English Communicative Past Year Paper SA-1(Set-8) - 2014, Class 10, CBSE Class 10 Notes | EduRev

English Class 10

Created by: Vinay Thomas

Class 10 : English Communicative Past Year Paper SA-1(Set-8) - 2014, Class 10, CBSE Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


 
 
 
 
Summative Assessment-1 2014-2015 
 English 
Class – X 
 
Time allowed: 3 hours                                Maximum Marks: 70 
 
 General Instructions: 
(i) The question paper is divided into three sections: A, B and C. 
Section A:  Reading      20 marks 
Section B: Advance writing skills   25 marks 
Section C: Literature     25 marks 
(ii) Attempt all questions. 
 
 
Section A 
(Reading: 20 marks) 
 
1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
On the way to Stok, the village ten miles outside Leh, there is a suspension bridge that spans 
the Indus. From the distance, it looks like a circus tent; it is so covered with prayer flags of 
every colour. I am sitting on the seat next to the driver, a young Ladaki, and I ask him, “Why 
are there so many prayer flags?” he looks at me as if I am mad. “If there are no prayer flags, 
the river would get angry.” It is such a festive and exuberant gesture, covering the steel lines 
of the bridge with scarves and mantras and holy dragons that I want to sing. As the bus 
crosses the bridge, the prayer flags flap against it. The driver turns to me and smiles. “Every 
time I am crossing the bridge I am saying my prayers. It is holy, this bridge.” “How old is this 
bridge?” He does not know. It is as if it had always been there like the pile of stones is the 
mountains, like the stupas, like the small wayside shrines. The spirit of Ladakh has changed it 
into a shrine, an object of worship. Does the bridge have its guardian Buddha? The driver 
smiled and did not answer. 
The rocks on the sides of the paths are sprinkled with small blue flowers, a fierce wild green 
grass grows between the boulders; with every quarter of an hour the heat increases and the 
rocks change, growing more and more fantastical, wings of cathedrals, falling into the river 
below, large fluted columns, like the hermit perches of Cappadocia, with golden moss spilling 
over from their height …. and yet it is not the rocks and their dazzling forms that move me 
most. 
Resting on the top of a mountain pass, I found that the rock I was sitting on was ringed on by 
while stones, heaped there by travelers over many years; walking on and on into the highest 
parts of the pass, I found just as I was too tired to go any further, that there was a deserted 
shepherd’s hut, with its roof torn off by the wind, and a small rose-bush rowing in the shelter 
of one of its walls. I sat in it and ate my bread and cheese. On the wall the shepherd had 
Page 2


 
 
 
 
Summative Assessment-1 2014-2015 
 English 
Class – X 
 
Time allowed: 3 hours                                Maximum Marks: 70 
 
 General Instructions: 
(i) The question paper is divided into three sections: A, B and C. 
Section A:  Reading      20 marks 
Section B: Advance writing skills   25 marks 
Section C: Literature     25 marks 
(ii) Attempt all questions. 
 
 
Section A 
(Reading: 20 marks) 
 
1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
On the way to Stok, the village ten miles outside Leh, there is a suspension bridge that spans 
the Indus. From the distance, it looks like a circus tent; it is so covered with prayer flags of 
every colour. I am sitting on the seat next to the driver, a young Ladaki, and I ask him, “Why 
are there so many prayer flags?” he looks at me as if I am mad. “If there are no prayer flags, 
the river would get angry.” It is such a festive and exuberant gesture, covering the steel lines 
of the bridge with scarves and mantras and holy dragons that I want to sing. As the bus 
crosses the bridge, the prayer flags flap against it. The driver turns to me and smiles. “Every 
time I am crossing the bridge I am saying my prayers. It is holy, this bridge.” “How old is this 
bridge?” He does not know. It is as if it had always been there like the pile of stones is the 
mountains, like the stupas, like the small wayside shrines. The spirit of Ladakh has changed it 
into a shrine, an object of worship. Does the bridge have its guardian Buddha? The driver 
smiled and did not answer. 
The rocks on the sides of the paths are sprinkled with small blue flowers, a fierce wild green 
grass grows between the boulders; with every quarter of an hour the heat increases and the 
rocks change, growing more and more fantastical, wings of cathedrals, falling into the river 
below, large fluted columns, like the hermit perches of Cappadocia, with golden moss spilling 
over from their height …. and yet it is not the rocks and their dazzling forms that move me 
most. 
Resting on the top of a mountain pass, I found that the rock I was sitting on was ringed on by 
while stones, heaped there by travelers over many years; walking on and on into the highest 
parts of the pass, I found just as I was too tired to go any further, that there was a deserted 
shepherd’s hut, with its roof torn off by the wind, and a small rose-bush rowing in the shelter 
of one of its walls. I sat in it and ate my bread and cheese. On the wall the shepherd had 
 
