Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev

Mechanical Engineering SSC JE (Technical)

Mechanical Engineering : Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev

The document Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev is a part of the Mechanical Engineering Course Mechanical Engineering SSC JE (Technical).
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VAPOUR COMPRESSION CYCLE
If in a Reversed Carnot Cycle

  •  Refrigerant is compressed from dry saturated condition.
  • Expander is replaced by a throttling device.

The modified cycle is vapour compression cycle with no draw back of reversed carnot cycle with vapour as refrigerant

Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev
Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev
Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev
Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev

  •  Refrigerant circulation rate

Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev

  •  Volume of suction vapour = m& V1

V1 – Specific volume of the vapour at suction

  •  Actual piston displacement volume of compressor  Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev h= volumetric efficiency of compressor
  •  Power consumption of compressor
    Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev
  •  Heat rejected in the condenser
    Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev
  •  The superheat discharge temperature is found by
    Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev
  •  Refrigerating effect = Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev(h1 - h4 ) = Q0
    •  In case of R - 11, R - 22 and Ammonia system, wet suction state leads to maximum COP, for all other refrigerants system. suction from super heated state gives maximum COP,

Actual vapour compression system has following deviation from simple VCC.
(i) Superheating of vapour in evaporator.
(ii) Heat gain and superheating of vapour in suction line.
(iii) Pressure drop in suction line
(iv) Polytropic compression instead of isentropic compression due to friction.
(v) Pressure drop at discharge valve.
(vi) pressure drop in condenser and evaporator.
(vii) Subcooling of liquid in condenser and heat gain in liquid line.

EFFECT OF OPERATING CONDITIONS ON COP OF PAOUR COMPRESSION CYCLE.

Effect of Decrease in Evaporator Pressure

Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev

  • Decrease in refrigerating effect
  • Increases in specific volume of suction vapour
  • Decease in Volumetric efficiency of compressor due to increase in pressure ratio.
  • Increase in compressor work

Effect of Increase in Condenser Pressure
Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev

 

  •  Deceases in Refrigerating effect
  •  Increase in compressor work
  •  Decrease in volumetric efficiency of compressor
  •  Increase in mass flow of refrigerant.
    • COP decreases with both decreasing evaporator pressure and increasing compressor pressure. Effect of decreasing evaporator pressure is more on hte decrease in COP than the effect of increase in condenser pressure by same account.

Effect of suction Vapour Superheat
Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev

  •   Increase in Refrigerating effect
  •   Increase in specific volume of suction vapour
  •   Increase in compressor work.
  •  It ensures complete vaporization of liquid before entering compressor.
    •  For R - 12, suction vapour superheat increases the COP.
    •  For R-22 & ammonia system, suction vapour super heat decreases the COP.

Effect of Liquid subcooling
Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev

  •  Increase in refrigerating effect
  •  Compressor work is same & COP in creases

If Energy Gained by Subcooling is Utilized in super Heating the Suction Vapour
Chapter 2 Vapour Compression Cycle - RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning), Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Notes | EduRev

  •  For R-12, work per TR is decreased and COP increases.
  •  For R-22 Ammonia, work per TR increases & COP decreases.
    •  There is large pressure drop in evaporator and very less drop in condenser. So pressure drop in evaporator is very critical in design.
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