Chapter - From Tasting to Digesting, NCERT Textbook of CBSE Class 5 EVS (Environmental Science) Class 5 Notes | EduRev

EVS Class 5

Created by: Gunjan Lakhani

Class 5 : Chapter - From Tasting to Digesting, NCERT Textbook of CBSE Class 5 EVS (Environmental Science) Class 5 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


22 Looking Around
3. From Tasting to Digesting
Different tastes
Jhumpa ran into the kitchen and caught hold of her mother
saying, “Ma, I am not going to eat this bitter karela (bittergourd).
Give me gur (jaggery) and roti.” Ma smiled and said, “You ate roti
and sugar in the morning.”  Jhoolan teased Jhumpa, “Don’t
you get bored of only one kind of taste?” Jhumpa replied
quickly, “Do you get bored with licking imli (tarmarind)? I bet
your mouth is watering just by hearing the word imli.” “Sure I
love the sour imli. But I eat sweet and salty things too. I even
eat karela,” said Jhoolan and looked at her mother. They both
laughed heartily.
Jhoolan said to Jhumpa, “Let’s play a game. You close your
eyes and open your mouth. I will put something to eat in your
mouth. You have to tell what it is.”  Jhoolan took a few drops
of lemon juice in a spoon and put them in Jhumpa’s mouth.
“Sour lemon,” Jhumpa replied quickly.
Page 2


22 Looking Around
3. From Tasting to Digesting
Different tastes
Jhumpa ran into the kitchen and caught hold of her mother
saying, “Ma, I am not going to eat this bitter karela (bittergourd).
Give me gur (jaggery) and roti.” Ma smiled and said, “You ate roti
and sugar in the morning.”  Jhoolan teased Jhumpa, “Don’t
you get bored of only one kind of taste?” Jhumpa replied
quickly, “Do you get bored with licking imli (tarmarind)? I bet
your mouth is watering just by hearing the word imli.” “Sure I
love the sour imli. But I eat sweet and salty things too. I even
eat karela,” said Jhoolan and looked at her mother. They both
laughed heartily.
Jhoolan said to Jhumpa, “Let’s play a game. You close your
eyes and open your mouth. I will put something to eat in your
mouth. You have to tell what it is.”  Jhoolan took a few drops
of lemon juice in a spoon and put them in Jhumpa’s mouth.
“Sour lemon,” Jhumpa replied quickly.
From Tasting to Digesting 23
woof!
mmm...!
Jhoolan then picked up a small piece of jaggery. Her mother
suggested, “Crush it, otherwise she will know what it is?”
Jhoolan crushed the jaggery but Jhumpa easily guessed it.
They played the game with different food items. Jhumpa could
tell the fried fish even before tasting it. Jhoolan said, “Now
close your nose, and tell me what this is?” Jhumpa was
confused, “It is a bit bitter, a little salty and somewhat sour.
Give me one more spoonful.” Jhoolan took another spoonful
of the cooked karela, uncovered Jhumpa’s eyes, and said,
“Here it is, eat!” Jhumpa laughed, “Yes, give me more.”
Discuss and write
 Jhoolan’s mouth started watering
when she heard the word imli.
When does your mouth water? List
five things you like to eat and
describe their taste.
 Do you like only one kind of taste
or different ones? Why?
 Jhoolan put a few drops of lemon
juice in Jhumpa’s mouth. Do you
think we can make out the taste
with just a few drops?
 If someone were to put a few seeds
of saunf (aniseed) on your tongue,
would you be able to tell with your
eyes closed? How?
Page 3


