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Simply put, it is the process of using evidence to evaluate assertions. In order to reason critically, you must be able to identify assertions and determine the reasons for them. This involves breaking assertions down into their component parts so that you can analyze them more effectively.
One of the most important concepts in critical reasoning is assertion and reason.
An assertion is a statement that is believed to be true. It can be used as an argument in order to support a point of view.
When assertions are made in the context of critical reasoning, they are often evaluated in terms of their reasonableness – that is, whether they are supported by evidence and logical reasoning.
The reason is the justification given for assertions. In other words, assertions need reasons in order to be acceptable. This is where critical thinking comes in – being able to ask questions about assertions and reasons in order to determine their validity.
Directions: For the Assertions (A) and Reasons (R), choose the correct alternative from the following.
Assertion: Crude oil is abundantly found in nature.
Reason: It is the main raw material for all automobiles.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) If both A and R are false.
Both Assertion and Reason are true but the Reason does not explain the Assertion. Hence, (b) is the answer.
In conclusion, assertions are statements that are made without any evidence to support them. They are often used in arguments as a way to try and support one’s point of view, but they are not actually evidence. assertions can be questioned to determine their validity, and the reason for making them should be clear. By understanding these concepts, you can better analyse arguments and determine whether the assertions made within them are valid or not.