Chapter Notes: Large Numbers

# Chapter Notes: Large Numbers Notes | Study Mathematics for Class 5 - Class 5

## Document Description: Chapter Notes: Large Numbers for Class 5 2022 is part of Mathematics for Class 5 preparation. The notes and questions for Chapter Notes: Large Numbers have been prepared according to the Class 5 exam syllabus. Information about Chapter Notes: Large Numbers covers topics like Ria &amp; Some Big Big Numbers!, All about One Crore!, Greatest Digit Numbers, What are Place Values?, How to Read Large Numbers?, How to Compare Large Numbers?&nbsp;, How to form Smallest and Greatest Numbers from a given Number?, International System of Writing Numbers and Chapter Notes: Large Numbers Example, for Class 5 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Chapter Notes: Large Numbers.

Introduction of Chapter Notes: Large Numbers in English is available as part of our Mathematics for Class 5 for Class 5 & Chapter Notes: Large Numbers in Hindi for Mathematics for Class 5 course. Download more important topics related with notes, lectures and mock test series for Class 5 Exam by signing up for free. Class 5: Chapter Notes: Large Numbers Notes | Study Mathematics for Class 5 - Class 5
 Table of contents Ria & Some Big Big Numbers! All about One Crore! Greatest Digit Numbers What are Place Values? How to Read Large Numbers? How to Compare Large Numbers? How to form Smallest and Greatest Numbers from a given Number? International System of Writing Numbers
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Ria & Some Big Big Numbers!

While reading the newspaper, Ria read that the population of India is more than 100 crores and that of Delhi is about 2 crore 50 lakh.

• She wondered, how much will a crore be, and on asking the teacher, she realized that a crore is a large number.

Ria wondered how much will a crore be?

In order to understand what One Crore is, we need to understand what One Lakh is:

• One Lakh is the number 100000.
• The number 100000 is one hundred thousand or 1 lakh.

• It is a 6-digit number including 5 zeros.

• Number 100000 is the smallest 6 digit number.

• Have a look at the smallest 6,4,3,2 & 1 digit numbers below.

Question for Chapter Notes: Large Numbers
Try yourself:How many zeros are there in Ten Lakhs?

We learnt about One Lakh! Come on! Let’s learn about 100 Lakh or One Crore now!

• The number 10000000 is read as (100 lakh) or 1 crore.
• Yeaaaa! 100 Lakh is One Crore!
• Similarly, 50000000 is read as ‘five crores’.
• 80000000 is read as ‘eight crores’.

Wooohoooo! You and Ria have mastered the concepts of Crore now!

• One Crore is the number 10000000 or 100 Lakh and 1 lakh is the number 100000 or One Hundred Thousand.

Do you know?
The moon is approximately 384400 km away from the Earth. It is a huge number as well!

In the image Earth and Moon look very near but it in reality it isn't so.

Greatest Digit Numbers

• Have a look on Greatest 5 digit number.

Tell us!

Which is the greatest 8 digit number and how can we get the smallest 9 digit number from it?

• 99999999 is the greatest 8-digit number and is read as ‘nine crore ninety-nine lakh ninety-nine thousand nine hundred ninety-nine.
• If we add 1 to this number, we get the smallest 9-digit number.

• 100000000 is read as ‘ten crore’.
• Similarly, 200000000 is read as ‘twenty crore’.
• 400000000 is read as ‘forty crore’.

Tell us again!

Which is the greatest 8 digit number and how can we get the smallest 9 digit number from it?

• 999999999 is the greatest 9-digit number and is read as ‘ninety-nine crore ninety-nine lakh ninety-nine thousand nine hundred ninety-nine’.
• If you add 1 to this number, you will get the smallest 10-digit number. 1000000000 is read as ‘hundred crore’ or ‘one arab’.

What are Place Values?

Place value in Maths describes the position or place of a digit in a number. Each digit has a place in a number.

• When we represent the number in general form, the position of each digit will be expanded.
• Those positions start from a unit place or we also call it one’s position.
• The order of place value of digits of a number of right to left is units, tens, hundreds, thousands, ten thousand, a hundred thousand, and so on.
• Let us understand with the help of an example, say 7231468, and see below figure for the place value of each digit.

Place Value of number 7231468

• Look at the place value chart below for the first nine digits in the Indian system of numeration.

Place Value Chart Indian system of Numeration

• The first period consisting of three digits is called units or ones period, the next period consisting of two digits is called thousands period.
• Next period also consisting of two digits is called lakhs period and the next period which also consists of two digits is called crores period.

Question for Chapter Notes: Large Numbers
Try yourself:Which of the following is the place value of 4 in the number 4,67,13,223?

