JEE  >  Detailed Syllabus of BITSAT

# Detailed Syllabus of BITSAT - Notes | Study BITSAT Mock Tests Series & Past Year Papers - JEE

``` Page 1

IX

Annexure
Syllabus for BITSAT-2021
Part I: Physics
1. Units & Measurement
1.1 Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
1.2 Dimensional Analysis
1.3 Precision and significant figures
1.4 Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc)
2. Kinematics
2.1 Properties of vectors
2.2 Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
2.3 Motion with constant acceleration
2.4 Projectile motion
2.5 Uniform circular motion
2.6 Relative motion
3. Newton’s Laws of Motion
3.1 Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
3.2 Motion on an inclined plane
3.3 Motion of blocks with pulley systems
3.4 Circular motion – centripetal force
3.5 Inertial and non-inertial frames
4. Impulse and Momentum
4.1 Definition of impulse and momentum
4.2 Conservation of momentum
4.3 Collisions
4.4 Momentum of a system of particles
4.5 Center of mass
5. Work and Energy
5.1 Work done by a force
5.2 Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
5.3 Power
5.4 Conservative forces and potential energy
5.5 Conservation of mechanical energy
6. Rotational Motion
6.1 Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)
6.2 Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
6.3 Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
6.4 Torque and angular momentum
6.5 Conservation of angular momentum
6.6 Rolling motion

Page 2

IX

Annexure
Syllabus for BITSAT-2021
Part I: Physics
1. Units & Measurement
1.1 Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
1.2 Dimensional Analysis
1.3 Precision and significant figures
1.4 Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc)
2. Kinematics
2.1 Properties of vectors
2.2 Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
2.3 Motion with constant acceleration
2.4 Projectile motion
2.5 Uniform circular motion
2.6 Relative motion
3. Newton’s Laws of Motion
3.1 Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
3.2 Motion on an inclined plane
3.3 Motion of blocks with pulley systems
3.4 Circular motion – centripetal force
3.5 Inertial and non-inertial frames
4. Impulse and Momentum
4.1 Definition of impulse and momentum
4.2 Conservation of momentum
4.3 Collisions
4.4 Momentum of a system of particles
4.5 Center of mass
5. Work and Energy
5.1 Work done by a force
5.2 Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
5.3 Power
5.4 Conservative forces and potential energy
5.5 Conservation of mechanical energy
6. Rotational Motion
6.1 Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)
6.2 Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
6.3 Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
6.4 Torque and angular momentum
6.5 Conservation of angular momentum
6.6 Rolling motion

X

7. Gravitation
7.1 Newton’s law of gravitation
7.2 Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
7.3 Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws, satellite motion
8. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids
8.1 Elasticity
8.2 Pressure, density and Archimedes’ principle
8.3 Viscosity and Surface Tension
8.4 Bernoulli’s theorem
9. Oscillations
9.1 Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
9.2 Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
9.3 Forced & damped oscillations, resonance
10. Waves
10.1  Progressive sinusoidal waves
10.2  Standing waves in strings and pipes
10.3  Superposition of waves, beats
10.4  Doppler Effect
11. Heat and Thermodynamics
11.1   Kinetic theory of gases
11.2   Thermal equilibrium and temperature
11.3 Specific heat, Heat Transfer - Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity,
Newton’s law  of cooling Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
11.4 2
nd
law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance
12. Electrostatics
12.1 Coulomb’s law
12.2 Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distributions)
12.3 Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
12.4 Gauss’ law and its applications
12.5 Electric dipole
12.6 Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel)
