Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 Notes | EduRev

: Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


 
Environment Protection and Biodiversity 
Conservation Act 1999 
Act No. 91 of 1999 as amended 
This compilation was prepared on 19 July 2010 
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 107 of 2010 
Volume 1 includes: Table of Contents 
   Sections 1 – 266 
The text of any of those amendments not in force  
on that date is appended in the Notes section 
The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be  
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section 
Volume 2 includes: Table of Contents 
   Sections 266B – 528 
   Schedule 1 
   Note 1 
   Table of Acts 
   Act Notes 
   Table of Amendments 
   Notes 2 – 5 
   Table A 
Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing, 
Attorney-General’s Department, Canberra 
   
   
   
Page 2


 
Environment Protection and Biodiversity 
Conservation Act 1999 
Act No. 91 of 1999 as amended 
This compilation was prepared on 19 July 2010 
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 107 of 2010 
Volume 1 includes: Table of Contents 
   Sections 1 – 266 
The text of any of those amendments not in force  
on that date is appended in the Notes section 
The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be  
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section 
Volume 2 includes: Table of Contents 
   Sections 266B – 528 
   Schedule 1 
   Note 1 
   Table of Acts 
   Act Notes 
   Table of Amendments 
   Notes 2 – 5 
   Table A 
Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing, 
Attorney-General’s Department, Canberra 
   
   
   
Page 3


 
Environment Protection and Biodiversity 
Conservation Act 1999 
Act No. 91 of 1999 as amended 
This compilation was prepared on 19 July 2010 
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 107 of 2010 
Volume 1 includes: Table of Contents 
   Sections 1 – 266 
The text of any of those amendments not in force  
on that date is appended in the Notes section 
The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be  
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section 
Volume 2 includes: Table of Contents 
   Sections 266B – 528 
   Schedule 1 
   Note 1 
   Table of Acts 
   Act Notes 
   Table of Amendments 
   Notes 2 – 5 
   Table A 
Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing, 
Attorney-General’s Department, Canberra 
   
   
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999              iii 
Contents 
Chapter 1—Preliminary 1 
Part 1—Preliminary 1 
1 Short title [see Note 1].......................................................................1 
2 Commencement [see Note 1].............................................................1 
3 Objects of Act....................................................................................1 
3A Principles of ecologically sustainable development ..........................3 
4 Act to bind Crown .............................................................................3 
5 Application of Act .............................................................................4 
6 Extended application of Act to match extended management 
of fisheries under the Fisheries Management Act 1991.....................6 
7 Application of the Criminal Code .....................................................7 
8 Native title rights not affected ...........................................................7 
9 Relationship with other Acts .............................................................8 
10 Relationship with State law ...............................................................8 
Chapter 2—Protecting the environment 9 
Part 2—Simplified outline of this Chapter 9 
11 Simplified outline of this Chapter......................................................9 
Part 3—Requirements for environmental approvals 10 
Division 1—Requirements relating to matters of national 
environmental significance 10 
Subdivision A—World Heritage 10 
12 Requirement for approval of activities with a significant 
impact on a declared World Heritage property................................10 
13 What is a declared World Heritage property?.................................11 
14 Declaring a property to be a declared World Heritage 
property ...........................................................................................11 
15 Amending or revoking a declaration of a declared World 
Heritage property.............................................................................13 
15A Offences relating to declared World Heritage properties.................14 
Subdivision AA—National Heritage 15 
15B Requirement for approval of activities with a significant 
impact on a National Heritage place................................................15 
15C Offences relating to National Heritage places .................................17 
Subdivision B—Wetlands of international importance 22 
16 Requirement for approval of activities with a significant 
impact on a declared Ramsar wetland .............................................22 
17 What is a declared Ramsar wetland? ..............................................23 
17A Making and revoking declarations of wetlands ...............................23 
Page 4


 
Environment Protection and Biodiversity 
Conservation Act 1999 
Act No. 91 of 1999 as amended 
This compilation was prepared on 19 July 2010 
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 107 of 2010 
Volume 1 includes: Table of Contents 
   Sections 1 – 266 
The text of any of those amendments not in force  
on that date is appended in the Notes section 
The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be  
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section 
Volume 2 includes: Table of Contents 
   Sections 266B – 528 
   Schedule 1 
   Note 1 
   Table of Acts 
   Act Notes 
   Table of Amendments 
   Notes 2 – 5 
   Table A 
Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing, 
Attorney-General’s Department, Canberra 
   
