Electrical Engineering (EE) 1991 GATE Paper without solution Electrical Engineering (EE) Notes | EduRev

Mock Test Series for Electrical Engineering (EE) GATE 2020

Electrical Engineering (EE) : Electrical Engineering (EE) 1991 GATE Paper without solution Electrical Engineering (EE) Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


1991 
1.12  The operating state that distinguishes a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) from 
a diode is 
(a) forward conduction state (b) forward blocking state 
(c) reverse conduction state (d) reverse blocking state 
3.2. Match the functions of the following protective elements in SCR applications: 
SCR rating Protective element 
(A) di/dt limit (P) snubber 
(B) d?/dt limit (Q) heat sink 
(C) 
2
i t limit (R) series reactor 
(D) junction temperature limit (S) to avoid runway speeds on no-load 
8. Figure shows the circuit schematic of a chopper driven, separately excited d.c.
motor. The single-pole double-throw switch operates with a switching period
( )
ON s
T T is 0.2. The motor may be assumed lossless, with an armature 
inductance of 10 mH. The motor draws an average current of 20A at a
constant back emf of 80 V, under steady state.
(a) Sketch and label the voltage waveform ( )
0
t ? of the chopper for one
switching period. 
(b) Sketch and label the motor current ( )
a
i t for one switching period. 
(c) Evaluate the peak-to-peak current ripple of the motor. 
T ON 
400V 
T OFF 
T ON+T OFF=T S 
S
ia 
S
Page 2


1991 
1.12  The operating state that distinguishes a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) from 
a diode is 
(a) forward conduction state (b) forward blocking state 
(c) reverse conduction state (d) reverse blocking state 
3.2. Match the functions of the following protective elements in SCR applications: 
SCR rating Protective element 
(A) di/dt limit (P) snubber 
(B) d?/dt limit (Q) heat sink 
(C) 
2
i t limit (R) series reactor 
(D) junction temperature limit (S) to avoid runway speeds on no-load 
8. Figure shows the circuit schematic of a chopper driven, separately excited d.c.
motor. The single-pole double-throw switch operates with a switching period
( )
ON s
T T is 0.2. The motor may be assumed lossless, with an armature 
inductance of 10 mH. The motor draws an average current of 20A at a
constant back emf of 80 V, under steady state.
(a) Sketch and label the voltage waveform ( )
0
t ? of the chopper for one
switching period. 
(b) Sketch and label the motor current ( )
a
i t for one switching period. 
(c) Evaluate the peak-to-peak current ripple of the motor. 
T ON 
400V 
T OFF 
T ON+T OFF=T S 
S
ia 
S
 
1992 
 
2.12. In the circuit shown in figure, L is large and the average value of ‘i’ is 100A. 
the thyristor is gated in the _____ half cycle of ‘e’ at a delay angle a equal to 
_____. 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. A line commutated a.c. to d.c. converter is shown in figure. It operates from a 
three-phase, 50 Hz, 580 V (line-to-line) supply. It supplies a load current, 
o
I of 3464 A. Assume 
o
I to be ripple free and neglect source impedance. 
 (a) Calculate the delay angle a of the converter if its average output voltage 
is 648 V. 
 (b) Calculate the power delivered to the load R in kW. 
 (c) Sketch the waveform of the supply current 
A
i vs time (m sec.) 
(d) Calculate fundamental reactive power drawn by converter from the 
supply in kVAR. 
 
 
1993 
 
6.23. The thermal resistance between the body of a power semiconductor device 
and the ambient is expressed as 
 (a) voltage across the device divided by current through the device   
 (b) average power dissipated in the device divided by the square of the RMS 
current in the device   
 (c) average power dissipated in the device divided by the temperature 
difference from body to ambient.  
 (d) temperature difference from body to ambient divided by average power 
dissipated in the device. 
 
