NCERT Textbook: Seeds and Seeds

# NCERT Textbook: Seeds and Seeds - EVS Class 5

``` Page 1

42 Looking Around
Gopal was waiting for his mausi’s family to visit them. They will
be coming the next day for their holidays. He was thinking
about all the fun and nice food that he would have with his
cousins. Just then his mother called out, “Gopal, before you
sleep, remember to soak two small bowls (katoris) of chana
(gram).” She was going to his Bua’s house and would return
only in  the morning.
As he was soaking the chana, Gopal thought, “How will two
small bowls of this be enough for eight persons?” So he soaked
another two bowls of chana. When his mother returned the
next morning, she saw that the chana were overflowing
from the vessel. “How much did you soak?” asked his
mother. “How did that happen!” wondered Gopal.
“You soaked too much! Anyway it is good, now I
will cook half of them, and leave the other half to
sprout. I can send these to your aunt. The doctor
has told her to eat sprouts”, mother said. She
tied half of the soaked chana in a wet cloth,
and hung them up to sprout.
5. Seeds and Seeds
42
Discuss
 What things are soaked before cooking in your house? Why?
 What things do you eat after sprouting? How are they
sprouted? How much time does it take?
 Has the doctor or someone you know ever told you to eat
sprouts? Why?
Page 2

42 Looking Around
Gopal was waiting for his mausi’s family to visit them. They will
be coming the next day for their holidays. He was thinking
about all the fun and nice food that he would have with his
cousins. Just then his mother called out, “Gopal, before you
sleep, remember to soak two small bowls (katoris) of chana
(gram).” She was going to his Bua’s house and would return
only in  the morning.
As he was soaking the chana, Gopal thought, “How will two
small bowls of this be enough for eight persons?” So he soaked
another two bowls of chana. When his mother returned the
next morning, she saw that the chana were overflowing
from the vessel. “How much did you soak?” asked his
mother. “How did that happen!” wondered Gopal.
“You soaked too much! Anyway it is good, now I
will cook half of them, and leave the other half to
sprout. I can send these to your aunt. The doctor
has told her to eat sprouts”, mother said. She
tied half of the soaked chana in a wet cloth,
and hung them up to sprout.
5. Seeds and Seeds
42
Discuss
 What things are soaked before cooking in your house? Why?
 What things do you eat after sprouting? How are they
sprouted? How much time does it take?
 Has the doctor or someone you know ever told you to eat
sprouts? Why?
Seeds and Seeds 43
Tell and write
 In which bowl did the seeds sprout? What difference did
you see between this bowl and the other bowls?
 Why did Gopal’s mother tie the chana in a damp cloth?
Bowl 1 Bowl 2 Bowl 3
Are the seeds getting air? No Yes Yes
Are the seeds getting water?
What changes did you see?
Have the seeds sprouted?
Do this and find out
Do you remember that in Class IV you did an activity
with seeds? Now try another one.
 Take some chana and three bowls.
 Put five chana in the first bowl and fill it up with
water.
 Put a damp piece of cloth or some cotton wool in the
second bowl. Now keep the same number of chanas in
it. Make sure that the cotton wool or cloth remains wet.
 Put the same number of chanas in the third bowl.
Do not put anything else in it. Cover all the three
bowls.
Teacher’s Note : Sprouting time of seeds may vary according to the temperature
and humidity of the weather.
Observe after two days and note  the changes in the bowls.
Page 3

42 Looking Around
Gopal was waiting for his mausi’s family to visit them. They will
be coming the next day for their holidays. He was thinking
about all the fun and nice food that he would have with his
cousins. Just then his mother called out, “Gopal, before you
sleep, remember to soak two small bowls (katoris) of chana
(gram).” She was going to his Bua’s house and would return
only in  the morning.
As he was soaking the chana, Gopal thought, “How will two
small bowls of this be enough for eight persons?” So he soaked
another two bowls of chana. When his mother returned the
next morning, she saw that the chana were overflowing
from the vessel. “How much did you soak?” asked his
mother. “How did that happen!” wondered Gopal.
“You soaked too much! Anyway it is good, now I
will cook half of them, and leave the other half to
sprout. I can send these to your aunt. The doctor
has told her to eat sprouts”, mother said. She
tied half of the soaked chana in a wet cloth,
and hung them up to sprout.
5. Seeds and Seeds
42
Discuss
 What things are soaked before cooking in your house? Why?
 What things do you eat after sprouting? How are they
sprouted? How much time does it take?
 Has the doctor or someone you know ever told you to eat
sprouts? Why?
Seeds and Seeds 43
Tell and write
 In which bowl did the seeds sprout? What difference did
you see between this bowl and the other bowls?
 Why did Gopal’s mother tie the chana in a damp cloth?
Bowl 1 Bowl 2 Bowl 3
Are the seeds getting air? No Yes Yes
Are the seeds getting water?
What changes did you see?
