Chemistry (Theory) - Model Test Paper -II , CBSE class 12, CBSE Notes | EduRev

: Chemistry (Theory) - Model Test Paper -II , CBSE class 12, CBSE Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


170 XII – Chemistry
AK
MODEL TEST PAPER-II
Chemistry (Theory)
Time : 3 hours Total Marks : 70
General Instruction
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Question number 1 to 8 are very short answer questions, carrying 1 mark
each. Answer these in one word or about one sentence each.
(iii) Question number 9 to 18 are short answer questions, carrying 2 marks
each. Answer these in about 30 words each.
(iv) Question number 19 to 27 are short answer questions, carrying 3 marks
each. Answer these in about 40 words each.
(v) Question number 28 to 30 are long answer questions, carrying 5 marks
each. Answer these in about 70 words each.
(vi) Use log table, if necessary.
(vii) Use of calculator is not permitted.
1. ‘Crystalline solids are anisotropic in nature.’ What does this statement
mean?
2. Express the relation between conductivity and molar conductivity of a
solution held in a cell.
3. Define ‘electrophoresis.’
4. Draw the structure of XeF
2
molecule.
5. Write the IUPAC name of the following compound : (CH
3
)
3
CCH
2
Br
6. Draw the structure of 3-methylbutanal.
7. Arrange the following compounds in an increasing order of their solubility
in water : C
6
H
5
NH
2
, (C
2
H
5
)
2
NH, C
2
H
5
NH
2
8. What are biodegradable polymers?
9. The chemistry of corrosion of iron is essentially an electrochemical
phenomenon. Explain the reactions occurring during the corrosion of iron
in the atmosphere.
10. Determine the values of equilibrium constant (K
C
) and Go for the following
reaction :
Ni(s) + 2Ag
+
(aq)
-- ?
Ni
2
+(aq) + 2Ag(s), E
?
= 1.05 V
(1F = 96500 C mol
–1
)
Page 2


170 XII – Chemistry
AK
MODEL TEST PAPER-II
Chemistry (Theory)
Time : 3 hours Total Marks : 70
General Instruction
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Question number 1 to 8 are very short answer questions, carrying 1 mark
each. Answer these in one word or about one sentence each.
(iii) Question number 9 to 18 are short answer questions, carrying 2 marks
each. Answer these in about 30 words each.
(iv) Question number 19 to 27 are short answer questions, carrying 3 marks
each. Answer these in about 40 words each.
(v) Question number 28 to 30 are long answer questions, carrying 5 marks
each. Answer these in about 70 words each.
(vi) Use log table, if necessary.
(vii) Use of calculator is not permitted.
1. ‘Crystalline solids are anisotropic in nature.’ What does this statement
mean?
2. Express the relation between conductivity and molar conductivity of a
solution held in a cell.
3. Define ‘electrophoresis.’
4. Draw the structure of XeF
2
molecule.
5. Write the IUPAC name of the following compound : (CH
3
)
3
CCH
2
Br
6. Draw the structure of 3-methylbutanal.
7. Arrange the following compounds in an increasing order of their solubility
in water : C
6
H
5
NH
2
, (C
2
H
5
)
2
NH, C
2
H
5
NH
2
8. What are biodegradable polymers?
9. The chemistry of corrosion of iron is essentially an electrochemical
phenomenon. Explain the reactions occurring during the corrosion of iron
in the atmosphere.
10. Determine the values of equilibrium constant (K
C
) and Go for the following
reaction :
Ni(s) + 2Ag
+
(aq)
-- ?
Ni
2
+(aq) + 2Ag(s), E
?
= 1.05 V
(1F = 96500 C mol
–1
)
171 XII – Chemistry
AK
11. Distinguish between ‘rate expression’ and ‘rate constant’ of a reaction.
12. State reasons for each of the following :
(i) The N – O bond in NO
2
–
is shorter than the N – O bond in NO
3
–
.
(ii) SF
6
is kinetically an inert substance towards hydrolysis.
OR
State reasons for each of the following :
(i) All the P-Cl bonds in PCl
5
molecule are not equivalent.
(ii) Sulphur has greater tendency for catenation than oxygen.
13. Assign reasons for the following :
(i) Copper (I) ion is not known in aqueous solution.
(ii) Actinoids exhibit greater range of oxidation states than lanthanoids.
14. Explain the following giving one example for each :
(i) Reimer-Tiemann reaction
(ii) Friedel – Craft’s acetylation of anisole.
15. How would you obtain
(i) Picric acid (2, 4, 6-trinitrophenol) from phenol,
(ii) 2-Methylpropene from 2-methylpropanol?
