Culture: Vision IAS March 2021 Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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8.	CULTURE	
8.1.	KUMBH	MELA		
Why in news? 
Recently Kumbh Mela started at Haridwar, Uttarakhand. 
About Kumbh Mela  
• After more than 100 years the kumbh Mela is being held earlier 
because of specific auspicious dates. 
o Generally, it is celebrated once in 12 years and the previous 
kumbh in Haridwar was held in 2010, while next one was to 
be held in 2022. 
• Kumbh Mela is a mass congregation of pilgrims who gather to 
take a bath/dip (Shahi Snan) in a sacred river.  
o People from irrespective of caste, creed or gender are 
present in the festival and believe that by bathing in the 
river one is freed from their past sins (karma), and, thus, 
one becomes eligible for liberation from the cycle of birth 
and death.  
• The geographical location for the Kumbh Mela spans across 
four cities within India. 
o Prayagraj (Uttar Pradesh)- confluence of Ganga, Yamuna, and the mythical Saraswati 
o Haridwar (Uttarakhand)- Ganga river 
o Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh)- Shipra river 
o Nasik (Maharashtra)- Godavari river 
• Types of Kumbh Mela and its occurrence 
o Kumbha Mela: held at all four places every 3 years 
o Ardha Kumbha Mela: held at Haridwar and Prayagraj every 6 years 
o Purna Kumbha Mela: held only at Prayagraj every 12 years 
o Maha Kumbha Mela: held only at Prayagraj every 144 years or after 12 Purna Kumbh Mela. 
• Kumbh Mela comes under the UNESCO's Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. 
• UNESCO's Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in India. 
S.N. Intangible Cultural Heritage Year of Inscription 
1. Tradition of Vedic chanting 2008 
2. Ramlila, the traditional performance of the Ramayana 2008 
3. Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre of Kerala 2008 
4. Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal region 2009 
5. Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala 2010 
6. Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan 2010 
7. Chhau dance, tribal martial art dance in Odisha, Jharkhand and West Bengal. 2010 
8. Buddhist chanting of Ladakh 2012 
9. Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur 2013 
10. Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala 
Guru, Punjab 
2014 
11. Yoga 2016 
12. Nuvroz, beginning of the New Year for the Parsis 2016 
13. Kumbh Mela 2017 
	
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