Rising sea levels could cost world $14 trillion annually by 2100
Scientists have warned that, rising sea levels would cost $14 trillion worldwide annually by 2100.
Rising sea levels could cost world $14 trillion annually by 2100:
i. Scientists have warned that failing to limit global warming to 2 degree Celsius will lead to global economic consequences.
ii. Researchers from UK National Oceanographic Centre (NOC) also stated that upper-middle income countries like China will witness the largest increase in flood costs.
iii. The highest income countries will suffer the least due to existing high levels of protection infrastructure.
iv. Over 600 million people live in low-elevation coastal areas, less than 10 metres above sea level.
v. In warm climate, global sea level will increase due to melting of land-based glaciers and ice sheets, and from the thermal expansion of ocean waters.
vi. Sea level rise is one of the most damaging aspects of warming climate. A study regarding this has been published in the journal Environmental Research Letters.
vii. Sea level projections prevail for emissions and socio-economic scenarios. There are no scenarios covering limiting warming below the 2 degrees Celsius and 1.5 degree Celsius targets in the 21st century and beyond.
viii. The researchers studied the consequences of global and regional sea level rise with restricted warming of 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius.
ix.They compared them to sea level projections with uncontrolled warming following emissions scenario Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5.
x. Using World Bank income groups (high, upper middle, lower middle and low income countries), they studied the impact of sea level rise in coastal areas from a global view.
xi. They also used the Dynamic Interactive Vulnerability Assessment modelling framework for some individual countries.
xii. They said that if warming is not controlled and follows the RCP 8.5 sea level rise projections, the global annual flood costs without adaptation will raise to $14 trillion per year for a median sea level rise of 0.86 metres.
xii. It will raise to $27 trillion per year for 1.8 metres. This will account for 2.8 % of global GDP in 2100. It is also said that tropical areas will witness extreme sea levels more often.
Some bird sanctuaries in India:
♦ Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary – West Bengal
♦ Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary – West Bengal
Rani Rampal to lead Indian women’s hockey team in Asian Games
Rani Rampal will lead the Indian women’s hockey team at the Asian Games that will be held in Indonesia from 18th August to 2nd September 2018.
Rani Rampal to lead Indian women’s hockey team in Asian Games:
i. The teams consists of 18 members. Goalkeeper Savita has been named the vice captain. Rajani Etimarpu has been made the reserve goalkeeper.
ii. Indian women’s hockey team for Asian Games:
Some important stadiums in India:
♦ JSCA International Cricket Stadium – Ranchi, Jharkhand
♦ Birsa Munda Athletics Stadium – Ranchi, Jharkhand
♦ JRD Tata Sports Complex – Jamshedpur, Jharkhand
Bajrang Punia claims gold at Tbilisi Grand Prix, Deepak wins bronze
On 5th July 2018, Bajrang Punia won gold medal in the 65kg category at the Tbilisi Grand Prix in Georgia.
Bajrang Punia claims gold at Tbilisi Grand Prix, Deepak wins bronze:
i. Bajrang Punia defeated Iranian wrestler Mehran Nasiri in the finals and won gold medal in the 65kg category.
ii. Bajrang Punia recorded a 9-3 win over Mehran Nasiri. Bajrang Punia will represent India in the 65kg after Wrestling Federation of India exempted him from trials.
iii. In the 86kg category, Deepak Punia won a bronze medal with 5-3 win over Osman Gosen of Turkey.
iv. India’s Sushil Kumar faced his first defeat in over 4 years and moved out of 74kg category.
About Wrestling Federation of India (WFI):
♦ President – Brijbhushan Sharan Singh
♦ Location – New Delhi
Shardul Thakur to replace Jasprit Bumrah in India’s ODI squad
Shardul Thakur will replace Jasprit Bumrah in India’s One-Day International squad for the upcoming ODI series against England.
Shardul Thakur to replace Jasprit Bumrah in India’s ODI squad:
i. Shardul Thakur is a fast bowler. This decision was made by All-India Senior Selection Committee after Jasprit Bumrah injured his left thumb during the first Twenty-20 International match against Ireland in Dublin.
ii. Jasprit Bumrah was moved out of the ongoing T20I series against England. He has undergone surgery. The ODI series will start on 12th July 2018 in Nottingham.
iii. India’s squad for ODIs against England consists of:
Virat Kohli (Captain), Shikhar Dhawan, Rohit Sharma, KL Rahul, Shreyas Iyer, Suresh Raina, MS Dhoni (wicket-keeper), Dinesh Karthik, Yuzvendra Chahal, Kuldeep Yadav, Axar Patel, Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Shardul Thakur, Hardik Pandya, Siddarth Kaul, Umesh Yadav.
About Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI):
♦ CEO – Rahul Johri
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai
World Zoonoses Day – July 6
On 6th July 2018, World Zoonoses Day was observed all over the world.
World Zoonoses Day:
i. World Zoonosis Day is observed on 6th July every year. It commemorates 6th July 1885, the day on which Louis Pasteur successfully administered the first vaccine against, a zoonotic disease, to Joseph Meister after he was attacked by a rabid dog.
ii. World Zoonoses Day aims to create awareness on the zoonotic diseases. Zoonotic diseases can be spread from animals to humans.
iii.Zoonoses are viral diseases like rabies and influenza, bacterial diseases like Lyme disease and brucellosis, or parasitic diseases like tapeworms. These diseases can be transmitted from animals to humans.
About World Health Organization (WHO):
♦ Director-General – Tedros Adhanom
♦ Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland