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# Chapter 30 - Modern Physics II (Part - 2)- Physics, Solution by D C Pandey, NEET NEET Notes | EduRev

## DC Pandey (Questions & Solutions) of Physics: NEET

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## NEET : Chapter 30 - Modern Physics II (Part - 2)- Physics, Solution by D C Pandey, NEET NEET Notes | EduRev

``` Page 1

5. Here assertion is wrong since b-decay
process is n p e v ® + +
â€“
but reason is true hence correct option is (d).
6. Here assertion is true but reason is false.
Correct option is (c).
7. Here both assertion and reason are true and
reason may or may not be true. Correct
option is (a, b)
8. Both assertion and reason are true but
reason is not correct explanation of
assertion. Hence correct option is (b).
9. Here reason is true but assertion is false
Q 1 amu = 931.5 MeV
Correct option is (d)
10. Both assertion and reason are true but
reason does not correctly explain assertion.
Hence correct option is (b).
11. Here both assertion and reason are true and
reason may or may not be correct
explanation of assertion .
Hence correct options are (a, b).
Objective Questions (Level 2)
¢ Single option correct
1. Let initially substance have N
i
nuclei then
N N e
i
t
=
- l
dN
dt
N e
i
t
= -
-
l
l
At      t t =
we get
dN
dt
N e N
t t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = - =
=
-
l
l
0
â€¦(i)
At t t = 4
dN
dt
N e
N
t t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = - =
=
-
4
4 0
16
l
l
â€¦(ii)
Dividing Eq. (i) and Eq. (ii) we get
e
t 3
16
l
= â€¦(iii)
Now at t t =
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
11
2
dN
dt
N e
t
t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = -
=
-
11
2
11
2
l
l
= - ´
- -
l
l l
N e e
i
t t 8
2
3
2
=
-
=
´
-
l
l
l
N e
e
N
i
t
t
4
3
0
16 16
From Eqs. (ii) and (iii)
=
N
0
64
Hence, correct option is (b).
2. We have l l l = + = +
1 2
2
30
2
60
log log
Þ     l =
log 2
20
Now    N N e
t
=
-
0
l
Þ
N
N e
t
0
0
2
20
4
=
- log
Þ  log log 4
20
2 =
t
Þ 2 2
20
2 log log =
t
Þ          t = 40 yr
Hence correct option is (c).
3. From graph it is clear that number of
nucleons in X is N
3
and binding energy per
nucleon is E
3
for Y nucleon is N
2
and BE per
nucleon is E
2
.
Hence X Y E N E N + = +
3 3 2 2
Similerly W E N =
1 1
88
Page 2

5. Here assertion is wrong since b-decay
process is n p e v ® + +
â€“
but reason is true hence correct option is (d).
6. Here assertion is true but reason is false.
Correct option is (c).
7. Here both assertion and reason are true and
reason may or may not be true. Correct
option is (a, b)
8. Both assertion and reason are true but
reason is not correct explanation of
assertion. Hence correct option is (b).
9. Here reason is true but assertion is false
Q 1 amu = 931.5 MeV
Correct option is (d)
10. Both assertion and reason are true but
reason does not correctly explain assertion.
Hence correct option is (b).
11. Here both assertion and reason are true and
reason may or may not be correct
explanation of assertion .
Hence correct options are (a, b).
Objective Questions (Level 2)
¢ Single option correct
1. Let initially substance have N
i
nuclei then
N N e
i
t
=
- l
dN
dt
N e
i
t
= -
-
l
l
At      t t =
we get
dN
dt
N e N
t t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = - =
=
-
l
l
0
â€¦(i)
At t t = 4
dN
dt
N e
N
t t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = - =
=
-
4
4 0
16
l
l
â€¦(ii)
Dividing Eq. (i) and Eq. (ii) we get
e
t 3
16
l
= â€¦(iii)
Now at t t =
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
11
2
dN
dt
N e
t
t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = -
=
-
11
2
11
2
l
l
= - ´
- -
l
l l
N e e
i
t t 8
2
3
2
=
-
=
´
-
l
l
l
N e
e
N
i
t
t
4
3
0
16 16
From Eqs. (ii) and (iii)
=
N
0
64
Hence, correct option is (b).
2. We have l l l = + = +
1 2
2
30
2
60
log log
Þ     l =
log 2
20
Now    N N e
t
=
-
0
l
Þ
N
N e
t
0
0
2
20
4
=
- log
Þ  log log 4
20
2 =
t
Þ 2 2
20
2 log log =
t
Þ          t = 40 yr
Hence correct option is (c).
3. From graph it is clear that number of
nucleons in X is N
3
and binding energy per
nucleon is E
3
for Y nucleon is N
2
and BE per
nucleon is E
2
.
Hence X Y E N E N + = +
3 3 2 2
Similerly W E N =
1 1
88
The reaction is W X Y ® +
The energy released is
( ) E N E N E N
3 3 2 2 1 1
+ -
Hence Correct option is (b).
