Color Illusion - Color Perception Notes | EduRev

: Color Illusion - Color Perception Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_1.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:32 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
The Lecture Contains:
Visual Perception Theory
Color Illusion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page 2


Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_1.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:32 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
The Lecture Contains:
Visual Perception Theory
Color Illusion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_2.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:32 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
Visual Perception Theory
Visual Perception is based on one of our sensory organs- Visual Organ (eyes). These sensory
organs are - visual, olfactory; touch, auditory and taste help us in transmitting information to our brain
for our survival. Each sense organ is part of a sensory system which receives sensory inputs and
transmits sensory information to the brain. 
Psychologists debate on the reliability of perception and experience. “A major theoretical issue on
which psychologists are divided is the extent to which perception relies directly on the information
present in the stimulus.” In this regard of the scientists believe that perceptual processes are not
direct, but depend on the perceiver's expectations and previous knowledge as well as the
information available in the stimulus itself.
(Read more: http://www.simplypsychology.org/perception-theories.html ; June 6, 2012
Visual Illusion is a subject that has raised lot of interests among psychologists. The first booked is
authored by Matthew Luckiesh in 1922 on optical illusions book entitled - Visual Illusions: Their
Causes, Characteristics and Applications. Luckiesh applied his theory in practical while designing
camouflage gears during the WWI. He could use the technique of Optical Illusion while designing the
uniform that would merge in nature.
(Ref. http://www.visualillusion.net/ ; & http://psychology.about.com/od/sensationandperception/f/trichrom.htm ; June 6,
2012)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page 3


Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_1.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:32 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
The Lecture Contains:
Visual Perception Theory
Color Illusion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_2.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:32 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
Visual Perception Theory
Visual Perception is based on one of our sensory organs- Visual Organ (eyes). These sensory
organs are - visual, olfactory; touch, auditory and taste help us in transmitting information to our brain
for our survival. Each sense organ is part of a sensory system which receives sensory inputs and
transmits sensory information to the brain. 
Psychologists debate on the reliability of perception and experience. “A major theoretical issue on
which psychologists are divided is the extent to which perception relies directly on the information
present in the stimulus.” In this regard of the scientists believe that perceptual processes are not
direct, but depend on the perceiver's expectations and previous knowledge as well as the
information available in the stimulus itself.
(Read more: http://www.simplypsychology.org/perception-theories.html ; June 6, 2012
Visual Illusion is a subject that has raised lot of interests among psychologists. The first booked is
authored by Matthew Luckiesh in 1922 on optical illusions book entitled - Visual Illusions: Their
Causes, Characteristics and Applications. Luckiesh applied his theory in practical while designing
camouflage gears during the WWI. He could use the technique of Optical Illusion while designing the
uniform that would merge in nature.
(Ref. http://www.visualillusion.net/ ; & http://psychology.about.com/od/sensationandperception/f/trichrom.htm ; June 6,
2012)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_3.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:33 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
Color Illusion
There are numerous optical illusions that are not being answered yet. Optically human eyes may
perceive things that are physically different from the reality. It is also known as Optical Illusion.
Eyes see and the brain perceives. Often we find that what eyes see not necessarily matches with
our perception. The information processed by brain does not tally with the physical appearance.
Color Illusion is among those illusions that frequently we experience. However, we need to discuss in
general the aspects of Optical Illusion before discussion on specific ‘Color Illusion’. Following are the
three main aspects:
1. Literal optical illusions that create images that are different from the objects that make them,
2. Physiological ones that are the effects on the eyes and brain of excessive stimulation of a
specific type (brightness, colour, size, position, tilt, movement),
3. Cognitive illusions, the result of unconscious inferences
(Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_illusion ; June 5, 2012)
An illusion is not a contradiction between perception and physical reality; it is a contradiction
between two or more perceptions.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page 4


Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_1.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:32 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
The Lecture Contains:
Visual Perception Theory
Color Illusion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_2.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:32 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
Visual Perception Theory
Visual Perception is based on one of our sensory organs- Visual Organ (eyes). These sensory
organs are - visual, olfactory; touch, auditory and taste help us in transmitting information to our brain
for our survival. Each sense organ is part of a sensory system which receives sensory inputs and
transmits sensory information to the brain. 
Psychologists debate on the reliability of perception and experience. “A major theoretical issue on
which psychologists are divided is the extent to which perception relies directly on the information
present in the stimulus.” In this regard of the scientists believe that perceptual processes are not
direct, but depend on the perceiver's expectations and previous knowledge as well as the
information available in the stimulus itself.
(Read more: http://www.simplypsychology.org/perception-theories.html ; June 6, 2012
Visual Illusion is a subject that has raised lot of interests among psychologists. The first booked is
authored by Matthew Luckiesh in 1922 on optical illusions book entitled - Visual Illusions: Their
Causes, Characteristics and Applications. Luckiesh applied his theory in practical while designing
camouflage gears during the WWI. He could use the technique of Optical Illusion while designing the
uniform that would merge in nature.
(Ref. http://www.visualillusion.net/ ; & http://psychology.about.com/od/sensationandperception/f/trichrom.htm ; June 6,
2012)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_3.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:33 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
Color Illusion
There are numerous optical illusions that are not being answered yet. Optically human eyes may
perceive things that are physically different from the reality. It is also known as Optical Illusion.
Eyes see and the brain perceives. Often we find that what eyes see not necessarily matches with
our perception. The information processed by brain does not tally with the physical appearance.
Color Illusion is among those illusions that frequently we experience. However, we need to discuss in
general the aspects of Optical Illusion before discussion on specific ‘Color Illusion’. Following are the
three main aspects:
1. Literal optical illusions that create images that are different from the objects that make them,
2. Physiological ones that are the effects on the eyes and brain of excessive stimulation of a
specific type (brightness, colour, size, position, tilt, movement),
3. Cognitive illusions, the result of unconscious inferences
(Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_illusion ; June 5, 2012)
An illusion is not a contradiction between perception and physical reality; it is a contradiction
between two or more perceptions.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_4.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:33 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
  