 
 
 
written with charcoal from the fire, ‘Om’, just one letter again and again. And under each 
letter he had sketched a rough Buddha’s face. 
Answer the following questions briefly: 
a) Why does the bridge look like a circus tent from the distance? 
b) Why are there so many prayer flags? 
c) Why does the narrator want to sing? 
d) How old is the bridge? 
e) When does the rocks change and grow fantastically beautiful? 
f) What was written on the wall of the deserted shepherd’s hut? 
g) Give a synonym from the passage for the word ‘abandoned’. 
h) Find an antonym from the passage for the word ‘exposed’. 
2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
One of the world’s great educations, who looked up to a child as an individual and a very 
special human being, was Maria Montessori. She gave the very young children the 
stimulating Kindergarten, where children grew in an atmosphere of freedom and confidence. 
Maria Montessori was born in Chiravalle near Ancona, Italy in 1870. As a little girl, she was a 
dull student, unable to grasp and retain what her teacher taught her. At the age of 10, she 
suddenly changed. Besides her heightened interest in religion, she felt she had a long way to 
go. 
Maris began topping her class, and her parents felt that she should become a teacher. But she 
was determined to become an engineer. At the age of 14, she attended a technical school for 
boys. After a year she took up Biology and decided to study medical. In spite of a strong 
opposition from her father, she went ahead with medicine. 
Maria became the first Italian woman to receive a medical degree after she graduated from 
the University of Rome in 1896. After getting her degree, she joined the university’s 
psychiatric clinic. As a part of her duty, she had to visit the city’s metal asylum, where disable 
children were housed with the insane. She watched the children shriek, stretching their 
hands out, with an urge to reach out or to touch something. Maria felt they needed a normal 
and friendlier environment and a contact with the world. She worked out ways by which she 
could help the disabled children. Dr. Bacelli opened and experimental state school for 
disabled children with Dr. Maria Montessori as its head. Maria spent long hours, almost 12 
hours of the day with children, observing them and finding out what could really help them. 
After two years of hard work, her students took the normal state school examination. And, 
her children proved that they were not hopeless cases. In fact, many did almost as well as the 
normal children. 
Later, Maria was appointed Professor of Anthropology at the university. After seven years, 
she took up another important mission of her life. She started a Kindergarten for the poor, 
normal children. She first taught them to become tidy, learn self-discipline and then taught 
them to read and write. In her colourful, stimulating Kindergarten, she provided them with 
innovative learning objects, like cut out letters of sandpaper, coloured blocks and musical 
Page 3


 
 
 
 
Summative Assessment-1 2014-2015 
 English 
Class – X 
 
Time allowed: 3 hours                                Maximum Marks: 70 
 
 General Instructions: 
(i) The question paper is divided into three sections: A, B and C. 
Section A:  Reading      20 marks 
Section B: Advance writing skills   25 marks 
Section C: Literature     25 marks 
(ii) Attempt all questions. 
 
