CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE - MCQ, Chemistry, Engineering Notes

: CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE - MCQ, Chemistry, Engineering Notes

 Page 1


1 
Anjana Chemistry Notes 
 CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE 
 OBJECTIVE 
SECTION – I  
MCQS – SINGLE OPTION CORRECT 
Q1.        Which of the following is an antihistamine drug ? 
(a) Chloropheniramine  (b) Ciprofloxacin  (c) Chloramphenicol   (d) Chloroquine 
Q2.        Which of the following is correct order of sweetness? 
(a) Sucrose > glucose > fructose>maltose        (b) fructose > sucrose > glucose> maltose 
(c) Fructose < sucrose< maltose< glucose         (d) Glucose > fructose>sucrose> maltose  
Q3.         Detergents are prepared by the action of H
2
SO
4
 followed by neutralization by starting with  
(a) Cholesterol      (b) lauryl alcohol         (c) cyclohexanol          (d) p-nitrophenol 
Q4.        Arsenic drugs are mainly used in the treatment of 
(a) Jaundice            (b) Typhoid                   (c) Syphilis                   (d) Cholera 
Q5. Morphine, heroin and codeine are the examples of drug class  
 (a) tranquilizers         (b) narcotic analgesics     (c) non-narcotic analgesics    (d) anti-histamine  
Q6.        Which of the following is not true for antibiotics? 
(a) Tertacycline is one of the broad spectrum antibiotics which is effective against a large number of harmful 
microorganism 
(b) Sterptomycine  is highly effective against microorganism causing tuberculosis 
(c) Penicilline has a narrow spectrum and certain persons are sensitive to it 
(d) Penicilline may be administrated without testing the patients for sensitivity to it . 
Q7. Equanil is an example of ……… 
 (a) artificial sweeteners     (b) tranquilizers           (c) antihistamines  (d) antifertility drugs  
Q8. Name of the drug whose structure given below is  
 
 (a) chloramphenicol  (b) vancomycin   (c) penicillin   (d) ofloxacin  
Q9. Drugs which bind to the receptor site and inhibit its natural function are called   
 (a) agonist   (b) antagonist   (c) enzymes   (d) chemical messengers  
Q10. Glycerol is added to soap. It functions ………….  
 (a) as a filler  (b) to increase leathering         (c) to prevent rapid drying       (d) to make soap granules  
 
 
 
O 
R 
H 
N 
N 
H 
S 
CH3 
CH3 
COOH 
O 
 ANJANA CHEMISTRY CLASSES SCO-42, T.F. SEC-20 C, Contact: 9464010111/ talk2anjana@gmail.com , Chandigarh  
Page 2


1 
Anjana Chemistry Notes 
 CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE 
 OBJECTIVE 
SECTION – I  
MCQS – SINGLE OPTION CORRECT 
Q1.        Which of the following is an antihistamine drug ? 
(a) Chloropheniramine  (b) Ciprofloxacin  (c) Chloramphenicol   (d) Chloroquine 
Q2.        Which of the following is correct order of sweetness? 
(a) Sucrose > glucose > fructose>maltose        (b) fructose > sucrose > glucose> maltose 
(c) Fructose < sucrose< maltose< glucose         (d) Glucose > fructose>sucrose> maltose  
Q3.         Detergents are prepared by the action of H
2
SO
4
 followed by neutralization by starting with  
(a) Cholesterol      (b) lauryl alcohol         (c) cyclohexanol          (d) p-nitrophenol 
Q4.        Arsenic drugs are mainly used in the treatment of 
(a) Jaundice            (b) Typhoid                   (c) Syphilis                   (d) Cholera 
Q5. Morphine, heroin and codeine are the examples of drug class  
 (a) tranquilizers         (b) narcotic analgesics     (c) non-narcotic analgesics    (d) anti-histamine  
Q6.        Which of the following is not true for antibiotics? 
(a) Tertacycline is one of the broad spectrum antibiotics which is effective against a large number of harmful 
microorganism 
(b) Sterptomycine  is highly effective against microorganism causing tuberculosis 
(c) Penicilline has a narrow spectrum and certain persons are sensitive to it 
(d) Penicilline may be administrated without testing the patients for sensitivity to it . 
Q7. Equanil is an example of ……… 
 (a) artificial sweeteners     (b) tranquilizers           (c) antihistamines  (d) antifertility drugs  
Q8. Name of the drug whose structure given below is  
 
