Chemistry Syllabus for NEET 2020 NEET Notes | EduRev

NEET Mock Test Series & Past Year Papers

NEET : Chemistry Syllabus for NEET 2020 NEET Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CHEMISTRY 
CONTENTS OF CLASS XI SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 
Details:- 
•  General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry. 
•  Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, 
atoms and molecules. 
•  Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage 
composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, 
stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry. 
UNIT II: Structure of Atom 
Details:- 
•  Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual 
nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty 
principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules 
for filling electrons in orbitals - Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and 
Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely 
filled orbitals. 
 
Page 2


  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CHEMISTRY 
CONTENTS OF CLASS XI SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 
Details:- 
•  General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry. 
•  Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, 
atoms and molecules. 
•  Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage 
composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, 
stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry. 
UNIT II: Structure of Atom 
Details:- 
•  Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual 
nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty 
principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules 
for filling electrons in orbitals - Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and 
Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely 
filled orbitals. 
 
  
UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 
Details:- 
•  Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties 
of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, 
electrone gativity, valence. 
UNIT IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 
Details:- 
•  Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, 
polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of 
molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals 
and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear 
diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond. 
UNITV: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids 
Details:- 
•  Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and 
boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s 
law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, 
empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. 
Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal 
behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature. 
•  Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, 
no mathematical derivations). 
UNITVI : Thermodynamics 
Details:- 
•  First law of thermodynamics -internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and 
specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, 
enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, 
phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. 
•  Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs 
energy change for spontaneous and non- spontaneous process, criteria for 
equilibrium and spontaneity. 
•  Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction. 
Page 3


  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CHEMISTRY 
CONTENTS OF CLASS XI SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 
Details:- 
•  General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry. 
•  Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, 
atoms and molecules. 
•  Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage 
composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, 
stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry. 
UNIT II: Structure of Atom 
Details:- 
•  Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual 
nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty 
principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules 
for filling electrons in orbitals - Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and 
Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely 
filled orbitals. 
 
  
UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 
Details:- 
•  Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties 
of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, 
electrone gativity, valence. 
UNIT IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 
Details:- 
•  Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, 
polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of 
molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals 
and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear 
diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond. 
UNITV: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids 
Details:- 
•  Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and 
boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s 
law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, 
empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. 
Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal 
behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature. 
•  Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, 
no mathematical derivations). 
UNITVI : Thermodynamics 
Details:- 
•  First law of thermodynamics -internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and 
specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, 
enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, 
phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. 
•  Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs 
energy change for spontaneous and non- spontaneous process, criteria for 
equilibrium and spontaneity. 
•  Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction. 
  
UNIT VII: Equilibrium 
Details:- 
•  Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, 
law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium - Le 
Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium - ionization of acids and bases, strong and 
weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid 
strength, concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea)., buffer solutions, 
Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion eff ect (with illustrative 
examples). 
UNIT VIII: Redox Reactions 
Details:- 
•  Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation 
number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and 
change in oxidation numbers. 
UNIT IX: Hydrogen 
Details:- 
•  Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; 
hydridesionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, 
heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure; 
UNIT X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) 
Details:- 
•  Group I and group 2 elements: 
•  General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties 
of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of 
properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical 
reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses. 
•  Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds: 
•  Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium 
hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium. 
•  Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca. 
 
Page 4


  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CHEMISTRY 
CONTENTS OF CLASS XI SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 
Details:- 
•  General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry. 
•  Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, 
atoms and molecules. 
•  Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage 
composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, 
stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry. 
UNIT II: Structure of Atom 
Details:- 
•  Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual 
nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty 
principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules 
for filling electrons in orbitals - Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and 
Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely 
filled orbitals. 
 
  
UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 
Details:- 
•  Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties 
of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, 
electrone gativity, valence. 
UNIT IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 
Details:- 
•  Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, 
polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of 
molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals 
and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear 
diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond. 
UNITV: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids 
Details:- 
•  Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and 
boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s 
law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, 
empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. 
Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal 
behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature. 
•  Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, 
no mathematical derivations). 
UNITVI : Thermodynamics 
Details:- 
•  First law of thermodynamics -internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and 
specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, 
enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, 
phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. 
•  Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs 
energy change for spontaneous and non- spontaneous process, criteria for 
equilibrium and spontaneity. 
•  Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction. 
  
UNIT VII: Equilibrium 
Details:- 
•  Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, 
law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium - Le 
Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium - ionization of acids and bases, strong and 
weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid 
strength, concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea)., buffer solutions, 
Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion eff ect (with illustrative 
examples). 
UNIT VIII: Redox Reactions 
Details:- 
•  Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation 
number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and 
change in oxidation numbers. 
UNIT IX: Hydrogen 
Details:- 
•  Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; 
hydridesionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, 
heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure; 
UNIT X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) 
Details:- 
•  Group I and group 2 elements: 
•  General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties 
of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of 
properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical 
reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses. 
•  Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds: 
•  Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium 
hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium. 
•  Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca. 
 