 
Section A 
(Reading: 20 marks) 
 
1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
On the way to Stok, the village ten miles outside Leh, there is a suspension bridge that spans 
the Indus. From the distance, it looks like a circus tent; it is so covered with prayer flags of 
every colour. I am sitting on the seat next to the driver, a young Ladaki, and I ask him, “Why 
are there so many prayer flags?” he looks at me as if I am mad. “If there are no prayer flags, 
the river would get angry.” It is such a festive and exuberant gesture, covering the steel lines 
of the bridge with scarves and mantras and holy dragons that I want to sing. As the bus 
crosses the bridge, the prayer flags flap against it. The driver turns to me and smiles. “Every 
time I am crossing the bridge I am saying my prayers. It is holy, this bridge.” “How old is this 
bridge?” He does not know. It is as if it had always been there like the pile of stones is the 
mountains, like the stupas, like the small wayside shrines. The spirit of Ladakh has changed it 
into a shrine, an object of worship. Does the bridge have its guardian Buddha? The driver 
smiled and did not answer. 
The rocks on the sides of the paths are sprinkled with small blue flowers, a fierce wild green 
grass grows between the boulders; with every quarter of an hour the heat increases and the 
rocks change, growing more and more fantastical, wings of cathedrals, falling into the river 
below, large fluted columns, like the hermit perches of Cappadocia, with golden moss spilling 
over from their height …. and yet it is not the rocks and their dazzling forms that move me 
most. 
Resting on the top of a mountain pass, I found that the rock I was sitting on was ringed on by 
while stones, heaped there by travelers over many years; walking on and on into the highest 
parts of the pass, I found just as I was too tired to go any further, that there was a deserted 
shepherd’s hut, with its roof torn off by the wind, and a small rose-bush rowing in the shelter 
of one of its walls. I sat in it and ate my bread and cheese. On the wall the shepherd had 
 
 
 
 
written with charcoal from the fire, ‘Om’, just one letter again and again. And under each 
letter he had sketched a rough Buddha’s face. 
Answer the following questions briefly: 
a) Why does the bridge look like a circus tent from the distance? 
b) Why are there so many prayer flags? 
c) Why does the narrator want to sing? 
d) How old is the bridge? 
e) When does the rocks change and grow fantastically beautiful? 
f) What was written on the wall of the deserted shepherd’s hut? 
g) Give a synonym from the passage for the word ‘abandoned’. 
h) Find an antonym from the passage for the word ‘exposed’. 
2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
One of the world’s great educations, who looked up to a child as an individual and a very 
special human being, was Maria Montessori. She gave the very young children the 
stimulating Kindergarten, where children grew in an atmosphere of freedom and confidence. 
Maria Montessori was born in Chiravalle near Ancona, Italy in 1870. As a little girl, she was a 
dull student, unable to grasp and retain what her teacher taught her. At the age of 10, she 
suddenly changed. Besides her heightened interest in religion, she felt she had a long way to 
go. 
Maris began topping her class, and her parents felt that she should become a teacher. But she 
was determined to become an engineer. At the age of 14, she attended a technical school for 
boys. After a year she took up Biology and decided to study medical. In spite of a strong 
opposition from her father, she went ahead with medicine. 
Maria became the first Italian woman to receive a medical degree after she graduated from 
the University of Rome in 1896. After getting her degree, she joined the university’s 
psychiatric clinic. As a part of her duty, she had to visit the city’s metal asylum, where disable 
children were housed with the insane. She watched the children shriek, stretching their 
hands out, with an urge to reach out or to touch something. Maria felt they needed a normal 
and friendlier environment and a contact with the world. She worked out ways by which she 
could help the disabled children. Dr. Bacelli opened and experimental state school for 
disabled children with Dr. Maria Montessori as its head. Maria spent long hours, almost 12 
hours of the day with children, observing them and finding out what could really help them. 
After two years of hard work, her students took the normal state school examination. And, 
her children proved that they were not hopeless cases. In fact, many did almost as well as the 
normal children. 
Later, Maria was appointed Professor of Anthropology at the university. After seven years, 
she took up another important mission of her life. She started a Kindergarten for the poor, 
normal children. She first taught them to become tidy, learn self-discipline and then taught 
them to read and write. In her colourful, stimulating Kindergarten, she provided them with 
innovative learning objects, like cut out letters of sandpaper, coloured blocks and musical 
 
