Democratic Politics Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Created by: Gayatri Bhoir

Class 9 : Democratic Politics Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


 
 
     
 
 
TERM II 
 
 
 
UNIT III 
 
        DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS    
    
CLASS IX CLASS IX CLASS IX CLASS IX     (201 (201 (201 (2015 5 5 5) ) ) )    
    
    
    
    
Prepared by Prepared by Prepared by Prepared by     
NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI     
    
www.isbsocialnotes.weebly.com 
    
    
The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain  
Page 2


 
 
     
 
 
TERM II 
 
 
 
UNIT III 
 
        DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS    
    
CLASS IX CLASS IX CLASS IX CLASS IX     (201 (201 (201 (2015 5 5 5) ) ) )    
    
    
    
    
Prepared by Prepared by Prepared by Prepared by     
NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI     
    
www.isbsocialnotes.weebly.com 
    
    
The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain  
 
NM ISB                                                                       - 119 - 
 
                            Chapter-4   ELECTORAL POLITICS 
 Q.1.What were the promises made by Devi Lal in the Assembly Elections in 1987? 
In the election campaign, Devi Lal said that if his party won the elections, his government would 
waive the loans of farmers and small businessmen. He promised that this would be the first action of 
his government. 
 Q.2.What is Election? 
Election is a mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and 
change them if they wish to do so. It is the process through which people choose their representatives 
to form the government.  E. Parliament election or Assembly election. 
 
 Q. 3. Why do we need elections?  
i) To make the rule of the people elections are necessary. In most democracies people rule through 
representatives. To choose the representatives we need election 
ii) To find out if people like their representatives or not elections are required to elect or not to 
elect.   
iii) To ensure that these representatives rule as per the wishes of people elections are required.  
iv) To make sure that those who the people don’t like do not remain in power elections are 
required.  
 Q.4.What are the choices that voters normally make in an election? 
In an election the voters may make the following choices: 
They can choose who will make laws for them. 
They can choose who will form the government and take major decisions. 
They can choose the party whose policies will guide the government and law making. 
 To find out if the people like their representatives or not 
 To ensure that these representatives rule as per the wishes of the people 
 To make sure that those who the people don’t like do not remain their representatives. 
 
 Q.5. What are the minimum conditions of a democratic election? ( What makes an election  
          democratic?) 
 First, everyone should be able to choose. This means that everyone should have one vote and every   
    vote should have equal value. 
 Second, there should be something to choose from. Parties and candidates should be free to contest   
     elections and should offer some real choice to the voters. 
 Third, the choice should be offered at regular intervals. Elections must be held regularly after every  
    few years. 
 Fourth, the candidate preferred by the people should get elected. 
 Fifth, elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner where people can choose as they  
    really wish. 
 Q.6.What are the merits/advantages of political competition? 
 If there is no competition, elections will become pointless. 
 Regular electoral competition provides incentives to political parties and leaders. They know that if  
    they raise issues that people want to be raised, their popularity and chances of victory will increase   
    in the next elections. But if they fail to satisfy the voters with their work they will not be able to  
    win again. Thus it motivate them to do good things.  
Political competition enlighten people about election and democratic principles and during their   
   competition people can identify the party that they should choose.  
Page 3


 
 
     
 
 
TERM II 
 
 
 
UNIT III 
 
        DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS    
    
CLASS IX CLASS IX CLASS IX CLASS IX     (201 (201 (201 (2015 5 5 5) ) ) )    
    
    
    
    
Prepared by Prepared by Prepared by Prepared by     
NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI     
    
www.isbsocialnotes.weebly.com 
    
    
The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain  
 
NM ISB                                                                       - 119 - 
 
                            Chapter-4   ELECTORAL POLITICS 
 Q.1.What were the promises made by Devi Lal in the Assembly Elections in 1987? 
In the election campaign, Devi Lal said that if his party won the elections, his government would 
waive the loans of farmers and small businessmen. He promised that this would be the first action of 
his government. 
 Q.2.What is Election? 
Election is a mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and 
change them if they wish to do so. It is the process through which people choose their representatives 
to form the government.  E. Parliament election or Assembly election. 
 
