Page 1 Module 3 : Sampling and Reconstruction Lecture 28 : Discrete time Fourier transform and its Properties Objectives: Scope of this Lecture: In the previous lecture we defined digital signal processing and understood its features. The general procedure is to convert the Continuous Time signal into Discrete Time signal. Then we try to obtain back the original signal. In this lecture we will study the concepts of Discrete time Fourier Transform and Signal Representation. Representation of discrete time periodic signal . Discrete Time Fourier Transform (DTFT) of an aperiodic discrete time signal . Another way of representing DTFT of a periodic discrete time signal. Properties of DTFT Representation of Discrete periodic signal. A periodic discrete time signal x[n] with period N can be represented as a Fourier series: where Here the summation ranges over any consecutive N integers of x[n], where N is the period of the discrete time signal x[n]. Here equation (i) is called the Synthesis Equation and equation (ii) is called the Analysis Equation. Now since x[n] is periodic with period N; the Fourier series coefficients are related as; Discrete Time Fourier Transform of an aperiodic discrete time signal Given a general aperiodic signal of finite duration, that is; for some integer N, . From this aperiodic signal we can construct a periodic signal for which is one period. As we chose period N to be larger than the duration of , is identical to . As the period , for any finite value of n. Flash File Page 2 Module 3 : Sampling and Reconstruction Lecture 28 : Discrete time Fourier transform and its Properties Objectives: Scope of this Lecture: In the previous lecture we defined digital signal processing and understood its features. The general procedure is to convert the Continuous Time signal into Discrete Time signal. Then we try to obtain back the original signal. In this lecture we will study the concepts of Discrete time Fourier Transform and Signal Representation. Representation of discrete time periodic signal . Discrete Time Fourier Transform (DTFT) of an aperiodic discrete time signal . Another way of representing DTFT of a periodic discrete time signal. Properties of DTFT Representation of Discrete periodic signal. A periodic discrete time signal x[n] with period N can be represented as a Fourier series: where Here the summation ranges over any consecutive N integers of x[n], where N is the period of the discrete time signal x[n]. Here equation (i) is called the Synthesis Equation and equation (ii) is called the Analysis Equation. Now since x[n] is periodic with period N; the Fourier series coefficients are related as; Discrete Time Fourier Transform of an aperiodic discrete time signal Given a general aperiodic signal of finite duration, that is; for some integer N, . From this aperiodic signal we can construct a periodic signal for which is one period. As we chose period N to be larger than the duration of , is identical to . As the period , for any finite value of n. Flash File The Fourier series representation of is : Since over a period that includes the interval , it is convenient to choose the interval of summation to be this period, so that can be replaced by in the summation. Therefore, Flash File Another way of representing DTFT of a periodic discrete signal In continuous time, the fourier transform of is an impulse at .However in discrete time ,for signal the discrete time fourier transform is periodic in with period . The DTFT of is a train of impulses at i.e Fourier Transform can be written as : Consider a periodic sequence x[n] with period N and with fourier series representation Then discrete time Fourier Transform of a periodic signal x[n] with period N can be written as : Page 3 Module 3 : Sampling and Reconstruction Lecture 28 : Discrete time Fourier transform and its Properties Objectives: Scope of this Lecture: In the previous lecture we defined digital signal processing and understood its features. The general procedure is to convert the Continuous Time signal into Discrete Time signal. Then we try to obtain back the original signal. In this lecture we will study the concepts of Discrete time Fourier Transform and Signal Representation. Representation of discrete time periodic signal . Discrete Time Fourier Transform (DTFT) of an aperiodic discrete time signal . Another way of representing DTFT of a periodic discrete time signal. Properties of DTFT Representation of Discrete periodic signal. A periodic discrete time signal x[n] with period N can be represented as a Fourier series: where Here the summation ranges over any consecutive N integers of x[n], where N is the period of the discrete time signal x[n]. Here equation (i) is called the Synthesis Equation and equation (ii) is called the Analysis Equation. Now since x[n] is periodic with period N; the Fourier series coefficients are related as; Discrete Time Fourier Transform of an aperiodic discrete time signal Given a general aperiodic signal of finite duration, that is; for some integer N, . From this aperiodic signal we can construct a periodic signal for which is one period. As we chose period N to be larger than the duration of , is identical to . As the period , for any finite value of n. Flash File The Fourier series representation of is : Since over a period that includes the interval , it is convenient to choose the interval of summation to be this period, so that can be replaced by in the summation. Therefore, Flash File Another way of representing DTFT of a periodic discrete signal In continuous time, the fourier transform of is an impulse at .However in discrete time ,for signal the discrete time fourier transform is periodic in with period . The DTFT of is a train of impulses at i.e Fourier Transform can be written as : Consider a periodic sequence x[n] with period N and with fourier series representation Then discrete time Fourier Transform of a periodic signal x[n] with period N can be written as : Properties of DTFT Periodicity: Linearity: The DTFT is linear. If and then Stability: The DTFT is an unstable system i.e the input x[n] gives an unbounded output. Example : If x[n] = 1 for all n then DTFT diverges i.e Unbounded output. Time Shifting and Frequency Shifting: If, then, and, Time and Frequency Scaling: Time reversal Let us find the DTFT of x[-n] Page 4 Module 3 : Sampling and Reconstruction Lecture 28 : Discrete time Fourier transform and its