22 Looking Around
3. From Tasting to Digesting
Different tastes
Jhumpa ran into the kitchen and caught hold of her mother
saying, “Ma, I am not going to eat this bitter karela (bittergourd).
Give me gur (jaggery) and roti.” Ma smiled and said, “You ate roti
and sugar in the morning.”  Jhoolan teased Jhumpa, “Don’t
you get bored of only one kind of taste?” Jhumpa replied
quickly, “Do you get bored with licking imli (tarmarind)? I bet
your mouth is watering just by hearing the word imli.” “Sure I
love the sour imli. But I eat sweet and salty things too. I even
eat karela,” said Jhoolan and looked at her mother. They both
laughed heartily.
Jhoolan said to Jhumpa, “Let’s play a game. You close your
eyes and open your mouth. I will put something to eat in your
mouth. You have to tell what it is.”  Jhoolan took a few drops
of lemon juice in a spoon and put them in Jhumpa’s mouth.
“Sour lemon,” Jhumpa replied quickly.
From Tasting to Digesting 23
woof!
mmm...!
Jhoolan then picked up a small piece of jaggery. Her mother
suggested, “Crush it, otherwise she will know what it is?”
Jhoolan crushed the jaggery but Jhumpa easily guessed it.
They played the game with different food items. Jhumpa could
tell the fried fish even before tasting it. Jhoolan said, “Now
close your nose, and tell me what this is?” Jhumpa was
confused, “It is a bit bitter, a little salty and somewhat sour.
Give me one more spoonful.” Jhoolan took another spoonful
of the cooked karela, uncovered Jhumpa’s eyes, and said,
“Here it is, eat!” Jhumpa laughed, “Yes, give me more.”
Discuss and write
 Jhoolan’s mouth started watering
when she heard the word imli.
When does your mouth water? List
five things you like to eat and
describe their taste.
 Do you like only one kind of taste
or different ones? Why?
 Jhoolan put a few drops of lemon
juice in Jhumpa’s mouth. Do you
think we can make out the taste
with just a few drops?
 If someone were to put a few seeds
of saunf (aniseed) on your tongue,
would you be able to tell with your
eyes closed? How?
24 Looking Around
Close your eyes and tell
Collect a few food items having different
kinds of taste. Play a game with your
friends like Jhumpa and Jhoolan did. Tell
your friend to taste the food and ask–
 How did it taste? What was the food
item?
 On which part of the tongue could you
get the most taste – in front, at the back,
on the left or right side of the tongue?
 Which taste could be made out on which
part of the tongue? Mark these parts
on the picture given.
 One at a time put some things to eat in
other parts of your mouth – under the
tongue, on the lips, on the roof of the
mouth. Did you get any taste there?
Teacher's Note : Encourage children to be creative and to explore their vocabulary
to describe different kinds of flavours. Discuss how the combination of different
flavours brings so much variety in our food. Different combinations of taste (such
as sweet-sour , hot-spicy) may be discussed in the class to develop this understanding.
 How did Jhumpa make out the fried fish?
Can you guess the names of certain things
only by their smell, without seeing or tasting
them? What are these things?
 Has anyone ever told you to hold your nose
before taking a medicine? Why do you think
they tell you to do this?
Page 4