Have the seeds sprouted?
Do this and find out
Do you remember that in Class IV you did an activity
with seeds? Now try another one.
 Take some chana and three bowls.
 Put five chana in the first bowl and fill it up with
water.
 Put a damp piece of cloth or some cotton wool in the
second bowl. Now keep the same number of chanas in
it. Make sure that the cotton wool or cloth remains wet.
 Put the same number of chanas in the third bowl.
Do not put anything else in it. Cover all the three
bowls.
Teacher’s Note : Sprouting time of seeds may vary according to the temperature
and humidity of the weather.
Observe after two days and note  the changes in the bowls.
44 Looking Around
Take a clay pot or a tin can with a wide mouth. Make
a small hole at the bottom of the can. Fill your can with
soil. Put four or five seeds of the same kind in the soil
and press them gently. Different group can plant
different kinds of seeds, such as mustard (sarson),
fenugreek (methi), sesame (til) or coriander (dhania).
When you split the whole
masoor, you get me – masoor
dal. But then you cannot
sprout me! Can you think why?
Draw
 Look carefully at your sprouted chana and make its drawing?
Write
Name of the seed : ____________
The date on which you planted them: ___________
The day you observe something coming out of
the soil, start filling the table:
Date Height of the Number of leaves Any other change
plant (in cm) seen
To find the
height of a plant
then measure it
on the scale.
Page 4

42 Looking Around
Gopal was waiting for his mausi’s family to visit them. They will
be coming the next day for their holidays. He was thinking
about all the fun and nice food that he would have with his
cousins. Just then his mother called out, “Gopal, before you
sleep, remember to soak two small bowls (katoris) of chana
(gram).” She was going to his Bua’s house and would return
only in  the morning.
As he was soaking the chana, Gopal thought, “How will two
small bowls of this be enough for eight persons?” So he soaked
another two bowls of chana. When his mother returned the
next morning, she saw that the chana were overflowing
from the vessel. “How much did you soak?” asked his
mother. “How did that happen!” wondered Gopal.
“You soaked too much! Anyway it is good, now I
will cook half of them, and leave the other half to
sprout. I can send these to your aunt. The doctor
has told her to eat sprouts”, mother said. She
tied half of the soaked chana in a wet cloth,
and hung them up to sprout.
5. Seeds and Seeds
42
Discuss
 What things are soaked before cooking in your house? Why?
 What things do you eat after sprouting? How are they
sprouted? How much time does it take?
 Has the doctor or someone you know ever told you to eat
sprouts? Why?
Seeds and Seeds 43
Tell and write
 In which bowl did the seeds sprout? What difference did
you see between this bowl and the other bowls?
 Why did Gopal’s mother tie the chana in a damp cloth?
Bowl 1 Bowl 2 Bowl 3
Are the seeds getting air? No Yes Yes
Are the seeds getting water?
What changes did you see?
Have the seeds sprouted?
Do this and find out
Do you remember that in Class IV you did an activity
with seeds? Now try another one.
 Take some chana and three bowls.
 Put five chana in the first bowl and fill it up with
water.
 Put a damp piece of cloth or some cotton wool in the
second bowl. Now keep the same number of chanas in
it. Make sure that the cotton wool or cloth remains wet.
 Put the same number of chanas in the third bowl.
Do not put anything else in it. Cover all the three
bowls.
Teacher’s Note : Sprouting time of seeds may vary according to the temperature
and humidity of the weather.
Observe after two days and note  the changes in the bowls.
44 Looking Around
Take a clay pot or a tin can with a wide mouth. Make
a small hole at the bottom of the can. Fill your can with
soil. Put four or five seeds of the same kind in the soil
and press them gently. Different group can plant
different kinds of seeds, such as mustard (sarson),
fenugreek (methi), sesame (til) or coriander (dhania).
When you split the whole
masoor, you get me – masoor
dal. But then you cannot
sprout me! Can you think why?
Draw
 Look carefully at your sprouted chana and make its drawing?
Write
Name of the seed : ____________
The date on which you planted them: ___________
The day you observe something coming out of
the soil, start filling the table:
Date Height of the Number of leaves Any other change
plant (in cm) seen
To find the
height of a plant
then measure it
on the scale.
Seeds and Seeds 45
Teacher’s Note : Students are not supposed to be given formal information in
response to these questions. These are meant to explore their own intuitive ideas.
Discussion in class will help them think about how plants need air, water
and soil.
 What is inside the seed?
 How does a big plant grow from a tiny seed?
Discuss
 Which seeds took the most number of days for the stem
to come out of the soil?
 Which seeds took the least days to come out of the soil?
 Which seeds did not grow at all? Why?
 Did anyone’s plant dry up or turn yellow? Why did this
happen?
 What would happen if the plants do not get water?
Find out