 Q. 3. Why do we need elections?  
i) To make the rule of the people elections are necessary. In most democracies people rule through 
representatives. To choose the representatives we need election 
ii) To find out if people like their representatives or not elections are required to elect or not to 
elect.   
iii) To ensure that these representatives rule as per the wishes of people elections are required.  
iv) To make sure that those who the people don’t like do not remain in power elections are 
required.  
 Q.4.What are the choices that voters normally make in an election? 
In an election the voters may make the following choices: 
They can choose who will make laws for them. 
They can choose who will form the government and take major decisions. 
They can choose the party whose policies will guide the government and law making. 
 To find out if the people like their representatives or not 
 To ensure that these representatives rule as per the wishes of the people 
 To make sure that those who the people don’t like do not remain their representatives. 
 
 Q.5. What are the minimum conditions of a democratic election? ( What makes an election  
          democratic?) 
 First, everyone should be able to choose. This means that everyone should have one vote and every   
    vote should have equal value. 
 Second, there should be something to choose from. Parties and candidates should be free to contest   
     elections and should offer some real choice to the voters. 
 Third, the choice should be offered at regular intervals. Elections must be held regularly after every  
    few years. 
 Fourth, the candidate preferred by the people should get elected. 
 Fifth, elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner where people can choose as they  
    really wish. 
 Q.6.What are the merits/advantages of political competition? 
 If there is no competition, elections will become pointless. 
 Regular electoral competition provides incentives to political parties and leaders. They know that if  
    they raise issues that people want to be raised, their popularity and chances of victory will increase   
    in the next elections. But if they fail to satisfy the voters with their work they will not be able to  
    win again. Thus it motivate them to do good things.  
Political competition enlighten people about election and democratic principles and during their   
   competition people can identify the party that they should choose.  
 
NM ISB                                                                       - 120 - 
 
 Q.7.What are the de-merits/disadvantages of political competition? 
 An electoral competition has many demerits. It creates a sense of disunity and ‘factionalism’ in  
    every locality. 
 Different political parties and leaders often level allegations against one another. 
 Parties and candidates often use dirty tricks to win elections. 
 Some people say that the  pressure to win electoral fights does not allow sensible long-term policies  
    to be formulated. 
 Some good people who may wish to serve the country do not enter this arena. They do not like the  
    idea of being dragged into unhealthy competition. 
 
Q.8. How do we deal with the real life situation in political competition?  
i) One way is to try and improve the knowledge and character of political leaders.  
ii) The other and the more realistic way is to set up a system where political leaders are rewarded for  
    serving the people and punished for not doing so.  
 
 Q.9.Distinguish between General Election and By- election. 
 Elections that are held in all constituencies at the same time, either on the same day or within a few  
    Days, after a regular interval of five years are called general elections. 
 Sometimes elections that are held only for one or a few constituencies to fill the vacancies caused  
    by death or resignation of members, these are  called a by-election. 
After a General Election a new government will be formed whereas in a by-election the existing   
    government will not change.  
 
 Q.10.What are Electoral Constituencies? 
In our country we follow an area based system of representation. The country is divided into different 
areas for purposes of elections. These areas are called electoral constituencies. In a constituency only 
one candidate will be elected during election. For Lok Sabha election the country is divided into 543 
constituencies. The representative elected from each constituency is called a Member of Parliament. 
 ( MP)  
 Q.11.What are Reserved Constituencies? 
 Some constituencies are reserved for people who belong to the backward classes like the Scheduled  
    Castes [SC] and Scheduled Tribes [ST]. In a SC reserved constituency only someone who belongs  
    to the Scheduled Castes can stand for election. 
 Similarly only those belonging to the Scheduled Tribes can contest an election from a constituency   
    reserved for ST. Currently, in the Lok Sabha, 79 seats are reserved for the Scheduled Castes and 41  
    for the Scheduled Tribes. 
 It is a measure to include representation for all classes in the legislature.  
 
