Chapter 1: Real Numbers, MCQs Class 10 Notes | EduRev

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Class 10 : Chapter 1: Real Numbers, MCQs Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


X – Maths 3
CHAPTER 1
REAL NUMBERS
KEY POINTS
1. Euclid’s division lemma :
For given positive integers ‘a’ and ‘b’ there exist unique whole numbers
‘q’ and ‘r’ satisfying the relation a = bq + r, 0 ? r < b.
2. Euclid’s division algorithms :
HCF of any two positive integers a and b. With a > b is obtained as
follows:
Step 1 : Apply Euclid’s division lemma to a and b to find q and r such
that a = bq + r , 0 ? r < b.
Step 2 : If r = 0, HCF (a, b) = b if r ? 0, apply Euclid’s lemma to b and r.
3. The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic :
Every composite number can be expressed (factorized) as a product of
primes and this factorization is unique, apart from the order in which the
prime factors occur.
4. Let ? ? , 0
p
x q
q
 to be a rational number, such that the prime
factorization of ‘q’ is of the form 2
m
5
n
, where m, n are non-negative
integers. Then x has a decimal expansion which is terminating.
5. Let ? ? , 0
p
x q
q
 be a rational number, such that the prime factorization
of q is not of the form 2
m
5
n
, where m, n are non-negative integers. Then
x has a decimal expansion which is non-terminating repeating.
6. ?p is irrational, which p is a prime. A number is called irrational if it cannot
be written in the form 
p
q
 where p and q are integers and q ? 0.
Page 2


X – Maths 3
CHAPTER 1
REAL NUMBERS
KEY POINTS
1. Euclid’s division lemma :
For given positive integers ‘a’ and ‘b’ there exist unique whole numbers
‘q’ and ‘r’ satisfying the relation a = bq + r, 0 ? r < b.
2. Euclid’s division algorithms :
HCF of any two positive integers a and b. With a > b is obtained as
follows:
Step 1 : Apply Euclid’s division lemma to a and b to find q and r such
that a = bq + r , 0 ? r < b.
Step 2 : If r = 0, HCF (a, b) = b if r ? 0, apply Euclid’s lemma to b and r.
3. The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic :
Every composite number can be expressed (factorized) as a product of
primes and this factorization is unique, apart from the order in which the
prime factors occur.
4. Let ? ? , 0
p
x q
q
 to be a rational number, such that the prime
factorization of ‘q’ is of the form 2
m
5
n
, where m, n are non-negative
integers. Then x has a decimal expansion which is terminating.
5. Let ? ? , 0
p
x q
q
 be a rational number, such that the prime factorization
of q is not of the form 2
m
5
n
, where m, n are non-negative integers. Then
x has a decimal expansion which is non-terminating repeating.
6. ?p is irrational, which p is a prime. A number is called irrational if it cannot
be written in the form 
p
q
 where p and q are integers and q ? 0.
4 X – Maths
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
1. 5 × 11 × 13 + 7 is a
(a) prime number (b) composite number
(c) odd number (d) none
2. Which of these numbers always ends with the digit 6.
(a) 4
n
(b) 2
n
(c) 6
n
(d) 8
n
where n is a natural number.
3. For a, b (a ? b) positive rational numbers ? ? ? ?
? ? a b a b
 is a
____
(a) Rational number (b) irrational number
(c)
? ?
?
2
a b (d) 0
4. If p is a positive rational number which is not a perfect square then ?3 p is
(a) integer (b) rational number
(c) irrational number (d) none of the above.
5. All decimal numbers are–
(a) rational numbers (b) irrational numbers
(c) real numbers (d) integers
6. In Euclid Division Lemma, when a = bq + r, where a, b are positive
integers which one is correct.
(a) 0 < r ? b (b) 0 ? r < b
(c) 0 < r < b (d) 0 ? r ? b
7. Which of the following numbers is irrational number
(a) 3.131131113... (b) 4.46363636...
(c) 2.35 (d) b and c both
Page 3


