Chapter Notes - Rural Administration
Dispute: Police Station
(i) In case of a dispute, in an area people go to the police station.
(ii) A particular police station works for a particular area and all people living in that area are to report any crime, theft, accident or injury, etc. in their own police station.
(iii) In a dispute when a person files a report in the police station it is called First Information Report (FIR).
Maintenance of Land Records
i) The village Patwari keeps a record of the land areas kept by people.
ii) A Patwari deals with measuring land and maintaining the land records belonging to different villages.
iii) The village Patwari is also responsible for the collection of land revenue from the village.
iv) The Patwari is assisted by other officers.
Rural Administration: How does it Work Efficiently:
(i) India is divided into states and union territories. These territories are in turn divided into districts.
(ii) In order to run the administration, the district comprises of adjacent villages and towns. The district headquarters are located at a central place. The revenue department manages all work related to land.
(iii) The district collector is the head of the revenue department. Tehsildar, Naib tehsildar, etc. assist him in his work.
Hindu Law (Hindu Succession Amendment Act 2005)
(i) In ancient times only sons got a share in their father’s property.
(ii) After the Hindu Succession Amendment Act 2005, women are entitled to an equal share in their father’s property.