 
 
 
bells with different notes. Many more such innovations made her system of education 
stimulating, and even inspired the educationists. 
i. On the basis of your reading the passage, answer the following questions: 
a) How was Maria as a little girl? How did she change suddenly? 
b) What did Maria observe about disabled children? What did she feel about them? 
c) What did Maria do for the disabled children? How did they prove that they were 
not hopeless cases? 
d) What made Maria’s system of education stimulating? 
ii. Answer the following questions by choosing the best option from the ones given 
below: 
a) Maria was determined to become 
(i) A teacher 
(ii) A doctor 
(iii) An engineer 
(iv) A psychiatrist 
b) After getting her medical degree Maria joined: 
(i) Experimental State school 
(ii) Psychiatric clinic of University of Rome 
(iii) Mental asylum of the city 
(iv) As Professor of Anthropology 
c) Maria was appointed Professor of Anthropology at 
(i) A Kindergarten School 
(ii) University of Italy 
(iii) School for disabled children 
(iv) University of Rome 
d) In the school for poor and normal children Maria fist taught the children to  
(i) Become tidy 
(ii) Learn self-discipline 
(iii) Both a) and b) 
(iv) Read and write 
 
Section – B 
(Writing and Grammar: 25 Marks) 
3. Write a letter to the Editor of a local newspaper drawing the attention of the concerned 
authorities towards the number of schools that have either scarcity of competent teachers or 
no subject teacher at all; which is affecting the studies and future of the young generation 
directly. You are Anil Kumar of Kanpur. (100-120 words) 
Or 
As Karuna Avasti write an article for a popular health magazine on “Compulsory Health 
Education and Meal Courses in Schools”.(100-120 words) 
You may refer to the unit ‘Health and Medicine’ and use the clues give below: 
Page 4


 
 
 
 
Summative Assessment-1 2014-2015 
 English 
Class – X 
 
Time allowed: 3 hours                                Maximum Marks: 70 
 
 General Instructions: 
(i) The question paper is divided into three sections: A, B and C. 
Section A:  Reading      20 marks 
Section B: Advance writing skills   25 marks 
Section C: Literature     25 marks 
(ii) Attempt all questions. 
 
 
Section A 
(Reading: 20 marks) 
 
1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
On the way to Stok, the village ten miles outside Leh, there is a suspension bridge that spans 
the Indus. From the distance, it looks like a circus tent; it is so covered with prayer flags of 
every colour. I am sitting on the seat next to the driver, a young Ladaki, and I ask him, “Why 
are there so many prayer flags?” he looks at me as if I am mad. “If there are no prayer flags, 
the river would get angry.” It is such a festive and exuberant gesture, covering the steel lines 
of the bridge with scarves and mantras and holy dragons that I want to sing. As the bus 
crosses the bridge, the prayer flags flap against it. The driver turns to me and smiles. “Every 
time I am crossing the bridge I am saying my prayers. It is holy, this bridge.” “How old is this 
bridge?” He does not know. It is as if it had always been there like the pile of stones is the 
mountains, like the stupas, like the small wayside shrines. The spirit of Ladakh has changed it 
into a shrine, an object of worship. Does the bridge have its guardian Buddha? The driver 
smiled and did not answer. 
The rocks on the sides of the paths are sprinkled with small blue flowers, a fierce wild green 
grass grows between the boulders; with every quarter of an hour the heat increases and the 
rocks change, growing more and more fantastical, wings of cathedrals, falling into the river 
below, large fluted columns, like the hermit perches of Cappadocia, with golden moss spilling 
over from their height …. and yet it is not the rocks and their dazzling forms that move me 
most. 
Resting on the top of a mountain pass, I found that the rock I was sitting on was ringed on by 
while stones, heaped there by travelers over many years; walking on and on into the highest 
parts of the pass, I found just as I was too tired to go any further, that there was a deserted 
shepherd’s hut, with its roof torn off by the wind, and a small rose-bush rowing in the shelter 
of one of its walls. I sat in it and ate my bread and cheese. On the wall the shepherd had 
 