 (a) chloramphenicol  (b) vancomycin   (c) penicillin   (d) ofloxacin  
Q9. Drugs which bind to the receptor site and inhibit its natural function are called   
 (a) agonist   (b) antagonist   (c) enzymes   (d) chemical messengers  
Q10. Glycerol is added to soap. It functions ………….  
 (a) as a filler  (b) to increase leathering         (c) to prevent rapid drying       (d) to make soap granules  
 
 
 
O 
R 
H 
N 
N 
H 
S 
CH3 
CH3 
COOH 
O 
 ANJANA CHEMISTRY CLASSES SCO-42, T.F. SEC-20 C, Contact: 9464010111/ talk2anjana@gmail.com , Chandigarh  
2 
Anjana Chemistry Notes 
SECTION – II  
MCQS : MORE THAN ONE CORRECT OPTION  
Q11. Which of the following are anionic detergents?  
 (a) Sodium salts of sulphonated long chain alcohol  
 (b) Ester of stearic acid and polyethylene glycol  
 (c) Quarternary ammonium salt of amine with acetate ion  
 (d) Sodium salts of sulphonated long chain hydrocarbons   
PASSAGE – II  
Macromolecules of biological origin perform various functions in the body. For example, proteins which perform the 
role of biological catalysts in the body are called enzymes, those which are crucial to communication system in the 
body are called receptors. Carrier proteins carry polar molecules across the cell membrane. Nucleic acids have coded 
genetic information of the cell. Lipids and carbohydrates are structural parts of the cell membrane.  
Drugs inhibit activities of enzymes. These can block the binding site of the enzyme and prevent the binding of 
substance, or an inhibit the catalytic activity of the enzyme. Such drugs are called enzyme inhibitors.  
Q12. Drugs which binds strongly to the active site of an enzyme and does not depend upon concentration of 
natural substrate are called as  
 (a) competitive inhibitors     (b) non-competitive inhibitors      (c) ß-blockers (d) a-blockers  
Q13. Types of drugs that mimic the natural messenger by switching on the receptor are called   
 (a) antagonists         (b) chemical messengers               (c) receptors  (d) agonists  
Q14. The site in an enzyme which alter its active site upon drug binding is known as  
 (a) target site   (b) active site   (c) allosteric site  (d) binding site  
  
SECTION – V ASSERTION – REASON TYPE  
(a) If Statement – 1 and 2 are true and Statement – 2 is a correct explanation for statement – 1.  
(b) If Statement – 1 and 2 are true and statement – 2 is not a correct explanation for statement – 1.  
(c)  If statement – 1 is true and statement – 2 is false.  
(d)  If statement – 1 is false and statement – 2 is true.  
Q15. Statement – 1:  Sodium lauryl sulphate is a biodegradable detergent.  
 Statement – 2:  It contains branched chain alkyl groups.  
Q16. Statement – 1:  Antibiotics which kill or inhibit a wise range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria are 
  said to be broad spectrum antibiotics.  
 Statement – 2:  Penicillin G has a broad spectrum.  
SECTION – IV  
INTEGER – ANSWER TYPE  
Q17. Number of moles NaOH required in the saponification reaction of one mole of palmitic acid ester is  
Q18. Number of phenolic groups present in codeine is  
 ANJANA CHEMISTRY CLASSES SCO-42, T.F. SEC-20 C, Contact: 9464010111/ talk2anjana@gmail.com , Chandigarh  
Page 3


1 
Anjana Chemistry Notes 
 CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE 
 OBJECTIVE 
SECTION – I  
MCQS – SINGLE OPTION CORRECT 
Q1.        Which of the following is an antihistamine drug ? 
(a) Chloropheniramine  (b) Ciprofloxacin  (c) Chloramphenicol   (d) Chloroquine 
Q2.        Which of the following is correct order of sweetness? 
(a) Sucrose > glucose > fructose>maltose        (b) fructose > sucrose > glucose> maltose 
(c) Fructose < sucrose< maltose< glucose         (d) Glucose > fructose>sucrose> maltose  
Q3.         Detergents are prepared by the action of H
2
SO
4
 followed by neutralization by starting with  
(a) Cholesterol      (b) lauryl alcohol         (c) cyclohexanol          (d) p-nitrophenol 
Q4.        Arsenic drugs are mainly used in the treatment of 
(a) Jaundice            (b) Typhoid                   (c) Syphilis                   (d) Cholera 
Q5. Morphine, heroin and codeine are the examples of drug class  
 (a) tranquilizers         (b) narcotic analgesics     (c) non-narcotic analgesics    (d) anti-histamine  
Q6.        Which of the following is not true for antibiotics? 
(a) Tertacycline is one of the broad spectrum antibiotics which is effective against a large number of harmful 
microorganism 
(b) Sterptomycine  is highly effective against microorganism causing tuberculosis 
(c) Penicilline has a narrow spectrum and certain persons are sensitive to it 
(d) Penicilline may be administrated without testing the patients for sensitivity to it . 
Q7. Equanil is an example of ……… 
 (a) artificial sweeteners     (b) tranquilizers           (c) antihistamines  (d) antifertility drugs  
Q8. Name of the drug whose structure given below is  
 
