Page 1 Engineering Drawing MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT L.J. POLYTECHNIC Missamraza Page 2 Engineering Drawing MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT L.J. POLYTECHNIC Missamraza TO DRAW PROJECTIONS OF ANY OBJECT, ONE MUST HAVE FOLLOWING INFORMATION A) OBJECT { WITH IT’S DESCRIPTION, WELL DEFINED.} B) OBSERVER { ALWAYS OBSERVING PERPENDICULAR TO RESP. REF.PLANE}. C) LOCATION OF OBJECT, { MEANS IT’S POSITION WITH REFFERENCE TO H.P. & V.P.} TERMS ‘ABOVE’ & ‘BELOW’ WITH RESPECTIVE TO H.P. AND TERMS ‘INFRONT’ & ‘BEHIND’ WITH RESPECTIVE TO V.P FORM 4 QUADRANTS. OBJECTS CAN BE PLACED IN ANY ONE OF THESE 4 QUADRANTS. IT IS INTERESTING TO LEARN THE EFFECT ON THE POSITIONS OF VIEWS ( FV, TV ) OF THE OBJECT WITH RESP. TO X-Y LINE, WHEN PLACED IN DIFFERENT QUADRANTS. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS OF POINTS, LINES, PLANES, AND SOLIDS. STUDY ILLUSTRATIONS GIVEN ON HEXT PAGES AND NOTE THE RESULTS.TO MAKE IT EASY HERE A POINT A IS TAKEN AS AN OBJECT. BECAUSE IT’S ALL VIEWS ARE JUST POINTS. Page 3 Engineering Drawing MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT L.J. POLYTECHNIC Missamraza TO DRAW PROJECTIONS OF ANY OBJECT, ONE MUST HAVE FOLLOWING INFORMATION A) OBJECT { WITH IT’S DESCRIPTION, WELL DEFINED.} B) OBSERVER { ALWAYS OBSERVING PERPENDICULAR TO RESP. REF.PLANE}. C) LOCATION OF OBJECT, { MEANS IT’S POSITION WITH REFFERENCE TO H.P. & V.P.} TERMS ‘ABOVE’ & ‘BELOW’ WITH RESPECTIVE TO H.P. AND TERMS ‘INFRONT’ & ‘BEHIND’ WITH RESPECTIVE TO V.P FORM 4 QUADRANTS. OBJECTS CAN BE PLACED IN ANY ONE OF THESE 4 QUADRANTS. IT IS INTERESTING TO LEARN THE EFFECT ON THE POSITIONS OF VIEWS ( FV, TV ) OF THE OBJECT WITH RESP. TO X-Y LINE, WHEN PLACED IN DIFFERENT QUADRANTS. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS OF POINTS, LINES, PLANES, AND SOLIDS. STUDY ILLUSTRATIONS GIVEN ON HEXT PAGES AND NOTE THE RESULTS.TO MAKE IT EASY HERE A POINT A IS TAKEN AS AN OBJECT. BECAUSE IT’S ALL VIEWS ARE JUST POINTS. NOTATIONS FOLLOWING NOTATIONS SHOULD BE FOLLOWED WHILE NAMEING DIFFERENT VIEWS IN ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS. IT’S FRONT VIEW a’ a’ b’ SAME SYSTEM OF NOTATIONS SHOULD BE FOLLOWED INCASE NUMBERS, LIKE 1, 2, 3 – ARE USED. OBJECT POINT A LINE AB IT’S TOP VIEW a a b IT’S SIDE VIEW a” a” b” Page 4 Engineering Drawing MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT L.J. POLYTECHNIC Missamraza TO DRAW PROJECTIONS OF ANY OBJECT, ONE MUST HAVE FOLLOWING INFORMATION A) OBJECT { WITH IT’S DESCRIPTION, WELL DEFINED.} B) OBSERVER { ALWAYS OBSERVING PERPENDICULAR TO RESP. REF.PLANE}. C) LOCATION OF OBJECT, { MEANS IT’S POSITION WITH REFFERENCE TO H.P. & V.P.} TERMS ‘ABOVE’ & ‘BELOW’ WITH RESPECTIVE TO H.P. AND TERMS ‘INFRONT’ & ‘BEHIND’ WITH RESPECTIVE TO V.P FORM 4 QUADRANTS. OBJECTS CAN BE PLACED IN ANY ONE OF THESE 4 QUADRANTS. IT IS INTERESTING TO LEARN THE EFFECT ON THE POSITIONS OF VIEWS ( FV, TV ) OF THE OBJECT WITH RESP. TO X-Y LINE, WHEN PLACED IN DIFFERENT QUADRANTS. