CBSE Political Science Sample Paper-02 Class 12 Notes | EduRev

Class 12 : CBSE Political Science Sample Paper-02 Class 12 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


80
MARKING SCHEME
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER II
POLITICAL SCIENCE
CLASS XII
1 Association of  South East ASIAN Nations 1
2 Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan from the year 1947 to 1971. ½ + ½
3 People migrate:
       (a) In search of better economic opportunities.
(b) In case of natural disasters.
©Political procecution.                                                     (Any one) 1
4 W orld Trade Organization sets the rules for global trade and regulates them. 1
5 The main stress of the Second Five Y ear Plan was on heavy industries. 1
6 Correct the following sentence :
The issue of Jammu and Kashmir was not resolved after a plebicite since
no plebicite was held
OR
The issue of Junagarh was resolved after a plebicite which confirmed
people’s desire to join India.
7 (a) Whether India’s democratic experiment will survive after Nehru. ½ + ½
(b) Serious food crisis presented a grave challenge.
(c) The economic implications of the war with China was another challenge.
                                                                                  (Any two)
8 Defection means an elected representative leaves the party on whose 1
symbol he/she was elected and joins another party.
9 This movement took shape in the rural areas of the Southern State of Andhra 1
Pradesh.  In this movement the women demanded a ban on the sale of
alchohal in their neighbourhood.
Page 2


80
MARKING SCHEME
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER II
POLITICAL SCIENCE
CLASS XII
1 Association of  South East ASIAN Nations 1
2 Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan from the year 1947 to 1971. ½ + ½
3 People migrate:
       (a) In search of better economic opportunities.
(b) In case of natural disasters.
©Political procecution.                                                     (Any one) 1
4 W orld Trade Organization sets the rules for global trade and regulates them. 1
5 The main stress of the Second Five Y ear Plan was on heavy industries. 1
6 Correct the following sentence :
The issue of Jammu and Kashmir was not resolved after a plebicite since
no plebicite was held
OR
The issue of Junagarh was resolved after a plebicite which confirmed
people’s desire to join India.
7 (a) Whether India’s democratic experiment will survive after Nehru. ½ + ½
(b) Serious food crisis presented a grave challenge.
(c) The economic implications of the war with China was another challenge.
                                                                                  (Any two)
8 Defection means an elected representative leaves the party on whose 1
symbol he/she was elected and joins another party.
9 This movement took shape in the rural areas of the Southern State of Andhra 1
Pradesh.  In this movement the women demanded a ban on the sale of
alchohal in their neighbourhood.
81
10 (a) Regional aspirations lead to regionalism. 1
(b) Neglect of a specific part of the State leads to regionalism.
(c) Regional imbalances in economic development contributes to
regionalism.                                                                         (Any two)
11 (c) India received support of Russia over Kargil. 1+1=2
(d) Supply of raw material by Russia to India for energy.
(e) Russia shared concern related to international terrorism.
(f) Russia provided technical assistance to steel plants in Bhilai, Bokaro
etc.                                                                              (Any two)
12 (a) Dr. Sukarno
(b) Marshal Tito 1+1=2
13 (a) The collapse of the Soviet block enchanced in the formation of the 1+1=2
European Union.
(b) The desire to have a common foreign and security policy and the
creation of a single currency played a positive role in the formation of
the European Union.
(c) In order to have an emphatic and assertive economic, political and
diplomatic influence.                                                      (Any two)
14 (a) SAFTA : South Asian Free Trade Agreement. ½ + ½ +1
(b) SAARC : South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation.
(c) SAARC was established by the States of South Asia in order to
recognize the importance of co-operation and friendly relationship
among themselves.
15 The idea of ‘global security’ emerged in the 1990’s in response to the 2
global nature of threats such as global warning, international terrorism,
health etc. It is really very difficult for any one country to solve such
problems alone.
16 Ideologies of Bhartiya Jana Sangh were : 1+1=2
(i) Emphasised on one country, one culture and one nation.