13. Current Electricity
13.1 Ohm’s law, Joule heating
13.2 D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws, potentiometer and
Wheatstone bridge
13.3 Electrical Resistance (Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity).
14. Magnetic Effect of Current
14.1 Biot-Savart’s law and its applications
14.2 Ampere’s law and its applications
14.3 Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field
14.4 Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion
to voltmeter and ammeter

Page 3

IX

Annexure
Syllabus for BITSAT-2021
Part I: Physics
1. Units & Measurement
1.1 Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
1.2 Dimensional Analysis
1.3 Precision and significant figures
1.4 Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc)
2. Kinematics
2.1 Properties of vectors
2.2 Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
2.3 Motion with constant acceleration
2.4 Projectile motion
2.5 Uniform circular motion
2.6 Relative motion
3. Newton’s Laws of Motion
3.1 Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
3.2 Motion on an inclined plane
3.3 Motion of blocks with pulley systems
3.4 Circular motion – centripetal force
3.5 Inertial and non-inertial frames
4. Impulse and Momentum
4.1 Definition of impulse and momentum
4.2 Conservation of momentum
4.3 Collisions
4.4 Momentum of a system of particles
4.5 Center of mass
5. Work and Energy
5.1 Work done by a force
5.2 Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
5.3 Power
5.4 Conservative forces and potential energy
5.5 Conservation of mechanical energy
6. Rotational Motion
6.1 Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)
6.2 Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
6.3 Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
6.4 Torque and angular momentum
6.5 Conservation of angular momentum
6.6 Rolling motion

X

7. Gravitation
7.1 Newton’s law of gravitation
7.2 Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
7.3 Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws, satellite motion
8. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids
8.1 Elasticity
8.2 Pressure, density and Archimedes’ principle
8.3 Viscosity and Surface Tension
8.4 Bernoulli’s theorem
9. Oscillations
9.1 Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
9.2 Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
9.3 Forced & damped oscillations, resonance
10. Waves
10.1  Progressive sinusoidal waves
10.2  Standing waves in strings and pipes
10.3  Superposition of waves, beats
10.4  Doppler Effect
11. Heat and Thermodynamics
11.1   Kinetic theory of gases
11.2   Thermal equilibrium and temperature
11.3 Specific heat, Heat Transfer - Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity,
Newton’s law  of cooling Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
11.4 2
nd
law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance
12. Electrostatics
12.1 Coulomb’s law
12.2 Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distributions)
12.3 Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
12.4 Gauss’ law and its applications
12.5 Electric dipole
12.6 Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel)
13. Current Electricity
13.1 Ohm’s law, Joule heating
13.2 D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws, potentiometer and
Wheatstone bridge
13.3 Electrical Resistance (Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity).
14. Magnetic Effect of Current
14.1 Biot-Savart’s law and its applications
14.2 Ampere’s law and its applications
14.3 Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field
14.4 Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion
to voltmeter and ammeter

XI

15. Electromagnetic Induction
15.1 Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy currents
15.2 Self and mutual inductance
15.3 Transformers and generators
15.4 Alternating current (peak and rms value)
15.5 AC circuits, LCR circuits
16. Optics
16.1 Laws of reflection and refraction
16.2 Lenses and mirrors
16.3 Optical instruments – telescope and microscope
16.4 Interference – Huygen’s principle, Young’s double slit experiment
16.5 Interference in thin films
16.6 Diffraction due to a single slit
16.7 Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic
spectrum
16.8 Polarization – states of polarization, Malus’ law, Brewster’s law
17. Modern Physics
17.1 Dual nature of light and matter – Photoelectric effect, De Broglie wavelength
17.2 Atomic models – Rutherford’s experiment, Bohr’s atomic model
17.3 Hydrogen atom spectrum
17.5 Nuclear reactions : Fission and fusion, binding energy
18. Electronic Devices
18.1 Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
18.2 Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-
V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage
regulator.
18.3 Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier
(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
18.4 Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.
Part II: Chemistry
1. States of Matter
1.1 Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant
figures.
1.2 Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept;
Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular formula;
Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry
1.3 Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points
Gaseous state: Gas Laws, ideal behavior, ideal gas equation, empirical derivation of gas
equation, Avogadro number, Deviation from ideal behaviour – Critical temperature, Liquefaction
of gases, van der Waals equation.