 Q.12.What is Voter’s List? 
 In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the   
    election and given to everyone. This list is officially called the Electoral Roll and is commonly  
    known as the Voters’ List. 
 This is an important step for it is linked to the first condition of a democratic election: everyone  
     should get an equal opportunity to choose representatives. 
 It contains name, age, sex, fathers name or husband’s name, address and serial  
   number of the voters in a constituency.  
Page 4


 
 
     
 
 
TERM II 
 
 
 
UNIT III 
 
        DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS    
    
CLASS IX CLASS IX CLASS IX CLASS IX     (201 (201 (201 (2015 5 5 5) ) ) )    
    
    
    
    
Prepared by Prepared by Prepared by Prepared by     
NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI     
    
www.isbsocialnotes.weebly.com 
    
    
The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain  
 
NM ISB                                                                       - 119 - 
 
                            Chapter-4   ELECTORAL POLITICS 
 Q.1.What were the promises made by Devi Lal in the Assembly Elections in 1987? 
In the election campaign, Devi Lal said that if his party won the elections, his government would 
waive the loans of farmers and small businessmen. He promised that this would be the first action of 
his government. 
 Q.2.What is Election? 
Election is a mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and 
change them if they wish to do so. It is the process through which people choose their representatives 
to form the government.  E. Parliament election or Assembly election. 
 
 Q. 3. Why do we need elections?  
i) To make the rule of the people elections are necessary. In most democracies people rule through 
representatives. To choose the representatives we need election 
ii) To find out if people like their representatives or not elections are required to elect or not to 
elect.   
iii) To ensure that these representatives rule as per the wishes of people elections are required.  
iv) To make sure that those who the people don’t like do not remain in power elections are 
required.  
 Q.4.What are the choices that voters normally make in an election? 
In an election the voters may make the following choices: 
They can choose who will make laws for them. 
They can choose who will form the government and take major decisions. 
They can choose the party whose policies will guide the government and law making. 
 To find out if the people like their representatives or not 
 To ensure that these representatives rule as per the wishes of the people 
 To make sure that those who the people don’t like do not remain their representatives. 
 
 Q.5. What are the minimum conditions of a democratic election? ( What makes an election  
          democratic?) 
 First, everyone should be able to choose. This means that everyone should have one vote and every   
    vote should have equal value. 
 Second, there should be something to choose from. Parties and candidates should be free to contest   
     elections and should offer some real choice to the voters. 
 Third, the choice should be offered at regular intervals. Elections must be held regularly after every  
    few years. 
 Fourth, the candidate preferred by the people should get elected. 
 Fifth, elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner where people can choose as they  
    really wish. 
 Q.6.What are the merits/advantages of political competition? 
 If there is no competition, elections will become pointless. 
 Regular electoral competition provides incentives to political parties and leaders. They know that if  
    they raise issues that people want to be raised, their popularity and chances of victory will increase   
    in the next elections. But if they fail to satisfy the voters with their work they will not be able to  
    win again. Thus it motivate them to do good things.  
Political competition enlighten people about election and democratic principles and during their   
   competition people can identify the party that they should choose.  
 
NM ISB                                                                       - 120 - 
 
 Q.7.What are the de-merits/disadvantages of political competition? 
 An electoral competition has many demerits. It creates a sense of disunity and ‘factionalism’ in  
    every locality. 
 Different political parties and leaders often level allegations against one another. 
 Parties and candidates often use dirty tricks to win elections. 
 Some people say that the  pressure to win electoral fights does not allow sensible long-term policies  
    to be formulated. 
 Some good people who may wish to serve the country do not enter this arena. They do not like the  
    idea of being dragged into unhealthy competition. 
 
