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PHYSICS-322 
2 
 
 
 
PHYSICS 
 
Unit I: Electrostatics  
Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law – force between two point charges, forces between 
multiple charges; superposition principle, and continuous charge distribution. 
Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a 
dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. 
Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight 
wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and 
outside). 
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of 
charges; equipotential surfaces, the electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges, and electric 
dipoles in an electrostatic field. 
Conductors and insulators, free charges, and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric 
polarization, capacitors and capacitance, the combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the 
capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy 
stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator. 
Unit II: Current Electricity  
Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their 
relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), 
electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity. 
Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature 
dependence of resistance. 
The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference, and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and 
in parallel. 
Kirchhoff ’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge. 
Potentiometer – principle, and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two 
cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell. 
Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism  
Concept of the magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot - Savart law and its application to current 
carrying circular loop. 
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on 
a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. 
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-
Note:  
There will be one Question Paper which will have 50 questions out of which 40 questions need to be 
attempted. 
Page 2


PHYSICS-322 
2 
 
 
 
PHYSICS 
 
Unit I: Electrostatics  
Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law – force between two point charges, forces between 
multiple charges; superposition principle, and continuous charge distribution. 
Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a 
dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. 
Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight 
wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and 
outside). 
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of 
charges; equipotential surfaces, the electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges, and electric 
dipoles in an electrostatic field. 
Conductors and insulators, free charges, and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric 
polarization, capacitors and capacitance, the combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the 
capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy 
stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator. 
Unit II: Current Electricity  
Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their 
relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), 
electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity. 
Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature 
dependence of resistance. 
The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference, and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and 
in parallel. 
Kirchhoff ’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge. 
Potentiometer – principle, and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two 
cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell. 
Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism  
Concept of the magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot - Savart law and its application to current 
carrying circular loop. 
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on 
a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. 
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-
Note:  
There will be one Question Paper which will have 50 questions out of which 40 questions need to be 
attempted. 
PHYSICS-322 
3 
 
carrying conductors – definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; 
moving coil galvanometer – its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. 
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. The magnetic dipole moment of a 
revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and 
perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet 
as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. 
Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and 
factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets. 
Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and 
mutual inductance. 
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC 
oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless 
current. AC generator and transformer. 
 
Unit V: Electromagnetic Waves  
Need for displacement current. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). 
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. 
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) 
including elementary facts about their uses. 
 
Unit VI: Optics  
Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection, 
and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens 
maker's formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination 
of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism. 
Scattering of light–blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. 
Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation, and accommodation, correction of eye defects 
(myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses. 
Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers. 
Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection, and refraction of plane wave at a plane 
surface using wavefronts. 
Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle. 
Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, 
and sustained interference of light. 
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. 
Resolving the power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarised 
light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids. 
Page 3


PHYSICS-322 
2 
 
 
 
PHYSICS 
 
Unit I: Electrostatics  
Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law – force between two point charges, forces between 
multiple charges; superposition principle, and continuous charge distribution. 
Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a 
dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. 
Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight 
wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and 
outside). 
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of 
charges; equipotential surfaces, the electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges, and electric 
dipoles in an electrostatic field. 
Conductors and insulators, free charges, and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric 
polarization, capacitors and capacitance, the combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the 
capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy 
stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator. 
Unit II: Current Electricity  
Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their 
relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), 
electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity. 
Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature 
dependence of resistance. 
The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference, and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and 
in parallel. 
Kirchhoff ’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge. 
Potentiometer – principle, and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two 
cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell. 
Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism  
Concept of the magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot - Savart law and its application to current 
carrying circular loop. 
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on 
a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. 
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-
Note:  
There will be one Question Paper which will have 50 questions out of which 40 questions need to be 
attempted. 
PHYSICS-322 
3 
 
carrying conductors – definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; 
moving coil galvanometer – its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. 
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. The magnetic dipole moment of a 
revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and 
perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet 
as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. 
Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and 
factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets. 
Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and 
mutual inductance. 
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC 
oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless 
current. AC generator and transformer. 
 
Unit V: Electromagnetic Waves  
Need for displacement current. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). 
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. 
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) 
including elementary facts about their uses. 
 
Unit VI: Optics  
Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection, 
and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens 
maker's formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination 
of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism. 
Scattering of light–blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. 
Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation, and accommodation, correction of eye defects 
(myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses. 
Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers. 
Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection, and refraction of plane wave at a plane 
surface using wavefronts. 
Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle. 
Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, 
and sustained interference of light. 
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. 
Resolving the power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarised 
light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids. 
PHYSICS-322 
4 
 
Unit VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation  
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation – particle 
nature of light. 
Matter waves – wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment 
(experimental details should be omitted; only the conclusion should be explained.) 
Unit VIII: Atoms and Nuclei  
Alpha - particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, 
hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. 
Radioactivity – alpha, beta, and gamma particles/rays, and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-
energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission 
and fusion. 
Unit IX: Electronic Devices  
Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators, and semiconductors; 
semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of 
LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, 
transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) 
and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch. 
 
Unit X: Communication Systems  
Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV, and 
digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium. Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the 
atmosphere, sky, and space wave propagation. Need for modulation. Production and detection of an 
amplitude-modulated wave. 
 
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FAQs on CUET Exam Syllabus for Physics - Commerce

1. What is the syllabus for Physics in the CUET exam?
Ans. The syllabus for Physics in the CUET exam includes topics such as mechanics, thermodynamics, waves and optics, electricity and magnetism, and modern physics. It also covers mathematical methods in physics and experimental techniques.
2. How can I prepare for the Physics section of the CUET exam?
Ans. To prepare for the Physics section of the CUET exam, it is important to study the recommended textbooks and reference materials provided by the university. Additionally, solving previous years' question papers and practicing numerical problems will help in understanding the concepts and improving problem-solving skills.
3. What are some important topics to focus on in the Physics syllabus for the CUET exam?
Ans. Some important topics to focus on in the Physics syllabus for the CUET exam include Newton's laws of motion, work and energy, heat and thermodynamics, wave properties, electromagnetic induction, atomic and nuclear physics, and optics. These topics are frequently asked in the exam and require a good understanding of the underlying principles.
4. Are there any recommended books or study materials for the Physics section of the CUET exam?
Ans. Yes, there are recommended books and study materials for the Physics section of the CUET exam. Some popular books include "University Physics" by Young and Freedman, "Concepts of Physics" by HC Verma, and "Fundamentals of Physics" by Halliday, Resnick, and Walker. It is also advisable to refer to lecture notes and study materials provided by the university.
5. Are there any specific strategies to excel in the Physics section of the CUET exam?
Ans. Yes, there are specific strategies to excel in the Physics section of the CUET exam. It is important to have a clear understanding of the fundamental concepts and principles. Regular practice of numerical problems and solving sample papers will help in improving problem-solving skills and time management. Additionally, seeking guidance from professors or joining study groups can provide valuable insights and help in clarifying doubts.
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