1.4 Liquid state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.
1.5 Solid state: Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell in two dimensional and three
dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell – Cubic & hexagonal systems; Close
packing; Crystal structures: Simple AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals – diamond
& graphite, metals. Voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, Imperfections- Point
Page 4

IX

Annexure
Syllabus for BITSAT-2021
Part I: Physics
1. Units & Measurement
1.1 Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
1.2 Dimensional Analysis
1.3 Precision and significant figures
1.4 Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc)
2. Kinematics
2.1 Properties of vectors
2.2 Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
2.3 Motion with constant acceleration
2.4 Projectile motion
2.5 Uniform circular motion
2.6 Relative motion
3. Newton’s Laws of Motion
3.1 Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
3.2 Motion on an inclined plane
3.3 Motion of blocks with pulley systems
3.4 Circular motion – centripetal force
3.5 Inertial and non-inertial frames
4. Impulse and Momentum
4.1 Definition of impulse and momentum
4.2 Conservation of momentum
4.3 Collisions
4.4 Momentum of a system of particles
4.5 Center of mass
5. Work and Energy
5.1 Work done by a force
5.2 Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
5.3 Power
5.4 Conservative forces and potential energy
5.5 Conservation of mechanical energy
6. Rotational Motion
6.1 Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)
6.2 Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
6.3 Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
6.4 Torque and angular momentum
6.5 Conservation of angular momentum
6.6 Rolling motion

X

7. Gravitation
7.1 Newton’s law of gravitation
7.2 Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
7.3 Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws, satellite motion
8. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids
8.1 Elasticity
8.2 Pressure, density and Archimedes’ principle
8.3 Viscosity and Surface Tension
8.4 Bernoulli’s theorem
9. Oscillations
9.1 Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
9.2 Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
9.3 Forced & damped oscillations, resonance
10. Waves
10.1  Progressive sinusoidal waves
10.2  Standing waves in strings and pipes
10.3  Superposition of waves, beats
10.4  Doppler Effect
11. Heat and Thermodynamics
11.1   Kinetic theory of gases
11.2   Thermal equilibrium and temperature
11.3 Specific heat, Heat Transfer - Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity,
Newton’s law  of cooling Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
11.4 2
nd
law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance
12. Electrostatics
12.1 Coulomb’s law
12.2 Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distributions)
12.3 Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
12.4 Gauss’ law and its applications
12.5 Electric dipole
12.6 Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel)
13. Current Electricity
13.1 Ohm’s law, Joule heating
13.2 D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws, potentiometer and
Wheatstone bridge
13.3 Electrical Resistance (Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity).
14. Magnetic Effect of Current
14.1 Biot-Savart’s law and its applications
14.2 Ampere’s law and its applications
14.3 Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field
14.4 Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion
to voltmeter and ammeter

XI

15. Electromagnetic Induction
15.1 Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy currents
15.2 Self and mutual inductance
15.3 Transformers and generators
15.4 Alternating current (peak and rms value)
15.5 AC circuits, LCR circuits
16. Optics
16.1 Laws of reflection and refraction
16.2 Lenses and mirrors
16.3 Optical instruments – telescope and microscope
16.4 Interference – Huygen’s principle, Young’s double slit experiment
16.5 Interference in thin films
16.6 Diffraction due to a single slit
16.7 Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic
spectrum
16.8 Polarization – states of polarization, Malus’ law, Brewster’s law
17. Modern Physics
17.1 Dual nature of light and matter – Photoelectric effect, De Broglie wavelength
17.2 Atomic models – Rutherford’s experiment, Bohr’s atomic model
17.3 Hydrogen atom spectrum
17.5 Nuclear reactions : Fission and fusion, binding energy
18. Electronic Devices
18.1 Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
18.2 Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-
V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage
regulator.
18.3 Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier
(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
18.4 Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.
Part II: Chemistry
1. States of Matter
1.1 Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant
figures.
1.2 Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept;
Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular formula;
Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry
1.3 Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points
Gaseous state: Gas Laws, ideal behavior, ideal gas equation, empirical derivation of gas
equation, Avogadro number, Deviation from ideal behaviour – Critical temperature, Liquefaction
of gases, van der Waals equation.
1.4 Liquid state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.
1.5 Solid state: Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell in two dimensional and three
dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell – Cubic & hexagonal systems; Close
packing; Crystal structures: Simple AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals – diamond
& graphite, metals. Voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, Imperfections- Point
XII

defects, non-stoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties; Amorphous
solids – qualitative description. Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and
insulators, and n- and p- type semiconductors.
2. Atomic Structure
2.1 Introduction: Subatomic particles; Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Thompson’s model and
its limitations, Rutherford’s picture of atom and its limitations; Hydrogen atom spectrum and Bohr
model and its limitations.
2.2 Quantum mechanics: Wave-particle duality – de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen
atom: Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p, and d), Spin
quantum number.
2.3 Many electron atoms: Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle and the electronic configuration
of atoms, Hund’s rule.
3. Periodicity: Brief history of the development of periodic tables Periodic law and the modern
periodic table; Types of elements: s, p, d, and f blocks; Periodic trends: ionization energy, atomic,
and ionic radii, inter gas radii, electron affinity, electro negativity and valency. Nomenclature of
elements with atomic number greater than 100.Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure
3.1 Valence electrons, Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle; Covalent character of ionic
bonds and polar character of covalent bond, bond parameters
3.2 Molecular Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes
3.3 Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory- Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridization (s,
p & d orbitals only), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory- Methodology, Orbital energy level
diagram, Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species (qualitative idea
only).