 How long did it take for the plant to come out from the soil?
 What was the difference in the height of the plant on the
first and second day?
 On which day did the height of the plant
increase the most?
 Did new leaves come out of the plant every day?
 Was there any change in the stem of the plant?
Page 5

42 Looking Around
Gopal was waiting for his mausi’s family to visit them. They will
be coming the next day for their holidays. He was thinking
about all the fun and nice food that he would have with his
cousins. Just then his mother called out, “Gopal, before you
sleep, remember to soak two small bowls (katoris) of chana
(gram).” She was going to his Bua’s house and would return
only in  the morning.
As he was soaking the chana, Gopal thought, “How will two
small bowls of this be enough for eight persons?” So he soaked
another two bowls of chana. When his mother returned the
next morning, she saw that the chana were overflowing
from the vessel. “How much did you soak?” asked his
mother. “How did that happen!” wondered Gopal.
“You soaked too much! Anyway it is good, now I
will cook half of them, and leave the other half to
sprout. I can send these to your aunt. The doctor
has told her to eat sprouts”, mother said. She
tied half of the soaked chana in a wet cloth,
and hung them up to sprout.
5. Seeds and Seeds
42
Discuss
 What things are soaked before cooking in your house? Why?
 What things do you eat after sprouting? How are they
sprouted? How much time does it take?
 Has the doctor or someone you know ever told you to eat
sprouts? Why?
Seeds and Seeds 43
Tell and write
 In which bowl did the seeds sprout? What difference did
you see between this bowl and the other bowls?
 Why did Gopal’s mother tie the chana in a damp cloth?
Bowl 1 Bowl 2 Bowl 3
Are the seeds getting air? No Yes Yes
Are the seeds getting water?
What changes did you see?
Have the seeds sprouted?
Do this and find out
Do you remember that in Class IV you did an activity
with seeds? Now try another one.
 Take some chana and three bowls.
 Put five chana in the first bowl and fill it up with
water.
 Put a damp piece of cloth or some cotton wool in the
second bowl. Now keep the same number of chanas in
it. Make sure that the cotton wool or cloth remains wet.
 Put the same number of chanas in the third bowl.
Do not put anything else in it. Cover all the three
bowls.
Teacher’s Note : Sprouting time of seeds may vary according to the temperature
and humidity of the weather.
Observe after two days and note  the changes in the bowls.
44 Looking Around
Take a clay pot or a tin can with a wide mouth. Make
a small hole at the bottom of the can. Fill your can with
soil. Put four or five seeds of the same kind in the soil
and press them gently. Different group can plant
different kinds of seeds, such as mustard (sarson),
fenugreek (methi), sesame (til) or coriander (dhania).
When you split the whole
masoor, you get me – masoor
dal. But then you cannot
sprout me! Can you think why?
Draw
 Look carefully at your sprouted chana and make its drawing?
Write
Name of the seed : ____________
The date on which you planted them: ___________
The day you observe something coming out of
the soil, start filling the table:
Date Height of the Number of leaves Any other change
plant (in cm) seen
To find the
height of a plant
then measure it
on the scale.
Seeds and Seeds 45
Teacher’s Note : Students are not supposed to be given formal information in
response to these questions. These are meant to explore their own intuitive ideas.
Discussion in class will help them think about how plants need air, water
and soil.
 What is inside the seed?
 How does a big plant grow from a tiny seed?
Discuss
 Which seeds took the most number of days for the stem
to come out of the soil?
 Which seeds took the least days to come out of the soil?
 Which seeds did not grow at all? Why?
 Did anyone’s plant dry up or turn yellow? Why did this
happen?
 What would happen if the plants do not get water?
Find out
 How long did it take for the plant to come out from the soil?
 What was the difference in the height of the plant on the
first and second day?
 On which day did the height of the plant
increase the most?
 Did new leaves come out of the plant every day?
 Was there any change in the stem of the plant?
46 Looking Around
Think and imagine
 What would happen if plants could walk? Draw a picture.
So many seeds!
How many types of seeds can you collect?
Where will you find them? Each of you
should try to collect as many different
types of seeds as you can. After that, put
all the seed collections together. Now
observe these seeds carefully – their
shapes, sizes, colours, textures (smooth
Plants which hunt!
There are some plants which trap and eat
frogs, insects and even mice. The Pitcher
plant (Nepenthese) is one such plant. It is
found in Australia, Indonesia and Meghalaya
in India. It has a pitcher-like shape and the
mouth is covered by a leaf. The plant has a
special smell that attracts insects to it. When
the insect lands on the mouth of the plant,
it gets trapped and cannot get out. What a
clever way to hunt!
Find out
 Do some plants grow without seeds?
Trapped!
```