16. What is essentially the difference between ? ? form of glucose and ? ? form
of glucose? Explain.
17. Describe what you understand by primary structure and secondary structure
of proteins.
18. Mention two important uses of each of the following :
(i) Bakelite (ii) Nylon 6
19. Silver crystallizes in face-centered cubic unit cell. Each side of this unit cell
has a length of 400 pm. Calculate the radius of the silver atom. (Assume
the atoms just touch each other on the diagonal across the face of the
unit cell. That is each, face atom is touching the four corner atoms.)
20. Nitrogen pentoxide decomposes according to equation : 2N
2
O
5
(g)
-- ?
4 NO
2
(g) + O
2
(g).
This first order reaction was allowed to proceed at 40 °C and the data
below were collected :
Page 3


170 XII – Chemistry
AK
MODEL TEST PAPER-II
Chemistry (Theory)
Time : 3 hours Total Marks : 70
General Instruction
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Question number 1 to 8 are very short answer questions, carrying 1 mark
each. Answer these in one word or about one sentence each.
(iii) Question number 9 to 18 are short answer questions, carrying 2 marks
each. Answer these in about 30 words each.
(iv) Question number 19 to 27 are short answer questions, carrying 3 marks
each. Answer these in about 40 words each.
(v) Question number 28 to 30 are long answer questions, carrying 5 marks
each. Answer these in about 70 words each.
(vi) Use log table, if necessary.
(vii) Use of calculator is not permitted.
1. ‘Crystalline solids are anisotropic in nature.’ What does this statement
mean?
2. Express the relation between conductivity and molar conductivity of a
solution held in a cell.
3. Define ‘electrophoresis.’
4. Draw the structure of XeF
2
molecule.
5. Write the IUPAC name of the following compound : (CH
3
)
3
CCH
2
Br
6. Draw the structure of 3-methylbutanal.
7. Arrange the following compounds in an increasing order of their solubility
in water : C
6
H
5
NH
2
, (C
2
H
5
)
2
NH, C
2
H
5
NH
2
8. What are biodegradable polymers?
9. The chemistry of corrosion of iron is essentially an electrochemical
phenomenon. Explain the reactions occurring during the corrosion of iron
in the atmosphere.
10. Determine the values of equilibrium constant (K
C
) and Go for the following
reaction :
Ni(s) + 2Ag
+
(aq)
-- ?
Ni
2
+(aq) + 2Ag(s), E
?
= 1.05 V
(1F = 96500 C mol
–1
)
171 XII – Chemistry
AK
11. Distinguish between ‘rate expression’ and ‘rate constant’ of a reaction.
12. State reasons for each of the following :
(i) The N – O bond in NO
2
–
is shorter than the N – O bond in NO
3
–
.
(ii) SF
6
is kinetically an inert substance towards hydrolysis.
OR
State reasons for each of the following :
(i) All the P-Cl bonds in PCl
5
molecule are not equivalent.
(ii) Sulphur has greater tendency for catenation than oxygen.
13. Assign reasons for the following :
(i) Copper (I) ion is not known in aqueous solution.
(ii) Actinoids exhibit greater range of oxidation states than lanthanoids.
14. Explain the following giving one example for each :
(i) Reimer-Tiemann reaction
(ii) Friedel – Craft’s acetylation of anisole.
15. How would you obtain
(i) Picric acid (2, 4, 6-trinitrophenol) from phenol,
(ii) 2-Methylpropene from 2-methylpropanol?
16. What is essentially the difference between ? ? form of glucose and ? ? form
of glucose? Explain.
17. Describe what you understand by primary structure and secondary structure
of proteins.
18. Mention two important uses of each of the following :
(i) Bakelite (ii) Nylon 6
19. Silver crystallizes in face-centered cubic unit cell. Each side of this unit cell
has a length of 400 pm. Calculate the radius of the silver atom. (Assume
the atoms just touch each other on the diagonal across the face of the
unit cell. That is each, face atom is touching the four corner atoms.)
20. Nitrogen pentoxide decomposes according to equation : 2N
2
O
5
(g)
-- ?
4 NO
2
(g) + O
2
(g).
This first order reaction was allowed to proceed at 40 °C and the data
below were collected :
172 XII – Chemistry
AK
[N
2
O
5
]/M (M) Time/(min)
0.400 0.00
0.289 20.0
0.209 40.0
0.151 60.0
0.109 80.0
(a) Calculate the rate constant. Include units with your answer.
(b) What will be the concentration of N
2
O
5
after 100 minutes?
(c) Calculate the initial rate of reaction.