22 Looking Around
3. From Tasting to Digesting
Different tastes
Jhumpa ran into the kitchen and caught hold of her mother
saying, “Ma, I am not going to eat this bitter karela (bittergourd).
Give me gur (jaggery) and roti.” Ma smiled and said, “You ate roti
and sugar in the morning.”  Jhoolan teased Jhumpa, “Don’t
you get bored of only one kind of taste?” Jhumpa replied
quickly, “Do you get bored with licking imli (tarmarind)? I bet
your mouth is watering just by hearing the word imli.” “Sure I
love the sour imli. But I eat sweet and salty things too. I even
eat karela,” said Jhoolan and looked at her mother. They both
laughed heartily.
Jhoolan said to Jhumpa, “Let’s play a game. You close your
eyes and open your mouth. I will put something to eat in your
mouth. You have to tell what it is.”  Jhoolan took a few drops
of lemon juice in a spoon and put them in Jhumpa’s mouth.
“Sour lemon,” Jhumpa replied quickly.
From Tasting to Digesting 23
woof!
mmm...!
Jhoolan then picked up a small piece of jaggery. Her mother
suggested, “Crush it, otherwise she will know what it is?”
Jhoolan crushed the jaggery but Jhumpa easily guessed it.
They played the game with different food items. Jhumpa could
tell the fried fish even before tasting it. Jhoolan said, “Now
close your nose, and tell me what this is?” Jhumpa was
confused, “It is a bit bitter, a little salty and somewhat sour.
Give me one more spoonful.” Jhoolan took another spoonful
of the cooked karela, uncovered Jhumpa’s eyes, and said,
“Here it is, eat!” Jhumpa laughed, “Yes, give me more.”
Discuss and write
 Jhoolan’s mouth started watering
when she heard the word imli.
When does your mouth water? List
five things you like to eat and
describe their taste.
 Do you like only one kind of taste
or different ones? Why?
 Jhoolan put a few drops of lemon
juice in Jhumpa’s mouth. Do you
think we can make out the taste
with just a few drops?
 If someone were to put a few seeds
of saunf (aniseed) on your tongue,
would you be able to tell with your
eyes closed? How?
24 Looking Around
Close your eyes and tell
Collect a few food items having different
kinds of taste. Play a game with your
friends like Jhumpa and Jhoolan did. Tell
your friend to taste the food and ask–
 How did it taste? What was the food
item?
 On which part of the tongue could you
get the most taste – in front, at the back,
on the left or right side of the tongue?
 Which taste could be made out on which
part of the tongue? Mark these parts
on the picture given.
 One at a time put some things to eat in
other parts of your mouth – under the
tongue, on the lips, on the roof of the
mouth. Did you get any taste there?
Teacher's Note : Encourage children to be creative and to explore their vocabulary
to describe different kinds of flavours. Discuss how the combination of different
flavours brings so much variety in our food. Different combinations of taste (such
as sweet-sour , hot-spicy) may be discussed in the class to develop this understanding.
 How did Jhumpa make out the fried fish?
Can you guess the names of certain things
only by their smell, without seeing or tasting
them? What are these things?
 Has anyone ever told you to hold your nose
before taking a medicine? Why do you think
they tell you to do this?
From Tasting to Digesting 25
Tell
 If someone asks you to describe the taste of amla
or cucumber, you might find it difficult to explain.
How would you describe the taste of these – tomato,
onion, saunf, garlic. Think of words that you know
or make up your own words to describe the taste.
 When Jhumpa tasted some of the things, she said
“Sssee, sssee, sssee…” What do you think she may
have eaten?
 Why don’t you make sounds that describe some
tastes? From your expressions and sounds ask
your friends to guess what you might have eaten.
Use a clean cloth to wipe the front part of
your tongue so that it is dry. Put some sugar or
jaggery there. Could you taste anything? Why
did this happen?
 Stand in front of a mirror and look closely at
your tongue. How does the surface look? Can
you see any tiny bumps on the surface?
Chew it or chew it well: What’s the difference?
Try this together in class:
 Each of you take a piece of bread or roti or some cooked rice.
Teacher’s Note : Children will need help because it is sometimes difficult to
identify exactly which part of the mouth can sense a particular taste.
Page 5


