Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds CLAT Notes | EduRev

Static GK for Exam Preparation

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CLAT : Branches of Science, Elements and Compounds CLAT Notes | EduRev

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DIFFERENT BRANCHES OF SCIENCE:-

Sr.
no.
BranchConcerning field
1AeronauticsScience of flight of airplanes.
2AstronomyStudy of heavenly bodies.
3AgronomyScience dealing with crop plants.
4AngiologyDeals with the study of blood vascular system.
5AnthologyStudy of flowers.
6AnthropologyStudy of apse and man.
7ApicultureHoney industry (Bee Keeping)
8AraneologyStudy of spiders.
9BatracologyStudy of frogs.
10BiochemistryDeals with the study of chemical reactions in relation to life activities.
11BiotechnologyDeals with the use of micro-organnisms in commercial processes for producing fine chemicals such as drugs, vaccines, hormones, etc.on a large scale. 
12CardiologyStudy of heart.
13CraniologyStudy of skulls.
14CryptographyStudy of secret writing.
15CryogenicsStudy concerning with the application and uses of very low temperature.
16CytologyStudy of cells.
17DermatologyStudy of skin.
18EcologyThe study of relationship between organisms and environment.
19EntomologyStudy of insects.
20EtiologyStudy of cause of disease.
21EugenicsStudy of improvement of human race by applying laws of heredity. It is related with future generations.
22EvolutionDeals with the study of origin of new from old.
23ExobiologyDeals with life or possibilities of life beyond the earth.
24FloricultureStudy of flower yielding plants.
25GeologyStudy of condition and structure of the earth.
26GeneticsStudy of heredity and variations.
27GerontologyStudy of female reproductive organs.
28HorticultureStudy of garden cultivation.
29HaematologyStudy of blood.
30HerpetologyStudy of liver.
31IconographyTeaching by pictures and models.
32ImmunologyScience which deals with the study of resistance of organisms against infection.
33JurisprudenceScience of law.
34KalologyStudy of human beauty.
35LexicographyCompiling of dictionary.
36MycologyStudy of fungi.
37MyologyStudy of muscles.
38NephrologyStudy of kidneys.
39NeurologyStudy of nervous system.
40NumismaticsStudy of coins and medals.
41ObstetricsBranch of medicine dealing with pregnancy.
42OneirologyStudy of dreams.
43OphthalmologyStudy of eyes.
44OrnithologyStudy of birds.
45OsteologyStudy of bones.
46PalaeontologyStudy of fossils.
47PhilatelyStamp collecting.
48PhilologyStudy of languages.
49PhoneticsConcerning the sounds of a spoken language.
50PhysiographyNature phenomenon.
51PedologyStudy of soils.
52PathologyStudy of disease causing organisms.
53PhycologyStudy of algae.
54PhysiologyScience dealing with the study of functions of various parts of organisms.
55PiscicultureStudy of fish.
56PomologyStudy of fruits.
57SeismologyStudy of earthquakes.
58SericultureSilk industry (culture of silk moth and pupa).
59SerpentologyStudy of snakes.
60TelepathyCommunication between two minds at a distance with the help of emotions.
61TaxonomyStudy of classification of organisms.
62VirologyStudy of virus.

ELEMENTS, SYMBOLS AND ATOMIC NUMBERS:-

Sr.
no.
NameSymbolAtomic NumberNameSymbolAtomic Number
1HydrogenH1Iron (Ferum)Fe26
2HeliumHe2CobaltCo27
3LithiumLi3NickelNi28
4BerylliumBe4Copper (Cuprum)Cu29
5BoronB5ZincZn30
6CarbonC6GermeniumGe32
7NitrogenN7BromineBr35
8OxygenO8KryptonKr36
9FlourineF9ZirconiumZr40
10NeonNe10SilverAg47
11Sodium (Natrium)Na11Tin (Stannum)Sn50
12MagnesiumMg12Antimony (Stabnium)Sb51
13AluminiumAl13IodineI53
14SiliconSi14BariumBa56
15PhosphorousP15Gold (Aurum)Au79
16SulphurS16Mercury (Hydragerm)Hg80
17ChlorineCl17Lead (Plumbum)Pb82
18ArgonAr18BismuthBi83
19Potassium (Kalium)K19RadiumRa88
20CalciumCa20ThoriumTh90
21TitaniumTi22UraniumU92
22VanadiumV23PlutoniumPu94
23ChromiumCr24CuriumCm96
24ManganeseMn25

COMMON AND CHEMICAL NAMES OF SOME COMPOUNDS:-

Sr.
no. 
Common NameChemical NameChemical Formulae
1Dry lceSolid CarbondioxideCO2
2Slaked LimeCalcium HydroxideCa (OH)2
3Bleaching PowderCalcium OxychlorideCaOCI2
4NausadarAmmonium ChlorideNHCI
5Caustic SodaSodium HydroxideNaOH
6Rock SaltSodium ChlorideNaCI
7Caustic PotashPotassium HydroxideKOH
8Potash AlumPotassium Aluminium SulphateK2SO4 .AI2(SO4)3.24H2O
9EpsomMagnesium SulphateMgSO4. 7H2O
10Quick LimeCalcium SulphateCaO
11Plaster of ParisCalcium Sulphate(CaSO4) 1/H2O
12GypsumCalcium SulphateCaSO4.2H2O
13Green VitriolFerrous SulphateFeSO4.7H2O
14Mohr’s SaltAmmonium Ferrous SulphateFeSO4 (NH4)2SO4.6H2O
15Blue VitriolCopper SulphateCuSO4.5H2O
16White VitriolZinc SulphateZnSO4..7H2O
17Marsh GasMethaneCH4
18VinegarAcetic AcidCH3COOH
19Potash AshPotassium CarbonateK2CO3
20HypoSodium ThiosulphateNa2S2O3.5H2O
21Baking PowderSodium BicarbonateNaHCO3
22Washing SodaSodium CarbonateNa2CO3.10H2O
23MagnesiaMagnesium OxideMgO
24Chalk (Marble)Calcium CarbonateCaCO3
25Lunar CausticSilver NitrateAgNO3
26Laughing GasNitrous OxideN2O
27ChloroformTricholoro MethaneCHCI3
28VermeliumMercuric SulphideHgS
29BoraxBoraxNa2B4O7.10H2O
30AlcoholEthyl AlcoholC2H5OH
31SugarSucroseC12H22O11
32Heavy WaterDuterium OxideD2O
33Globar’s SaltSodium SulphateNa2SO4.10H2O
34T.N.T.Tri NitrotolueneC5H2CH3(NO2)3
35CalomelMercurous ChlorideHgci
36SandSilicon OxideSiO2
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