4. Energy = ´ + ´ - ´ ( ) 110 200 8.2 90 8.2 7.4
= ´ - 200 (8.2 7.4)
= ´ = 200 160 0.8 MeV
Hence correct option is (d).
5. The reaction is
1
2
1
2
2
4
H H He energy + ® +
Energy = ´ - ´ (4 7 2 1.1) MeV
= - = (28 4.4) 23.6 MeV
Hence Correct option is (b).
6. Total energy released per second
= ´ 16 10
6
W
= ´ 16 10
6
J/s
Energy per fission = 200 MeV
= ´ ´ ´
-
200 10 10
6 19
1.6
= ´ ´
-
2 10
11
1.6 J
Q Efficiency = 50%
Hence power (energy converted per second)
= ´ ´ ´ = ´
- -
2 10
50
100
10
11 11
1.6 1.6 J
Number of fission =
´
´
=
-
16 10
10
10
6
11
18
1.6
/s
Hence correct option is (d).
7.
dN
dt
A N = -l
Q After time N become
conservation  Þ
dN
dt
= 0
Þ      N
A A
T
AT
= = =
l
log
log
2
2
Hence correct option is (d).
8. By conservation of momentum
M v M M
H H H
= + ¢ ( ) n
Þ       v
v
¢ =
2
Let initial KE of H-atom = K
Final KE of each H-atom =
K
2
For excitation
K
E E
2 4
13 6
2 1
= - =
-
+
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
13.6
eV .
Þ
K
2
= 10.2 eV
Þ K = ´ ´ ´
-
2 10
19
10.2 1.6
Þ
1
2
2 10
2 19
M u
H
10.2 1.2 1.6 = ´ ´ ´ ´
-
Þ u
H
1.2 10.2 1.6
1.673
=
´ ´ ´ ´ ´
´
-
2 2 10
10
19
27
= ´ 6.25 m/s 10
4
Hence correct option is (c).
9. Let us suppose just before the death no
original activity A
0
is given as
A N
0 0
= l â€¦(i)
exponentially ie,
A
dN
dt
N N e
t
= = =
-
l l
l
0
â€¦(ii)
Dividing eq. (ii) by eq. (i) we get
A
A
e
t
0
=
- l
or lt
A
A
= log
0
or t
A
A
=
1
0
l
log
Now A
0
15 = decay/min/gram
A =
375
200
decay/min/g
but  l =
0.693
yr 5730
89
Page 3

5. Here assertion is wrong since b-decay
process is n p e v ® + +
â€“
but reason is true hence correct option is (d).
6. Here assertion is true but reason is false.
Correct option is (c).
7. Here both assertion and reason are true and
reason may or may not be true. Correct
option is (a, b)
8. Both assertion and reason are true but
reason is not correct explanation of
assertion. Hence correct option is (b).
9. Here reason is true but assertion is false
Q 1 amu = 931.5 MeV
Correct option is (d)
10. Both assertion and reason are true but
reason does not correctly explain assertion.
Hence correct option is (b).
11. Here both assertion and reason are true and
reason may or may not be correct
explanation of assertion .
Hence correct options are (a, b).
Objective Questions (Level 2)
¢ Single option correct
1. Let initially substance have N
i
nuclei then
N N e
i
t
=
- l
dN
dt
N e
i
t
= -
-
l
l
At      t t =
we get
dN
dt
N e N
t t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = - =
=
-
l
l
0
â€¦(i)
At t t = 4
dN
dt
N e
N
t t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = - =
=
-
4
4 0
16
l
l
â€¦(ii)
Dividing Eq. (i) and Eq. (ii) we get
e
t 3
16
l
= â€¦(iii)
Now at t t =
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
11
2
dN
dt
N e
t
t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = -
=
-
11
2
11
2
l
l
= - ´
- -
l
l l
N e e
i
t t 8
2
3
2
=
-
=
´
-
l
l
l
N e
e
N
i
t
t
4
3
0
16 16
From Eqs. (ii) and (iii)
=
N
0
64
Hence, correct option is (b).
2. We have l l l = + = +
1 2
2
30
2
60
log log
Þ     l =
log 2
20
Now    N N e
t
=
-
0
l
Þ
N
N e
t
0
0
2
20
4
=
- log
Þ  log log 4
20
2 =
t
Þ 2 2
20
2 log log =
t
Þ          t = 40 yr
Hence correct option is (c).
3. From graph it is clear that number of
nucleons in X is N
3
and binding energy per
nucleon is E
3
for Y nucleon is N
2
and BE per
nucleon is E
2
.
Hence X Y E N E N + = +
3 3 2 2
Similerly W E N =
1 1
88
The reaction is W X Y ® +
The energy released is
( ) E N E N E N
3 3 2 2 1 1
+ -
Hence Correct option is (b).
