Class 9 civics constitutional design Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Class 9 : Class 9 civics constitutional design Class 9 Notes | EduRev

The document Class 9 civics constitutional design Class 9 Notes | EduRev is a part of Class 9 category.
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In democracy, there are certain basic rules that the citizens and the government have to follow.All such rules together are known as Constitution.It is the supreme law of the country.It determines the rights of citizens, the powers of the government and how the government should function.In this chapter, we will discuss about the need of the Constitution and making of the Indian Constitution.Democratic Constitution in South Africa After a long struggle for freedom, South Africa became independent and got its democratic Constitution.Nelson Mandela fought for its fredom and for rights and equality among black and white people.Alongwith seven other leaders, he was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1964 for daring to oppose the apartheid regime.He spent the next 28 years in South Africa's most dreaded (fearful) prison, Robben Island.Struggle Against Apartheid Apartheid was the name of a system of racial discrimination unique to South Africa.It was imposed h he whi Europeans on the blacks.Black and White Natives During the 17th and 18th centuries, a large number of whites settled in South Africa and became the local rulers.Due to this settlement of whites, the system of apartheid divided the people on the basis of their skin colour.The native black people made up about three-fourth of the population.Besides these two classes there were coloured people (mixed races) and migrated Indians.
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