• To read a large number, divide the number into periods starting from the right.
• For separating periods, we put a comma after three digits starting from the right and then we put a comma after every two digits.
• The modern convention is to leave space to separate different periods instead of putting a comma between them. Thus, the numbers 75,80,72,608 would be written as 75 80 72 608.

• While reading a numeral, all the digits in the same period are read together and the name of the period (except the ones) is read together.

• Thus, the above number is read as ‘seventy-five crore eighty lakh seventy-two thousand six hundred eight’.

Edurev Tips:
• We should not write the word ‘and’ here as per the common practice.

• We do not use the words indicating the periods in plural form. Thus, we write seventy-five crore and not seventy-five crores.

The population of Japan in the year 2018 was about 12,71,85,332.

• A place value chart can help to explain what the number means.
• The different ways in which 12,71,85,332 can be written are:

Example 1: Write the numeral for the following by separating the periods.
(a) 603274087
(b) 37007690

Starting from the right, first make a group of 3 digits, then groups of 2 digits.
Put commas between different groups.
Thus, we write

Example 2: Write the number names for each of the following numerals.
(a) 5 78 22 506
(b) 7 00 05 624
(c) 82,10,00,050
(d) 60,00,00,066

First, we arrange the digits of the given numbers in the place value chart as shown below and then write their number names.

How to Compare Large Numbers?

Comparing Large NumbersRules: To compare numbers with:

(a) Unequal number of digits: the number having more digits is greater than the number having fewer digits.

(b) Equal number of digits: start from the left and compare the digits until they differ.

Example 1: Which is greater: 8,93,10,009 or 11,00,73,640?

Lining up the numbers by place values, we have

11,00,73,640 has 9 digits whereas 8,93,10,009 has 8 digits and 9 > 8.
So, 11,00,73,640 > 8,93,10,009.

Example 2: Compare 8,31,46,205 and 8,31,57,610.

Line up the numbers by place values and compare the digits from the leftmost place until they differ.
The digits differ at the ten thousands place.
∵ 5 > 4, ∴ 8,31,57,610 > 8,31,46,205.

How to form Smallest and Greatest Numbers from a given Number?

Smallest number from digits 4,1,0,2,8 is 10248

The smallest number that can be formed with the digits 4,1,0,2,8 is 10248

Case 1: Form smallest/ greatest number when repetition of digits is not allowed

Example 1: Write the greatest 6-digit number using the digits 3, 2, 9, 5, 6, and 8 only once.

For writing the greatest 6-digit number, we place the greatest digit at the leftmost place and the other digits in descending order.

So, the greatest 6-digit number is 986532.

Case 2: Form smallest/ greatest number when repetition of digits is allowed.

Example 1: Form the greatest and the smallest 8-digit numbers using each of the digits 2, 8, 0, and 1 twice.

The greatest 8-digit number = 88221100.

The smallest 8-digit number = 10012288.

International System of Writing Numbers

• The number 100000 is read as one hundred thousand or 1 lakh. It is a 6-digit numeral.
• In the International System, the number 10 lakh or ten hundred thousand, that is, a thousand thousand, is called a million
• It is written as under:

Instead of lakhs, crores, etc. as periods, we use millions, billions, etc.

• Let us write the smallest 8-digit number in the two systems of numerations.

• The International place value chart is given below.

• The chart can be extended to its left to include more than 9 places.
• The period just to the left of the millions period is called the billions period. Then, we have the trillions period.
• The places to the left of the hundred billions places are called trillions place, ten trillions place, and hundred trillions place.
• On comparing the two systems of numerations, we can observe the following relationships.

• Note that in the Indian system, starting from the right after the first period of 3 digits all other periods are of 2 digits but in the International system, each period consists of three digits. We place a comma or leave space after every 3 digits.
• The abacus shows the number ‘six million eight hundred forty-nine thousand two hundred forty. To make the task of reading and writing such large numbers easy, start counting digits from the right by threes and leave some space or put a comma after every three digits as shown below.

Writing number 6,849,240 in International System of Writing Numbers

• On writing the above number in Indian system, we get 68,49,240. It is read as sixty-eight lakh forty-nine thousand two hundred forty.

Did You Know?

Example 1: Write in numerals.
(a) 4 million
(b) 11 million

(a) 4 million = 4 000 000 Or 4,000,000
(b) 11 million = 11 000 000 Or 11,000,000

Example 2: Using the International system of numeration, write the numeral for each of the following.
(a) Seventy-four million three hundred forty thousand two hundred fifty-six.
(b) Sixty-eight million two hundred thousand three hundred twenty-four.
(c) Five hundred nine million seven hundred seventy-six thousand two hundred thirty.

Writing in the place value chart, we have:

So, the numerals are:

(a) 74 340 256

(b) 68 200 324

(c) 509 776 230

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