 
 
 
written with charcoal from the fire, ‘Om’, just one letter again and again. And under each 
letter he had sketched a rough Buddha’s face. 
Answer the following questions briefly: 
a) Why does the bridge look like a circus tent from the distance? 
b) Why are there so many prayer flags? 
c) Why does the narrator want to sing? 
d) How old is the bridge? 
e) When does the rocks change and grow fantastically beautiful? 
f) What was written on the wall of the deserted shepherd’s hut? 
g) Give a synonym from the passage for the word ‘abandoned’. 
h) Find an antonym from the passage for the word ‘exposed’. 
2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
One of the world’s great educations, who looked up to a child as an individual and a very 
special human being, was Maria Montessori. She gave the very young children the 
stimulating Kindergarten, where children grew in an atmosphere of freedom and confidence. 
Maria Montessori was born in Chiravalle near Ancona, Italy in 1870. As a little girl, she was a 
dull student, unable to grasp and retain what her teacher taught her. At the age of 10, she 
suddenly changed. Besides her heightened interest in religion, she felt she had a long way to 
go. 
Maris began topping her class, and her parents felt that she should become a teacher. But she 
was determined to become an engineer. At the age of 14, she attended a technical school for 
boys. After a year she took up Biology and decided to study medical. In spite of a strong 
opposition from her father, she went ahead with medicine. 
Maria became the first Italian woman to receive a medical degree after she graduated from 
the University of Rome in 1896. After getting her degree, she joined the university’s 
psychiatric clinic. As a part of her duty, she had to visit the city’s metal asylum, where disable 
children were housed with the insane. She watched the children shriek, stretching their 
hands out, with an urge to reach out or to touch something. Maria felt they needed a normal 
and friendlier environment and a contact with the world. She worked out ways by which she 
could help the disabled children. Dr. Bacelli opened and experimental state school for 
disabled children with Dr. Maria Montessori as its head. Maria spent long hours, almost 12 
hours of the day with children, observing them and finding out what could really help them. 
After two years of hard work, her students took the normal state school examination. And, 
her children proved that they were not hopeless cases. In fact, many did almost as well as the 
normal children. 
Later, Maria was appointed Professor of Anthropology at the university. After seven years, 
she took up another important mission of her life. She started a Kindergarten for the poor, 
normal children. She first taught them to become tidy, learn self-discipline and then taught 
them to read and write. In her colourful, stimulating Kindergarten, she provided them with 
innovative learning objects, like cut out letters of sandpaper, coloured blocks and musical 
 
 
 
 
bells with different notes. Many more such innovations made her system of education 
stimulating, and even inspired the educationists. 
i. On the basis of your reading the passage, answer the following questions: 
a) How was Maria as a little girl? How did she change suddenly? 
b) What did Maria observe about disabled children? What did she feel about them? 
c) What did Maria do for the disabled children? How did they prove that they were 
not hopeless cases? 
d) What made Maria’s system of education stimulating? 
ii. Answer the following questions by choosing the best option from the ones given 
below: 
a) Maria was determined to become 
(i) A teacher 
(ii) A doctor 
(iii) An engineer 
(iv) A psychiatrist 
b) After getting her medical degree Maria joined: 
(i) Experimental State school 
(ii) Psychiatric clinic of University of Rome 
(iii) Mental asylum of the city 
(iv) As Professor of Anthropology 
c) Maria was appointed Professor of Anthropology at 
(i) A Kindergarten School 
(ii) University of Italy 
(iii) School for disabled children 
(iv) University of Rome 
d) In the school for poor and normal children Maria fist taught the children to  
(i) Become tidy 
(ii) Learn self-discipline 
(iii) Both a) and b) 
(iv) Read and write 
 
Section – B 
(Writing and Grammar: 25 Marks) 
3. Write a letter to the Editor of a local newspaper drawing the attention of the concerned 
authorities towards the number of schools that have either scarcity of competent teachers or 
no subject teacher at all; which is affecting the studies and future of the young generation 
directly. You are Anil Kumar of Kanpur. (100-120 words) 
Or 
As Karuna Avasti write an article for a popular health magazine on “Compulsory Health 
Education and Meal Courses in Schools”.(100-120 words) 
You may refer to the unit ‘Health and Medicine’ and use the clues give below: 
 