6.24. When a line commutated converter operates in the inverter mode  
 (a) it draws both real and reactive power from the A.C. supply 
 (b) it delivers both real and reactive power to the A.C. supply 
 (c) it delivers real power to the A.C. supply 
 (d) it draws reactive power from the A.C. supply 
 
+ 
- 
- 
+ 
i 
e(t) 
0.01O 
L 
20V 
Page 3


1991 
1.12  The operating state that distinguishes a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) from 
a diode is 
(a) forward conduction state (b) forward blocking state 
(c) reverse conduction state (d) reverse blocking state 
3.2. Match the functions of the following protective elements in SCR applications: 
SCR rating Protective element 
(A) di/dt limit (P) snubber 
(B) d?/dt limit (Q) heat sink 
(C) 
2
i t limit (R) series reactor 
(D) junction temperature limit (S) to avoid runway speeds on no-load 
8. Figure shows the circuit schematic of a chopper driven, separately excited d.c.
motor. The single-pole double-throw switch operates with a switching period
( )
ON s
T T is 0.2. The motor may be assumed lossless, with an armature 
inductance of 10 mH. The motor draws an average current of 20A at a
constant back emf of 80 V, under steady state.
(a) Sketch and label the voltage waveform ( )
0
t ? of the chopper for one
switching period. 
(b) Sketch and label the motor current ( )
a
i t for one switching period. 
(c) Evaluate the peak-to-peak current ripple of the motor. 
T ON 
400V 
T OFF 
T ON+T OFF=T S 
S
ia 
S
 
1992 
 
2.12. In the circuit shown in figure, L is large and the average value of ‘i’ is 100A. 
the thyristor is gated in the _____ half cycle of ‘e’ at a delay angle a equal to 
_____. 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. A line commutated a.c. to d.c. converter is shown in figure. It operates from a 
three-phase, 50 Hz, 580 V (line-to-line) supply. It supplies a load current, 
o
I of 3464 A. Assume 
o
I to be ripple free and neglect source impedance. 
 (a) Calculate the delay angle a of the converter if its average output voltage 
is 648 V. 
 (b) Calculate the power delivered to the load R in kW. 
 (c) Sketch the waveform of the supply current 
A
i vs time (m sec.) 
(d) Calculate fundamental reactive power drawn by converter from the 
supply in kVAR. 
 
 
1993 
 
6.23. The thermal resistance between the body of a power semiconductor device 
and the ambient is expressed as 
 (a) voltage across the device divided by current through the device   
 (b) average power dissipated in the device divided by the square of the RMS 
current in the device   
 (c) average power dissipated in the device divided by the temperature 
difference from body to ambient.  
 (d) temperature difference from body to ambient divided by average power 
dissipated in the device. 
 
6.24. When a line commutated converter operates in the inverter mode  
 (a) it draws both real and reactive power from the A.C. supply 
 (b) it delivers both real and reactive power to the A.C. supply 
 (c) it delivers real power to the A.C. supply 
 (d) it draws reactive power from the A.C. supply 
 
+ 
- 
- 
+ 
i 
e(t) 
0.01O 
L 
20V 
6.25 a chopper operating at a fixed frequency is feeding an R-L load. As the duty 
ratio of the chopper is increased from 25% to 75%, the ripple in the load 
current  
 (a) remains constant     
 (b) decreases, reaches a minimum at 50% duty ratio and then increases 
 (c) increases, reaches a minimum at 50% duty ratio and then decreases  
 (d) keeps on increasing as the duty ratio is increased  
 
7.14.  A 3-phase fully controlled thyristor bridge converter is operated from an a.c. 
supply of 400 V rms line to line. When the converter is operated in the 
rectifier mode at a control angle a = 30°, the overlap angle ( ) ? due to the line 
reactance is 15°. Calculate the reduction in d.c. output voltage due to the 
overlap. If the converter operates in the inverter mode with a a = 120° and 
without any change in the d.c. load current, what will be the overlap angle 
( ) ?  
  
7.15. A separately excited d.c. motor has the following name plate data: 
   220 V, 100 A, 2200 rpm 
 The armature resistance is 0.1 ohm and inductance is 5 mH. The motor is fed 
by a chopper which is operating from a d.c. supply of 250 V. Due to restrictions in 
the power circuit, the chopper can be operated over a duty cycle range from 20% to 
80%. Determine the range of speeds over which the motor can be opeated at rated 
torque. 
 
