The Story of Village Palampur
Production of any type of goods or services required the services of four factors of Production.
Fig. Production of goods
Farming in Palampur
(a) Fixed land: Farming is the main production activity in Palampur. 75 percent of the working people are dependent on farming for their livelihood. Since 1960 in Palampur, there has been no expansion in land area under cultivation. By then, some of the wastelands in the village had been converted to cultivable land. There exists no further scope to increase farm production by bringing new land under cultivation.
(b) Ways to produce more from the same land: All land is cultivated in Palampur. No land is idle. During the rainy (khalif) season, people grow jowar and bajra which are used as cattle feed. Between Octobers to December they cultivate potatoes. In the winter (or the Rabi) season they sow wheat. a part of the land area is also devoted to sugarcane which is harvested once every year. The main reasons why farmers are able to grow three different crops in a year are:-
(c) Green Revolution:Fig: Green revolutionThe large increase in crop yields, leading to record food production started, in our country from 1960 onwards and marked a turning point in Indian agriculture which has led to the green revolution in our country. The great increase in the production of food grain crops especially the wheat crop in our country during the last 30 years is called the Green Revolution. This is because a sort of revolution has taken place in Indian agriculture leading to enormous food grain production.
The revolution is called because it has led to unprecedented greenery of crops everywhere. The period 1960 to 1980 is also called ‘golden era’ for the record food grain production.
It is because of the green revolution that our country has become salt sufficient in food production and even buffer stocks of food grains have been created for use in the times of natural calamities like drought and floods.
(d) How Electricity help the farmers in Palampur?
(e) Sustainable use of land:Fig: Sustainable use of land
land being a natural resource, it is necessary to be very careful in its use. The modern farming methods have overused the land resource.
(f) Distribution of land between the farmers of Palampur:
(g) Who will provide the labour?
(h) The capital needed in farming:
(i) Most small farmers have to borrow money to arrange for the capital. They borrow from large farmers or the village moneylenders or the traders who supply various inputs for cultivation. The rate of interest on such loans is very high. They are put to great distress to repay the loan.
(ii) In contrast to the small farmers, the medium and large farmers have their own savings from farming. They are thus able to arrange or the capital needed.
(iii) Sale of Surplus Farm Products:
(iv) Small farmers have a little surplus because their total production is small and from this, a substantial share is kept for their own family needs. so, it is the medium and large farmers who supply wheat to the market.
(v) Large and medium farmers sell the surplus farm products. a part of the earnings is saved and kept for buying capital for the next season. Thus, they are able to arrange for the capital for farming from their own savings. Some farmers might also use the savings to buy cattle, trucks, or to set up shops.Fig. Large scale manufacturers
Non Farming Activities in Palampur
(a) Dairy :
Dairy is a common activity in many families of Palampur. People feed their buffalos on various kinds of grass and the jowar and bajra that grow during the Kharif season.
The milk is sold in Raiganj, the nearby large village. Two traders from Shahpur town have set up collection cum chilling centers at Raiganj from where the milk is transported to far away towns and cities.
(b) Small scale manufacturing in Palampur:
Less than fifty people are engaged in manufacturing in Palampur unlike the manufacturing that takes place in the big factories in the big factories in the towns and cities, manufacturing in Palampur involves very simple production methods and are done on a small scale. they are carried out mostly at home or in the fields with the helps of family labor.
(c) The shopkeepers of Palampur:
People involved in the trade (exchange of goods) are not many in Palampur. the traders of Palampur are shopkeepers who buy various goods from wholesale markets in the cities and sell them in the village.
There are a few small general stores in the village selling a wide range of items like rice, wheat, sugar, tea, oil, biscuits, soap, toothpaste, batteries, candies, notebooks, pen, pencil, and even some cloth.
there are a variety of vehicles on the road connecting Palampur to Raiganj. Rickshawalas, tanga walas, jeep, tractor, truck drivers and people driving the traditional bullock cart and bogey are people in the transport services. They ferry people and goods from one place to another, and in return get paid for it.