Class 9 : Class 9 civics constitutional design Class 9 Notes | EduRev
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Institutional Evolution In 1937, elections for Provincial Legislatures and Ministries were held all over British India. The Indian Constitution adopted many institutional details and procedures from colonial laws like the Government of India Act, 1935 After years of thinking and discussions, our leaders got the confidence to learn from other countries, but on their own terms. Many of our leaders were inspired by the ideals of the French Revolution, the Socialist Revolution of Russia, the practice of Parliamentary democracy in Britain and the Bill of Rights in the US. The Constituent Assembly Elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in July 1946. Its first meeting was held in December 1946 After partition of India and Pakistan, the ConstituentThese Assembly was divided into Constituent Assemblies of India and Pakistan. The Constituent Assembly that wrote the Indian Constitution constituted 299 members.Allinone social Science Class C The Assembly adopted the Constitution on 26th November, 1949. It came into effect on 26th January 1950. To mark this day, we celebrate 26th January as Republic Day every year. Legitimacy of the Indian Constitution Today The Constitution does not reflect the view of its members alone, but expresses a broad consensus of its time. Over the years, several groups have questioned some provisions of the Constitution. But no large social group or political party has ever questioned its legitimacy This is an unusual achievement for the Indian Constitution on the world stage. Another reason for accepting the Constitution is that the Constituent Assembly represented the people of India. It could not be chosen directly by all the people, as there was no universal adult franchise at that time. The Constituent Assembly was elected by the members of the existing Provincial Legislatures. This ensured a fair geographical share of members from all regions of the country IS had ke pted Working of the Constituent Assembly The Assembly was dominated by the Indian National Congress, which included a variety of political and regional groups of people. In social terms the Assembly represented members from different language groups castes, classes, religions and occupations. Finally, the Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open m andWorking of the Constituent Assembly The Assembly was dominated by the Indian National Congress, which included a variety of political and regional groups of people. In social terms the Assembly represented members from different language groups, castes, classes, religions and occupations. Finally, the Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual (with mutual consent) manner, which gave sacred quality the Constitution. Drafting Commitee and Constituent Assembly First some basic principles were decided and then a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr B RAmbedkar prepared a draft Constitution for discussion. The discussion of the draft Constitutiorn took place clause by clause. The members of the Drafting Committee completed the work in 114 days spread over three years. More than two thousand Constitutional amendments were made. Every document presented and every word spoken in the JulyConstituent Assembly has been recorded and preserved These are called Constituent Assembly Debates and have been printed in 12 bulky volumes. These debates provide the rationale behind every provision of the Constitution and are used to interpret the meaning of the Constitution.