 
 
 
• Most children have no stamina-fall unconscious during morning assembly-do not take 
breakfast – Eat fast/junk food 
• No exercise of outdoor game-love compute, TV-becoming lazy 
• Health education ensures healthy future 
• Meal planning provides nutritious and sufficient amount of food 
4. Look at the visual given below carefully. Now write a story using the clues in it and your own 
ideas. Give a suitable title to it. (Word limit: 150-200 words) 
5. Fill in the blanks in the following passage choosing the most appropriate words out of the 
given options: 
At markets or at country-fairs in the old days, the customer had to be on guard against a 
dishonest trader. A house wife, for example, wanting (a)_______________ (for, from, into, to) buy 
a live piglet might be offered a discount if she bought (b) _______________ (a, an, the, some) 
packed one, tied up in a small sack called a poke. Anyone who agreed to (c) _______________ (eat, 
give, buy, sell) a pig in a poke was naturally (d) ____________________ (making, getting, sitting, 
taking) a risk. The pig might be ill (e) __________________ (but, taking, or, to) even dead: Or it 
might turn (f) ___________________ (on, out, in, into) to be not a piglet at all. 
6. In the passage given below, there is an error in each line. Edit the passage and write the 
incorrect word and the correction against the correct blank number in your answer sheet: 
 
Designing toys for children is challenge yet   e.g.: challenge - challenging 
stimulating. Considering the low attentive span    a) _______________ 
of today’s kids, toys with higher played value are able to   b) _______________ 
engaged them longer. Young minds are also quite    c) _______________ 
Page 5


 
 
 
 
Summative Assessment-1 2014-2015 
 English 
Class – X 
 
Time allowed: 3 hours                                Maximum Marks: 70 
 
 General Instructions: 
(i) The question paper is divided into three sections: A, B and C. 
Section A:  Reading      20 marks 
Section B: Advance writing skills   25 marks 
Section C: Literature     25 marks 
(ii) Attempt all questions. 
 
 
Section A 
(Reading: 20 marks) 
 
1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
On the way to Stok, the village ten miles outside Leh, there is a suspension bridge that spans 
the Indus. From the distance, it looks like a circus tent; it is so covered with prayer flags of 
every colour. I am sitting on the seat next to the driver, a young Ladaki, and I ask him, “Why 
are there so many prayer flags?” he looks at me as if I am mad. “If there are no prayer flags, 
the river would get angry.” It is such a festive and exuberant gesture, covering the steel lines 
of the bridge with scarves and mantras and holy dragons that I want to sing. As the bus 
crosses the bridge, the prayer flags flap against it. The driver turns to me and smiles. “Every 
time I am crossing the bridge I am saying my prayers. It is holy, this bridge.” “How old is this 
bridge?” He does not know. It is as if it had always been there like the pile of stones is the 
mountains, like the stupas, like the small wayside shrines. The spirit of Ladakh has changed it 
into a shrine, an object of worship. Does the bridge have its guardian Buddha? The driver 
smiled and did not answer. 
The rocks on the sides of the paths are sprinkled with small blue flowers, a fierce wild green 
grass grows between the boulders; with every quarter of an hour the heat increases and the 
rocks change, growing more and more fantastical, wings of cathedrals, falling into the river 
below, large fluted columns, like the hermit perches of Cappadocia, with golden moss spilling 
over from their height …. and yet it is not the rocks and their dazzling forms that move me 
most. 
Resting on the top of a mountain pass, I found that the rock I was sitting on was ringed on by 
while stones, heaped there by travelers over many years; walking on and on into the highest 
parts of the pass, I found just as I was too tired to go any further, that there was a deserted 
shepherd’s hut, with its roof torn off by the wind, and a small rose-bush rowing in the shelter 
of one of its walls. I sat in it and ate my bread and cheese. On the wall the shepherd had 
 
