The Oldest, Thickest Arctic Sea Ice Is Breaking For the First Time on Record
Some of the oldest and thickest sea ice in the Arctic Sea has broken down for the first time in recorded history.
i. The ice has broken twice in 2018. This has opened waters north of Greenland that are usually frozen even in summer.
ii. This has happened partially due to the result of heat waves caused by climate change and warm winds. This could threaten the survival of Arctic seals and polar bears.
iii. As per satellite images of NASA Worldview, the ice has become brittle and mobile. It is retreating back from the Northern coast of Greenland, due to the winds in February and early August 2018.
iv. As per Norwegian Ice Service data, ice cover in the Arctic is 40 % below the average for this time of the year.
v. The melted portion will freeze again. But it will take longer than usual. In March 2018, the extent of the sea ice was the second-lowest on record for winter.
vi. As per NASA data, September Arctic sea ice, which is usually its lowest, is reducing at a rate of 13.2 % per decade.
About National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA):
♦ Administrator – Jim Bridenstine
♦ Headquarters – Washington, D.C., U.S.
FIFA takes control of Uruguayan football association (AUF)
FIFA (International Federation of Association Football) has taken temporary control over the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF) due to governance issues.
i. AUF’s president Wilmar Valdez resigned from his position in July 2018, just before a day he was to stand for re-election. The election was put on hold.
ii. FIFA will look over a transparent election for a new president for AUF. A normalization committee will be formed to run AUF till 28th February 2019.
iii. Uruguay campaigns with Argentina and Paraguay to host the 2030 Football World Cup.
About FIFA (International Federation of Association Football):
♦ President – Gianni Infantino
♦ Headquarters – Zurich, Switzerland
Veteran pacer Jhulan Goswami retires from T20Is
Indian cricketer Jhulan Goswami has announced her retirement from Twenty-20 Internationals (T20Is). She will only play ODIs hereafter.
Retirement of Jhulan Goswami:
i. Jhulan Goswami is 35 years old. She represented India in 68 T20Is and has taken 56 wickets at an economy rate of 5.45.
ii. She played her first T20I in August 2006. She has played 10 Tests and 169 ODIs so far.
iii. At present, she is the leading wicket-taker in the women’s ODI format. She is also the first woman cricketer to take 200 ODI wickets.