Q.8. How do we deal with the real life situation in political competition?  
i) One way is to try and improve the knowledge and character of political leaders.  
ii) The other and the more realistic way is to set up a system where political leaders are rewarded for  
    serving the people and punished for not doing so.  
 
 Q.9.Distinguish between General Election and By- election. 
 Elections that are held in all constituencies at the same time, either on the same day or within a few  
    Days, after a regular interval of five years are called general elections. 
 Sometimes elections that are held only for one or a few constituencies to fill the vacancies caused  
    by death or resignation of members, these are  called a by-election. 
After a General Election a new government will be formed whereas in a by-election the existing   
    government will not change.  
 
 Q.10.What are Electoral Constituencies? 
In our country we follow an area based system of representation. The country is divided into different 
areas for purposes of elections. These areas are called electoral constituencies. In a constituency only 
one candidate will be elected during election. For Lok Sabha election the country is divided into 543 
constituencies. The representative elected from each constituency is called a Member of Parliament. 
 ( MP)  
 Q.11.What are Reserved Constituencies? 
 Some constituencies are reserved for people who belong to the backward classes like the Scheduled  
    Castes [SC] and Scheduled Tribes [ST]. In a SC reserved constituency only someone who belongs  
    to the Scheduled Castes can stand for election. 
 Similarly only those belonging to the Scheduled Tribes can contest an election from a constituency   
    reserved for ST. Currently, in the Lok Sabha, 79 seats are reserved for the Scheduled Castes and 41  
    for the Scheduled Tribes. 
 It is a measure to include representation for all classes in the legislature.  
 
 Q.12.What is Voter’s List? 
 In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the   
    election and given to everyone. This list is officially called the Electoral Roll and is commonly  
    known as the Voters’ List. 
 This is an important step for it is linked to the first condition of a democratic election: everyone  
     should get an equal opportunity to choose representatives. 
 It contains name, age, sex, fathers name or husband’s name, address and serial  
   number of the voters in a constituency.  
 
NM ISB                                                                       - 121 - 
 
 Q.13.What is meant by Universal Adult Franchise? Why is it adopted in India?  
All the citizens aged 18 years and above, regardless of his or her caste, religion or gender can vote 
in an election. It is known as Universal Adult Franchise. 
It is adopted in India due to the following reasons: Different citizens in India differ from one 
another in many ways; some are rich some are poor; some are highly educated and some are 
literate; some are kind others are not so.  But all of them are human beings with their own needs 
and views.  All of them deserve to have equal say in decisions that affect them. 
 
 Q.14.What is meant by EPIC? 
It is a new system called Election Photo Identity Card [EPIC]. The government has tried to give 
this card to every person on the voters list. The voters are required to carry this card when they go 
out to vote, so that no one can vote for someone else. But the card is not yet compulsory for voting. 
 
 Q.15.What are the different stages of election procedure? 
 Nomination of Candidates 
 Election Campaign 
 Polling and Counting of Votes (Explain points) 
    (Get  points from Q.16, Q.19, and Q.22) 
 
 Q.16.What is meant by Nomination of Candidates? 
 Anyone who can be a voter can become a candidate in elections. The only difference is that in  
    order to be a candidate the minimum age is 25 years, while it is only 18 years for being a voter.   
    There are some other restrictions on criminals etc. 
 Every person who wishes to contest an election has to fill a ‘nomination form’ and register their  
    name on or before the last date of the nomination.   
 