X – Maths 3
CHAPTER 1
REAL NUMBERS
KEY POINTS
1. Euclid’s division lemma :
For given positive integers ‘a’ and ‘b’ there exist unique whole numbers
‘q’ and ‘r’ satisfying the relation a = bq + r, 0 ? r < b.
2. Euclid’s division algorithms :
HCF of any two positive integers a and b. With a > b is obtained as
follows:
Step 1 : Apply Euclid’s division lemma to a and b to find q and r such
that a = bq + r , 0 ? r < b.
Step 2 : If r = 0, HCF (a, b) = b if r ? 0, apply Euclid’s lemma to b and r.
3. The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic :
Every composite number can be expressed (factorized) as a product of
primes and this factorization is unique, apart from the order in which the
prime factors occur.
4. Let ? ? , 0
p
x q
q
 to be a rational number, such that the prime
factorization of ‘q’ is of the form 2
m
5
n
, where m, n are non-negative
integers. Then x has a decimal expansion which is terminating.
5. Let ? ? , 0
p
x q
q
 be a rational number, such that the prime factorization
of q is not of the form 2
m
5
n
, where m, n are non-negative integers. Then
x has a decimal expansion which is non-terminating repeating.
6. ?p is irrational, which p is a prime. A number is called irrational if it cannot
be written in the form 
p
q
 where p and q are integers and q ? 0.
4 X – Maths
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
1. 5 × 11 × 13 + 7 is a
(a) prime number (b) composite number
(c) odd number (d) none
2. Which of these numbers always ends with the digit 6.
(a) 4
n
(b) 2
n
(c) 6
n
(d) 8
n
where n is a natural number.
3. For a, b (a ? b) positive rational numbers ? ? ? ?
? ? a b a b
 is a
____
(a) Rational number (b) irrational number
(c)
? ?
?
2
a b (d) 0
4. If p is a positive rational number which is not a perfect square then ?3 p is
(a) integer (b) rational number
(c) irrational number (d) none of the above.
5. All decimal numbers are–
(a) rational numbers (b) irrational numbers
(c) real numbers (d) integers
6. In Euclid Division Lemma, when a = bq + r, where a, b are positive
integers which one is correct.
(a) 0 < r ? b (b) 0 ? r < b
(c) 0 < r < b (d) 0 ? r ? b
7. Which of the following numbers is irrational number
(a) 3.131131113... (b) 4.46363636...
(c) 2.35 (d) b and c both
X – Maths 5
8. The decimal expansion of the rational number 
4
21
7 2 5
?
? ?
 will terminate
after ___ decimal places.
(a) 3 (b) 4
(c) 5 (d) never
9. HCF is always
(a) multiple of L.C.M. (b) Factor of L.C.M.
(c) divisible by L.C.M. (d) a and c both
10. The product of two consecutive natural numbers is always.
(a) an even number (b) an odd number
(c) a prime number (d) none of these
11. Which of the following is an irrational number between 0 and 1
(a) 0.11011011... (b) 0.90990999...
(c) 1.010110111... (d) 0.3030303...
12. p
n
 = (a × 5)
n
. For p
n 
to end with the digit zero a = __ for natural no. n
(a) any natural number (b) even number
(c) odd number (d) none.
13. A terminating decimal when expressed in fractional form always has
denominator in the form of —
(a) 2
m
3
n
, m, n > 0 (b) 3
m
5
n
, m, n > 0
(c) 5
n 
7
m
, m, n > 0 (d) 2
m
5
n
, m, n > 0
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
14. What will be the value of 0.3 0.4 ? ?
15. If unit’s digit of 7
3
 is 3 then what will be the unit’s digit of 7
11
.
16. Given that HCF (135, 225) = 45. Find LCM (135, 225).
Page 4