4. Energy = ´ + ´ - ´ ( ) 110 200 8.2 90 8.2 7.4
= ´ - 200 (8.2 7.4)
= ´ = 200 160 0.8 MeV
Hence correct option is (d).
5. The reaction is
1
2
1
2
2
4
H H He energy + ® +
Energy = ´ - ´ (4 7 2 1.1) MeV
= - = (28 4.4) 23.6 MeV
Hence Correct option is (b).
6. Total energy released per second
= ´ 16 10
6
W
= ´ 16 10
6
J/s
Energy per fission = 200 MeV
= ´ ´ ´
-
200 10 10
6 19
1.6
= ´ ´
-
2 10
11
1.6 J
Q Efficiency = 50%
Hence power (energy converted per second)
= ´ ´ ´ = ´
- -
2 10
50
100
10
11 11
1.6 1.6 J
Number of fission =
´
´
=
-
16 10
10
10
6
11
18
1.6
/s
Hence correct option is (d).
7.
dN
dt
A N = -l
Q After time N become
conservation  Þ
dN
dt
= 0
Þ      N
A A
T
AT
= = =
l
log
log
2
2
Hence correct option is (d).
8. By conservation of momentum
M v M M
H H H
= + ¢ ( ) n
Þ       v
v
¢ =
2
Let initial KE of H-atom = K
Final KE of each H-atom =
K
2
For excitation
K
E E
2 4
13 6
2 1
= - =
-
+
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
13.6
eV .
Þ
K
2
= 10.2 eV
Þ K = ´ ´ ´
-
2 10
19
10.2 1.6
Þ
1
2
2 10
2 19
M u
H
10.2 1.2 1.6 = ´ ´ ´ ´
-
Þ u
H
1.2 10.2 1.6
1.673
=
´ ´ ´ ´ ´
´
-
2 2 10
10
19
27
= ´ 6.25 m/s 10
4
Hence correct option is (c).
9. Let us suppose just before the death no
original activity A
0
is given as
A N
0 0
= l â€¦(i)
exponentially ie,
A
dN
dt
N N e
t
= = =
-
l l
l
0
â€¦(ii)
Dividing eq. (ii) by eq. (i) we get
A
A
e
t
0
=
- l
or lt
A
A
= log
0
or t
A
A
=
1
0
l
log
Now A
0
15 = decay/min/gram
A =
375
200
decay/min/g
but  l =
0.693
yr 5730
89
t = ´
´
= ´
5730 15 200
375
5730 200
25 0.693 0.693
log log
Þ t = ´
5730
8
0.693
log
= ´ = ´
5730
3 2 5730 3
0.693
log
Þ t = 17190 yr
Hence correct option is (c).
10. N N e
P
t t
=
- +
0
1
l( )
â€¦(i)
and          N N e
Q
t
=
-
0
l
Now A N
P P
= l and A N
Q Q
= l
Þ
A
A
N
N
e
P
Q
P
Q
t
= =
- l
1
Þ   lt
A
A
Q
P
1
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
log
Þ t
A
A
T
A
A
Q
P
Q
P
1
1
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
l
log log
Hence correct option is (b).
11. The given reactions are
1
2
1
2
1
3
H H H + ® + p
1
2
1 2
4
H H He
3
+ ® + n
Þ 3 H He
1
2
2
4
® + + n p
Mass defect
Dm = ´ - - - ( ) 3 2.014 4.001 1.007 1.008
Dm = 0.026 amu
Energy Released
= ´ = ´
-
0.026 MeV 3.87 J 931 10
12
This energy produced by the three
deutronatoms. Total energy released by
10
40
deutrons
= ´ ´ = ´
-
10
3
10 10
40
12 28
3.87 J 1.29 J
The average power P = = 10 10
16 16
W J/s
Therefore total time to exhaust all
deutrons of the star will be
t =
´
»
1.29
s s.
10
10
10
28
16
12
Hence correct option is (c).
12. N N e N e
t t
t
1 0 0
2
1 1
= =
-
-
l
log
â€¦(i)
N N e N e
t t
t
2 0 0
2
2 2
= =
-
-
l
log
â€¦(ii)
R N
1 1 1
= l â€¦(iii)
and R N
2 2 2 2
= = l l â€¦(iv)
Let after time t, R R
1 2
= then
Þ
R
R
1
1
1 =
Þ
l
l
1
2
1
2
1 ´ =
N
N
Þ
l
l
1
2
2
1
2
2 1
1 2
= =
- é
ë
ê
ù
û
ú
´
N
N
e
t t
t t
t log
Þ          log log
t
t
t
t t
t t
2
1
2 1
1 2
2 = ´ ´
- æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
Þ   t
t t
t t
t
t
1
1 2
2 1
2
1
=
-
´
0.693 ( )
log
Hence Correct option is (a).
13. The given reaction is
Z
A
X Y
232
90
¾® + a
Þ
Z
A
X Y
232
90 2
¾® + He
4
Þ Z = 92 and A = 228
Q Initially X is in rest hence momentum of
a-particle after decay will be equal and
opposite of Y.