3.4 Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.
4. Thermodynamics
4.1 Basic Concepts: Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive Properties;
Zeroth Law and Temperature
4.2 First Law of Thermodynamics: Work, internal energy, heat, enthalpy, heat capacities and specific
heats, measurements of ?U and ?H, Enthalpies of formation, phase transformation, ionization,
electron gain; Thermochemistry; Hess’s Law, Enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion,
atomization, sublimation, solution and dilution
4.3 Second Law: Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to
spontaneity and non-spontaneity, non-mechanical work; Standard free energies of formation,
free energy change and chemical equilibrium
4.4 Third Law: Introduction
5. Physical and Chemical Equilibria
5.1 Concentration Units: Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality
5.2 Solutions: Solubility of solids and gases in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoult’s law, Relative
lowering of vapor pressure, depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic
pressure, determination of molecular mass; solid solutions, abnormal molecular mass, van’t  Hoff
factor. Equilibrium: Dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action
5.3 Physical Equilibrium: Equilibria involving physical changes (solid-liquid, liquid-gas, solid-gas),
and emulsion, classification, preparation, uses.
5.4 Chemical Equilibria: Equilibrium constants (KP, KC), Factors affecting equilibrium, Le- Chatelier’s
principle.
5.5 Ionic Equilibria: Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases (Arrhenius, Lewis, Lowry and
Bronsted) and their dissociation; degree of ionization, Ionization of Water; ionization of polybasic
acids, pH; Buffer solutions; Henderson equation, Acid-base titrations; Hydrolysis; Solubility
Product of Sparingly Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect.
5.6 Factors Affecting Equilibria: Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts, Significance of
G and G
0
in Chemical Equilibria.
6. Electrochemistry
6.1 Redox Reactions: Oxidation-reduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation number;
Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode
potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Factors affecting the electrode potential;
Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Secondary cells; dry cells, Fuel cells; Corrosion and its
Page 5

IX

Annexure
Syllabus for BITSAT-2021
Part I: Physics
1. Units & Measurement
1.1 Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
1.2 Dimensional Analysis
1.3 Precision and significant figures
1.4 Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc)
2. Kinematics
2.1 Properties of vectors
2.2 Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
2.3 Motion with constant acceleration
2.4 Projectile motion
2.5 Uniform circular motion
2.6 Relative motion
3. Newton’s Laws of Motion
3.1 Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
3.2 Motion on an inclined plane
3.3 Motion of blocks with pulley systems
3.4 Circular motion – centripetal force
3.5 Inertial and non-inertial frames
4. Impulse and Momentum
4.1 Definition of impulse and momentum
4.2 Conservation of momentum
4.3 Collisions
4.4 Momentum of a system of particles
4.5 Center of mass
5. Work and Energy
5.1 Work done by a force
5.2 Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
5.3 Power
5.4 Conservative forces and potential energy
5.5 Conservation of mechanical energy
6. Rotational Motion
6.1 Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)
6.2 Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
6.3 Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
6.4 Torque and angular momentum
6.5 Conservation of angular momentum
6.6 Rolling motion

X

7. Gravitation
7.1 Newton’s law of gravitation
7.2 Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
7.3 Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws, satellite motion
8. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids
8.1 Elasticity
8.2 Pressure, density and Archimedes’ principle
8.3 Viscosity and Surface Tension
8.4 Bernoulli’s theorem
9. Oscillations
9.1 Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
9.2 Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
9.3 Forced & damped oscillations, resonance
10. Waves
10.1  Progressive sinusoidal waves
10.2  Standing waves in strings and pipes
10.3  Superposition of waves, beats
10.4  Doppler Effect
11. Heat and Thermodynamics
11.1   Kinetic theory of gases
11.2   Thermal equilibrium and temperature
11.3 Specific heat, Heat Transfer - Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity,
Newton’s law  of cooling Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
11.4 2
nd
law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance
12. Electrostatics
12.1 Coulomb’s law
12.2 Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distributions)
12.3 Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
12.4 Gauss’ law and its applications
12.5 Electric dipole
12.6 Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel)
