Page 1 Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 1/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page Page 2 Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 1/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 2/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page In this chapter you will learn about: § Reasons for using binary instead of decimal numbers § Basic arithmetic operations using binary numbers § Addition (+) § Subtraction (-) § Multiplication (*) § Division (/) Learning Objectives Learning Objectives 49 Page 3 Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 1/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 2/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page In this chapter you will learn about: § Reasons for using binary instead of decimal numbers § Basic arithmetic operations using binary numbers § Addition (+) § Subtraction (-) § Multiplication (*) § Division (/) Learning Objectives Learning Objectives 49 Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 3/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page § Information is handled in a computer by electronic/ electrical components § Electronic components operate in binary mode (can only indicate two states – on (1) or off (0) § Binary number system has only two digits (0 and 1), and is suitable for expressing two possible states § In binary system, computer circuits only have to handle two binary digits rather than ten decimal digits causing: § Simpler internal circuit design § Less expensive § More reliable circuits § Arithmetic rules/processes possible with binary numbers Binary over Decimal Binary over Decimal 49 Page 4 Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 1/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 2/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page In this chapter you will learn about: § Reasons for using binary instead of decimal numbers § Basic arithmetic operations using binary numbers § Addition (+) § Subtraction (-) § Multiplication (*) § Division (/) Learning Objectives Learning Objectives 49 Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 3/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page § Information is handled in a computer by electronic/ electrical components § Electronic components operate in binary mode (can only indicate two states – on (1) or off (0) § Binary number system has only two digits (0 and 1), and is suitable for expressing two possible states § In binary system, computer circuits only have to handle two binary digits rather than ten decimal digits causing: § Simpler internal circuit design § Less expensive § More reliable circuits § Arithmetic rules/processes possible with binary numbers Binary over Decimal Binary over Decimal 49 Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 4/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page Binary State On (1) Off (0) Bulb Switch Circuit Pulse Examples of a Few Devices that work in Binary Mode Examples of a Few Devices that work in Binary Mode 50 Page 5 Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 1/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 2/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page In this chapter you will learn about: § Reasons for using binary instead of decimal numbers § Basic arithmetic operations using binary numbers § Addition (+) § Subtraction (-) § Multiplication (*) § Division (/) Learning Objectives Learning Objectives 49 Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 3/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page § Information is handled in a computer by electronic/ electrical components § Electronic components operate in binary mode (can only indicate two states – on (1) or off (0) § Binary number system has only two digits (0 and 1), and is suitable for expressing two possible states § In binary system, computer circuits only have to handle two binary digits rather than ten decimal digits causing: § Simpler internal circuit design § Less expensive § More reliable circuits § Arithmetic rules/processes possible with binary numbers Binary over Decimal Binary over Decimal 49 Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 4/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page Binary State On (1) Off (0) Bulb Switch Circuit Pulse Examples of a Few Devices that work in Binary Mode Examples of a Few Devices that work in Binary Mode 50 Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Computer Fundamentals: Pradeep K. Sinha & Priti Sinha Slide 5/29 Chapter 5: Computer Arithmetic Ref Page § Binary arithmetic is simple to learn as binary number system has only two digits – 0 and 1 § Following slides show rules and example for the four basic arithmetic operations using binary numbers Binary Arithmetic Binary Arithmetic 50Read More

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