22 Looking Around
3. From Tasting to Digesting
Different tastes
Jhumpa ran into the kitchen and caught hold of her mother
saying, “Ma, I am not going to eat this bitter karela (bittergourd).
Give me gur (jaggery) and roti.” Ma smiled and said, “You ate roti
and sugar in the morning.”  Jhoolan teased Jhumpa, “Don’t
you get bored of only one kind of taste?” Jhumpa replied
quickly, “Do you get bored with licking imli (tarmarind)? I bet
your mouth is watering just by hearing the word imli.” “Sure I
love the sour imli. But I eat sweet and salty things too. I even
eat karela,” said Jhoolan and looked at her mother. They both
laughed heartily.
Jhoolan said to Jhumpa, “Let’s play a game. You close your
eyes and open your mouth. I will put something to eat in your
mouth. You have to tell what it is.”  Jhoolan took a few drops
of lemon juice in a spoon and put them in Jhumpa’s mouth.
“Sour lemon,” Jhumpa replied quickly.
From Tasting to Digesting 23
woof!
mmm...!
Jhoolan then picked up a small piece of jaggery. Her mother
suggested, “Crush it, otherwise she will know what it is?”
Jhoolan crushed the jaggery but Jhumpa easily guessed it.
They played the game with different food items. Jhumpa could
tell the fried fish even before tasting it. Jhoolan said, “Now
close your nose, and tell me what this is?” Jhumpa was
confused, “It is a bit bitter, a little salty and somewhat sour.
Give me one more spoonful.” Jhoolan took another spoonful
of the cooked karela, uncovered Jhumpa’s eyes, and said,
“Here it is, eat!” Jhumpa laughed, “Yes, give me more.”
Discuss and write
 Jhoolan’s mouth started watering
when she heard the word imli.
When does your mouth water? List
five things you like to eat and
describe their taste.
 Do you like only one kind of taste
or different ones? Why?
 Jhoolan put a few drops of lemon
juice in Jhumpa’s mouth. Do you
think we can make out the taste
with just a few drops?
 If someone were to put a few seeds
of saunf (aniseed) on your tongue,
would you be able to tell with your
eyes closed? How?
24 Looking Around
Close your eyes and tell
Collect a few food items having different
kinds of taste. Play a game with your
friends like Jhumpa and Jhoolan did. Tell
your friend to taste the food and ask–
 How did it taste? What was the food
item?
 On which part of the tongue could you
get the most taste – in front, at the back,
on the left or right side of the tongue?
 Which taste could be made out on which
part of the tongue? Mark these parts
on the picture given.
 One at a time put some things to eat in
other parts of your mouth – under the
tongue, on the lips, on the roof of the
mouth. Did you get any taste there?
Teacher's Note : Encourage children to be creative and to explore their vocabulary
to describe different kinds of flavours. Discuss how the combination of different
flavours brings so much variety in our food. Different combinations of taste (such
as sweet-sour , hot-spicy) may be discussed in the class to develop this understanding.
 How did Jhumpa make out the fried fish?
Can you guess the names of certain things
only by their smell, without seeing or tasting
them? What are these things?
 Has anyone ever told you to hold your nose
before taking a medicine? Why do you think
they tell you to do this?
From Tasting to Digesting 25
Tell
 If someone asks you to describe the taste of amla
or cucumber, you might find it difficult to explain.
How would you describe the taste of these – tomato,
onion, saunf, garlic. Think of words that you know
or make up your own words to describe the taste.
 When Jhumpa tasted some of the things, she said
“Sssee, sssee, sssee…” What do you think she may
have eaten?
 Why don’t you make sounds that describe some
tastes? From your expressions and sounds ask
your friends to guess what you might have eaten.
Use a clean cloth to wipe the front part of
your tongue so that it is dry. Put some sugar or
jaggery there. Could you taste anything? Why
did this happen?
 Stand in front of a mirror and look closely at
your tongue. How does the surface look? Can
you see any tiny bumps on the surface?
Chew it or chew it well: What’s the difference?
Try this together in class:
 Each of you take a piece of bread or roti or some cooked rice.
Teacher’s Note : Children will need help because it is sometimes difficult to
identify exactly which part of the mouth can sense a particular taste.
26 Looking Around
 Put it in your mouth, chew three to four times
and swallow it.
 Did the taste change as you chewed it?
 Now take another piece or some rice and chew
it twenty to twenty-five times.
 Was there any change in the taste after
chewing so many times?
Teacher's Note : On page 27, children are not expected to draw the ‘digestive
system.’ Encourage children to imagine and express their own ideas about what
happens to the food in their body. Encourage sharing of pictures and free
discussion, without any judgement of right or wrong.
Discuss
 Has anyone at home told you to eat slowly
and to chew well so that the food digests
properly? Why do you think they say this?
 Imagine you are eating something hard like
a green guava. What kinds of changes take
place in it–from the time you bite a piece
and put it in your mouth to when you
swallow it? Think what does the saliva in
our mouth do?
Read More
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