13. Current Electricity
13.1 Ohm’s law, Joule heating
13.2 D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws, potentiometer and
Wheatstone bridge
13.3 Electrical Resistance (Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity).
14. Magnetic Effect of Current
14.1 Biot-Savart’s law and its applications
14.2 Ampere’s law and its applications
14.3 Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field
14.4 Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion
to voltmeter and ammeter

XI

15. Electromagnetic Induction
15.1 Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy currents
15.2 Self and mutual inductance
15.3 Transformers and generators
15.4 Alternating current (peak and rms value)
15.5 AC circuits, LCR circuits
16. Optics
16.1 Laws of reflection and refraction
16.2 Lenses and mirrors
16.3 Optical instruments – telescope and microscope
16.4 Interference – Huygen’s principle, Young’s double slit experiment
16.5 Interference in thin films
16.6 Diffraction due to a single slit
16.7 Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic
spectrum
16.8 Polarization – states of polarization, Malus’ law, Brewster’s law
17. Modern Physics
17.1 Dual nature of light and matter – Photoelectric effect, De Broglie wavelength
17.2 Atomic models – Rutherford’s experiment, Bohr’s atomic model
17.3 Hydrogen atom spectrum
17.5 Nuclear reactions : Fission and fusion, binding energy
18. Electronic Devices
18.1 Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
18.2 Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-
V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage
regulator.
18.3 Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier
(common emitter configuration) and oscillator
18.4 Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.
Part II: Chemistry
1. States of Matter
1.1 Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant
figures.
1.2 Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept;
Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular formula;
Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry
1.3 Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points
Gaseous state: Gas Laws, ideal behavior, ideal gas equation, empirical derivation of gas
equation, Avogadro number, Deviation from ideal behaviour – Critical temperature, Liquefaction
of gases, van der Waals equation.
1.4 Liquid state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.
1.5 Solid state: Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell in two dimensional and three
dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell – Cubic & hexagonal systems; Close
packing; Crystal structures: Simple AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals – diamond
& graphite, metals. Voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, Imperfections- Point
XII

defects, non-stoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties; Amorphous
solids – qualitative description. Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and
insulators, and n- and p- type semiconductors.
2. Atomic Structure
2.1 Introduction: Subatomic particles; Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Thompson’s model and
its limitations, Rutherford’s picture of atom and its limitations; Hydrogen atom spectrum and Bohr
model and its limitations.
2.2 Quantum mechanics: Wave-particle duality – de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen
atom: Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p, and d), Spin
quantum number.
2.3 Many electron atoms: Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle and the electronic configuration
of atoms, Hund’s rule.
3. Periodicity: Brief history of the development of periodic tables Periodic law and the modern
periodic table; Types of elements: s, p, d, and f blocks; Periodic trends: ionization energy, atomic,
and ionic radii, inter gas radii, electron affinity, electro negativity and valency. Nomenclature of
elements with atomic number greater than 100.Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure
3.1 Valence electrons, Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle; Covalent character of ionic
bonds and polar character of covalent bond, bond parameters
3.2 Molecular Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes
3.3 Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory- Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridization (s,
p & d orbitals only), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory- Methodology, Orbital energy level
diagram, Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species (qualitative idea
only).
3.4 Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.
4. Thermodynamics
4.1 Basic Concepts: Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive Properties;
Zeroth Law and Temperature
4.2 First Law of Thermodynamics: Work, internal energy, heat, enthalpy, heat capacities and specific
heats, measurements of ?U and ?H, Enthalpies of formation, phase transformation, ionization,
electron gain; Thermochemistry; Hess’s Law, Enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion,
atomization, sublimation, solution and dilution
4.3 Second Law: Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to
spontaneity and non-spontaneity, non-mechanical work; Standard free energies of formation,
free energy change and chemical equilibrium
4.4 Third Law: Introduction
5. Physical and Chemical Equilibria
5.1 Concentration Units: Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality
5.2 Solutions: Solubility of solids and gases in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoult’s law, Relative
lowering of vapor pressure, depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic
pressure, determination of molecular mass; solid solutions, abnormal molecular mass, van’t  Hoff
factor. Equilibrium: Dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action
5.3 Physical Equilibrium: Equilibria involving physical changes (solid-liquid, liquid-gas, solid-gas),
and emulsion, classification, preparation, uses.
5.4 Chemical Equilibria: Equilibrium constants (KP, KC), Factors affecting equilibrium, Le- Chatelier’s
principle.
5.5 Ionic Equilibria: Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases (Arrhenius, Lewis, Lowry and
Bronsted) and their dissociation; degree of ionization, Ionization of Water; ionization of polybasic
acids, pH; Buffer solutions; Henderson equation, Acid-base titrations; Hydrolysis; Solubility
Product of Sparingly Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect.