Þ M v M v
Y Y
=
a a
Þ         v
M
M
v
Y
Y
=
a
a
Total kinetic energy
K M v M v
T Y Y
= +
1
2
2 2
( )
a a
Þ K M v M
M v
M
T y
Y
= +
é
ë
ê
ù
û
ú
1
2
2
2 2
2
a a
a a
90
Page 4

5. Here assertion is wrong since b-decay
process is n p e v ® + +
â€“
but reason is true hence correct option is (d).
6. Here assertion is true but reason is false.
Correct option is (c).
7. Here both assertion and reason are true and
reason may or may not be true. Correct
option is (a, b)
8. Both assertion and reason are true but
reason is not correct explanation of
assertion. Hence correct option is (b).
9. Here reason is true but assertion is false
Q 1 amu = 931.5 MeV
Correct option is (d)
10. Both assertion and reason are true but
reason does not correctly explain assertion.
Hence correct option is (b).
11. Here both assertion and reason are true and
reason may or may not be correct
explanation of assertion .
Hence correct options are (a, b).
Objective Questions (Level 2)
¢ Single option correct
1. Let initially substance have N
i
nuclei then
N N e
i
t
=
- l
dN
dt
N e
i
t
= -
-
l
l
At      t t =
we get
dN
dt
N e N
t t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = - =
=
-
l
l
0
â€¦(i)
At t t = 4
dN
dt
N e
N
t t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = - =
=
-
4
4 0
16
l
l
â€¦(ii)
Dividing Eq. (i) and Eq. (ii) we get
e
t 3
16
l
= â€¦(iii)
Now at t t =
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
11
2
dN
dt
N e
t
t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = -
=
-
11
2
11
2
l
l
= - ´
- -
l
l l
N e e
i
t t 8
2
3
2
=
-
=
´
-
l
l
l
N e
e
N
i
t
t
4
3
0
16 16
From Eqs. (ii) and (iii)
=
N
0
64
Hence, correct option is (b).
2. We have l l l = + = +
1 2
2
30
2
60
log log
Þ     l =
log 2
20
Now    N N e
t
=
-
0
l
Þ
N
N e
t
0
0
2
20
4
=
- log
Þ  log log 4
20
2 =
t
Þ 2 2
20
2 log log =
t
Þ          t = 40 yr
Hence correct option is (c).
3. From graph it is clear that number of
nucleons in X is N
3
and binding energy per
nucleon is E
3
for Y nucleon is N
2
and BE per
nucleon is E
2
.
Hence X Y E N E N + = +
3 3 2 2
Similerly W E N =
1 1
88
The reaction is W X Y ® +
The energy released is
( ) E N E N E N
3 3 2 2 1 1
+ -
Hence Correct option is (b).
4. Energy = ´ + ´ - ´ ( ) 110 200 8.2 90 8.2 7.4
= ´ - 200 (8.2 7.4)
= ´ = 200 160 0.8 MeV
Hence correct option is (d).
5. The reaction is
1
2
1
2
2
4
H H He energy + ® +
Energy = ´ - ´ (4 7 2 1.1) MeV
= - = (28 4.4) 23.6 MeV
Hence Correct option is (b).
6. Total energy released per second
= ´ 16 10
6
W
= ´ 16 10
6
J/s
Energy per fission = 200 MeV
= ´ ´ ´
-
200 10 10
6 19
1.6
= ´ ´
-
2 10
11
1.6 J
Q Efficiency = 50%
Hence power (energy converted per second)
= ´ ´ ´ = ´
- -
2 10
50
100
10
11 11
1.6 1.6 J
Number of fission =
´
´
=
-
16 10
10
10
6
11
18
1.6
/s
Hence correct option is (d).
7.
dN
dt
A N = -l
Q After time N become
conservation  Þ
dN
dt
= 0
Þ      N
A A
T
AT
= = =
l
log
log
2
2
Hence correct option is (d).
8. By conservation of momentum
M v M M
H H H
= + ¢ ( ) n
Þ       v
v
¢ =
2
Let initial KE of H-atom = K
Final KE of each H-atom =
K
2
For excitation
K
E E
2 4
13 6
2 1
= - =
-
+
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
13.6
eV .
Þ
K
2
= 10.2 eV
Þ K = ´ ´ ´
-
2 10
19
10.2 1.6
Þ
1
2
2 10
2 19
M u
H
10.2 1.2 1.6 = ´ ´ ´ ´
-
Þ u
H
1.2 10.2 1.6
1.673
=
´ ´ ´ ´ ´
´
-
2 2 10
10
19
27
= ´ 6.25 m/s 10
4
Hence correct option is (c).