  
UNIT XI: Some p-Block Elements 
Details:- 
•  General Introduction to p-Block Elements. 
•  Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, 
variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous 
properties of first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds: 
borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and 
alkalies. 
•  General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, 
variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomal ous 
behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical 
properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides. 
•  Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, 
silicates and zeolites, their uses. 
UNIT XII: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques 
Details:- 
•  General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, 
classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. 
•  Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, 
resonance and hyper conjugation. 
•  Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, 
carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions. 
UNIT XIII: Hydrocarbons 
Details:- 
•  Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical 
properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, 
combustion and pyrolysis. 
•  Alkanes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, 
physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of 
hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide 
effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition. 
Page 5


  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CHEMISTRY 
CONTENTS OF CLASS XI SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 
Details:- 
•  General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry. 
•  Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, 
atoms and molecules. 
•  Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage 
composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, 
stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry. 
UNIT II: Structure of Atom 
Details:- 
•  Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual 
nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty 
principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p and d orbitals, rules 
for filling electrons in orbitals - Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and 
Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely 
filled orbitals. 
 
  
UNIT III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 
Details:- 
•  Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties 
of elements- atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, 
electrone gativity, valence. 
UNIT IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 
Details:- 
•  Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, 
polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of 
molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals 
and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear 
diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond. 
UNITV: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids 
Details:- 
•  Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and 
boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s 
law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, 
empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. 
Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal 
behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature. 
•  Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, 
no mathematical derivations). 
UNITVI : Thermodynamics 
Details:- 
•  First law of thermodynamics -internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and 
specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, 
enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, 
phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. 
•  Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs 
energy change for spontaneous and non- spontaneous process, criteria for 
equilibrium and spontaneity. 
•  Third law of thermodynamics- Brief introduction. 
  
UNIT VII: Equilibrium 
Details:- 
•  Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, 
law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium - Le 
Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium - ionization of acids and bases, strong and 
weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid 
strength, concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea)., buffer solutions, 
Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion eff ect (with illustrative 
examples). 
UNIT VIII: Redox Reactions 
Details:- 
•  Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation 
number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and 
change in oxidation numbers. 
UNIT IX: Hydrogen 
Details:- 
•  Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; 
hydridesionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, 
heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure; 
UNIT X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals) 
Details:- 
•  Group I and group 2 elements: 
•  General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties 
of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of 
properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical 
reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses. 
•  Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds: 
•  Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium 
hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium. 
•  Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca. 
 
  
UNIT XI: Some p-Block Elements 
Details:- 
•  General Introduction to p-Block Elements. 
•  Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, 
variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous 
properties of first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds: 
borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and 
alkalies. 
•  General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, 
variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomal ous 
behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical 
properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides. 
•  Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, 
silicates and zeolites, their uses. 
UNIT XII: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques 
Details:- 
•  General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, 
classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. 
•  Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, 
resonance and hyper conjugation. 
•  Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, 
carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions. 
UNIT XIII: Hydrocarbons 
Details:- 
•  Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical 
properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, 
combustion and pyrolysis. 
•  Alkanes-Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, 
physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of 
hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide 
effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition. 
  
•  Alkynes-Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, 
methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition 
reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water. 
•  Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, 
aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution- Nitration 
sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive 
influence of functional group in mono- substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and 
toxicity. 
UNIT XIV: Environmental Chemistry 
Details:- 
•  Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in 
atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its 
reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global 
warming-pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool 
for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution. 
CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Solid State 
Details:- 
•  Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent 
and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in 
two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, 
packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a 
cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of 
metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators. 
UNIT II: Solutions 
Details:- 
•  Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, 
solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties - relative 
lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of 
freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using 
colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor. 
 
 
Read More
Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Complete Syllabus of NEET

Dynamic Test

Content Category

Related Searches

Chemistry Syllabus for NEET 2020 NEET Notes | EduRev

,

mock tests for examination

,

study material

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Exam

,

pdf

,

practice quizzes

,

past year papers

,

Important questions

,

video lectures

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Objective type Questions

,

MCQs

,

Summary

,

Chemistry Syllabus for NEET 2020 NEET Notes | EduRev

,

Extra Questions

,

Free

,

ppt

,

Viva Questions

,

Chemistry Syllabus for NEET 2020 NEET Notes | EduRev

,

Sample Paper

,

Semester Notes

;