CARBOHYDRATES Notes | EduRev

: CARBOHYDRATES Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


CARBOHYDRATES 
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CARBOHYDRATES 
? Carbohydrate are the most abundant 
organic molecules in nature.  
 
? They are widely distributed in plants, 
animals and microorganisms. 
 
? They have important structural and 
metabolic roles 
 
Page 3


CARBOHYDRATES 
? Carbohydrate are the most abundant 
organic molecules in nature.  
 
? They are widely distributed in plants, 
animals and microorganisms. 
 
? They have important structural and 
metabolic roles 
 
? They have a wide range of functions, 
including,  
 
– providing a significant fraction of the 
energy in the diet of most organisms,  
– acting as a storage form energy in the 
body, 
– serving as cell membrane components 
that mediates some forms of 
intercellular communications. 
 
Page 4


CARBOHYDRATES 
? Carbohydrate are the most abundant 
organic molecules in nature.  
 
? They are widely distributed in plants, 
animals and microorganisms. 
 
? They have important structural and 
metabolic roles 
 
? They have a wide range of functions, 
including,  
 
– providing a significant fraction of the 
energy in the diet of most organisms,  
– acting as a storage form energy in the 
body, 
– serving as cell membrane components 
that mediates some forms of 
intercellular communications. 
 
– Carbohydrates also serves as a 
structural component of many 
organisms, including 
• the cell walls of bacteria,   
• the exoskeleton of many insects, and  
• the fibrous cellulose of plants.  
 
– Carbohydrates are precursors for DNA 
and RNA, Glycolipids, Glycoproteins and 
Proteoglycans. 
Page 5


CARBOHYDRATES 
? Carbohydrate are the most abundant 
organic molecules in nature.  
 
? They are widely distributed in plants, 
animals and microorganisms. 
 
? They have important structural and 
metabolic roles 
 
? They have a wide range of functions, 
including,  
 
– providing a significant fraction of the 
energy in the diet of most organisms,  
– acting as a storage form energy in the 
body, 
– serving as cell membrane components 
that mediates some forms of 
intercellular communications. 
 
– Carbohydrates also serves as a 
structural component of many 
organisms, including 
• the cell walls of bacteria,   
• the exoskeleton of many insects, and  
• the fibrous cellulose of plants.  
 
– Carbohydrates are precursors for DNA 
and RNA, Glycolipids, Glycoproteins and 
Proteoglycans. 
? Diseases associated with carbohydrate 
metabolism include Diabetes Mellitus, 
Galactosemia, Glycogen Storage 
Diseases and Lactose Intolerance. 
 
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