21. Explain how the phenomenon of adsorption finds application in each of
the following processes:
(i) Production of vacuum
(ii) Heterogeneous catalysis
(iii) Froth Floatation process
OR
Define each of the following terms :
(i) Micelles
(ii) Peptization
(iii) Desorption
22. Describe the principle behind each of the following processes :
(i) Vapour phase refining of a metal.
(ii) Electrolytic refining of a metal.
(iii) Recovery of silver ore was leached with NaCN.
23. Complete the following chemical equations :
(i) MnO
4
–
+ C
2
O
4
2–
+ H
+
-- ?
(ii) KMnO
4
heat
--- ?
(iii) Cr
2
O
7
2–
+ H
2
S + H
+
-- ?
Page 4


170 XII – Chemistry
AK
MODEL TEST PAPER-II
Chemistry (Theory)
Time : 3 hours Total Marks : 70
General Instruction
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Question number 1 to 8 are very short answer questions, carrying 1 mark
each. Answer these in one word or about one sentence each.
(iii) Question number 9 to 18 are short answer questions, carrying 2 marks
each. Answer these in about 30 words each.
(iv) Question number 19 to 27 are short answer questions, carrying 3 marks
each. Answer these in about 40 words each.
(v) Question number 28 to 30 are long answer questions, carrying 5 marks
each. Answer these in about 70 words each.
(vi) Use log table, if necessary.
(vii) Use of calculator is not permitted.
1. ‘Crystalline solids are anisotropic in nature.’ What does this statement
mean?
2. Express the relation between conductivity and molar conductivity of a
solution held in a cell.
3. Define ‘electrophoresis.’
4. Draw the structure of XeF
2
molecule.
5. Write the IUPAC name of the following compound : (CH
3
)
3
CCH
2
Br
6. Draw the structure of 3-methylbutanal.
7. Arrange the following compounds in an increasing order of their solubility
in water : C
6
H
5
NH
2
, (C
2
H
5
)
2
NH, C
2
H
5
NH
2
8. What are biodegradable polymers?
9. The chemistry of corrosion of iron is essentially an electrochemical
phenomenon. Explain the reactions occurring during the corrosion of iron
in the atmosphere.
10. Determine the values of equilibrium constant (K
C
) and Go for the following
reaction :
Ni(s) + 2Ag
+
(aq)
-- ?
Ni
2
+(aq) + 2Ag(s), E
?
= 1.05 V
(1F = 96500 C mol
–1
)
171 XII – Chemistry
AK
11. Distinguish between ‘rate expression’ and ‘rate constant’ of a reaction.
12. State reasons for each of the following :
(i) The N – O bond in NO
2
–
is shorter than the N – O bond in NO
3
–
.
(ii) SF
6
is kinetically an inert substance towards hydrolysis.
OR
State reasons for each of the following :
(i) All the P-Cl bonds in PCl
5
molecule are not equivalent.
(ii) Sulphur has greater tendency for catenation than oxygen.
13. Assign reasons for the following :
(i) Copper (I) ion is not known in aqueous solution.
(ii) Actinoids exhibit greater range of oxidation states than lanthanoids.
14. Explain the following giving one example for each :
(i) Reimer-Tiemann reaction
(ii) Friedel – Craft’s acetylation of anisole.
15. How would you obtain
(i) Picric acid (2, 4, 6-trinitrophenol) from phenol,
(ii) 2-Methylpropene from 2-methylpropanol?
16. What is essentially the difference between ? ? form of glucose and ? ? form
of glucose? Explain.
17. Describe what you understand by primary structure and secondary structure
of proteins.
18. Mention two important uses of each of the following :
(i) Bakelite (ii) Nylon 6
19. Silver crystallizes in face-centered cubic unit cell. Each side of this unit cell
has a length of 400 pm. Calculate the radius of the silver atom. (Assume
the atoms just touch each other on the diagonal across the face of the
unit cell. That is each, face atom is touching the four corner atoms.)
20. Nitrogen pentoxide decomposes according to equation : 2N
2
O
5
(g)
-- ?
4 NO
2
(g) + O
2
(g).
This first order reaction was allowed to proceed at 40 °C and the data
below were collected :
172 XII – Chemistry
AK
[N
2
O
5
]/M (M) Time/(min)
0.400 0.00
0.289 20.0
0.209 40.0
0.151 60.0
0.109 80.0
(a) Calculate the rate constant. Include units with your answer.
(b) What will be the concentration of N
2
O
5
after 100 minutes?
(c) Calculate the initial rate of reaction.