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS OF POINTS, LINES, PLANES, AND SOLIDS. STUDY ILLUSTRATIONS GIVEN ON HEXT PAGES AND NOTE THE RESULTS.TO MAKE IT EASY HERE A POINT A IS TAKEN AS AN OBJECT. BECAUSE IT’S ALL VIEWS ARE JUST POINTS. NOTATIONS FOLLOWING NOTATIONS SHOULD BE FOLLOWED WHILE NAMEING DIFFERENT VIEWS IN ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS. IT’S FRONT VIEW a’ a’ b’ SAME SYSTEM OF NOTATIONS SHOULD BE FOLLOWED INCASE NUMBERS, LIKE 1, 2, 3 – ARE USED. OBJECT POINT A LINE AB IT’S TOP VIEW a a b IT’S SIDE VIEW a” a” b” X Y 1 ST Quad. 2 nd Quad. 3 rd Quad. 4 th Quad. X Y VP HP Observer THIS QUADRANT PATTERN, IF OBSERVED ALONG X-Y LINE ( IN RED ARROW DIRECTION) WILL EXACTLY APPEAR AS SHOWN ON RIGHT SIDE AND HENCE, IT IS FURTHER USED TO UNDERSTAND ILLUSTRATION PROPERLLY. Page 5 Engineering Drawing MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT L.J. POLYTECHNIC Missamraza TO DRAW PROJECTIONS OF ANY OBJECT, ONE MUST HAVE FOLLOWING INFORMATION A) OBJECT { WITH IT’S DESCRIPTION, WELL DEFINED.} B) OBSERVER { ALWAYS OBSERVING PERPENDICULAR TO RESP. REF.PLANE}. C) LOCATION OF OBJECT, { MEANS IT’S POSITION WITH REFFERENCE TO H.P. & V.P.} TERMS ‘ABOVE’ & ‘BELOW’ WITH RESPECTIVE TO H.P. AND TERMS ‘INFRONT’ & ‘BEHIND’ WITH RESPECTIVE TO V.P FORM 4 QUADRANTS. OBJECTS CAN BE PLACED IN ANY ONE OF THESE 4 QUADRANTS. IT IS INTERESTING TO LEARN THE EFFECT ON THE POSITIONS OF VIEWS ( FV, TV ) OF THE OBJECT WITH RESP. TO X-Y LINE, WHEN PLACED IN DIFFERENT QUADRANTS. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS OF POINTS, LINES, PLANES, AND SOLIDS. STUDY ILLUSTRATIONS GIVEN ON HEXT PAGES AND NOTE THE RESULTS.TO MAKE IT EASY HERE A POINT A IS TAKEN AS AN OBJECT. BECAUSE IT’S ALL VIEWS ARE JUST POINTS. NOTATIONS FOLLOWING NOTATIONS SHOULD BE FOLLOWED WHILE NAMEING DIFFERENT VIEWS IN ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS. IT’S FRONT VIEW a’ a’ b’ SAME SYSTEM OF NOTATIONS SHOULD BE FOLLOWED INCASE NUMBERS, LIKE 1, 2, 3 – ARE USED. OBJECT POINT A LINE AB IT’S TOP VIEW a a b IT’S SIDE VIEW a” a” b” X Y 1 ST Quad. 2 nd Quad. 3 rd Quad. 4 th Quad. X Y VP HP Observer THIS QUADRANT PATTERN, IF OBSERVED ALONG X-Y LINE ( IN RED ARROW DIRECTION) WILL EXACTLY APPEAR AS SHOWN ON RIGHT SIDE AND HENCE, IT IS FURTHER USED TO UNDERSTAND ILLUSTRATION PROPERLLY. HP VP a’ a A POINT A IN 1 ST QUADRANT OBSERVER VP HP POINT A IN 2 ND QUADRANT OBSERVER a’ a A OBSERVER a a’ POINT A IN 3 RD QUADRANT HP VP A OBSERVER a a’ POINT A IN 4 TH QUADRANT HP VP A Point A is Placed In different quadrants and it’s Fv & Tv are brought in same plane for Observer to see clearly. Fv is visible as it is a view on VP. But as Tv is is a view on Hp, it is rotated downward 90 0 , In clockwise direction.The In front part of Hp comes below xy line and the part behind Vp comes above. Observe and note the process.Read More

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