 
 
 
written with charcoal from the fire, ‘Om’, just one letter again and again. And under each 
letter he had sketched a rough Buddha’s face. 
Answer the following questions briefly: 
a) Why does the bridge look like a circus tent from the distance? 
b) Why are there so many prayer flags? 
c) Why does the narrator want to sing? 
d) How old is the bridge? 
e) When does the rocks change and grow fantastically beautiful? 
f) What was written on the wall of the deserted shepherd’s hut? 
g) Give a synonym from the passage for the word ‘abandoned’. 
h) Find an antonym from the passage for the word ‘exposed’. 
2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: 
One of the world’s great educations, who looked up to a child as an individual and a very 
special human being, was Maria Montessori. She gave the very young children the 
stimulating Kindergarten, where children grew in an atmosphere of freedom and confidence. 
Maria Montessori was born in Chiravalle near Ancona, Italy in 1870. As a little girl, she was a 
dull student, unable to grasp and retain what her teacher taught her. At the age of 10, she 
suddenly changed. Besides her heightened interest in religion, she felt she had a long way to 
go. 
Maris began topping her class, and her parents felt that she should become a teacher. But she 
was determined to become an engineer. At the age of 14, she attended a technical school for 
boys. After a year she took up Biology and decided to study medical. In spite of a strong 
opposition from her father, she went ahead with medicine. 
Maria became the first Italian woman to receive a medical degree after she graduated from 
the University of Rome in 1896. After getting her degree, she joined the university’s 
psychiatric clinic. As a part of her duty, she had to visit the city’s metal asylum, where disable 
children were housed with the insane. She watched the children shriek, stretching their 
hands out, with an urge to reach out or to touch something. Maria felt they needed a normal 
and friendlier environment and a contact with the world. She worked out ways by which she 
could help the disabled children. Dr. Bacelli opened and experimental state school for 
disabled children with Dr. Maria Montessori as its head. Maria spent long hours, almost 12 
hours of the day with children, observing them and finding out what could really help them. 
After two years of hard work, her students took the normal state school examination. And, 
her children proved that they were not hopeless cases. In fact, many did almost as well as the 
normal children. 
Later, Maria was appointed Professor of Anthropology at the university. After seven years, 
she took up another important mission of her life. She started a Kindergarten for the poor, 
normal children. She first taught them to become tidy, learn self-discipline and then taught 
them to read and write. In her colourful, stimulating Kindergarten, she provided them with 
innovative learning objects, like cut out letters of sandpaper, coloured blocks and musical 
 
 
 
 
bells with different notes. Many more such innovations made her system of education 
stimulating, and even inspired the educationists. 
i. On the basis of your reading the passage, answer the following questions: 
a) How was Maria as a little girl? How did she change suddenly? 
b) What did Maria observe about disabled children? What did she feel about them? 
c) What did Maria do for the disabled children? How did they prove that they were 
not hopeless cases? 
d) What made Maria’s system of education stimulating? 
ii. Answer the following questions by choosing the best option from the ones given 
below: 
a) Maria was determined to become 
(i) A teacher 
(ii) A doctor 
(iii) An engineer 
(iv) A psychiatrist 
b) After getting her medical degree Maria joined: 
(i) Experimental State school 
(ii) Psychiatric clinic of University of Rome 
(iii) Mental asylum of the city 
(iv) As Professor of Anthropology 
c) Maria was appointed Professor of Anthropology at 
(i) A Kindergarten School 
(ii) University of Italy 
(iii) School for disabled children 
(iv) University of Rome 
d) In the school for poor and normal children Maria fist taught the children to  
(i) Become tidy 
(ii) Learn self-discipline 
(iii) Both a) and b) 
(iv) Read and write 
 
Section – B 
(Writing and Grammar: 25 Marks) 
3. Write a letter to the Editor of a local newspaper drawing the attention of the concerned 
authorities towards the number of schools that have either scarcity of competent teachers or 
no subject teacher at all; which is affecting the studies and future of the young generation 
directly. You are Anil Kumar of Kanpur. (100-120 words) 
Or 
As Karuna Avasti write an article for a popular health magazine on “Compulsory Health 
Education and Meal Courses in Schools”.(100-120 words) 
You may refer to the unit ‘Health and Medicine’ and use the clues give below: 
 