5.6 Factors Affecting Equilibria: Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts, Significance of
G and G
0
in Chemical Equilibria.
6. Electrochemistry
6.1 Redox Reactions: Oxidation-reduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation number;
Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode
potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Factors affecting the electrode potential;
Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Secondary cells; dry cells, Fuel cells; Corrosion and its
XIII

prevention.
6.2 Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific and molar conductivities; variations
of conductivity with concentration , Kolhrausch’s Law and its application, Electrolysis,
Faraday’s laws of electrolysis; Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of the
chemicals, NaOH, Na, Al.
7. Chemical Kinetics
7.1 Aspects of Kinetics: Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant; Order and
molecularity of the reaction; Integrated rate expressions and half-life for zero and first order
reactions.
7.2 Factor Affecting the Rate of the Reactions: Concentration of the reactants, catalyst; size of
particles, Temperature dependence of rate constant concept of collision theory (elementary idea,
no mathematical treatment); Activation energy.
of gasses on solids; catalysis: homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme
catalysis, colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic,
lyophobic multi molecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect,
Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulations; emulsions–types of emulsions.
8. Hydrogen and s-block elements
8.1 Hydrogen: Element: unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes; Dihydrogen:
preparation, properties, reactions, and uses; Molecular, saline, ionic, covalent, interstitial
hydrides; Water: Properties; Structure and aggregation of water molecules; Heavy water;
Hydrogen peroxide: preparation, reaction, structure & use, Hydrogen as a fuel.
8.2 s-block elements: Abundance and occurrence; Anomalous properties of the first elements in
each group; diagonal relationships; trends in the variation of properties (ionization energy, atomic
8.3 Alkali metals: Lithium, sodium and potassium: occurrence, extraction, reactivity, and electrode
potentials; Biological importance; Reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens water; Basic
nature of oxides and hydroxides; Halides; Properties and uses of compounds such as NaCl,
Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCl, and KOH.
8.4 Alkaline earth metals: Magnesium and calcium: Occurrence, extraction, reactivity and electrode
potentials; Reactions with O2, H2O, H2 and halogens; Solubility and thermal stability of oxo salts;
Biological importance of Ca and Mg; Preparation, properties and uses of important compounds
such as CaO, Ca(OH)2, plaster of Paris, MgSO4, MgCl2, CaCO3, and CaSO4.
9. p- d- and f-block elements
9.1 General: Abundance, distribution, physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of
elements; Trends in chemical reactivity of elements of a group; electronic configuration, oxidation
states; anomalous properties of first element of each group.
9.2 Group 13 elements: Boron; Properties and uses of borax, boric acid, boron hydrides & halides.
Reaction of aluminum with acids and alkalis;
9.3 Group 14 elements: Carbon: carbon catenation, physical & chemical properties, uses, allotropes
(graphite, diamond, fullerenes), oxides, halides and sulphides, carbides; Silicon: Silica, silicates,
silicone, silicon tetrachloride, Zeolites, and their uses
9.4 Group 15 elements: Dinitrogen; Preparation, reactivity and uses of nitrogen; Industrial and
biological nitrogen fixation; Compound of nitrogen; Ammonia: Haber’s process, properties and
reactions; Oxides of nitrogen and their structures; Properties and Ostwald’s process of nitric acid
production; Fertilizers – NPK type; Production of phosphorus; Allotropes of phosphorus;
Preparation, structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids (elementary idea only) and
halides of phosphorus, phosphine.
9.5 Group 16 elements: Isolation and chemical reactivity of dioxygen; Acidic, basic and amphoteric
oxides; Preparation, structure and properties of ozone; Allotropes of sulphur;
Preparation/production properties and uses of sulphur dioxide and sulphuric acid; Structure and
properties of oxides, oxoacids (structures only).
9.6 Group 17 and group 18 elements: Structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids of
halogens (structures only); preparation, properties & uses of chlorine & HCl; Inter halogen
compounds; Bleaching Powder; Uses of Group 18 elements, Preparation, structure and reactions
of xenon fluorides, oxides, and oxoacids.
9.7 d-Block elements: General trends in the chemistry of first row transition elements; Metallic
character; Oxidation state; ionization enthalpy; Ionic radii; Color; Catalytic properties; Magnetic
```

## BITSAT Mock Tests Series & Past Year Papers

2 videos|15 docs|70 tests

## BITSAT Mock Tests Series & Past Year Papers

2 videos|15 docs|70 tests

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