21. Explain how the phenomenon of adsorption finds application in each of
the following processes:
(i) Production of vacuum
(ii) Heterogeneous catalysis
(iii) Froth Floatation process
OR
Define each of the following terms :
(i) Micelles
(ii) Peptization
(iii) Desorption
22. Describe the principle behind each of the following processes :
(i) Vapour phase refining of a metal.
(ii) Electrolytic refining of a metal.
(iii) Recovery of silver ore was leached with NaCN.
23. Complete the following chemical equations :
(i) MnO
4
–
+ C
2
O
4
2–
+ H
+
-- ?
(ii) KMnO
4
heat
--- ?
(iii) Cr
2
O
7
2–
+ H
2
S + H
+
-- ?
173 XII – Chemistry
AK
24. Write the name, stereochemistry and magnetic behaviour of the following:
(At.nos. Mn = 25, Co = 27, Ni = 28)
(i) K
4
[Mn(CN)
6
]
(ii) [Co(NH
3
)
5
Cl] Cl
2
(iii) K
2
[Ni(CN)
4
]
25. Answer the following :
(i) Haloalkanes easily dissolve in organic solvents, why?
(ii) What is known as a racemic mixture? Give an example.
(iii) Of the two bromoderivatives,
C
6
H
5
CH(CH
3
)Br and C
6
H
5
CH(C
6
H
5
) Br,
which one is more reactive in S
N
1 substitution reaction and why?
26. (a) Explain why an alkylamine is more basic than ammonia.
(b) How would you convert
(i) Aniline to nitrobenzene
(ii) Aniline to iodobenzene?
27. Describe the following giving one example for each :
(i) Detergents
(ii) Food preservatives
(iii) Antacids
28. (a) Differentiate between molarity and molality for a solution. How does
a change in temperature influence their values?
(b) Calculate the freezing point of an aqueous solution containing 10.50
g of MgBr
2
in 200 g of water. (Molar mass of MgBr
2
= 184 g mol
–1
).
K
f
for water = 1.86 K kg mol
–1
)
OR
(a) Define the terms osmosis and osmotic pressure. Is the osmotic
pressure of a solution a colligative property? Explain.
(b) Calculate the boiling point of a solution prepared by adding 15.00
g of NaCl to 250.0 g of water. (K
b
for water = 0.512 K kg mol
–1
,
Molar mass of NaCl = 58.44 g mol
–1
Page 5


170 XII – Chemistry
AK
MODEL TEST PAPER-II
Chemistry (Theory)
Time : 3 hours Total Marks : 70
General Instruction
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Question number 1 to 8 are very short answer questions, carrying 1 mark
each. Answer these in one word or about one sentence each.
(iii) Question number 9 to 18 are short answer questions, carrying 2 marks
each. Answer these in about 30 words each.
(iv) Question number 19 to 27 are short answer questions, carrying 3 marks
each. Answer these in about 40 words each.
(v) Question number 28 to 30 are long answer questions, carrying 5 marks
each. Answer these in about 70 words each.
(vi) Use log table, if necessary.
(vii) Use of calculator is not permitted.
1. ‘Crystalline solids are anisotropic in nature.’ What does this statement
mean?
2. Express the relation between conductivity and molar conductivity of a
solution held in a cell.
3. Define ‘electrophoresis.’
4. Draw the structure of XeF
2
molecule.
5. Write the IUPAC name of the following compound : (CH
3
)
3
CCH
2
Br
6. Draw the structure of 3-methylbutanal.
7. Arrange the following compounds in an increasing order of their solubility
in water : C
6
H
5
NH
2
, (C
2
H
5
)
2
NH, C
2
H
5
NH
2
8. What are biodegradable polymers?
9. The chemistry of corrosion of iron is essentially an electrochemical
phenomenon. Explain the reactions occurring during the corrosion of iron
in the atmosphere.
10. Determine the values of equilibrium constant (K
C
) and Go for the following
reaction :
Ni(s) + 2Ag
+
(aq)
-- ?
Ni
2
+(aq) + 2Ag(s), E
?
= 1.05 V
(1F = 96500 C mol
–1
)
171 XII – Chemistry
AK
11. Distinguish between ‘rate expression’ and ‘rate constant’ of a reaction.
12. State reasons for each of the following :
(i) The N – O bond in NO
2
–
is shorter than the N – O bond in NO
3
–
.
(ii) SF
6
is kinetically an inert substance towards hydrolysis.
OR
State reasons for each of the following :
(i) All the P-Cl bonds in PCl
5
molecule are not equivalent.
(ii) Sulphur has greater tendency for catenation than oxygen.
13. Assign reasons for the following :
(i) Copper (I) ion is not known in aqueous solution.
(ii) Actinoids exhibit greater range of oxidation states than lanthanoids.