 Q.17.What are the qualifications to become a candidate in an election? 
    Every candidate has to make a legal declaration, giving full details of : 
 No serious criminal cases are  pending against the candidate; 
 Details of the assets and liabilities of the candidate and his or her family; and: 
 Educational qualifications of the candidate 
 
 Q.18.What is the importance and purpose of Election Campaigns? 
 The main purpose of election is to give people a chance to choose the representatives, the  
    government and the policies they prefer. 
 In our country such campaigns take place for a two-week period between the announcement of the  
    final list of candidates and the date of polling. During this period the candidates contact their  
    voters, political leaders address election meetings and political parties mobilize their supporters. 
 In election campaigns, political parties try to focus public attention on some big issues. They want  
    to attract the public to that issue and get them to vote for their party on that basis. 
 
 Q.19.What are the different techniques of Election Campaigns? 
 Publishing Election Manifesto 
 Public Speeches, Sticking of Wall Posters, Issuing Pamphlets 
 Advertisement through mass media 
 Door-to-Door Canvassing etc are the different techniques of Election Campaigns. 
Page 5


 
 
     
 
 
TERM II 
 
 
 
UNIT III 
 
        DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS DEMOCRATIC POLITICS    
    
CLASS IX CLASS IX CLASS IX CLASS IX     (201 (201 (201 (2015 5 5 5) ) ) )    
    
    
    
    
Prepared by Prepared by Prepared by Prepared by     
NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI NARAYANAN MANNANDI     
    
www.isbsocialnotes.weebly.com 
    
    
The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain The Indian School Bahrain  
 
NM ISB                                                                       - 119 - 
 
                            Chapter-4   ELECTORAL POLITICS 
 Q.1.What were the promises made by Devi Lal in the Assembly Elections in 1987? 
In the election campaign, Devi Lal said that if his party won the elections, his government would 
waive the loans of farmers and small businessmen. He promised that this would be the first action of 
his government. 
 Q.2.What is Election? 
Election is a mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and 
change them if they wish to do so. It is the process through which people choose their representatives 
to form the government.  E. Parliament election or Assembly election. 
 
 Q. 3. Why do we need elections?  
i) To make the rule of the people elections are necessary. In most democracies people rule through 
representatives. To choose the representatives we need election 
ii) To find out if people like their representatives or not elections are required to elect or not to 
elect.   
iii) To ensure that these representatives rule as per the wishes of people elections are required.  
iv) To make sure that those who the people don’t like do not remain in power elections are 
required.  
 Q.4.What are the choices that voters normally make in an election? 
In an election the voters may make the following choices: 
They can choose who will make laws for them. 
They can choose who will form the government and take major decisions. 
They can choose the party whose policies will guide the government and law making. 
 To find out if the people like their representatives or not 
 To ensure that these representatives rule as per the wishes of the people 
 To make sure that those who the people don’t like do not remain their representatives. 
 
 Q.5. What are the minimum conditions of a democratic election? ( What makes an election  
          democratic?) 
 First, everyone should be able to choose. This means that everyone should have one vote and every   
    vote should have equal value. 
 Second, there should be something to choose from. Parties and candidates should be free to contest   
     elections and should offer some real choice to the voters. 
 Third, the choice should be offered at regular intervals. Elections must be held regularly after every  
    few years. 
 Fourth, the candidate preferred by the people should get elected. 
 Fifth, elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner where people can choose as they  
    really wish. 
 Q.6.What are the merits/advantages of political competition? 
 If there is no competition, elections will become pointless. 
 Regular electoral competition provides incentives to political parties and leaders. They know that if  
    they raise issues that people want to be raised, their popularity and chances of victory will increase   
    in the next elections. But if they fail to satisfy the voters with their work they will not be able to  
    win again. Thus it motivate them to do good things.  
Political competition enlighten people about election and democratic principles and during their   
   competition people can identify the party that they should choose.  
 
NM ISB                                                                       - 120 - 
 
 Q.7.What are the de-merits/disadvantages of political competition? 
 An electoral competition has many demerits. It creates a sense of disunity and ‘factionalism’ in  
    every locality. 
 Different political parties and leaders often level allegations against one another. 
 Parties and candidates often use dirty tricks to win elections. 
 Some people say that the  pressure to win electoral fights does not allow sensible long-term policies  
    to be formulated. 
 Some good people who may wish to serve the country do not enter this arena. They do not like the  
    idea of being dragged into unhealthy competition. 
 