Properties Objectives: Scope of this Lecture: In the previous lecture we defined digital signal processing and understood its features. The general procedure is to convert the Continuous Time signal into Discrete Time signal. Then we try to obtain back the original signal. In this lecture we will study the concepts of Discrete time Fourier Transform and Signal Representation. Representation of discrete time periodic signal . Discrete Time Fourier Transform (DTFT) of an aperiodic discrete time signal . Another way of representing DTFT of a periodic discrete time signal. Properties of DTFT Representation of Discrete periodic signal. A periodic discrete time signal x[n] with period N can be represented as a Fourier series: where Here the summation ranges over any consecutive N integers of x[n], where N is the period of the discrete time signal x[n]. Here equation (i) is called the Synthesis Equation and equation (ii) is called the Analysis Equation. Now since x[n] is periodic with period N; the Fourier series coefficients are related as; Discrete Time Fourier Transform of an aperiodic discrete time signal Given a general aperiodic signal of finite duration, that is; for some integer N, . From this aperiodic signal we can construct a periodic signal for which is one period. As we chose period N to be larger than the duration of , is identical to . As the period , for any finite value of n. Flash File The Fourier series representation of is : Since over a period that includes the interval , it is convenient to choose the interval of summation to be this period, so that can be replaced by in the summation. Therefore, Flash File Another way of representing DTFT of a periodic discrete signal In continuous time, the fourier transform of is an impulse at .However in discrete time ,for signal the discrete time fourier transform is periodic in with period . The DTFT of is a train of impulses at i.e Fourier Transform can be written as : Consider a periodic sequence x[n] with period N and with fourier series representation Then discrete time Fourier Transform of a periodic signal x[n] with period N can be written as : Properties of DTFT Periodicity: Linearity: The DTFT is linear. If and then Stability: The DTFT is an unstable system i.e the input x[n] gives an unbounded output. Example : If x[n] = 1 for all n then DTFT diverges i.e Unbounded output. Time Shifting and Frequency Shifting: If, then, and, Time and Frequency Scaling: Time reversal Let us find the DTFT of x[-n] Time expansion: It is very difficult for us to define x[an] when a is not an integer. However if a is an integer other than 1 or -1 then the original signal is not just speeded up. Since n can take only integer values, the resulting signal consists of samples of x[n] at an. If k is a positive integer, and we define the signal then Convolution Property : Let h[n] be the impulse response of a discrete time LSI system. Then the frequency response of the LSI system is Now and If then Proof now put n-k =m, for fixed k, Page 5 Module 3 : Sampling and Reconstruction Lecture 28 : Discrete time Fourier transform and its Properties Objectives: Scope of this Lecture: In the previous lecture we defined digital signal processing and understood its features. The general procedure is to convert the Continuous Time signal into Discrete Time signal. Then we try to obtain back the original signal. In this lecture we will study the concepts of Discrete time Fourier Transform and Signal Representation. Representation of discrete time periodic signal . Discrete Time Fourier Transform (DTFT) of an aperiodic discrete time signal . Another way of representing DTFT of a periodic discrete time signal. Properties of DTFT Representation of Discrete periodic signal. A periodic discrete time signal x[n] with period N can be represented as a Fourier series: where Here the summation ranges over any consecutive N integers of x[n], where N is the period of the discrete time signal x[n]. Here equation (i) is called the Synthesis Equation and equation (ii) is called the Analysis Equation. Now since x[n] is periodic with period N; the Fourier series coefficients are related as; Discrete Time Fourier Transform of an aperiodic discrete time signal Given a general aperiodic signal of finite duration, that is; for some integer N, . From this aperiodic signal we can construct a periodic signal for which is one period. As we chose period N to be larger than the duration of , is identical to . As the period , for any finite value of n. Flash File The Fourier series representation of is : Since over a period that includes the interval , it is convenient to choose the interval of summation to be this period, so that can be replaced by in the summation. Therefore, Flash File Another way of representing DTFT of a periodic discrete signal In continuous time, the fourier transform of is an impulse at .However in discrete time ,for signal the discrete time fourier transform is periodic in with period . The DTFT of is a train of impulses at i.e Fourier Transform can be written as : Consider a periodic sequence x[n] with period N and with fourier series representation Then discrete time Fourier Transform of a periodic signal x[n] with period N can be written as : Properties of DTFT Periodicity: Linearity: The DTFT is linear. If and then Stability: The DTFT is an unstable system i.e the input x[n] gives an unbounded output. Example : If x[n] = 1 for all n then DTFT diverges i.e Unbounded output. Time Shifting and Frequency Shifting: If, then, and, Time and Frequency Scaling: Time reversal Let us find the DTFT of x[-n] Time expansion: It is very difficult for us to define x[an] when a is not an integer. However if a is an integer other than 1 or -1 then the original signal is not just speeded up. Since n can take only integer values, the resulting signal consists of samples of x[n] at an. If k is a positive integer, and we define the signal then Convolution Property : Let h[n] be the impulse response of a discrete time LSI system. Then the frequency response of the LSI system is Now and If then Proof now put n-k =m, for fixed k, This is a very useful result. Symmetry Property: If then Proof Furthermore if x[n] is real then, The DTFT of Cross-Correlation Sequence between x[n] and h[n] If the DTFT of the cross correlation sequence between x[n] and h[n] exists then, In particular,Read More

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