## FAQs on NCERT Textbook: Seeds and Seeds - EVS Class 5

 1. What are seeds?
Ans. Seeds are the reproductive structures of plants. They contain the embryo of the plant, which can develop into a new plant under favorable conditions.
 2. How are seeds dispersed?
Ans. Seeds are dispersed in different ways, such as wind, water, animals, and self-dispersal. Some seeds have wings or hairs that allow them to be carried away by the wind, while others have hooks or burrs that stick to the fur of animals. Some seeds are also eaten by animals and then excreted in a new location.
 3. What is germination?
Ans. Germination is the process by which a seed sprouts and grows into a new plant. It begins when the seed absorbs water and the embryo inside the seed starts to grow. The first signs of germination are the emergence of the radicle, which is the embryonic root, and the plumule, which is the embryonic shoot.
 4. How do seeds adapt to their environment?
Ans. Seeds have various adaptations that allow them to survive and thrive in different environments. Some seeds have a hard outer coating that protects them from harsh conditions, while others have a fleshy fruit that attracts animals to disperse them. Some seeds can remain dormant for long periods until the conditions are favorable for germination.
 5. Why are seeds important to humans?
Ans. Seeds are important to humans because they are a source of food, fuel, fiber, and medicine. Many of the foods we eat, such as grains, fruits, and vegetables, come from seeds. Seeds can also be used to produce oils, biofuels, and textiles. Some seeds are also used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments.

## EVS Class 5

41 videos|196 docs|41 tests

## EVS Class 5

41 videos|196 docs|41 tests

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