Q.8. How do we deal with the real life situation in political competition?  
i) One way is to try and improve the knowledge and character of political leaders.  
ii) The other and the more realistic way is to set up a system where political leaders are rewarded for  
    serving the people and punished for not doing so.  
 
 Q.9.Distinguish between General Election and By- election. 
 Elections that are held in all constituencies at the same time, either on the same day or within a few  
    Days, after a regular interval of five years are called general elections. 
 Sometimes elections that are held only for one or a few constituencies to fill the vacancies caused  
    by death or resignation of members, these are  called a by-election. 
After a General Election a new government will be formed whereas in a by-election the existing   
    government will not change.  
 
 Q.10.What are Electoral Constituencies? 
In our country we follow an area based system of representation. The country is divided into different 
areas for purposes of elections. These areas are called electoral constituencies. In a constituency only 
one candidate will be elected during election. For Lok Sabha election the country is divided into 543 
constituencies. The representative elected from each constituency is called a Member of Parliament. 
 ( MP)  
 Q.11.What are Reserved Constituencies? 
 Some constituencies are reserved for people who belong to the backward classes like the Scheduled  
    Castes [SC] and Scheduled Tribes [ST]. In a SC reserved constituency only someone who belongs  
    to the Scheduled Castes can stand for election. 
 Similarly only those belonging to the Scheduled Tribes can contest an election from a constituency   
    reserved for ST. Currently, in the Lok Sabha, 79 seats are reserved for the Scheduled Castes and 41  
    for the Scheduled Tribes. 
 It is a measure to include representation for all classes in the legislature.  
 
 Q.12.What is Voter’s List? 
 In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the   
    election and given to everyone. This list is officially called the Electoral Roll and is commonly  
    known as the Voters’ List. 
 This is an important step for it is linked to the first condition of a democratic election: everyone  
     should get an equal opportunity to choose representatives. 
 It contains name, age, sex, fathers name or husband’s name, address and serial  
   number of the voters in a constituency.  
 
NM ISB                                                                       - 121 - 
 
 Q.13.What is meant by Universal Adult Franchise? Why is it adopted in India?  
All the citizens aged 18 years and above, regardless of his or her caste, religion or gender can vote 
in an election. It is known as Universal Adult Franchise. 
It is adopted in India due to the following reasons: Different citizens in India differ from one 
another in many ways; some are rich some are poor; some are highly educated and some are 
literate; some are kind others are not so.  But all of them are human beings with their own needs 
and views.  All of them deserve to have equal say in decisions that affect them. 
 
 Q.14.What is meant by EPIC? 
It is a new system called Election Photo Identity Card [EPIC]. The government has tried to give 
this card to every person on the voters list. The voters are required to carry this card when they go 
out to vote, so that no one can vote for someone else. But the card is not yet compulsory for voting. 
 
 Q.15.What are the different stages of election procedure? 
 Nomination of Candidates 
 Election Campaign 
 Polling and Counting of Votes (Explain points) 
    (Get  points from Q.16, Q.19, and Q.22) 
 
 Q.16.What is meant by Nomination of Candidates? 
 Anyone who can be a voter can become a candidate in elections. The only difference is that in  
    order to be a candidate the minimum age is 25 years, while it is only 18 years for being a voter.   
    There are some other restrictions on criminals etc. 
 Every person who wishes to contest an election has to fill a ‘nomination form’ and register their  
    name on or before the last date of the nomination.   
 