Page 3


80
MARKING SCHEME
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER II
POLITICAL SCIENCE
CLASS XII
1 Association of  South East ASIAN Nations 1
2 Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan from the year 1947 to 1971. ½ + ½
3 People migrate:
       (a) In search of better economic opportunities.
(b) In case of natural disasters.
©Political procecution.                                                     (Any one) 1
4 W orld Trade Organization sets the rules for global trade and regulates them. 1
5 The main stress of the Second Five Y ear Plan was on heavy industries. 1
6 Correct the following sentence :
The issue of Jammu and Kashmir was not resolved after a plebicite since
no plebicite was held
OR
The issue of Junagarh was resolved after a plebicite which confirmed
people’s desire to join India.
7 (a) Whether India’s democratic experiment will survive after Nehru. ½ + ½
(b) Serious food crisis presented a grave challenge.
(c) The economic implications of the war with China was another challenge.
                                                                                  (Any two)
8 Defection means an elected representative leaves the party on whose 1
symbol he/she was elected and joins another party.
9 This movement took shape in the rural areas of the Southern State of Andhra 1
Pradesh.  In this movement the women demanded a ban on the sale of
alchohal in their neighbourhood.
81
10 (a) Regional aspirations lead to regionalism. 1
(b) Neglect of a specific part of the State leads to regionalism.
(c) Regional imbalances in economic development contributes to
regionalism.                                                                         (Any two)
11 (c) India received support of Russia over Kargil. 1+1=2
(d) Supply of raw material by Russia to India for energy.
(e) Russia shared concern related to international terrorism.
(f) Russia provided technical assistance to steel plants in Bhilai, Bokaro
etc.                                                                              (Any two)
12 (a) Dr. Sukarno
(b) Marshal Tito 1+1=2
13 (a) The collapse of the Soviet block enchanced in the formation of the 1+1=2
European Union.
(b) The desire to have a common foreign and security policy and the
creation of a single currency played a positive role in the formation of
the European Union.
(c) In order to have an emphatic and assertive economic, political and
diplomatic influence.                                                      (Any two)
14 (a) SAFTA : South Asian Free Trade Agreement. ½ + ½ +1
(b) SAARC : South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation.
(c) SAARC was established by the States of South Asia in order to
recognize the importance of co-operation and friendly relationship
among themselves.
15 The idea of ‘global security’ emerged in the 1990’s in response to the 2
global nature of threats such as global warning, international terrorism,
health etc. It is really very difficult for any one country to solve such
problems alone.
16 Ideologies of Bhartiya Jana Sangh were : 1+1=2
(i) Emphasised on one country, one culture and one nation.
82
(ii) A re-union of India and Pakistan into Akhand Bharat.
(iii) Replace English with Hindi as the official language.
                                                                                        (Any two)
17 The process of nation building did not come to an end with partition and 1+1=2
integration of Princely States.  In order to draw internal boundaries the
Central Government apointed a State Reorganization Commission in 1953.
The Commission in its report accepted that the boundaries of the state
should reflect the boundaries of different languages.  On the basis of the
report the State Reorganisation Act was passed in 1956.  As a result 14
States and 6 Union Territories were created.
18 Objectives of Nehru’s foreign policy – 1+1=2
(a) Not to join any of the power-blocks.
(b) To preserve the hard-earned sovereignty.
(c) T o protect territorial integrity .
(d) To promote rapid economic development.                         (Any two)
19  Regional movements are a normal part of democratic politics.
 The appropriate way to respond to regional movements is through
democratic negotiations and not through suppression.
 Groups and parties from the region need to be given a share in power
at the State level and also in the national level decision-making.
 Regional imbalances in economic development contribute to the
feelings of regional discrimination and inter-regional migration.
20 Recommendations of Mandal Commission : 1+1=2
(a) Reservation of 27% seats in educational institutions and government
jobs for backward classes.
(b) It recommended land reforms to improve the condition of the Other
Backward Classes.