Graham 1965: Illusions are effects of contrasting experiences.
Da Pos 1995: An experience which is conflicting with other experiences, usually with remembered
experiences. Only one experience is not enough to be considered an illusion because it does not
produce a perceptive mismatch. This mismatch, which is a consequence of two contrasting
experiences, is according to me the main factor attracting our curiosity and exciting our aesthetic
pleasure.
Colin y Blakemore 1973: A visual illusion is a discrepancy between two independent detector
systems in the brain.
Plate1 Plate2
The above images (plate1) shows that the hue of two colors (X&Y) when is overlapped by another
transparent hue it changes its dimension (depth of field). While overlapping area X it tends to recede
back and on the area Y it comes forward. Physically it is the same hue that is covering X & Y but
optically it changes the dimension. In Plate2 when the same image is separated it shows different
dimensions.
Plate3 A. Gestalt Theory Plate3 B. Ponzo Effect
Plate3 C. M.C Escher, Sky & Water
I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page 5


Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_1.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:32 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
The Lecture Contains:
Visual Perception Theory
Color Illusion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_2.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:32 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
Visual Perception Theory
Visual Perception is based on one of our sensory organs- Visual Organ (eyes). These sensory
organs are - visual, olfactory; touch, auditory and taste help us in transmitting information to our brain
for our survival. Each sense organ is part of a sensory system which receives sensory inputs and
transmits sensory information to the brain. 
Psychologists debate on the reliability of perception and experience. “A major theoretical issue on
which psychologists are divided is the extent to which perception relies directly on the information
present in the stimulus.” In this regard of the scientists believe that perceptual processes are not
direct, but depend on the perceiver's expectations and previous knowledge as well as the
information available in the stimulus itself.
(Read more: http://www.simplypsychology.org/perception-theories.html ; June 6, 2012
Visual Illusion is a subject that has raised lot of interests among psychologists. The first booked is
authored by Matthew Luckiesh in 1922 on optical illusions book entitled - Visual Illusions: Their
Causes, Characteristics and Applications. Luckiesh applied his theory in practical while designing
camouflage gears during the WWI. He could use the technique of Optical Illusion while designing the
uniform that would merge in nature.
(Ref. http://www.visualillusion.net/ ; & http://psychology.about.com/od/sensationandperception/f/trichrom.htm ; June 6,
2012)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_3.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:33 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
 
Color Illusion
There are numerous optical illusions that are not being answered yet. Optically human eyes may
perceive things that are physically different from the reality. It is also known as Optical Illusion.
Eyes see and the brain perceives. Often we find that what eyes see not necessarily matches with
our perception. The information processed by brain does not tally with the physical appearance.
Color Illusion is among those illusions that frequently we experience. However, we need to discuss in
general the aspects of Optical Illusion before discussion on specific ‘Color Illusion’. Following are the
three main aspects:
1. Literal optical illusions that create images that are different from the objects that make them,
2. Physiological ones that are the effects on the eyes and brain of excessive stimulation of a
specific type (brightness, colour, size, position, tilt, movement),
3. Cognitive illusions, the result of unconscious inferences
(Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_illusion ; June 5, 2012)
An illusion is not a contradiction between perception and physical reality; it is a contradiction
between two or more perceptions.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_4.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:33 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
  
Graham 1965: Illusions are effects of contrasting experiences.
Da Pos 1995: An experience which is conflicting with other experiences, usually with remembered
experiences. Only one experience is not enough to be considered an illusion because it does not
produce a perceptive mismatch. This mismatch, which is a consequence of two contrasting
experiences, is according to me the main factor attracting our curiosity and exciting our aesthetic
pleasure.
Colin y Blakemore 1973: A visual illusion is a discrepancy between two independent detector
systems in the brain.
Plate1 Plate2
The above images (plate1) shows that the hue of two colors (X&Y) when is overlapped by another
transparent hue it changes its dimension (depth of field). While overlapping area X it tends to recede
back and on the area Y it comes forward. Physically it is the same hue that is covering X & Y but
optically it changes the dimension. In Plate2 when the same image is separated it shows different
dimensions.
Plate3 A. Gestalt Theory Plate3 B. Ponzo Effect
Plate3 C. M.C Escher, Sky & Water
I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Objectives_template
file:///E|/color_in_design/lecture19/19_5.htm[8/17/2012 1:44:33 PM]
 Module 7: "Color Perception"
 Lecture 19: "Color Illusion"
  
“Gestalt Theory can be used to explain the illusory contours in the Kanizsa Triangle (in this case
square). A floating white triangle (square/ diamond), which does not exist, is seen. The brain has a
need to see familiar simple objects and has a tendency to create a "whole" image from individual
elements.” Brain can derive conclusion because of earlier experience.
 “In the Ponzo illusion the converging parallel lines tell the brain that the image higher in the visual
field is farther away therefore the brain perceives the image to be larger, although the two images
hitting the retina are the same size. The Optical illusion seen in a diorama/falls also exploits
assumptions based on monocular cues of depth perception.”
(Ref. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_illusion ; June 5, 2012)
Plate4 A. Optical Illusion Plate4 B. Optical Illusion
Source:http://www.google.co.in/search?
hl=en&cp=8&gs_id=g8&xhr=t&q=color+illusions&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.,cf.osb&biw=
1350&bih=555&um=1&ie=UTF8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=Th3OT8vuG4jlrAfdpOj0Cw; June 5, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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