 Q.17.What are the qualifications to become a candidate in an election? 
    Every candidate has to make a legal declaration, giving full details of : 
 No serious criminal cases are  pending against the candidate; 
 Details of the assets and liabilities of the candidate and his or her family; and: 
 Educational qualifications of the candidate 
 
 Q.18.What is the importance and purpose of Election Campaigns? 
 The main purpose of election is to give people a chance to choose the representatives, the  
    government and the policies they prefer. 
 In our country such campaigns take place for a two-week period between the announcement of the  
    final list of candidates and the date of polling. During this period the candidates contact their  
    voters, political leaders address election meetings and political parties mobilize their supporters. 
 In election campaigns, political parties try to focus public attention on some big issues. They want  
    to attract the public to that issue and get them to vote for their party on that basis. 
 
 Q.19.What are the different techniques of Election Campaigns? 
 Publishing Election Manifesto 
 Public Speeches, Sticking of Wall Posters, Issuing Pamphlets 
 Advertisement through mass media 
 Door-to-Door Canvassing etc are the different techniques of Election Campaigns. 
 
NM ISB                                                                       - 122 - 
 
 Q.20.State any 4 important slogans raised by different political parties in India. 
 The Congress party led by Indira Gandhi gave the slogan of Garibi Hatao (Remove poverty) in  
     the Lok Sabha elections of 1971. The party promised to reorient all the policies of the government  
     to remove poverty from the country. 
 Save Democracy was the slogan given by Janata Party in the next Lok Sabha election held in  
    1977. The party promised to undo the excesses committed during Emergency and restore civil  
    liberties. 
 The Left Front used the slogan of Land to the Tiller in the West Bengal Assembly elections held  
     in 1977. 
 ‘Protect the Self-Respect of the Telugus’ was the slogan used by N. T. Rama Rao, the leader of  
     the Telugu Desam Party in Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections in 1983. 
 
 Q.21. Mention the Code-of-conduct of  party and candidates during elections. 
 No party or candidate can bribe or threaten voters; 
 No party or candidate can appeal votes n the name of caste or religion; 
 No party or candidate can use government resources for election campaign; and 
 No party or candidate can spend more than Rs. 25 lakh in a constituency for a Lok Sabha election  
    or Rs. 10 lakh in a constituency in an Assembly election. 
 
 Q.22.How is polling done during an election? 
 Every person whose name is on the voters’ list can go to a nearby ‘polling booth’, situated usually  
    in a local school or a government office. Once the voter goes inside the booth, the election officials  
    identify her, put a mark on her finger( by using indelible ink)  and allow her to cast  vote. An agent  
    of each candidate is allowed to sit inside the polling booth and ensure that the voting takes place in  
    a fair way. 
 Earlier the voters used to indicate who they wanted to vote for by putting a stamp on the ballot  
    paper. A ballot paper is a sheet of paper on which the names of the contesting candidates along  
    with party name and symbols are listed. 
 Nowadays electronic voting machines (EVM) are used to record votes. The machine shows the  
    names of the candidates and the party symbols. 
 Once the polling is over, all the EVMs are sealed and taken to a secure place. A few days later, on a  
    fixed date, all the EVMs from a constituency are opened and the votes secured by each candidate  
    are counted. 
 
 Q.23.State some unfair practices in the conducting of elections in India. 
 Inclusion of false names and exclusion of genuine names in the voters’ list; 
 Misuse of government facilities and officials by the ruling party; 
 Excessive use of money by rich candidates and big parties; and 
 Intimidation of voters and rigging on the polling day. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Read More

Complete Syllabus of Class 9

Content Category

Related Searches

ppt

,

Free

,

Important questions

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

practice quizzes

,

Sample Paper

,

Viva Questions

,

Democratic Politics Class 9 Notes | EduRev

,

Democratic Politics Class 9 Notes | EduRev

,

video lectures

,

past year papers

,

pdf

,

Democratic Politics Class 9 Notes | EduRev

,

Objective type Questions

,

Extra Questions

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Semester Notes

,

mock tests for examination

,

Summary

,

MCQs

,

study material

,

Exam

;