiculture ➜ Honey industry (Bee Keeping)
  • Araneology ➜ Study of spiders.
  • Batracology ➜ Study of frogs.
  • Biochemistry ➜ deals with the study of chemical reactions in relation to life activities.
  • Biotechnology ➜ Deals with the use of micro-organisms in commercial processes for producing fine chemicals such as drugs, vaccines, hormones, etc. on a large scale. 
  • Cardiology ➜ Study of heart.
  • Craniology ➜ Study of skulls.
  • Cryptography ➜ Study of secret writing.
  • Cryogenics ➜ Study concerning the application and uses of very low temperature.
  • Cytology ➜ Study of cells.
  • Dermatology ➜ Study of skin.
  • Ecology ➜ The study of the relationship between organisms and the environment.
  • Entomology ➜ Study of insects.
  • Etiology ➜ Study of the cause of disease.
  • Eugenics ➜ Study of improvement of the human race by applying laws of heredity. It is related to future generations.
  • Evolution ➜ Deals with the study of the origin of new from old.
  • Exobiology ➜ Deals with life or possibilities of life beyond the earth.
  • Floriculture ➜ Study of flower yielding plants.
  • Geology ➜ Study of condition and structure of the earth.
  • Genetics ➜ Study of heredity and variations.
  • Gerontology ➜ Study of female reproductive organs.
  • Horticulture ➜  Study of garden cultivation.
  • Haematology ➜ Study of blood.
  • Herpetology ➜ Study of the liver.
  • Iconography ➜ Teaching by pictures and models.
  • Immunology ➜ science which deals with the study of resistance of organisms against infection.
  • Jurisprudence ➜ Science of law.
  • Kalology ➜ Study of human beauty.
  • Lexicography ➜ Compiling of a dictionary.
  • Mycology ➜ Study of fungi.
  • Myology ➜ Study of muscles.
  • Nephrology ➜ Study of kidneys.
  • Neurology ➜ Study of the nervous system.
  • Numismatics ➜ Study of coins and medals.
  • Obstetrics ➜ Branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy.
  • Oneirology ➜ Study of dreams.
  • Ophthalmology ➜ Study of eyes.
  • Ornithology ➜ Study of birds.
  • Osteology ➜ Study of bones.
  • Palaeontology ➜ Study of fossils.
  • Philately ➜ Stamp collecting.
  • Philology ➜ Study of languages.
  • Phonetics ➜ Concerning the sounds of a spoken language.
  • Physiography ➜ Nature phenomenon.
  • Pedology ➜ Study of soils.
  • Pathology ➜ Study of disease-causing organisms.
  • Phycology ➜  Study of algae.
  • Physiology ➜ Science deals with the study of functions of various parts of organisms.
  • Pisciculture ➜ Study of fish.
  • Pomology ➜ Study of fruits.
  • Seismology ➜ Study of earthquakes.
  • Sericulture ➜ Silk industry (culture of silk moth and pupa).
  • Serpentology ➜ Study of snakes.
  • Telepathy ➜ communication between two minds at a distance with the help of emotions.
  • Taxonomy ➜ Study of classification of organisms.
  • Virology ➜ Study of the virus.

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Elements, Symbols And Atomic NumbersBranches of Science, Elements and Compounds Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Element(Symbol) ➜ Atomic Number

