UNESCO AWARD FOR SRIRANGAM TEMPLE
Why in news?
- Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam in Tamil Nadu has
won the UNESCO Asia Pacific Award of Merit 2017 for cultural
About Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple
- It is considered as one of the most important of the 108 main Vishnu temples (Divyadesams).
- This temple lies on an islet formed by the twin rivers: Cauvery and Coleroon.
- It has seven prakaras or enclosures.
- It is a Vaishnava temple built in the Tamil or Dravidian style of architecture. The temple and 1000 pillared hall were constructed in the Vijayanagar period (1336–1565) on the site of an older temple.
- The Gopuram of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is the biggest gopuram in Asia. It is also called as “Raja Gopuram”
- The temple bagged the UNESCO award for use of traditional methods in renovating temple structures and re-establishment of rainwater harvesting and historic drainage system.
UNESCO Asia-Pacific awards for cultural heritage conservation programme
- It is aimed at acknowledging the efforts taken to restore and conserve historical structures without affecting their heritage value.
- The awards are classified under four categories -Award of Excellence, Awards of Distinction, Awards of Merit and Award for New Design in Heritage Context. Mumbai's Christ Church and Royal Bombay Opera House were the other monuments in India that received the Award of Merit this year.
CHENNAI IN UNESCO’S CREATIVE CITIES NETWORK LIST
Why in News?
Chennai has been recently included in UNESCO Creative Cities list.
|UNESCO is responsible for coordinating international cooperation in education, science, culture and communication. It strengthens the ties between nations and societies, and mobilizes the wider public so that each child and citizen |
•has access to quality education
•may grow and live in a cultural environment rich in diversity
•can fully benefit from scientific advances
•and can enjoy full freedom of expression.
What is Creative Cities Network?
- It was created in 2004 to promote cooperation with and among cities that have identified creativity as a strategic factor for sustainable urban development.
- The 7 creative fields, on basis of which the cities are awarded the status, are Crafts & Folk Art, Design, Film, Gastronomy, Literature, Music and Media Arts.
By joining the Network, cities commit to sharing their best practices and developing partnerships with public & private sectors and civil society in order to:
o strengthen the creation, production, distribution and dissemination of cultural activities, goods and services;
o develop hubs of creativity and innovation and broaden opportunities for creators and professionals in the cultural sector;
o improve access to and participation in cultural life, in particular for marginalized or vulnerable groups and individuals;
o fully integrate culture and creativity into sustainable development plans.
- Chennai has been included in the UNESCO Creative Cities Network for its rich musical tradition. It is the 3rd Indian city after Jaipur (craft) & Varanasi (music).
HISTORY OF INDIAN NAVY
Why in news
In the recent Mann ki baat, Prime Minister talked about the greatness of navy of Chola kingdom.
About Chola Navy
- Sangam literature has numerous references of voyages and expeditions of the Chola navy.
- Chola Navy was considered one of the strongest navies
- and played a big role in the expansion of the Chola rule to Sri-Lanka and Malay Peninsula
- They possessed a very rich and sound knowledge of ship building.
- Some of the important ports cities of Cholas were Poompuhar/ Kaveripattinam (capital), Arikamedu, Kancheepuram, Nagapattinam etc
- A large number of women played leading roles in Chola navy and actively took part in battles.
Fact about Chola Kingdom
- Administration: was marked by well-established local self-government in villages Status of women: The practice of ‘sati’ was prevalent among the royal families. The devadasi system emerged during their period.
- Development of Tamil literature reached its peak during the Chola period.
- Examples of Dravidian style of art and architecture: Brihadeshwara Temple (now a UNESCO World Heritage Site), Nagaeshwvara, Airavateshwara temples
- Bronze statues of Nataraja or dancing Siva is master piece of the Chola period.