(c) Backward Classes should be understood to mean “backward castes”,
1+1
Page 4


80
MARKING SCHEME
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER II
POLITICAL SCIENCE
CLASS XII
1 Association of  South East ASIAN Nations 1
2 Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan from the year 1947 to 1971. ½ + ½
3 People migrate:
       (a) In search of better economic opportunities.
(b) In case of natural disasters.
©Political procecution.                                                     (Any one) 1
4 W orld Trade Organization sets the rules for global trade and regulates them. 1
5 The main stress of the Second Five Y ear Plan was on heavy industries. 1
6 Correct the following sentence :
The issue of Jammu and Kashmir was not resolved after a plebicite since
no plebicite was held
OR
The issue of Junagarh was resolved after a plebicite which confirmed
people’s desire to join India.
7 (a) Whether India’s democratic experiment will survive after Nehru. ½ + ½
(b) Serious food crisis presented a grave challenge.
(c) The economic implications of the war with China was another challenge.
                                                                                  (Any two)
8 Defection means an elected representative leaves the party on whose 1
symbol he/she was elected and joins another party.
9 This movement took shape in the rural areas of the Southern State of Andhra 1
Pradesh.  In this movement the women demanded a ban on the sale of
alchohal in their neighbourhood.
81
10 (a) Regional aspirations lead to regionalism. 1
(b) Neglect of a specific part of the State leads to regionalism.
(c) Regional imbalances in economic development contributes to
regionalism.                                                                         (Any two)
11 (c) India received support of Russia over Kargil. 1+1=2
(d) Supply of raw material by Russia to India for energy.
(e) Russia shared concern related to international terrorism.
(f) Russia provided technical assistance to steel plants in Bhilai, Bokaro
etc.                                                                              (Any two)
12 (a) Dr. Sukarno
(b) Marshal Tito 1+1=2
13 (a) The collapse of the Soviet block enchanced in the formation of the 1+1=2
European Union.
(b) The desire to have a common foreign and security policy and the
creation of a single currency played a positive role in the formation of
the European Union.
(c) In order to have an emphatic and assertive economic, political and
diplomatic influence.                                                      (Any two)
14 (a) SAFTA : South Asian Free Trade Agreement. ½ + ½ +1
(b) SAARC : South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation.
(c) SAARC was established by the States of South Asia in order to
recognize the importance of co-operation and friendly relationship
among themselves.
15 The idea of ‘global security’ emerged in the 1990’s in response to the 2
global nature of threats such as global warning, international terrorism,
health etc. It is really very difficult for any one country to solve such
problems alone.
16 Ideologies of Bhartiya Jana Sangh were : 1+1=2
(i) Emphasised on one country, one culture and one nation.
82
(ii) A re-union of India and Pakistan into Akhand Bharat.
(iii) Replace English with Hindi as the official language.
                                                                                        (Any two)
17 The process of nation building did not come to an end with partition and 1+1=2
integration of Princely States.  In order to draw internal boundaries the
Central Government apointed a State Reorganization Commission in 1953.
The Commission in its report accepted that the boundaries of the state
should reflect the boundaries of different languages.  On the basis of the
report the State Reorganisation Act was passed in 1956.  As a result 14
States and 6 Union Territories were created.
18 Objectives of Nehru’s foreign policy – 1+1=2
(a) Not to join any of the power-blocks.
(b) To preserve the hard-earned sovereignty.
(c) T o protect territorial integrity .
(d) To promote rapid economic development.                         (Any two)
19  Regional movements are a normal part of democratic politics.
 The appropriate way to respond to regional movements is through
democratic negotiations and not through suppression.
 Groups and parties from the region need to be given a share in power
at the State level and also in the national level decision-making.
 Regional imbalances in economic development contribute to the
feelings of regional discrimination and inter-regional migration.
20 Recommendations of Mandal Commission : 1+1=2
(a) Reservation of 27% seats in educational institutions and government
jobs for backward classes.
(b) It recommended land reforms to improve the condition of the Other
Backward Classes.