X – Maths 3
CHAPTER 1
REAL NUMBERS
KEY POINTS
1. Euclid’s division lemma :
For given positive integers ‘a’ and ‘b’ there exist unique whole numbers
‘q’ and ‘r’ satisfying the relation a = bq + r, 0 ? r < b.
2. Euclid’s division algorithms :
HCF of any two positive integers a and b. With a > b is obtained as
follows:
Step 1 : Apply Euclid’s division lemma to a and b to find q and r such
that a = bq + r , 0 ? r < b.
Step 2 : If r = 0, HCF (a, b) = b if r ? 0, apply Euclid’s lemma to b and r.
3. The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic :
Every composite number can be expressed (factorized) as a product of
primes and this factorization is unique, apart from the order in which the
prime factors occur.
4. Let ? ? , 0
p
x q
q
 to be a rational number, such that the prime
factorization of ‘q’ is of the form 2
m
5
n
, where m, n are non-negative
integers. Then x has a decimal expansion which is terminating.
5. Let ? ? , 0
p
x q
q
 be a rational number, such that the prime factorization
of q is not of the form 2
m
5
n
, where m, n are non-negative integers. Then
x has a decimal expansion which is non-terminating repeating.
6. ?p is irrational, which p is a prime. A number is called irrational if it cannot
be written in the form 
p
q
 where p and q are integers and q ? 0.
4 X – Maths
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
1. 5 × 11 × 13 + 7 is a
(a) prime number (b) composite number
(c) odd number (d) none
2. Which of these numbers always ends with the digit 6.
(a) 4
n
(b) 2
n
(c) 6
n
(d) 8
n
where n is a natural number.
3. For a, b (a ? b) positive rational numbers ? ? ? ?
? ? a b a b
 is a
____
(a) Rational number (b) irrational number
(c)
? ?
?
2
a b (d) 0
4. If p is a positive rational number which is not a perfect square then ?3 p is
(a) integer (b) rational number
(c) irrational number (d) none of the above.
5. All decimal numbers are–
(a) rational numbers (b) irrational numbers
(c) real numbers (d) integers
6. In Euclid Division Lemma, when a = bq + r, where a, b are positive
integers which one is correct.
(a) 0 < r ? b (b) 0 ? r < b
(c) 0 < r < b (d) 0 ? r ? b
7. Which of the following numbers is irrational number
(a) 3.131131113... (b) 4.46363636...
(c) 2.35 (d) b and c both
X – Maths 5
8. The decimal expansion of the rational number 
4
21
7 2 5
?
? ?
 will terminate
after ___ decimal places.
(a) 3 (b) 4
(c) 5 (d) never
9. HCF is always
(a) multiple of L.C.M. (b) Factor of L.C.M.
(c) divisible by L.C.M. (d) a and c both
10. The product of two consecutive natural numbers is always.
(a) an even number (b) an odd number
(c) a prime number (d) none of these
11. Which of the following is an irrational number between 0 and 1
(a) 0.11011011... (b) 0.90990999...
(c) 1.010110111... (d) 0.3030303...
12. p
n
 = (a × 5)
n
. For p
n 
to end with the digit zero a = __ for natural no. n
(a) any natural number (b) even number
(c) odd number (d) none.
13. A terminating decimal when expressed in fractional form always has
denominator in the form of —
(a) 2
m
3
n
, m, n > 0 (b) 3
m
5
n
, m, n > 0
(c) 5
n 
7
m
, m, n > 0 (d) 2
m
5
n
, m, n > 0
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
14. What will be the value of 0.3 0.4 ? ?
15. If unit’s digit of 7
3
 is 3 then what will be the unit’s digit of 7
11
.
16. Given that HCF (135, 225) = 45. Find LCM (135, 225).
6 X – Maths
17. Solve ? 18 50. What type of number is it, rational or irrational.
18. Find the H.C.F. of the smallest composite number and the smallest prime
number.
19. If a = 4q + r then what are the conditions for a and q. What are the values
that r can take?
20. What is the smallest number by which ? 5 3 be multiplied to make
it a rational no? Also find the no. so obtained.
21. What is the digit at unit’s place of 9
n
?
22. Find one rational and one irrational no. between 3 and 5.
23. State Euclid’s Division Lemma and hence find HCF of 16 and 28.
24. State fundamental theorem of Arithmetic and hence find the unique
factorization of 120.
25. Prove that 
?
1
2 5
 is irrational number.
26. Prove that 
2
5 3
7
?
 is irrational number.
27. Prove that ? 2 7 is not rational number.
28. Find HCF and LCM of 56 and 112 by prime factorisation method.
29. Why 17 + 11 × 13 × 17 × 19 is a composite number? Explain.
30. Check whether 5 × 6 × 2 × 3 + 3 is a composite number.
31. Check whether 14
n
 can end with the digit zero for any natural number, n.
32. If the HCF of 210 and 55 is expressible in the form 210 × 5 + 55y then
find y.
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
33. Find
 