14. Explain the following giving one example for each :
(i) Reimer-Tiemann reaction
(ii) Friedel – Craft’s acetylation of anisole.
15. How would you obtain
(i) Picric acid (2, 4, 6-trinitrophenol) from phenol,
(ii) 2-Methylpropene from 2-methylpropanol?
16. What is essentially the difference between ? ? form of glucose and ? ? form
of glucose? Explain.
17. Describe what you understand by primary structure and secondary structure
of proteins.
18. Mention two important uses of each of the following :
(i) Bakelite (ii) Nylon 6
19. Silver crystallizes in face-centered cubic unit cell. Each side of this unit cell
has a length of 400 pm. Calculate the radius of the silver atom. (Assume
the atoms just touch each other on the diagonal across the face of the
unit cell. That is each, face atom is touching the four corner atoms.)
20. Nitrogen pentoxide decomposes according to equation : 2N
2
O
5
(g)
-- ?
4 NO
2
(g) + O
2
(g).
This first order reaction was allowed to proceed at 40 °C and the data
below were collected :
172 XII – Chemistry
AK
[N
2
O
5
]/M (M) Time/(min)
0.400 0.00
0.289 20.0
0.209 40.0
0.151 60.0
0.109 80.0
(a) Calculate the rate constant. Include units with your answer.
(b) What will be the concentration of N
2
O
5
after 100 minutes?
(c) Calculate the initial rate of reaction.
21. Explain how the phenomenon of adsorption finds application in each of
the following processes:
(i) Production of vacuum
(ii) Heterogeneous catalysis
(iii) Froth Floatation process
OR
Define each of the following terms :
(i) Micelles
(ii) Peptization
(iii) Desorption
22. Describe the principle behind each of the following processes :
(i) Vapour phase refining of a metal.
(ii) Electrolytic refining of a metal.
(iii) Recovery of silver ore was leached with NaCN.
23. Complete the following chemical equations :
(i) MnO
4
–
+ C
2
O
4
2–
+ H
+
-- ?
(ii) KMnO
4
heat
--- ?
(iii) Cr
2
O
7
2–
+ H
2
S + H
+
-- ?
173 XII – Chemistry
AK
24. Write the name, stereochemistry and magnetic behaviour of the following:
(At.nos. Mn = 25, Co = 27, Ni = 28)
(i) K
4
[Mn(CN)
6
]
(ii) [Co(NH
3
)
5
Cl] Cl
2
(iii) K
2
[Ni(CN)
4
]
25. Answer the following :
(i) Haloalkanes easily dissolve in organic solvents, why?
(ii) What is known as a racemic mixture? Give an example.
(iii) Of the two bromoderivatives,
C
6
H
5
CH(CH
3
)Br and C
6
H
5
CH(C
6
H
5
) Br,
which one is more reactive in S
N
1 substitution reaction and why?
26. (a) Explain why an alkylamine is more basic than ammonia.
(b) How would you convert
(i) Aniline to nitrobenzene
(ii) Aniline to iodobenzene?
27. Describe the following giving one example for each :
(i) Detergents
(ii) Food preservatives
(iii) Antacids
28. (a) Differentiate between molarity and molality for a solution. How does
a change in temperature influence their values?
(b) Calculate the freezing point of an aqueous solution containing 10.50
g of MgBr
2
in 200 g of water. (Molar mass of MgBr
2
= 184 g mol
–1
).
K
f
for water = 1.86 K kg mol
–1
)
OR
(a) Define the terms osmosis and osmotic pressure. Is the osmotic
pressure of a solution a colligative property? Explain.
(b) Calculate the boiling point of a solution prepared by adding 15.00
g of NaCl to 250.0 g of water. (K
b
for water = 0.512 K kg mol
–1
,
Molar mass of NaCl = 58.44 g mol
–1
174 XII – Chemistry
AK
29. (a) Given chemical tests to distinguish between
(i) propanal and propanone,
(ii) benzaldehyde and acetophenone.
(b) How would you obtain
(i) but-2-enal from ethanal,
(ii) butanoic acid from butanol,
(iii) benzoic acid from ethylbenzene?
OR
(a) Describe the following giving linked chemical equations :
(i) Cannizzaro reaction
(ii) Decarboxylation
(b) Complete the following chemical equations :
30. (a) Explain the following :
(i) NF
3
is an exothermic compound whereas NCl
3
is not.
(ii) F
2
is most reactive of all the four common halogens.
(b) Complete the following chemical equations :
(i) C + H
2
SO
4
(conc)
-- ?
(ii) P
4
+ NaOH + H
2
O
-- ?
(iii) Cl
2
+ F
2
-- ?
(excess)
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