Culture - Current Affairs, August 2016 UPSC Notes | EduRev

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Current Affairs : Culture - Current Affairs, August 2016 UPSC Notes | EduRev

The document Culture - Current Affairs, August 2016 UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the Current Affairs Course Daily Current Affairs (Oct`17 - Oct`18).
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CULTURE

8.1. TIROT SING
Why in News?

 A function was organised in Meghalaya to commemorate the sacrifices of Tirot Sing, the legendary freedom fighter who was hanged to death by British rulers in the 19th century.
 The function was part of a 15-day campaign undertaken by the GOI to hold a series of programmes across the country to commemorate the sacrifices of the freedom fighters at their respective places of origin.

Who was Tirot Sing?
 U Tirot Sing was one of the chiefs of the khasi people in the early 18th century.
 He fought against British attempts to take control of the Khasi hills.
 He died on 17 July, 1835. His death is commemorated as U Tirot Sing Day in Meghalaya.

8.2. ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF VILLAGE FOLKLORE
Why in News?

 The Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) has decided to document stories and legends across villages in India into an encyclopaedia.
 This decision has been taken in a bid to “connect” people better with oral and folk traditions.

Other Important Initiatives of ICHR
 To study the princely states of modern India.
 To carry out studies to fill the gap between the Harappan civilisation and (the first Indian urbanisation) and 6th century BC (the second urbanisation).

8.3. 2016 DASARA THEME
Why in News?

 The Mysuru Dasara festival has adopted the theme of water conservation for 2016.

Dasara Festival
Mysuru Dasara is Nadahabba (state festival) of the state of Karnataka in South West India held annually during Navratri.
 It is a 10-day festival and is celebrated in the city of Mysuru. The Dasara festivities have a rich history of over 400 years.

8.4. JUANG TRIBE OF ORISSA
Why in News?

 Death of 19 Juang children in 3 months atop the Nagada hills in Odisha’s Jajpur district has woken up the government to the problem of malnutrition in the tribe.
 The tribe has been deprived of basic facilities such as drinking water, primary health care, electricity, and primary education due to lack of road connectivity.

Juang Tribe
 Juangs are a tribal (Adivasi) group of people from the Munda Ethnic group.
 They mainly reside in the Keonjhar, Dhenkanal, Angul and Jajpur districts of Odisha.
 They speak the Juang language which is accepted as a branch of Austroasiatic languages.
 The tribe has been identified as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

8.5. SATYARTHI LAUNCHES CAMPAIGN FOR YOUTH AGAINST CHILD
Why in News?

 Kailash Satyarthi announced the 100 million for 100 million Campaign under his new organisation The Kailash Satyarthi Children’s Foundation.
 The aim of the campaign is utilise the energy and enthusiasm of 100 million youth in order to pull 100 million children from the shackles of slavery.

Kailash Satyarthi
 Kailash Satyarthi is an Indian children’s right and education advocate. He is also known as an activist against child labour.
 He was born in 1954. In 1980, he founded the Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA).
 Bachpan Bachao Andolan has freed thousands of children from slave-like conditions.
 It was due to his efforts that the International Labour Organisation (ILO) adopted Converntion no. 182 on the worst forms of child labour.
 He also received the Nobel Peace Prize 2014 for his struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right to education for all children.
 He shared the Nobel Prize with Malala Yousufzai of Pakistan.

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