Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds CLAT Notes | EduRev

Current Affairs & General Knowledge

CLAT : Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds CLAT Notes | EduRev

The document Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds CLAT Notes | EduRev is a part of the CLAT Course Current Affairs & General Knowledge.
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Different Branches of ScienceBranches of Science, Elements and Compounds CLAT Notes | EduRev

Branch ➜ Concerning Field

  1. Aeronautics ➜ Science of flight of aeroplanes.
  2. Astronomy ➜ Study of heavenly bodies.
  3. Agronomy ➜ Science dealing with crop plants.
  4. Angiology ➜ Deals with the study of the blood vascular system.
  5. Anthology ➜ Study of flowers.
  6. Anthropology ➜ Study of apse and man.
  7. Apiculture ➜ Honey industry (Bee Keeping)
  8. Araneology ➜ Study of spiders.
  9. Batracology ➜ Study of frogs.
  10. Biochemistry ➜ Deals with the study of chemical reactions in relation to life activities.
  11. Biotechnology ➜ Deals with the use of micro-organisms in commercial processes for producing fine chemicals such as drugs, vaccines, hormones, etc. on a large scale. 
  12. Cardiology ➜ Study of heart.
  13. Craniology ➜ Study of skulls.
  14. Cryptography ➜ Study of secret writing.
  15. Cryogenics ➜ Study concerning with the application and uses of very low temperature.
  16. Cytology ➜ Study of cells.
  17. Dermatology ➜ Study of skin.
  18. Ecology ➜ The study of the relationship between organisms and the environment.
  19. Entomology ➜ Study of insects.
  20. Etiology ➜ Study of the cause of disease.
  21. Eugenics ➜ Study of improvement of the human race by applying laws of heredity. It is related to future generations.
  22. Evolution ➜ Deals with the study of the origin of new from old.
  23. Exobiology ➜ Deals with life or possibilities of life beyond the earth.
  24. Floriculture ➜ Study of flower yielding plants.
  25. Geology ➜ Study of condition and structure of the earth.
  26. Genetics ➜ Study of heredity and variations.
  27. Gerontology ➜ Study of female reproductive organs.
  28. Horticulture ➜  Study of garden cultivation.
  29. Haematology ➜ Study of blood.
  30. Herpetology ➜ Study of liver.
  31. Iconography ➜ Teaching by pictures and models.
  32. Immunology ➜ Science which deals with the study of resistance of organisms against infection.
  33. Jurisprudence ➜ Science of law.
  34. Kalology ➜ Study of human beauty.
  35. Lexicography ➜ Compiling of a dictionary.
  36. Mycology ➜ Study of fungi.
  37. Myology ➜ Study of muscles.
  38. Nephrology ➜ Study of kidneys.
  39. Neurology ➜ Study of nervous system.
  40. Numismatics ➜ Study of coins and medals.
  41. Obstetrics ➜ Branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy.
  42. Oneirology ➜ Study of dreams.
  43. Ophthalmology ➜ Study of eyes.
  44. Ornithology ➜ Study of birds.
  45. Osteology ➜ Study of bones.
  46. Palaeontology ➜ Study of fossils.
  47. Philately ➜ Stamp collecting.
  48. Philology ➜ Study of languages.
  49. Phonetics ➜ Concerning the sounds of a spoken language.
  50. Physiography ➜ Nature phenomenon.
  51. Pedology ➜ Study of soils.
  52. Pathology ➜ Study of disease causing organisms.
  53. Phycology ➜  Study of algae.
  54. Physiology ➜ Science dealing with the study of functions of various parts of organisms.
  55. Pisciculture ➜ Study of fish.
  56. Pomology ➜ Study of fruits.
  57. Seismology ➜ Study of earthquakes.
  58. Sericulture ➜ Silk industry (culture of silk moth and pupa).
  59. Serpentology ➜ Study of snakes.
  60. Telepathy ➜ Communication between two minds at a distance with the help of emotions.
  61. Taxonomy ➜ Study of classification of organisms.
  62. Virology ➜ Study of virus.

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Elements, Symbols And Atomic NumbersBranches of Science, Elements and Compounds CLAT Notes | EduRev

