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Discursive Passage - 4 - English Grammar Advanced - Class 10

Read the following passage carefully:

1. Frankness may be among the most overrated of virtues! And here’s why. Because unrestricted and unfiltered frankness is a recipe for breaking relationships, even the closest ones. Such frankness is understandable, acceptable and even ‘cute’ only in children under the age of five.

2. Thinking before one speaks and using restraint are hallmarks of growing maturity and preparation for life. Learning to put a filter between thought and spoken word (and, even more importantly, written word) is an important life skill. Think is a popular acronym for Trúe, Helpful, Inspiring, Necessary and Kind. This would do wonderfully well as a filter in our minds.

3. It is good to speak what’s true, but only along with the other attributes in the acronym, particularly the last one, kindness. In the righteous glow of speaking what we see as the truth, we often forget to be kind. We blurt out ‘truths’ even when it is totally unhelpful and unnecessary to do so, let alone inspiring! Too often, such truth–telling is destructive rather than noble. Only those who do not care about the consequences can afford the luxury of ‘speaking their minds’ whenever and wherever they please. When relationships are at stake, it is essential to choose the time, place and words appropriately when imparting unpleasant truths. And even then, only when absolutely necessary and with the utmost kindness.

4. Speaking without forethought can be even more dangerous in other circumstances, for example, when someone has entrusted us with a secret. A sign of maturity is the ability to keep a secret. Very young children are incapable of understanding the concept of a secret. To them, every piece of information is interesting, new and meant to be shared. As we grow older, we all learn how to keep a secret, but too often we keep only our own secrets and not those that others confide in us. We may blurt out something a friend told us in confidence, perhaps carelessly but often to appear important in other people’s estimation. It gives us a sense of power to know something that our friends don’t, and it requires conscious effort to keep the information to ourselves.

5. But this is the real test of an important life skill: self–restraint. Revealing a friend’s secret is to betrayal of the friendship. Indeed, the consequences may well spread way beyond the friendship alone. It may lead to gossip spreading like a forest fire, destroying peace of mind and even lives.

6. Words have power to hurt or heal. They are not mere tools for tweeting and messaging. Before the tongue speaks, before the fingers fly over the keyboard, it is important to pause and apply the THINK acronym filter. Is this True, Helpful, Inspiring, Necessary and Kind?

7. Of course it is important to communicate. But it is far more important to be considerate and compassionate. Speaking well is a skill: speaking kindly is a life skill.

4.1. On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer the following questions in 30–40 words each:
(a) How much of frankness is acceptable?

One should be frank to the extent that it does not affect relationships. Complete frankness looks good only in small children. As we grow old we should be smart and filter information.

(b) What does the term ‘put a filter’ mean in this context?

In this context ‘to put a filter’ means before speaking, a sensible person will filter whatever he wishes to say. He will think through his thoughts before uttering a word.

(c) According to the writer what is the best way to reveal the truth”?

The writer says that one must ensure that the place, time and the words are chosen with care. In addition to this, one must use very kind words to convey the truth.

(d) Why is it important to keep secrets?

It is very important to keep secrets. We mayblurtout something a friend toldus in confidence, in a careless manner but often to appear important in other people’s estimation. So, it requires conscious effort to keep the information to ourselves.

4.2. On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer of the following:
(a) The term “acronym’ used in para 2 denotes a/an ________.
(i) bitter truth
(ii) acrobat
(ii) abbreviation of the title/phrase
(iv) phrase

Correct Option is (ii) acrobat

(b) The antonym of ‘cruelty’, used in para 3 is
(i) kindness
(ii) utter suddenly
(iii) speak softly
(iv) wipe out

Correct Option is (i) kindness

(c) The writer says that it is not necessary to use very kind words to convey the truth. (True/False)

False

(d) Words are not mere tools for tweeting and messaging, but they also have power to

hurt or heal

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FAQs on Discursive Passage - 4 - English Grammar Advanced - Class 10

1. What is the importance of reading comprehension skills?
Ans. Reading comprehension skills are important as they allow individuals to understand and interpret written text effectively. These skills enable readers to extract information, make connections, analyze the text, and draw conclusions. Developing strong reading comprehension skills is crucial for academic success, as it helps in understanding textbooks, articles, and other educational materials.
2. How can reading comprehension skills be improved?
Ans. There are several ways to improve reading comprehension skills. One effective approach is to practice active reading, which involves engaging with the text by taking notes, highlighting important points, and asking questions. Additionally, expanding vocabulary, enhancing critical thinking abilities, and practicing summarizing and paraphrasing can also aid in improving reading comprehension.
3. What are some common reading comprehension strategies?
Ans. There are various reading comprehension strategies that can be employed to enhance understanding. These include previewing the text before reading, making predictions based on headings and subheadings, using context clues to decipher unfamiliar words, asking questions while reading, summarizing the main ideas, and visualizing the content mentally.
4. How can one overcome difficulties in understanding complex texts?
Ans. Understanding complex texts can be challenging, but there are strategies that can help. Breaking down the text into smaller sections, using a dictionary or online resources to look up unfamiliar words, and rereading certain passages can aid in comprehension. Additionally, seeking clarification from teachers or peers, joining study groups, and discussing the text can provide further insights and improve understanding.
5. What are the benefits of improving reading comprehension skills?
Ans. Improving reading comprehension skills offers several benefits. It enhances overall academic performance by enabling students to better understand and retain information from textbooks and other study materials. Additionally, strong reading comprehension skills are essential for success in professional careers, as they facilitate effective communication, critical thinking, and problem-solving abilities.
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