HCF of 56, 96 and 324 by Euclid’s algorithm.
Page 5


X – Maths 3
CHAPTER 1
REAL NUMBERS
KEY POINTS
1. Euclid’s division lemma :
For given positive integers ‘a’ and ‘b’ there exist unique whole numbers
‘q’ and ‘r’ satisfying the relation a = bq + r, 0 ? r < b.
2. Euclid’s division algorithms :
HCF of any two positive integers a and b. With a > b is obtained as
follows:
Step 1 : Apply Euclid’s division lemma to a and b to find q and r such
that a = bq + r , 0 ? r < b.
Step 2 : If r = 0, HCF (a, b) = b if r ? 0, apply Euclid’s lemma to b and r.
3. The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic :
Every composite number can be expressed (factorized) as a product of
primes and this factorization is unique, apart from the order in which the
prime factors occur.
4. Let ? ? , 0
p
x q
q
 to be a rational number, such that the prime
factorization of ‘q’ is of the form 2
m
5
n
, where m, n are non-negative
integers. Then x has a decimal expansion which is terminating.
5. Let ? ? , 0
p
x q
q
 be a rational number, such that the prime factorization
of q is not of the form 2
m
5
n
, where m, n are non-negative integers. Then
x has a decimal expansion which is non-terminating repeating.
6. ?p is irrational, which p is a prime. A number is called irrational if it cannot
be written in the form 
p
q
 where p and q are integers and q ? 0.
4 X – Maths
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
1. 5 × 11 × 13 + 7 is a
(a) prime number (b) composite number
(c) odd number (d) none
2. Which of these numbers always ends with the digit 6.
(a) 4
n
(b) 2
n
(c) 6
n
(d) 8
n
where n is a natural number.
3. For a, b (a ? b) positive rational numbers ? ? ? ?
? ? a b a b
 is a
____
(a) Rational number (b) irrational number
(c)
? ?
?
2
a b (d) 0
4. If p is a positive rational number which is not a perfect square then ?3 p is
(a) integer (b) rational number
(c) irrational number (d) none of the above.
5. All decimal numbers are–
(a) rational numbers (b) irrational numbers
(c) real numbers (d) integers
6. In Euclid Division Lemma, when a = bq + r, where a, b are positive
integers which one is correct.
(a) 0 < r ? b (b) 0 ? r < b
(c) 0 < r < b (d) 0 ? r ? b
7. Which of the following numbers is irrational number
(a) 3.131131113... (b) 4.46363636...
(c) 2.35 (d) b and c both
X – Maths 5
8. The decimal expansion of the rational number 
4
21
7 2 5
?
? ?
 will terminate
after ___ decimal places.
(a) 3 (b) 4
(c) 5 (d) never
9. HCF is always
(a) multiple of L.C.M. (b) Factor of L.C.M.
(c) divisible by L.C.M. (d) a and c both
10. The product of two consecutive natural numbers is always.
(a) an even number (b) an odd number
(c) a prime number (d) none of these
11. Which of the following is an irrational number between 0 and 1
(a) 0.11011011... (b) 0.90990999...
(c) 1.010110111... (d) 0.3030303...
12. p
n
 = (a × 5)
n
. For p
n 
to end with the digit zero a = __ for natural no. n
(a) any natural number (b) even number
(c) odd number (d) none.
13. A terminating decimal when expressed in fractional form always has
denominator in the form of —
(a) 2
m
3
n
, m, n > 0 (b) 3
m
5
n
, m, n > 0
(c) 5
n 
7
m
, m, n > 0 (d) 2
m
5
n
, m, n > 0
SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
14. What will be the value of 0.3 0.4 ? ?
15. If unit’s digit of 7
3
 is 3 then what will be the unit’s digit of 7
11
.
16. Given that HCF (135, 225) = 45. Find LCM (135, 225).
6 X – Maths
17. Solve ? 18 50. What type of number is it, rational or irrational.
18. Find the H.C.F. of the smallest composite number and the smallest prime
number.
19. If a = 4q + r then what are the conditions for a and q. What are the values
that r can take?
20. What is the smallest number by which ? 5 3 be multiplied to make
it a rational no? Also find the no. so obtained.
21. What is the digit at unit’s place of 9
n
?
22. Find one rational and one irrational no. between 3 and 5.
23. State Euclid’s Division Lemma and hence find HCF of 16 and 28.
24. State fundamental theorem of Arithmetic and hence find the unique
factorization of 120.
25. Prove that 
?
1
2 5
 is irrational number.
26. Prove that 
2
5 3
7
?
 is irrational number.
27. Prove that ? 2 7 is not rational number.
28. Find HCF and LCM of 56 and 112 by prime factorisation method.
29. Why 17 + 11 × 13 × 17 × 19 is a composite number? Explain.
30. Check whether 5 × 6 × 2 × 3 + 3 is a composite number.
31. Check whether 14
n
 can end with the digit zero for any natural number, n.
32. If the HCF of 210 and 55 is expressible in the form 210 × 5 + 55y then
find y.
LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS
33. Find
 
HCF of 56, 96 and 324 by Euclid’s algorithm.
X – Maths 7
34. Show that the square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or
3m + 1 for some integer m.
35. Show that any positive odd integer is of the form 6q + 1, 6q + 5 where
q is some integer.
36. Prove that the square of any positive integer is of the form 5q, 5q + 1,
5q + 4 for some integer, q.
37. Prove that the product of three consecutive positive integers is divisible by 6.
38. Show that one and only one of n, n + 2, n + 4 is divisible by 3.
39. Two milk containers contains 398 l and 436 l of milk. The milk is to be
transferred to another container with the help of a drum. While transferring
to another container 7 l and 11 l of milk is left in both the containers
respectively. What will be the maximum capacity of the drum.
ANSWERS
1. b 2. c
3. a 4. c
5. c 6. b
7. a 8. b
9. b 10. b
11. b 12. b
13. d 14.
7
9
15. 3 16. 675
17. 30, rational 18. 2
19. Opposite integer r, q whole no. 0 ? r < 4
20.
? ?
? 5 3 , 2 21. even power = 1
 odd power = 9
23. 4 24. 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 5
Read More
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