Ques 1: Name any 2 founder member State of ASEAM.
Ans: Indonesia and Malaysia
Ques 2: Mention any two agencies of the United Nations.
Ans: 1. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
2. Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons.
Ques 3: Which political party of India had leaders like A.K. Gopalan, E.M.S. Namboodripad and S.A. Dange.
Ans: Communist Party of India.
Ques 4: State any two reasons for the instability of democracy in Pakistan.
Ans: (i) The social dominance of the military, clergy and landowning aristocracy has led to the frequent overthrow of elected governments and the establishment of military government.
(ii) The lack of genuine international support or democratic rule in Pakistan has further encouraged the military to continue its dominance which contributed in instability of democracy.
Ques 5: What is meant by the two nation theory?
Ans: According to the two-nation theory advanced by the Muslim League, India consisted of two people Hindus and Muslims. Thus it was decided that what was till then known as India would be divided into two countries, India and Pakistan.
Ques 6: Mention any two demands of Bhartiya Kisan Union.
Ans: (i) The BKU demanded higher government floor prices for sugarcane and wheat.
(ii) The BKU also demanded abolition of restrictions on the inter-state movement of farm produces.
Ques 7: Explain any two reasons for the popular struggle in East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh) against West Pakistan during 1971.
Ans: (i) Soon after the partition, people of East, Pakistan began protests against the unfair treatment out to the Bengali culture and language. They also demanded fair representation in administration and a fair share in political power. They demanded autonomy for the eastern region.
(ii) Under the military rule of General Yahya. Khan, the Pakistani army tried to suppress the, mass movement of the Bengali people. Thousands were killed by the Pakistan army.