Challenges To Democracy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Class 10 : Challenges To Democracy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


? CHALLENGES TO DEMOCRACY 1
Challenges T o Democracy … 
CHAPTER - 8
CIVICS
Page 2


? CHALLENGES TO DEMOCRACY 1
Challenges T o Democracy … 
CHAPTER - 8
CIVICS
Thinking About Challenges 
• A challenge is a dif?culty that carries within it an opportunity for progress
• At least one-fourth of the globe is still not under democratic control.
• The following are the challenges faced by democracy : 
1. FOUNDATIONAL CHALLENGE  
A. This is the challenge regarding the transition to a democracy and then instituting 
democratic govt.
B. This involves bringing down the existing non - democratic regime, keeping military away 
from controlling govt and establishing a sovereign and functional state.
2. CHALLENGE OF EXPANSION 
C. This involves applying the basic principle of democratic govt across all the regions, 
different social groups and various institutions.
D. Ensuring greater power to local govts, extension of federal principle to all the units of 
federation, inclusion of women and minority groups,etc, falls under this challenge.
E. This also means that less  and less decisions should remain outside the arena of democratic 
control.
3. DEEPENING OF DEMOCRACRY 
F. This involves strengthening of the institutions and practices of democracy. This should 
happen in such a way that people can realise their expectations of democracy.
G. But ordinary people have different expectations from democracy in different societies.
H. In general terms,it usually means strengthening those institutions that help people’s 
participation and control. 
I. This requires an attempt to bring down the control and in?uence of the rich and powerful 
people in making governmental decision.
Refining Democracy 
• De?nition of Democracy : 
• The rulers elected by the people must take all the major decisions
• Elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current rulers
• This choice and opportunity should be available to all the people on an equal basis
• The exercise of this choice must lead to a government limited by basic rules of the constitution and 
citizens’ rights.
CHALLENGES TO DEMOCRACY 2
Page 3


? CHALLENGES TO DEMOCRACY 1
Challenges T o Democracy … 
CHAPTER - 8
CIVICS
Thinking About Challenges 
• A challenge is a dif?culty that carries within it an opportunity for progress
• At least one-fourth of the globe is still not under democratic control.
• The following are the challenges faced by democracy : 
1. FOUNDATIONAL CHALLENGE  
A. This is the challenge regarding the transition to a democracy and then instituting 
democratic govt.
B. This involves bringing down the existing non - democratic regime, keeping military away 
from controlling govt and establishing a sovereign and functional state.
2. CHALLENGE OF EXPANSION 
C. This involves applying the basic principle of democratic govt across all the regions, 
different social groups and various institutions.
D. Ensuring greater power to local govts, extension of federal principle to all the units of 
federation, inclusion of women and minority groups,etc, falls under this challenge.
E. This also means that less  and less decisions should remain outside the arena of democratic 
control.
3. DEEPENING OF DEMOCRACRY 
F. This involves strengthening of the institutions and practices of democracy. This should 
happen in such a way that people can realise their expectations of democracy.
G. But ordinary people have different expectations from democracy in different societies.
H. In general terms,it usually means strengthening those institutions that help people’s 
participation and control. 
I. This requires an attempt to bring down the control and in?uence of the rich and powerful 
people in making governmental decision.
Refining Democracy 
• De?nition of Democracy : 
• The rulers elected by the people must take all the major decisions
• Elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current rulers
• This choice and opportunity should be available to all the people on an equal basis
• The exercise of this choice must lead to a government limited by basic rules of the constitution and 
citizens’ rights.
CHALLENGES TO DEMOCRACY 2
Thinking about Political Reforms 
• The following are some broad guidelines that can be kept in mind while devising ways 
and means for political reforms in India : 
• LEGAL - CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGES 
• Carefully devised changes in law can help to discourage wrong political practices and 
encourage good ones. 
• But legal-constitutional changes by themselves cannot overcome challenges to democracy.
• Democratic reforms are to be carried out mainly by political activists, parties, movements 
and politically conscious citizens.
• RESULTS OF THE REFORMS 
• Any legal change must carefully look at what results it will have on politics. Sometimes the 
results may be counter-productive. 
• For example, many states have banned people who have more than two children from 
contesting panchayat elections. This has resulted in denial of democratic opportunity to 
many poor and women, which was not intended. 
• Generally, laws that seek to ban something are not very successful in politics. Laws that give 
political actors incentives to do good things have more chances of working. 
• The best laws are those which empower people to carry out democratic reforms. The Right 
to Information Act is a good example of a law that empowers the people to ?nd out what is 
happening in government and act as watchdogs of democracy. 
• Such a law helps to control corruption and supplements the existing laws that banned 
corruption and imposed strict penalties.
• POLITICAL PRACTICE 
• Democratic reforms are to be brought about principally through political practice. Therefore, the 
main focus of political reforms should be on ways to strengthen democratic practice.
• The most important concern should be to increase and improve the quality of political 
participation by ordinary citizens.
• IMPLEMENTATION 
• Any proposal for political reforms should think not only about what is a good solution but also 
about who will implement it and how. 
• It is not very wise to think that the legislatures will pass legislations that go against the interest 
of all the political parties and MPs. 
• But measures that rely on democratic movements, citizens’ organisations and the media are 
likely to succeed
CHALLENGES TO DEMOCRACY 3
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