(c) Backward Classes should be understood to mean “backward castes”,
1+1
83
since many castes other than the Scheduled Castes were treated as
low in the caste hierarchy.
                                                                                          (Any two)
21 (a) The global rivalry refer to arms race among the super powers and
their allies.
(b) The two super powers refer to United States of America and the
Soviet Union.
(c) India a peace loving nation had always a perception of a peaceful
world and hence joined non-aligned group of nations.
India wanted to keep away from military alliances and hence chose
the best path of keeping aloof from the racers of arms and ammunition.
22 The basic objectives of ASEAN are : 1x4=4
(i) T o accelerate economic growth.
(ii) To promote regional peace and stability based on the principles of
U.N. Charter.
(iii) The respect for national sovereignity is critical to the functioning of
ASEAN.
(iv) To create a common market and production base within ASEAN
States.
(v) T o encourage negotiations over conflicts in the region.
                                                                                          (Any four)
23 (i) The two leaders are General Musharaff and Prime Minister 1+1/2 + ½ +2
Manmohan Singh.
(ii) How to improve man to man relationship between both the countries.
(iii) How to do away with the Visa formalities between the two nations.
(iv) After discussing the various aspects of the above problems, it was
decided to have a positive stance–
• T o arrange a Secretary level meeting of both the nations.
• To consider the report of the Secretary level meeting, the
ministerial level meeting be held.
Page 5


80
MARKING SCHEME
SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER II
POLITICAL SCIENCE
CLASS XII
1 Association of  South East ASIAN Nations 1
2 Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan from the year 1947 to 1971. ½ + ½
3 People migrate:
       (a) In search of better economic opportunities.
(b) In case of natural disasters.
©Political procecution.                                                     (Any one) 1
4 W orld Trade Organization sets the rules for global trade and regulates them. 1
5 The main stress of the Second Five Y ear Plan was on heavy industries. 1
6 Correct the following sentence :
The issue of Jammu and Kashmir was not resolved after a plebicite since
no plebicite was held
OR
The issue of Junagarh was resolved after a plebicite which confirmed
people’s desire to join India.
7 (a) Whether India’s democratic experiment will survive after Nehru. ½ + ½
(b) Serious food crisis presented a grave challenge.
(c) The economic implications of the war with China was another challenge.
                                                                                  (Any two)
8 Defection means an elected representative leaves the party on whose 1
symbol he/she was elected and joins another party.
9 This movement took shape in the rural areas of the Southern State of Andhra 1
Pradesh.  In this movement the women demanded a ban on the sale of
alchohal in their neighbourhood.
81
10 (a) Regional aspirations lead to regionalism. 1
(b) Neglect of a specific part of the State leads to regionalism.
(c) Regional imbalances in economic development contributes to
regionalism.                                                                         (Any two)
11 (c) India received support of Russia over Kargil. 1+1=2
(d) Supply of raw material by Russia to India for energy.
(e) Russia shared concern related to international terrorism.
(f) Russia provided technical assistance to steel plants in Bhilai, Bokaro
etc.                                                                              (Any two)
12 (a) Dr. Sukarno
(b) Marshal Tito 1+1=2
13 (a) The collapse of the Soviet block enchanced in the formation of the 1+1=2
European Union.
(b) The desire to have a common foreign and security policy and the
creation of a single currency played a positive role in the formation of
the European Union.
(c) In order to have an emphatic and assertive economic, political and
diplomatic influence.                                                      (Any two)
14 (a) SAFTA : South Asian Free Trade Agreement. ½ + ½ +1
(b) SAARC : South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation.
(c) SAARC was established by the States of South Asia in order to
recognize the importance of co-operation and friendly relationship
among themselves.
15 The idea of ‘global security’ emerged in the 1990’s in response to the 2
global nature of threats such as global warning, international terrorism,
health etc. It is really very difficult for any one country to solve such
problems alone.
16 Ideologies of Bhartiya Jana Sangh were : 1+1=2
(i) Emphasised on one country, one culture and one nation.