Element(Symbol) ➜ Atomic Number

  1. Hydrogen (H) ➜ 1
  2. Helium (He) ➜ 2
  3. Lithium (Li) ➜ 3
  4. Beryllium (Be) ➜ 4    
  5. Boron (B) ➜ 5    
  6. Carbon (C) ➜ 6    
  7. Nitrogen (N) ➜ 7    
  8. Oxygen (O) ➜ 8    
  9. Fluorine (F) ➜ 9    
  10. Neon (Ne) ➜ 10    
  11. Sodium (Natrium)  (Na) ➜ 11    
  12. Magnesium (Mg) ➜ 12    
  13. Aluminium (Al) ➜ 13    
  14. Silicon (Si) ➜ 14    
  15. Phosphorous (P) ➜ 15    
  16. Sulphur (S) ➜ 16    
  17. Chlorine (Cl) ➜ 17    
  18. Argon (Ar) ➜ 18    
  19. Potassium (Kalium) (K) ➜ 19    
  20. Calcium (Ca) ➜ 20    
  21. Titanium (Ti) ➜ 22    
  22. Vanadium (V) ➜ 23    
  23. Chromium (Cr) ➜ 24    
  24. Manganese (Mn) ➜ 25
  25. Iron (Ferrum) (Fe) ➜ 26
  26. Cobalt (Co) ➜ 27
  27. Nickel  (Ni) ➜ 28
  28. Copper (Cuprum) (Cu) ➜ 29
  29. Zinc (Zn) ➜ 30
  30. Germanium (Ge) ➜ 32
  31. Bromine (Br) ➜ 35
  32. Krypton (Kr) ➜ 36
  33. Zirconium (Zr) ➜ 40
  34. Silver (Ag) ➜ 47
  35. Tin (Stannum) (Sn) ➜ 50
  36. Antimony (Stabnium) (Sb) ➜ 51
  37. Iodine  (I) ➜ 53
  38. Barium  (Ba) ➜ 56
  39. Gold (Aurum) (Au) ➜ 79
  40. Mercury (Hydragerm) (Hg) ➜ 80
  41. Lead (Plumbum) (Pb) ➜ 82
  42. Bismuth (Bi) ➜ 83
  43. Radium (Ra) ➜ 88
  44. Thorium (Th) ➜ 90
  45. Uranium (U) ➜ 92
  46. Plutonium (Pu) ➜ 94
  47. Curium (Cm) ➜ 96

Common and Chemical Names of Some Compounds

Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds CLAT Notes | EduRev

Common Name ➜ Chemical Name (Chemical Formula)

  1. Dry ice ➜ Solid Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
  2. Slaked Lime ➜ Calcium Hydroxide (Ca(OH)2)
  3. Bleaching Powder ➜ Calcium Oxychloride (CaOCI2)
  4. Nausadar ➜ Ammonium Chloride (NH4CI)
  5. Caustic Soda ➜ Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH)
  6. Rock Salt ➜ Sodium Chloride (NaCI)
  7. Caustic Potash ➜ Potassium Hydroxide (KOH)
  8. Potash Alum ➜ Potassium Aluminium Sulphate (K2SO4.AI2(SO4)3.24H2O)
  9. Epsom ➜ Magnesium Sulphate (MgSO4.7H2O)
  10. Quick Lime ➜ Calcium Sulphate (CaO)
  11. Plaster of Paris ➜ Calcium Sulphate (CaSO4)1/2 H2O
  12. Gypsum ➜ Calcium Sulphate (CaSO4.2H2O)
  13. Green Vitriol ➜ Ferrous Sulphate (FeSO4.7H2O)
  14. Mohr’s Salt ➜ Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate (FeSO4 (NH4)2SO4.6H2O)
  15. Blue Vitriol ➜ Copper Sulphate (CuSO4.5H2O)
  16. White Vitriol ➜ Zinc Sulphate (ZnSO4.7H2O)
  17. Marsh Gas ➜ Methane (CH4)
  18. Vinegar ➜ Acetic Acid  (CH3COOH)
  19. Potash Ash ➜ Potassium Carbonate (K2CO3)
  20. Hypo ➜ Sodium Thiosulphate (Na2S2O3.5H2O)
  21. Baking Powder ➜ Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO3)
  22. Washing Soda ➜ Sodium Carbonate (Na2CO3.10H2O)
  23. Magnesia ➜ Magnesium Oxide (MgO)
  24. Chalk (Marble) ➜ Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3)
  25. Lunar Caustic ➜ Silver Nitrate (AgNO3)
  26. Laughing Gas ➜ Nitrous Oxide (N2O)
  27. Chloroform ➜ Trichloro Methane (CHCI3)
  28. Vermelium ➜ Mercuric Sulphide (HgS)
  29. Borax ➜ Borax (Na2B4O7.10H2O)
  30. Alcohol ➜ Ethyl Alcohol (C2H5OH)
  31. Sugar ➜ Sucrose (C12H22O11)
  32. Heavy Water ➜ Deuterium Oxide (D2O)
  33. Globar’s Salt ➜ Sodium Sulphate (Na2SO4.10H2O)
  34. T.N.T. ➜ Tri Nitrotoluene  (C5H2CH3(NO2)3)
  35. Calomel ➜ Mercurous Chloride (Hgci)
  36. Sand ➜ Silicon Oxide (SiO2)
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