1994 
 
1.19. A switched mode power supply operating at 20 kHz to 100 kHz range uses as 
the main switching element  
 (a) Thyristor  (b) MOSFET (c) Triac  (d) UJT 
 
1.20. Referring to the figure below, the type of load is: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (a) inductive load    (b) resistive load  
 (c) dc motor    (d) capacitive load  
 
 
 
V O 
a 
V O 
Page 4


1991 
1.12  The operating state that distinguishes a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) from 
a diode is 
(a) forward conduction state (b) forward blocking state 
(c) reverse conduction state (d) reverse blocking state 
3.2. Match the functions of the following protective elements in SCR applications: 
SCR rating Protective element 
(A) di/dt limit (P) snubber 
(B) d?/dt limit (Q) heat sink 
(C) 
2
i t limit (R) series reactor 
(D) junction temperature limit (S) to avoid runway speeds on no-load 
8. Figure shows the circuit schematic of a chopper driven, separately excited d.c.
motor. The single-pole double-throw switch operates with a switching period
( )
ON s
T T is 0.2. The motor may be assumed lossless, with an armature 
inductance of 10 mH. The motor draws an average current of 20A at a
constant back emf of 80 V, under steady state.
(a) Sketch and label the voltage waveform ( )
0
t ? of the chopper for one
switching period. 
(b) Sketch and label the motor current ( )
a
i t for one switching period. 
(c) Evaluate the peak-to-peak current ripple of the motor. 
T ON 
400V 
T OFF 
T ON+T OFF=T S 
S
ia 
S
 
1992 
 
2.12. In the circuit shown in figure, L is large and the average value of ‘i’ is 100A. 
the thyristor is gated in the _____ half cycle of ‘e’ at a delay angle a equal to 
_____. 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. A line commutated a.c. to d.c. converter is shown in figure. It operates from a 
three-phase, 50 Hz, 580 V (line-to-line) supply. It supplies a load current, 
o
I of 3464 A. Assume 
o
I to be ripple free and neglect source impedance. 
 (a) Calculate the delay angle a of the converter if its average output voltage 
is 648 V. 
 (b) Calculate the power delivered to the load R in kW. 
 (c) Sketch the waveform of the supply current 
A
i vs time (m sec.) 
(d) Calculate fundamental reactive power drawn by converter from the 
supply in kVAR. 
 
 
1993 
 
6.23. The thermal resistance between the body of a power semiconductor device 
and the ambient is expressed as 
 (a) voltage across the device divided by current through the device   
 (b) average power dissipated in the device divided by the square of the RMS 
current in the device   
 (c) average power dissipated in the device divided by the temperature 
difference from body to ambient.  
 (d) temperature difference from body to ambient divided by average power 
dissipated in the device. 
 
6.24. When a line commutated converter operates in the inverter mode  
 (a) it draws both real and reactive power from the A.C. supply 
 (b) it delivers both real and reactive power to the A.C. supply 
 (c) it delivers real power to the A.C. supply 
 (d) it draws reactive power from the A.C. supply 
 
+ 
- 
- 
+ 
i 
e(t) 
0.01O 
L 
20V 
6.25 a chopper operating at a fixed frequency is feeding an R-L load. As the duty 
ratio of the chopper is increased from 25% to 75%, the ripple in the load 
current  
 (a) remains constant     
 (b) decreases, reaches a minimum at 50% duty ratio and then increases 
 (c) increases, reaches a minimum at 50% duty ratio and then decreases  
 (d) keeps on increasing as the duty ratio is increased  
 
7.14.  A 3-phase fully controlled thyristor bridge converter is operated from an a.c. 
supply of 400 V rms line to line. When the converter is operated in the 
rectifier mode at a control angle a = 30°, the overlap angle ( ) ? due to the line 
reactance is 15°. Calculate the reduction in d.c. output voltage due to the 
overlap. If the converter operates in the inverter mode with a a = 120° and 
without any change in the d.c. load current, what will be the overlap angle 
( ) ?  
  
7.15. A separately excited d.c. motor has the following name plate data: 
   220 V, 100 A, 2200 rpm 
 The armature resistance is 0.1 ohm and inductance is 5 mH. The motor is fed 
by a chopper which is operating from a d.c. supply of 250 V. Due to restrictions in 
the power circuit, the chopper can be operated over a duty cycle range from 20% to 
80%. Determine the range of speeds over which the motor can be opeated at rated 
torque. 
 