82
(ii) A re-union of India and Pakistan into Akhand Bharat.
(iii) Replace English with Hindi as the official language.
                                                                                        (Any two)
17 The process of nation building did not come to an end with partition and 1+1=2
integration of Princely States.  In order to draw internal boundaries the
Central Government apointed a State Reorganization Commission in 1953.
The Commission in its report accepted that the boundaries of the state
should reflect the boundaries of different languages.  On the basis of the
report the State Reorganisation Act was passed in 1956.  As a result 14
States and 6 Union Territories were created.
18 Objectives of Nehru’s foreign policy – 1+1=2
(a) Not to join any of the power-blocks.
(b) To preserve the hard-earned sovereignty.
(c) T o protect territorial integrity .
(d) To promote rapid economic development.                         (Any two)
19  Regional movements are a normal part of democratic politics.
 The appropriate way to respond to regional movements is through
democratic negotiations and not through suppression.
 Groups and parties from the region need to be given a share in power
at the State level and also in the national level decision-making.
 Regional imbalances in economic development contribute to the
feelings of regional discrimination and inter-regional migration.
20 Recommendations of Mandal Commission : 1+1=2
(a) Reservation of 27% seats in educational institutions and government
jobs for backward classes.
(b) It recommended land reforms to improve the condition of the Other
Backward Classes.
(c) Backward Classes should be understood to mean “backward castes”,
1+1
83
since many castes other than the Scheduled Castes were treated as
low in the caste hierarchy.
                                                                                          (Any two)
21 (a) The global rivalry refer to arms race among the super powers and
their allies.
(b) The two super powers refer to United States of America and the
Soviet Union.
(c) India a peace loving nation had always a perception of a peaceful
world and hence joined non-aligned group of nations.
India wanted to keep away from military alliances and hence chose
the best path of keeping aloof from the racers of arms and ammunition.
22 The basic objectives of ASEAN are : 1x4=4
(i) T o accelerate economic growth.
(ii) To promote regional peace and stability based on the principles of
U.N. Charter.
(iii) The respect for national sovereignity is critical to the functioning of
ASEAN.
(iv) To create a common market and production base within ASEAN
States.
(v) T o encourage negotiations over conflicts in the region.
                                                                                          (Any four)
23 (i) The two leaders are General Musharaff and Prime Minister 1+1/2 + ½ +2
Manmohan Singh.
(ii) How to improve man to man relationship between both the countries.
(iii) How to do away with the Visa formalities between the two nations.
(iv) After discussing the various aspects of the above problems, it was
decided to have a positive stance–
• T o arrange a Secretary level meeting of both the nations.
• To consider the report of the Secretary level meeting, the
ministerial level meeting be held.
84
• If the ministers of both the nations approve, a meeting of the two
heads of the government be arranged to finalize and formalize
the decision for implementation.
24 India’s claim for a permanent seat at the Security Council : 2+2
(a) India is the W orld’s largest democracy.
(b) India has been a very active participant of UN’s peace initiatives.
(c) India has been very regular in financial contributions and did not falter
in its payments.                                                              (Any two)
25 Y es, U.N. is regarded as the most important international organization 2+2=4
Reasons :
(a) It is indispensable and represents the great hope of humanity for peace
and progress.
(b) As an international organisation the U.N. helps countries co-operate
to make better living conditions.
(c) It helps members states resolve their problems peacefully.
                                                                                           (Any two)
26 Criticisms of globalization : 2+2
(a) Contemporary globalization represents a phase of global capitalism
that helps making the rich richer and the poor poorer.
(b) The globalisation in political terms is weakening the state.
(c) Culturally, the traditional culture will be harmed and people will lose
their old age old values and ways.
                                                        (Any two.  Any other relevant criticism)
27 (a) By importing foodgrains from various countries. 2+2=4
(b) Y es, due to the Green Revolution India is now exporting its surplus
production.
28 (i) No.
(ii) Communist Party of India (CPI).
(iii) Praja Socialist Party (PSP) and Ganatantra Parishad (GP).
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