9. Let us suppose just before the death no
original activity A
0
is given as
A N
0 0
= l â€¦(i)
exponentially ie,
A
dN
dt
N N e
t
= = =
-
l l
l
0
â€¦(ii)
Dividing eq. (ii) by eq. (i) we get
A
A
e
t
0
=
- l
or lt
A
A
= log
0
or t
A
A
=
1
0
l
log
Now A
0
15 = decay/min/gram
A =
375
200
decay/min/g
but  l =
0.693
yr 5730
89
t = ´
´
= ´
5730 15 200
375
5730 200
25 0.693 0.693
log log
Þ t = ´
5730
8
0.693
log
= ´ = ´
5730
3 2 5730 3
0.693
log
Þ t = 17190 yr
Hence correct option is (c).
10. N N e
P
t t
=
- +
0
1
l( )
â€¦(i)
and          N N e
Q
t
=
-
0
l
Now A N
P P
= l and A N
Q Q
= l
Þ
A
A
N
N
e
P
Q
P
Q
t
= =
- l
1
Þ   lt
A
A
Q
P
1
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
log
Þ t
A
A
T
A
A
Q
P
Q
P
1
1
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
l
log log
Hence correct option is (b).
11. The given reactions are
1
2
1
2
1
3
H H H + ® + p
1
2
1 2
4
H H He
3
+ ® + n
Þ 3 H He
1
2
2
4
® + + n p
Mass defect
Dm = ´ - - - ( ) 3 2.014 4.001 1.007 1.008
Dm = 0.026 amu
Energy Released
= ´ = ´
-
0.026 MeV 3.87 J 931 10
12
This energy produced by the three
deutronatoms. Total energy released by
10
40
deutrons
= ´ ´ = ´
-
10
3
10 10
40
12 28
3.87 J 1.29 J
The average power P = = 10 10
16 16
W J/s
Therefore total time to exhaust all
deutrons of the star will be
t =
´
»
1.29
s s.
10
10
10
28
16
12
Hence correct option is (c).
12. N N e N e
t t
t
1 0 0
2
1 1
= =
-
-
l
log
â€¦(i)
N N e N e
t t
t
2 0 0
2
2 2
= =
-
-
l
log
â€¦(ii)
R N
1 1 1
= l â€¦(iii)
and R N
2 2 2 2
= = l l â€¦(iv)
Let after time t, R R
1 2
= then
Þ
R
R
1
1
1 =
Þ
l
l
1
2
1
2
1 ´ =
N
N
Þ
l
l
1
2
2
1
2
2 1
1 2
= =
- é
ë
ê
ù
û
ú
´
N
N
e
t t
t t
t log
Þ          log log
t
t
t
t t
t t
2
1
2 1
1 2
2 = ´ ´
- æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
Þ   t
t t
t t
t
t
1
1 2
2 1
2
1
=
-
´
0.693 ( )
log
Hence Correct option is (a).
13. The given reaction is
Z
A
X Y
232
90
¾® + a
Þ
Z
A
X Y
232
90 2
¾® + He
4
Þ Z = 92 and A = 228
Q Initially X is in rest hence momentum of
a-particle after decay will be equal and
opposite of Y.
Þ M v M v
Y Y
=
a a
Þ         v
M
M
v
Y
Y
=
a
a
Total kinetic energy
K M v M v
T Y Y
= +
1
2
2 2
( )
a a
Þ K M v M
M v
M
T y
Y
= +
é
ë
ê
ù
û
ú
1
2
2
2 2
2
a a
a a
90
Þ K M v
M
M
T
Y
= +
é
ë
ê
ù
û
ú
1
2
1
2
a a
a
Þ K K
T
= +
é
ë
ê
ù
û
ú
a
1
4
228
Þ K K
T a
=
232
228
Hence Correct option is (b).
14. Energy of emitted photon = 7 MeV
= ´ ´ ´
-
7 10 10
6 19
1.6 J
= ´
-
11.2 J 10
13
Momentum of photon =
´
´
-
11.2 J
10 m/s
10
3
13
8
= ´
-
11.2
kg-m/s
3
10
21
Q Initial nucleus is stationary
Applying conservation of momentum
principle
O = + Þ = -
® ® ® ®
P P P P nuc photon nuc photon
Þ | | | | P P
® ®
= - nuc photon
Þ P
nuc
11.2
kg- m/s = ´
-
3
10
21
Mass of nucleus = 24 amu
= ´ ´
-
24 10
27
1.66 kg
But    P mK
nuc nuc
2
2 =
Þ
K
P
m
nuc
nuc
11.2 11.2 10
1.66
Joule = =
´ ´
´ ´ ´ ´
-
-
2 42
27
2 9 2 24 10
Þ
K
c nuc
11.2
1.66 1.6
eV =
´ ´
´ ´ ´ ´ ´
-
- -
112 10
18 24 10 10
42
27 19
.
» 1.1 keV
Hence correct option is  (b).
