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Crops & Safety Notes | Study Science Class 5 - Class 5

Document Description: Crops & Safety for Class 5 2022 is part of Science Class 5 preparation. The notes and questions for Crops & Safety have been prepared according to the Class 5 exam syllabus. Information about Crops & Safety covers topics like Crops, Essential Requirements to produce a good crop are: , Crop Protection and Storage of Seeds and Crops & Safety Example, for Class 5 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Crops & Safety.

Introduction of Crops & Safety in English is available as part of our Science Class 5 for Class 5 & Crops & Safety in Hindi for Science Class 5 course. Download more important topics related with notes, lectures and mock test series for Class 5 Exam by signing up for free. Class 5: Crops & Safety Notes | Study Science Class 5 - Class 5
Table of contents
Crops
Essential Requirements to produce a good crop are: 
Crop Protection and Storage of Seeds
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  1. Crops 
  2. Different types of Crops 
  3. Crop Protection and Storage of Seeds

Crops

Crops & Safety Notes | Study Science Class 5 - Class 5

The plants that are grown in large areas during a particular period are called cropsThis practice of growing large quantities of plants for food and other purposes is called agriculture

Crops are mainly of different types –

Crops & Safety Notes | Study Science Class 5 - Class 5

  • Based on Utility: 
    1. Food Crops (wheat, rice, potato, maize, sugarcane, etc,) 
    2. Oil producing Crops (sunflower, mustard, etc.)
    3. Fibre Crops (cotton, silk and jute)
  • Based on Season: 
    1. Kharif Crops 
    2. Rabi Crops

Crops & Safety Notes | Study Science Class 5 - Class 5

  • In India, crops like wheat and gram are grown in the winter from November to April. They are called rabi crops. These crops do not depend on the monsoon. Vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower, pea and bean grow well in winters.
  • Crops grown in summers from June to October are called kharif crops. Rice, maize, jowar and bajra are kharif crops. These crops depend largely on monsoon rains. Vegetables like pumpkin, brinjal and groundnut grow in summers. 

Essential Requirements to produce a good crop are: 

1. Farmers should have knowledge about the soil, climate and season for growing different crops.

2. A high-yielding variety of seeds should be used. 

3. Farmers should properly irrigate the soil when required. 

4. The right amount of fertilizers should be added to the soil.  Two kinds of fertilizers are used for this purpose: organic and inorganic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are obtained from decaying plants, cow dung, etc, while inorganic fertilizers are synthesized. For, example, urea and nitrates.
Spraying FertilizersSpraying Fertilizers

5. Farmers should use insecticides and pesticides to protect their crops from insects.  However, overuse of pesticides can be harmful to the soil and ultimately to our health. 

Crop Protection and Storage of Seeds

For better and healthy crops, we must protect them. We should take the following steps to protect crops: 

Crops & Safety Notes | Study Science Class 5 - Class 5

  • We should protect the crops in the field against grazing animals like goats, cows and buffaloes by proper fencing. 
  • We should protect the crops against pests such as locusts, grasshoppers, caterpillars and diseases. 
  • Ripened crop should be harvested and stored properly as grains. 
  • Farmers should keep them safe from moisture and small animals. So, grains should be stored in air-tight containers.
The document Crops & Safety Notes | Study Science Class 5 - Class 5 is a part of the Class 5 Course Science Class 5.
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