 
 
 
• Most children have no stamina-fall unconscious during morning assembly-do not take 
breakfast – Eat fast/junk food 
• No exercise of outdoor game-love compute, TV-becoming lazy 
• Health education ensures healthy future 
• Meal planning provides nutritious and sufficient amount of food 
4. Look at the visual given below carefully. Now write a story using the clues in it and your own 
ideas. Give a suitable title to it. (Word limit: 150-200 words) 
5. Fill in the blanks in the following passage choosing the most appropriate words out of the 
given options: 
At markets or at country-fairs in the old days, the customer had to be on guard against a 
dishonest trader. A house wife, for example, wanting (a)_______________ (for, from, into, to) buy 
a live piglet might be offered a discount if she bought (b) _______________ (a, an, the, some) 
packed one, tied up in a small sack called a poke. Anyone who agreed to (c) _______________ (eat, 
give, buy, sell) a pig in a poke was naturally (d) ____________________ (making, getting, sitting, 
taking) a risk. The pig might be ill (e) __________________ (but, taking, or, to) even dead: Or it 
might turn (f) ___________________ (on, out, in, into) to be not a piglet at all. 
6. In the passage given below, there is an error in each line. Edit the passage and write the 
incorrect word and the correction against the correct blank number in your answer sheet: 
 
Designing toys for children is challenge yet   e.g.: challenge - challenging 
stimulating. Considering the low attentive span    a) _______________ 
of today’s kids, toys with higher played value are able to   b) _______________ 
engaged them longer. Young minds are also quite    c) _______________ 
 
 
 
 
impressionable. So, toy designer has to been conscious   d) _______________ 
about ethics and values but also aid their cognitive, physical,  e) _______________ 
emotional and social skills. But above it, fun is the primary  f) _______________ 
objective of play. Another crucial factor are eco-friendliness.  g) _______________ 
Some of a best pro-environment design processes can    h) _______________ 
Actually be found in the Indian handicrafts industry. 
7. Rearrange the jumbled words and phrases to form meaningful sentences: 
a) a student / for / walking / exercise / the best / is 
b) cause / loud noise / mental / can / and / illness / deafness 
c) health / lead to / happiness / early / and / rising 
 
Section – C 
(Literature and Long Reading Text: 25 Marks) 
8. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow: 
Now I am a lake. A woman bends over me, 
Searching my reaches for what she really is, 
Then she turns to those liars, the candles or the moon, 
I see her back, and reflect it faithfully. 
a) Why does the mirror feel that it is a lake? 
b) What are the liars here and why? 
c) Find a word in the stanza has a similar meaning as ‘replicate’. 
Or 
Mrs. Slater: That public-house that John Shorrock’s widow keeps. He is always hanging about 
there. Oh, if he hasn’t paid it- 
Ben: Do you think he hasn’t paid it? Was it overdue? 
Mrs. Slater: I should think it was overdue. 
a) Who is ‘he’ here in the first line? What hasn’t ‘he’ paid? 
b) What impression do you form about both the speakers? 
c) Find a word in the stanza that has a similar meaning as ‘unpaid’. 
9. Answer the following questions in about 30-40 words each: (any foru) 
a) Describe the appearance of Nicolas and Jacopo. 
b) What were the preparations made for tiger shoot? 
c) What kind of life did Ali lead as a young man? When and why did he change his attitude? 
d) How did the frog kill the nightingale without being blamed? 
e) How does the poet immortalize his beloved in the poem ‘Not Marble, Nor the Gilded 
Monuments’? 
10. After the brother’s visit, Lucia writes a page in her dairy about her past life and her present 
situation. As Lucia write the diary entry in about 80-100 words. 
Or 
As a reader of ‘The Dear Departed’ write your impressions about various characters and 
what the intention of the playwright is behind them. (80-100 words) 
Read More
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