15. Let time interval between two instants is t
1
then
N N e
t t
1 0
1
=
- + l( )
and N N e
t
2 0
2 =
-l
A N N e
t t
1 1 0
1
= =
- +
l l
l( )
A N N e
t
2 2 0
2 = =
-
l l
l
( )
Þ
A
A
e
t 1
2
1
2
1
= ´
-l
Þ
2
1
2
1
A
A
e
t
=
-l
Þ log
A
A
t
2
1
1
2
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
= l
Þ t
A
A
1
2
1
1
2
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
l
log
Þ t
T A
A
1
2
1
2 2
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
log
log
Hence Correct option is (c).
16. The given reaction is
1
2
1
2
1
3
1
1
H H H H + ¾® +
DM m m m = - - [ ( ) ( ) ( )] 2
1
2
1
3
1
1
H H H
= ´ - - ( ) 2 2.014102 3.016049 1.007825 amu
= ´
-
4.33 amu 10
3
DE = ´ ´
-
4.33 931.5 MeV 10
3
= 4 MeV
Hence correct option is (c).
17. Number of fusion required to generate
1 kWh
=
´ ´
´ ´ ´
-
1 10 3600
4 10 10
3
6 19
1.6
=
´
= ´ »
36 10
10 10
18
18 18
6.4
5.6
Hence correct option is  (b).
18. The energy released = 4 MeV
This energy produced by two atoms.
Hence energy produced per atom
= = ´ ´
-
2 2 10
13
MeV 1.6 J
Hence number of atom fused to produced
1 kWJ
91
Page 5

5. Here assertion is wrong since b-decay
process is n p e v ® + +
â€“
but reason is true hence correct option is (d).
6. Here assertion is true but reason is false.
Correct option is (c).
7. Here both assertion and reason are true and
reason may or may not be true. Correct
option is (a, b)
8. Both assertion and reason are true but
reason is not correct explanation of
assertion. Hence correct option is (b).
9. Here reason is true but assertion is false
Q 1 amu = 931.5 MeV
Correct option is (d)
10. Both assertion and reason are true but
reason does not correctly explain assertion.
Hence correct option is (b).
11. Here both assertion and reason are true and
reason may or may not be correct
explanation of assertion .
Hence correct options are (a, b).
Objective Questions (Level 2)
¢ Single option correct
1. Let initially substance have N
i
nuclei then
N N e
i
t
=
- l
dN
dt
N e
i
t
= -
-
l
l
At      t t =
we get
dN
dt
N e N
t t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = - =
=
-
l
l
0
â€¦(i)
At t t = 4
dN
dt
N e
N
t t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = - =
=
-
4
4 0
16
l
l
â€¦(ii)
Dividing Eq. (i) and Eq. (ii) we get
e
t 3
16
l
= â€¦(iii)
Now at t t =
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
11
2
dN
dt
N e
t
t
i
t
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = -
=
-
11
2
11
2
l
l
= - ´
- -
l
l l
N e e
i
t t 8
2
3
2
=
-
=
´
-
l
l
l
N e
e
N
i
t
t
4
3
0
16 16
From Eqs. (ii) and (iii)
=
N
0
64
Hence, correct option is (b).
2. We have l l l = + = +
1 2
2
30
2
60
log log
Þ     l =
log 2
20
Now    N N e
t
=
-
0
l
Þ
N
N e
t
0
0
2
20
4
=
- log
Þ  log log 4
20
2 =
t
Þ 2 2
20
2 log log =
t
Þ          t = 40 yr
Hence correct option is (c).
3. From graph it is clear that number of
nucleons in X is N
3
and binding energy per
nucleon is E
3
for Y nucleon is N
2
and BE per
nucleon is E
2
.
Hence X Y E N E N + = +
3 3 2 2
Similerly W E N =
1 1
88
The reaction is W X Y ® +
The energy released is
( ) E N E N E N
3 3 2 2 1 1
+ -
Hence Correct option is (b).
4. Energy = ´ + ´ - ´ ( ) 110 200 8.2 90 8.2 7.4
= ´ - 200 (8.2 7.4)
= ´ = 200 160 0.8 MeV
Hence correct option is (d).
5. The reaction is
1
2
1
2
2
4
H H He energy + ® +
Energy = ´ - ´ (4 7 2 1.1) MeV
= - = (28 4.4) 23.6 MeV
Hence Correct option is (b).
6. Total energy released per second
= ´ 16 10
6
W
= ´ 16 10
6
J/s
Energy per fission = 200 MeV
= ´ ´ ´
-
200 10 10
6 19
1.6
= ´ ´
-
2 10
11
1.6 J
Q Efficiency = 50%
Hence power (energy converted per second)
= ´ ´ ´ = ´
- -
2 10
50
100
10
11 11
1.6 1.6 J
Number of fission =
´
´
=
-
16 10
10
10
6
11
18
1.6
/s
Hence correct option is (d).
7.
dN
dt
A N = -l
Q After time N become
conservation  Þ
dN
dt
= 0
Þ      N
A A
T
AT
= = =
l
log
log
2
2
Hence correct option is (d).
