8.1. 75TH ANNIVERSARY OF QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT
Why in news?
Recently the nation celebrated 75th Anniversary of the Quit India Movement. Theme of this year’s celebration
was “Sankalp se Sidhi” urging the people ttake a pledge tfight poverty and malnutrition.
Quit India Movement
- In July 1942 Congress Working Committee at Wardha passed a resolution tend British Rule in India. It alsodeclared that free India will be against the aggression of Nazism, Fascism and Imperialism.
- Reasons behind the launch of Quit India Movement:
- Failure of Cripps Mission due tlack of British will taddress Indian demands.
- Public discontent due tincreased wartime disparities such as price rise, shortage of food items etc.
- Reversals faced by British in South-East Asia enhanced popular willingness toverthrow British rule from India.
- Britishers’ discriminatory behavior against Indian refugees in south-east Asia
- On August 8, 1942, Quit India Movement was launched from Gowalia Tank, Bombay. However, all the leader including Mahatma Gandhi, J.L. Nehru, Patel, Azad etc. were arrested.
- The movement saw massive public upsurge and attack on symbols of authority especially in Eastern UP, Bihar and Bengal.
- During the movement
- Underground activities provided line of command.
- Parallel government was carried on in Balia, Tamluk and Satara.
- Participation of youth, women, workers, peasants etc. was seen.
8.2. PROMOTION OF TRADITIONAL SPORTS
Why in news?
Sports Minister has recently notified in Rajya Sabha about the promotion and development of traditional sports through an exclusive component “Promotion of Rural, Indigenous and Tribal Games”.
- Sports is a state subject and the responsibility of development and promotion of sports falls on stategovernment.
- SAI has revamped the Khelo India proposal tinclude the exclusive component “Promotion of Rural, Indigenous and Tribal Game” for promotion of rural and indigenous games.
- SAI promoted Indigenous Games and Martial Arts (IGMAs) are as follows:
- Kalaripayatu – It is a martial art form which originated in Kerala, originally from northern and centralparts of Kerala and southern Tamil Nadu.
- Silambam – It is a weapon based martial art practised in Tamil Nadu. Bambostaff is used as weapon.
- Archery - It is a sport from Jharkhand in which a bow and arrow are used. Traditionally Archery waspractised for hunting and recreational purposed.
- Kabaddi – This is a team sport in which twteams compete tremain outnumbered till the end. Thisgame is widely played in Telangana, Andhara Pradesh and Maharashtra.
- Malkhamb – This traditional sport is a combination of acrobatics and aerial yoga. It is performed on awooden pole and the player demonstrates wrestling grip throughout the performance.
- Mukna – It is a form of folk wrestling from Manipur.
- Thangta – It is a martial art form from Manipur and traditionally known as Huyel Langlon.
- Khomlainai – It is a martial art performed by the Bodcommunity in Assam.
- Gatka – It is a traditional combat training in which wooden sticks are used tsimulate swords.
8.3. BUDDHA STATUE AT GHANTASALA
- A proposal tbuild a 70 ft. Buddha statue in Ghatasala in Krishna district in Andhra Pradesh has been passed by the government.
- The new facility will be themed on the Mahaparinirvana of the Buddha.
- Buddha will be lying on the right flank, his head resting on a cushion or on his right elbow, supporting his head with his hand.
The word "Mahaparinirvana" refers the ultimate state of Nirvana (everlasting, highest peace and happiness) entered by an Awakened Being (Buddha) or "arhat" at the moment of physical death; but it can alsrefer tthat same state reached during such a being's physical lifetime too.
Significance of Ghantasala
Ghantasala was a renowned Buddhist centre. Excavations in the late 19 and early 20th century led the discovery of Maha Chaitya or Stupa.