Chapter Notes - What is Government?
Need for a Government:
(i)The government is required to maintain law and order in a country.
(ii)Government makes provision for services like roads, electricity, waterways, railways, health and sanitation, etc.
(iii)Government even protects against external aggression and is responsible for maintaining unity and integrity of the country.
Level of Government:
(i)Government in any country functions at several levels-central, state and local.
(ii)Central government looks after nation, state after the provinces and local looks after the villages and towns.
Laws and the Government:
(i)Laws are made by the government and as citizens of a country, people have to abide by it
(ii)Government even has the power to enforce these laws.
(iii)Courts have the power to give justice to the aggrieved party.
Types of Government:
(i)The laws are made by the government in a manner depending on the type of government in the country.
(ii)There are two types of governments: Democratic and Authoritarian.
iii)In a democratic government, people have a right to choose their representatives. For example, India, UK and USA.
(iv)Authoritarian governments are where there is absolute obedience to the authority.
Examples of such type of governments are Saudi Arabia and Myanmar.