8. By conservation of momentum
M v M M
H H H
= + ¢ ( ) n
Þ       v
v
¢ =
2
Let initial KE of H-atom = K
Final KE of each H-atom =
K
2
For excitation
K
E E
2 4
13 6
2 1
= - =
-
+
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
13.6
eV .
Þ
K
2
= 10.2 eV
Þ K = ´ ´ ´
-
2 10
19
10.2 1.6
Þ
1
2
2 10
2 19
M u
H
10.2 1.2 1.6 = ´ ´ ´ ´
-
Þ u
H
1.2 10.2 1.6
1.673
=
´ ´ ´ ´ ´
´
-
2 2 10
10
19
27
= ´ 6.25 m/s 10
4
Hence correct option is (c).
9. Let us suppose just before the death no
original activity A
0
is given as
A N
0 0
= l â€¦(i)
exponentially ie,
A
dN
dt
N N e
t
= = =
-
l l
l
0
â€¦(ii)
Dividing eq. (ii) by eq. (i) we get
A
A
e
t
0
=
- l
or lt
A
A
= log
0
or t
A
A
=
1
0
l
log
Now A
0
15 = decay/min/gram
A =
375
200
decay/min/g
but  l =
0.693
yr 5730
89
t = ´
´
= ´
5730 15 200
375
5730 200
25 0.693 0.693
log log
Þ t = ´
5730
8
0.693
log
= ´ = ´
5730
3 2 5730 3
0.693
log
Þ t = 17190 yr
Hence correct option is (c).
10. N N e
P
t t
=
- +
0
1
l( )
â€¦(i)
and          N N e
Q
t
=
-
0
l
Now A N
P P
= l and A N
Q Q
= l
Þ
A
A
N
N
e
P
Q
P
Q
t
= =
- l
1
Þ   lt
A
A
Q
P
1
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
log
Þ t
A
A
T
A
A
Q
P
Q
P
1
1
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
l
log log
Hence correct option is (b).
11. The given reactions are
1
2
1
2
1
3
H H H + ® + p
1
2
1 2
4
H H He
3
+ ® + n
Þ 3 H He
1
2
2
4
® + + n p
Mass defect
Dm = ´ - - - ( ) 3 2.014 4.001 1.007 1.008
Dm = 0.026 amu
Energy Released
= ´ = ´
-
0.026 MeV 3.87 J 931 10
12
This energy produced by the three
deutronatoms. Total energy released by
10
40
deutrons
= ´ ´ = ´
-
10
3
10 10
40
12 28
3.87 J 1.29 J
The average power P = = 10 10
16 16
W J/s
Therefore total time to exhaust all
deutrons of the star will be
t =
´
»
1.29
s s.
10
10
10
28
16
12
Hence correct option is (c).
12. N N e N e
t t
t
1 0 0
2
1 1
= =
-
-
l
log
â€¦(i)
N N e N e
t t
t
2 0 0
2
2 2
= =
-
-
l
log
â€¦(ii)
R N
1 1 1
= l â€¦(iii)
and R N
2 2 2 2
= = l l â€¦(iv)
Let after time t, R R
1 2
= then
Þ
R
R
1
1
1 =
Þ
l
l
1
2
1
2
1 ´ =
N
N
Þ
l
l
1
2
2
1
2
2 1
1 2
= =
- é
ë
ê
ù
û
ú
´
N
N
e
t t
t t
t log
Þ          log log
t
t
t
t t
t t
2
1
2 1
1 2
2 = ´ ´
- æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
Þ   t
t t
t t
t
t
1
1 2
2 1
2
1
=
-
´
0.693 ( )
log
Hence Correct option is (a).
13. The given reaction is
Z
A
X Y
232
90
¾® + a
Þ
Z
A
X Y
232
90 2
¾® + He
4
Þ Z = 92 and A = 228
Q Initially X is in rest hence momentum of
a-particle after decay will be equal and
opposite of Y.
Þ M v M v
Y Y
=
a a
Þ         v
M
M
v
Y
Y
=
a
a
Total kinetic energy
K M v M v
T Y Y
= +
1
2
2 2
( )
a a
Þ K M v M
M v
M
T y
Y
= +
é
ë
ê
ù
û
ú
1
2
2
2 2
2
a a
a a
90
Þ K M v
M
M
T
Y
= +
é
ë
ê
ù
û
ú
1
2
1
2
a a
a
Þ K K
T
= +
é
ë
ê
ù
û
ú
a
1
4
228
Þ K K
T a
=
232
228
Hence Correct option is (b).