1994 
 
1.19. A switched mode power supply operating at 20 kHz to 100 kHz range uses as 
the main switching element  
 (a) Thyristor  (b) MOSFET (c) Triac  (d) UJT 
 
1.20. Referring to the figure below, the type of load is: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (a) inductive load    (b) resistive load  
 (c) dc motor    (d) capacitive load  
 
 
 
V O 
a 
V O 
2. Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE. Write the 
indicating work fully and legibly. A ‘FALSE’ answer must be accompanied by a 
very brief (preferably one or two sentences) justification. Each correct answer 
carries ONE mark 
 
2.14.  A line-commutated inverter changes dc voltage to ac voltage.   
  
2.15. The output voltage of a six-pulse double star rectifier is the same as that of a 
three phase half-wave rectifier. 
4.17. A triac can be triggered by a gate pulse of ___________ polarity. 
 
4.18. Thyristor circuits that directly convert polyphase ac voltages from one 
frequency to another frequency are called __________.   
28. The phase controlled rectifier, shown in figure below, is operating at a = 45° 
and load current at steady state is constant at .
d
I Neglecting source-
impedance. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (i) Draw the output voltage  
 (ii) Device currents  
 (iii) Voltage across the thyristor 1 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
a 
b 
o 
V L 
1 
2 
E m Sin ?t 
Page 5


1991 
1.12  The operating state that distinguishes a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) from 
a diode is 
(a) forward conduction state (b) forward blocking state 
(c) reverse conduction state (d) reverse blocking state 
3.2. Match the functions of the following protective elements in SCR applications: 
SCR rating Protective element 
(A) di/dt limit (P) snubber 
(B) d?/dt limit (Q) heat sink 
(C) 
2
i t limit (R) series reactor 
(D) junction temperature limit (S) to avoid runway speeds on no-load 
8. Figure shows the circuit schematic of a chopper driven, separately excited d.c.
motor. The single-pole double-throw switch operates with a switching period
( )
ON s
T T is 0.2. The motor may be assumed lossless, with an armature 
inductance of 10 mH. The motor draws an average current of 20A at a
constant back emf of 80 V, under steady state.
(a) Sketch and label the voltage waveform ( )
0
t ? of the chopper for one
switching period. 
(b) Sketch and label the motor current ( )
a
i t for one switching period. 
(c) Evaluate the peak-to-peak current ripple of the motor. 
T ON 
400V 
T OFF 
T ON+T OFF=T S 
S
ia 
S
 
1992 
 
2.12. In the circuit shown in figure, L is large and the average value of ‘i’ is 100A. 
the thyristor is gated in the _____ half cycle of ‘e’ at a delay angle a equal to 
_____. 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. A line commutated a.c. to d.c. converter is shown in figure. It operates from a 
three-phase, 50 Hz, 580 V (line-to-line) supply. It supplies a load current, 
o
I of 3464 A. Assume 
o
I to be ripple free and neglect source impedance. 
 (a) Calculate the delay angle a of the converter if its average output voltage 
is 648 V. 
 (b) Calculate the power delivered to the load R in kW. 
 (c) Sketch the waveform of the supply current 
A
i vs time (m sec.) 
(d) Calculate fundamental reactive power drawn by converter from the 
supply in kVAR. 
 
 
1993 
 
6.23. The thermal resistance between the body of a power semiconductor device 
and the ambient is expressed as 
 (a) voltage across the device divided by current through the device   
 (b) average power dissipated in the device divided by the square of the RMS 
current in the device   
 (c) average power dissipated in the device divided by the temperature 
difference from body to ambient.  
 (d) temperature difference from body to ambient divided by average power 
dissipated in the device. 
 