 (a) chloramphenicol  (b) vancomycin   (c) penicillin   (d) ofloxacin  
Q9. Drugs which bind to the receptor site and inhibit its natural function are called   
 (a) agonist   (b) antagonist   (c) enzymes   (d) chemical messengers  
Q10. Glycerol is added to soap. It functions ………….  
 (a) as a filler  (b) to increase leathering         (c) to prevent rapid drying       (d) to make soap granules  
 
 
 
O 
R 
H 
N 
N 
H 
S 
CH3 
CH3 
COOH 
O 
 ANJANA CHEMISTRY CLASSES SCO-42, T.F. SEC-20 C, Contact: 9464010111/ talk2anjana@gmail.com , Chandigarh  
2 
Anjana Chemistry Notes 
SECTION – II  
MCQS : MORE THAN ONE CORRECT OPTION  
Q11. Which of the following are anionic detergents?  
 (a) Sodium salts of sulphonated long chain alcohol  
 (b) Ester of stearic acid and polyethylene glycol  
 (c) Quarternary ammonium salt of amine with acetate ion  
 (d) Sodium salts of sulphonated long chain hydrocarbons   
PASSAGE – II  
Macromolecules of biological origin perform various functions in the body. For example, proteins which perform the 
role of biological catalysts in the body are called enzymes, those which are crucial to communication system in the 
body are called receptors. Carrier proteins carry polar molecules across the cell membrane. Nucleic acids have coded 
genetic information of the cell. Lipids and carbohydrates are structural parts of the cell membrane.  
Drugs inhibit activities of enzymes. These can block the binding site of the enzyme and prevent the binding of 
substance, or an inhibit the catalytic activity of the enzyme. Such drugs are called enzyme inhibitors.  
Q12. Drugs which binds strongly to the active site of an enzyme and does not depend upon concentration of 
natural substrate are called as  
 (a) competitive inhibitors     (b) non-competitive inhibitors      (c) ß-blockers (d) a-blockers  
Q13. Types of drugs that mimic the natural messenger by switching on the receptor are called   
 (a) antagonists         (b) chemical messengers               (c) receptors  (d) agonists  
Q14. The site in an enzyme which alter its active site upon drug binding is known as  
 (a) target site   (b) active site   (c) allosteric site  (d) binding site  
  
SECTION – V ASSERTION – REASON TYPE  
(a) If Statement – 1 and 2 are true and Statement – 2 is a correct explanation for statement – 1.  
(b) If Statement – 1 and 2 are true and statement – 2 is not a correct explanation for statement – 1.  
(c)  If statement – 1 is true and statement – 2 is false.  
(d)  If statement – 1 is false and statement – 2 is true.  
Q15. Statement – 1:  Sodium lauryl sulphate is a biodegradable detergent.  
 Statement – 2:  It contains branched chain alkyl groups.  
Q16. Statement – 1:  Antibiotics which kill or inhibit a wise range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria are 
  said to be broad spectrum antibiotics.  
 Statement – 2:  Penicillin G has a broad spectrum.  
SECTION – IV  
INTEGER – ANSWER TYPE  
Q17. Number of moles NaOH required in the saponification reaction of one mole of palmitic acid ester is  
Q18. Number of phenolic groups present in codeine is  
 ANJANA CHEMISTRY CLASSES SCO-42, T.F. SEC-20 C, Contact: 9464010111/ talk2anjana@gmail.com , Chandigarh  
3 
Anjana Chemistry Notes 
 
ANSWERS KEY 
Q1 (a) Q11 (a, d) 
Q2 (b) Q12 (b) 
Q3 (b) Q13 (d) 
Q4 (c) Q14 (c ) 
Q5 (b) Q15 (c ) 
Q6 (d) Q16 (c) 
Q7 (b) Q17 (3) 
Q8 (c) Q18 (0) 
Q9 (b)   
Q10 (c)   
 
 ANJANA CHEMISTRY CLASSES SCO-42, T.F. SEC-20 C, Contact: 9464010111/ talk2anjana@gmail.com , Chandigarh  
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