14. Energy of emitted photon = 7 MeV
= ´ ´ ´
-
7 10 10
6 19
1.6 J
= ´
-
11.2 J 10
13
Momentum of photon =
´
´
-
11.2 J
10 m/s
10
3
13
8
= ´
-
11.2
kg-m/s
3
10
21
Q Initial nucleus is stationary
Applying conservation of momentum
principle
O = + Þ = -
® ® ® ®
P P P P nuc photon nuc photon
Þ | | | | P P
® ®
= - nuc photon
Þ P
nuc
11.2
kg- m/s = ´
-
3
10
21
Mass of nucleus = 24 amu
= ´ ´
-
24 10
27
1.66 kg
But    P mK
nuc nuc
2
2 =
Þ
K
P
m
nuc
nuc
11.2 11.2 10
1.66
Joule = =
´ ´
´ ´ ´ ´
-
-
2 42
27
2 9 2 24 10
Þ
K
c nuc
11.2
1.66 1.6
eV =
´ ´
´ ´ ´ ´ ´
-
- -
112 10
18 24 10 10
42
27 19
.
» 1.1 keV
Hence correct option is  (b).
15. Let time interval between two instants is t
1
then
N N e
t t
1 0
1
=
- + l( )
and N N e
t
2 0
2 =
-l
A N N e
t t
1 1 0
1
= =
- +
l l
l( )
A N N e
t
2 2 0
2 = =
-
l l
l
( )
Þ
A
A
e
t 1
2
1
2
1
= ´
-l
Þ
2
1
2
1
A
A
e
t
=
-l
Þ log
A
A
t
2
1
1
2
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
= l
Þ t
A
A
1
2
1
1
2
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
l
log
Þ t
T A
A
1
2
1
2 2
=
æ
è
ç
ç
ö
ø
÷
÷
log
log
Hence Correct option is (c).
16. The given reaction is
1
2
1
2
1
3
1
1
H H H H + ¾® +
DM m m m = - - [ ( ) ( ) ( )] 2
1
2
1
3
1
1
H H H
= ´ - - ( ) 2 2.014102 3.016049 1.007825 amu
= ´
-
4.33 amu 10
3
DE = ´ ´
-
4.33 931.5 MeV 10
3
= 4 MeV
Hence correct option is (c).
17. Number of fusion required to generate
1 kWh
=
´ ´
´ ´ ´
-
1 10 3600
4 10 10
3
6 19
1.6
=
´
= ´ »
36 10
10 10
18
18 18
6.4
5.6
Hence correct option is  (b).
18. The energy released = 4 MeV
This energy produced by two atoms.
Hence energy produced per atom
= = ´ ´
-
2 2 10
13
MeV 1.6 J
Hence number of atom fused to produced
1 kWJ
91
=
´
´ ´
= ´
-
36 10
2 10
18
10
5
13
18
1.6 1.6
Mass of deutrium which contain
18
10
18
1.6
atom ´
=
´
´ ´
= ´
-
18 10
10
10
18
23
5
1.6 6.02
3.7 kg.
Hence correct option is (c).
¢ More Than one Option is Correct
1. x N =
0
, y N = l
0
Þ
x
y
N
N
= =
0
0
1
l l
where l is decay constant
Hence
x
y
is constant throught.
Q
x
y
T
T
= = =
1 1
l
0.693
0.693
Þ
x
y
T > ,  xy N = l( )
0
2
For one half life N
N
=
0
2
Þ ( ) xy
N N xy
T
=
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷ = = l
l
0
2
0
2
2 4 4
Hence correct options are (a), (b) and (d).
2. The correct options are (a), (b), (c) and (d).
3. A nucleus in excited state emits a high
energy photon called as g-ray. The reaction
is
X X
*
¾® + g
Hence by gamma radiation atomic number
and mass number are not changed. Since
after emission of one a atomic number
reduced by 2
2
4
( ) a and after 2b atomic
number is increased by (2). Hence correct
options are (a), (b) and (c).
4. Here half lives are T and 2T and N N
x
=
0
,
N N
y
=
0
after 4T for first substance = 4 half
lives and after 4T the second substance = 2
Half lines.
Þ N N
N
x
=
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
=
0
4
0
1
2 16
N N
N
y
=
æ
è
ç
ö
ø
÷
=
0
2
0
1
2 4
Þ     x
N
N
N
N
x
y
= = =
0
0
16
4
1
4
/
/
Let their activity are R
x
and R
y
.
Þ R N
x x x
= l and R N
y y y
= l
Þ y
R
R
N
N
T
T
x
y
x
y
x
y
= = ´ = ´
l
l
0.693
0.693
2
1
4
Þ
R
R
y
x
y
= =
1
2
Hence correct options are (b) and (c).
5. Since nuclear forces are vary short range
charge independent, no electromagnetic and
they exchange (n p ® orp n ® ). Hence the
correct options are (a),  (b), (c) and (d).
6. Q R R A =
0
1 3 /

r
p
p
= =
´ ´
-
M
R
A
R A
4 3
10
4
3
3
27
0
3 /
1.67 kg
Þ r is independent of A.
But r =
´
´ ´ ´
-
-
1.67 kg
3.14 1.3
10
4
3
10
27
15 3
( )
= ´ 1.8 kg/m 10
17 3
Hence correct options are (b) and (c).
92
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