6.24. When a line commutated converter operates in the inverter mode  
 (a) it draws both real and reactive power from the A.C. supply 
 (b) it delivers both real and reactive power to the A.C. supply 
 (c) it delivers real power to the A.C. supply 
 (d) it draws reactive power from the A.C. supply 
 
+ 
- 
- 
+ 
i 
e(t) 
0.01O 
L 
20V 
6.25 a chopper operating at a fixed frequency is feeding an R-L load. As the duty 
ratio of the chopper is increased from 25% to 75%, the ripple in the load 
current  
 (a) remains constant     
 (b) decreases, reaches a minimum at 50% duty ratio and then increases 
 (c) increases, reaches a minimum at 50% duty ratio and then decreases  
 (d) keeps on increasing as the duty ratio is increased  
 
7.14.  A 3-phase fully controlled thyristor bridge converter is operated from an a.c. 
supply of 400 V rms line to line. When the converter is operated in the 
rectifier mode at a control angle a = 30°, the overlap angle ( ) ? due to the line 
reactance is 15°. Calculate the reduction in d.c. output voltage due to the 
overlap. If the converter operates in the inverter mode with a a = 120° and 
without any change in the d.c. load current, what will be the overlap angle 
( ) ?  
  
7.15. A separately excited d.c. motor has the following name plate data: 
   220 V, 100 A, 2200 rpm 
 The armature resistance is 0.1 ohm and inductance is 5 mH. The motor is fed 
by a chopper which is operating from a d.c. supply of 250 V. Due to restrictions in 
the power circuit, the chopper can be operated over a duty cycle range from 20% to 
80%. Determine the range of speeds over which the motor can be opeated at rated 
torque. 
 
1994 
 
1.19. A switched mode power supply operating at 20 kHz to 100 kHz range uses as 
the main switching element  
 (a) Thyristor  (b) MOSFET (c) Triac  (d) UJT 
 
1.20. Referring to the figure below, the type of load is: 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (a) inductive load    (b) resistive load  
 (c) dc motor    (d) capacitive load  
 
 
 
V O 
a 
V O 
2. Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE. Write the 
indicating work fully and legibly. A ‘FALSE’ answer must be accompanied by a 
very brief (preferably one or two sentences) justification. Each correct answer 
carries ONE mark 
 
2.14.  A line-commutated inverter changes dc voltage to ac voltage.   
  
2.15. The output voltage of a six-pulse double star rectifier is the same as that of a 
three phase half-wave rectifier. 
4.17. A triac can be triggered by a gate pulse of ___________ polarity. 
 
4.18. Thyristor circuits that directly convert polyphase ac voltages from one 
frequency to another frequency are called __________.   
28. The phase controlled rectifier, shown in figure below, is operating at a = 45° 
and load current at steady state is constant at .
d
I Neglecting source-
impedance. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (i) Draw the output voltage  
 (ii) Device currents  
 (iii) Voltage across the thyristor 1 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
a 
b 
o 
V L 
1 
2 
E m Sin ?t 
29. The chopper circuit, shown in figure below, is operating at 0.5
d
K = at 100 
Hz. The load current is continuous at steady state but varies between 10 A 
and 3A. Draw the following wave shapes of currents through, 
 (i) load ( )
L
i 
 (ii) free wheeling diode ( )
f
i 
 (iii) commutation capacitor ( )
c
i 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1995 
 
1.22. A single phase diode bridge rectifier supplies a highly inductive load. The load 
current can be assumed to be ripple free. The ac supply side current 
waveform will be:  
 (a) sinusoidal (b) constant dc (c) square (d) triangular 
1.23. A dc to dc transistor chopper supplied from a fixed voltage dc source feeds a 
fixed resistive-inductive load and a free-wheeling diode. The chopper operates 
at 1 kHz and 50% duty cycle. Without changing the value of the average dc 
current through the load, if it is desired to reduce the ripple content of load 
current, the control action needed will be: 
 (a) increase the chopper frequency keeping its duty cycle constant   
 (b) increase the chopper frequency and duty cycle in equal ratio  
 (c) decrease only the chopper frequency   
 (d) decrease only the duty cycle. 
 
1.24. An inverter capable of supplying a balanced three-phase variable voltage 
variable frequency output is feeding a three-phase induction motor rated for 
50 Hz and 440V. The stator winding resistances of the motor are negligible 
small. During starting, the current inrush can be avoided without sacrificing 
the starting torque by suitably applying: 
 (a) low voltage at rated frequency  
TH 2 
TH 1 
D 1 D 2 
C L 
i c 
i L 
I F 
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