Cartilage & Bones (Human Anatomy) MBBS Notes | EduRev

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MBBS : Cartilage & Bones (Human Anatomy) MBBS Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
Cartilage--function, types, location
Bone Tissue--structure, types
Long Bone Structure and Development
Most common bone problems
? Fractures
? Osteoporosis
Cartilage and Bone
Page 2


Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
Cartilage--function, types, location
Bone Tissue--structure, types
Long Bone Structure and Development
Most common bone problems
? Fractures
? Osteoporosis
Cartilage and Bone
Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
What is cartilage?
Skeletal tissue--maintains certain shape 
and form
Very resilient (bouncy or rubbery), 
mostly water
Grows fast--forms embryonic skeleton
Page 3


Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
Cartilage--function, types, location
Bone Tissue--structure, types
Long Bone Structure and Development
Most common bone problems
? Fractures
? Osteoporosis
Cartilage and Bone
Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
What is cartilage?
Skeletal tissue--maintains certain shape 
and form
Very resilient (bouncy or rubbery), 
mostly water
Grows fast--forms embryonic skeleton
Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
Kinds of cartilage
Hyaline cartilage--most common, found 
in joints
Elastic cartilage--epiglottis, ear
Fibrocartilage--annular fibrosis of 
intervertebral disk, menisci of knee
Page 4


Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
Cartilage--function, types, location
Bone Tissue--structure, types
Long Bone Structure and Development
Most common bone problems
? Fractures
? Osteoporosis
Cartilage and Bone
Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
What is cartilage?
Skeletal tissue--maintains certain shape 
and form
Very resilient (bouncy or rubbery), 
mostly water
Grows fast--forms embryonic skeleton
Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
Kinds of cartilage
Hyaline cartilage--most common, found 
in joints
Elastic cartilage--epiglottis, ear
Fibrocartilage--annular fibrosis of 
intervertebral disk, menisci of knee
Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
M & M
Figure 6.1
Page 5


Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
Cartilage--function, types, location
Bone Tissue--structure, types
Long Bone Structure and Development
Most common bone problems
? Fractures
? Osteoporosis
Cartilage and Bone
Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
What is cartilage?
Skeletal tissue--maintains certain shape 
and form
Very resilient (bouncy or rubbery), 
mostly water
Grows fast--forms embryonic skeleton
Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
Kinds of cartilage
Hyaline cartilage--most common, found 
in joints
Elastic cartilage--epiglottis, ear
Fibrocartilage--annular fibrosis of 
intervertebral disk, menisci of knee
Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
M & M
Figure 6.1
Human Anatomy, Larry M. Frolich, Ph.D.
Bones provide:
Support and movement (limbs, axial 
skeleton)
Protection (skull bones)
Mineral storage
Blood cell development (long bone 
marrow)
Bone is made up of:
35% collagen, ground substance and 
cells
65% inorganic calcium (hydroxyapetite)
Read More
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