  • Hydrogen (H) ➜ 1
  • Helium (He) ➜ 2
  • Lithium (Li) ➜ 3
  • Beryllium (Be) ➜ 4    
  • Boron (B) ➜ 5    
  • Carbon (C) ➜ 6    
  • Nitrogen (N) ➜ 7    
  • Oxygen (O) ➜ 8    
  • Fluorine (F) ➜ 9    
  • Neon (Ne) ➜ 10    
  • Sodium (Natrium)  (Na) ➜ 11    
  • Magnesium (Mg) ➜ 12    
  • Aluminum (Al) ➜ 13    
  • Silicon (Si) ➜ 14    
  • Phosphorous (P) ➜ 15    
  • Sulphur (S) ➜ 16    
  • Chlorine (Cl) ➜ 17    
  • Argon (Ar) ➜ 18    
  • Potassium (Kalium) (K) ➜ 19    
  • Calcium (Ca) ➜ 20    
  • Titanium (Ti) ➜ 22    
  • Vanadium (V) ➜ 23    
  • Chromium (Cr) ➜ 24    
  • Manganese (Mn) ➜ 25
  • Iron (Ferrum) (Fe) ➜ 26
  • Cobalt (Co) ➜ 27
  • Nickel  (Ni) ➜ 28
  • Copper (Cuprum) (Cu) ➜ 29
  • Zinc (Zn) ➜ 30
  • Germanium (Ge) ➜ 32
  • Bromine (Br) ➜ 35
  • Krypton (Kr) ➜ 36
  • Zirconium (Zr) ➜ 40
  • Silver (Ag) ➜ 47
  • Tin (Stannum) (Sn) ➜ 50
  • Antimony (Stabnium) (Sb) ➜ 51
  • Iodine  (I) ➜ 53
  • Barium  (Ba) ➜ 56
  • Gold (Aurum) (Au) ➜ 79
  • Mercury (Hydragerm) (Hg) ➜ 80
  • Lead (Plumbum) (Pb) ➜ 82
  • Bismuth (Bi) ➜ 83
  • Radium (Ra) ➜ 88
  • Thorium (Th) ➜ 90
  • Uranium (U) ➜ 92
  • Plutonium (Pu) ➜ 94
  • Curium (Cm) ➜ 96
    Try yourself:What is atomic number for Sodium (Natrium)(Na)?
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Common and Chemical Names of Some Compounds

Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Common Name ➜ Chemical Name (Chemical Formula)

  • Dry ice ➜ Solid Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
  • Slaked Lime ➜ Calcium Hydroxide (Ca(OH)2)
  • Bleaching Powder ➜ Calcium Oxychloride (CaOCI2)
  • Nausadar ➜ Ammonium Chloride (NH4CI)
  • Caustic Soda ➜ Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH)
  • Rock Salt ➜ Sodium Chloride (NaCI)
  • Caustic Potash ➜ Potassium Hydroxide (KOH)
  • Potash Alum ➜ Potassium Aluminium Sulphate (K2SO4.AI2(SO4)3.24H2O)
  • Epsom ➜ Magnesium Sulphate (MgSO4.7H2O)
  • Quick Lime ➜ Calcium Sulphate (CaO)
  • Plaster of Paris ➜ Calcium Sulphate (CaSO4)1/2 H2O
  • Gypsum ➜ Calcium Sulphate (CaSO4.2H2O)
  • Green Vitriol ➜ Ferrous Sulphate (FeSO4.7H2O)
  • Mohr’s Salt ➜ Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate (FeSO4 (NH4)2SO4.6H2O)
  • Blue Vitriol ➜ Copper Sulphate (CuSO4.5H2O)
  • White Vitriol ➜ Zinc Sulphate (ZnSO4.7H2O)
  • Marsh Gas ➜ Methane (CH4)
  • Vinegar ➜ Acetic Acid  (CH3COOH)
  • Potash Ash ➜ Potassium Carbonate (K2CO3)
  • Hypo ➜ Sodium Thiosulphate (Na2S2O3.5H2O)
  • Baking Powder ➜ Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO3)
  • Washing Soda ➜ Sodium Carbonate (Na2CO3.10H2O)
  • Magnesia ➜ Magnesium Oxide (MgO)
  • Chalk (Marble) ➜ Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3)
  • Lunar Caustic ➜ Silver Nitrate (AgNO3)
  • Laughing Gas ➜ Nitrous Oxide (N2O)
  • Chloroform ➜ Trichloro Methane (CHCI3)
  • Vermelium ➜ Mercuric Sulphide (HgS)
  • Borax ➜ Borax (Na2B4O7.10H2O)
  • Alcohol ➜ Ethyl Alcohol (C2H5OH)
  • Sugar ➜ Sucrose (C12H22O11)
  • Heavy Water ➜ Deuterium Oxide (D2O)
  • Globar’s Salt ➜ Sodium Sulphate (Na2SO4.10H2O)
  • T.N.T. ➜ Tri Nitrotoluene  (C5H2CH3(NO2)3)
  • Calomel ➜ Mercurous Chloride (Hgci)
  • Sand ➜ Silicon Oxide (SiO2)

Try yourself:What is chemicl name for sugar?
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The document Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT is a part of the CLAT Course Current Affairs & General Knowledge.
All you need of CLAT at this link: CLAT

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