Culture: November 2020 Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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80                                                                               www.visionias.in                                                                        ©Vision IAS  
8. CULTURE 
8.1. ALL INDIA TRADE UNION CONGRESS 
Why in News? 
Recently, All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) 
turned 100. 
About AITUC 
• AITUC was formed in 1920 by leaders like Bal 
Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai, Narayan Malhar 
Joshi, Joseph Baptista, Diwan Chaman Lall etc. to 
provide labour representation for India at the 
International Labor Organization (ILO). 
• Lala Lajpat Rai was elected as the first president 
of AITUC and Dewan Chaman Lal as the first 
general secretary. 
o C.R. Das, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra 
Bose also served as AITUC presidents. 
• Gaya session of the Congress (1922) welcomed formation of the AITUC and a committee was formed to assist 
it. 
• Later, AITUC was split to form National Trade Union Federation (NTUF) in 1929 and Red Trade Union Congress 
(RTUC) in 1931. 
• In the aftermath of Second World War, AITUC played significant role in the foundation of World Federation of 
Trade Unions (international federation of trade unions). 
Factors that led to formation of Trade Unions 
• Influenced by world labour movements: Russian Revolution in 1917 was a great impetus for Indian labour 
movement as the working class along with peasantry captured power first time. 
• Industrial unrest: Strikes in Bombay against extension of working hours and protest against imprisonment of 
Tilak etc. led to working class to wage a mass struggle. 
• Oppression and exploitation under British rule: The self-sufficient Village economy was shattered with no 
new structures in place, creating impoverished peasantry and landless labour force. 
• National freedom movement: In the beginning of 20th century, participation of laborers in the freedom 
movement increased and formation of unions also increased. Mahatma Gandhi linked the freedom movement 
directly with the labor welfare. 
  
Other trade unions/ labour unions during freedom struggle 
• Bombay Mill hands' Association was formed in 1890 
under N.M. Lokhande was one of the first workers' 
organisations. 
• First registered organised Trade Union in India “Madras 
Labour Union” by B. P. Wadia was formed in 1918 
• In 1920, Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association was 
founded by Anusuyaben Sarabhai who was a pioneer of 
the women’s labour movement in India. 
• Other workers associations during the period are: 
Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants of India and 
Burma (1897), Management the Printers Union, 
Calcutta (1905) and the Bombay Postal Union (1907), 
the Kamgar Hitavardhak Sabha (1910) and the Social 
Service League (1910). 
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