   
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999              iii 
Contents 
Chapter 1—Preliminary 1 
Part 1—Preliminary 1 
1 Short title [see Note 1].......................................................................1 
2 Commencement [see Note 1].............................................................1 
3 Objects of Act....................................................................................1 
3A Principles of ecologically sustainable development ..........................3 
4 Act to bind Crown .............................................................................3 
5 Application of Act .............................................................................4 
6 Extended application of Act to match extended management 
of fisheries under the Fisheries Management Act 1991.....................6 
7 Application of the Criminal Code .....................................................7 
8 Native title rights not affected ...........................................................7 
9 Relationship with other Acts .............................................................8 
10 Relationship with State law ...............................................................8 
Chapter 2—Protecting the environment 9 
Part 2—Simplified outline of this Chapter 9 
11 Simplified outline of this Chapter......................................................9 
Part 3—Requirements for environmental approvals 10 
Division 1—Requirements relating to matters of national 
environmental significance 10 
Subdivision A—World Heritage 10 
12 Requirement for approval of activities with a significant 
impact on a declared World Heritage property................................10 
13 What is a declared World Heritage property?.................................11 
14 Declaring a property to be a declared World Heritage 
property ...........................................................................................11 
15 Amending or revoking a declaration of a declared World 
Heritage property.............................................................................13 
15A Offences relating to declared World Heritage properties.................14 
Subdivision AA—National Heritage 15 
15B Requirement for approval of activities with a significant 
impact on a National Heritage place................................................15 
15C Offences relating to National Heritage places .................................17 
Subdivision B—Wetlands of international importance 22 
16 Requirement for approval of activities with a significant 
impact on a declared Ramsar wetland .............................................22 
17 What is a declared Ramsar wetland? ..............................................23 
17A Making and revoking declarations of wetlands ...............................23 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
iv            Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999        
17B Offences relating to declared Ramsar wetlands...............................25 
Subdivision C—Listed threatened species and communities 26 
18 Actions with significant impact on listed threatened species 
or endangered community prohibited without approval ..................26 
18A Offences relating to threatened species etc......................................28 
19 Certain actions relating to listed threatened species and listed 
threatened ecological communities not prohibited ..........................29 
Subdivision D—Listed migratory species 30 
20 Requirement for approval of activities with a significant 
impact on a listed migratory species................................................30 
20A Offences relating to listed migratory species...................................31 
20B Certain actions relating to listed migratory species not 
prohibited ........................................................................................32 
Subdivision E—Protection of the environment from nuclear 
actions 32 
21 Requirement for approval of nuclear actions...................................32 
22 What is a nuclear action? ................................................................34 
22A Offences relating to nuclear actions.................................................35 
Subdivision F—Marine environment 37 
23 Requirement for approval of activities involving the marine 
environment.....................................................................................37 
24 What is a Commonwealth marine area?..........................................39 
24A Offences relating to marine areas ....................................................40 
Subdivision FA—Great Barrier Reef Marine Park 44 
24B Requirement for approval of activities in the Great Barrier 
Reef Marine Park.............................................................................44 
24C Offences relating to Great Barrier Reef Marine Park ......................46 
Subdivision G—Additional matters of national environmental 
significance 48 
25 Requirement for approval of prescribed actions..............................48 
Subdivision H—Actions that are taken to be covered by this 
Division 50 
25A Actions that are taken to be covered by this Division......................50 
Subdivision HA—Limitation on liability for actions of third 
parties 51 
25AA Limitation on liability for actions of third parties............................51 
Subdivision I—Evidentiary certificates 52 
25B Evidentiary certificates....................................................................52 
25C Certificate to be given to person......................................................53 
25D Evidentiary effect of certificate .......................................................53 
25E Variation of certificate.....................................................................53 
25F Revocation of certificate..................................................................53 
Page 5


 
Environment Protection and Biodiversity 
Conservation Act 1999 
Act No. 91 of 1999 as amended 
This compilation was prepared on 19 July 2010 
taking into account amendments up to Act No. 107 of 2010 
Volume 1 includes: Table of Contents 
   Sections 1 – 266 
The text of any of those amendments not in force  
on that date is appended in the Notes section 
The operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be  
affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section 
Volume 2 includes: Table of Contents 
   Sections 266B – 528 
   Schedule 1 
   Note 1 
   Table of Acts 
   Act Notes 
   Table of Amendments 
   Notes 2 – 5 
   Table A 
Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing, 
Attorney-General’s Department, Canberra 
   
   
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999              iii 
Contents 
Chapter 1—Preliminary 1 
Part 1—Preliminary 1 
1 Short title [see Note 1].......................................................................1 
2 Commencement [see Note 1].............................................................1 
3 Objects of Act....................................................................................1 
3A Principles of ecologically sustainable development ..........................3 
4 Act to bind Crown .............................................................................3 
5 Application of Act .............................................................................4 
6 Extended application of Act to match extended management 
of fisheries under the Fisheries Management Act 1991.....................6 
7 Application of the Criminal Code .....................................................7 
8 Native title rights not affected ...........................................................7 
9 Relationship with other Acts .............................................................8 
10 Relationship with State law ...............................................................8 
Chapter 2—Protecting the environment 9 
Part 2—Simplified outline of this Chapter 9 
11 Simplified outline of this Chapter......................................................9 
Part 3—Requirements for environmental approvals 10 
Division 1—Requirements relating to matters of national 
environmental significance 10 
Subdivision A—World Heritage 10 
12 Requirement for approval of activities with a significant 
impact on a declared World Heritage property................................10 
13 What is a declared World Heritage property?.................................11 
14 Declaring a property to be a declared World Heritage 
property ...........................................................................................11 
15 Amending or revoking a declaration of a declared World 
Heritage property.............................................................................13 
15A Offences relating to declared World Heritage properties.................14 
Subdivision AA—National Heritage 15 
15B Requirement for approval of activities with a significant 
impact on a National Heritage place................................................15 
15C Offences relating to National Heritage places .................................17 
Subdivision B—Wetlands of international importance 22 
16 Requirement for approval of activities with a significant 
impact on a declared Ramsar wetland .............................................22 
17 What is a declared Ramsar wetland? ..............................................23 
17A Making and revoking declarations of wetlands ...............................23 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
iv            Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999        
17B Offences relating to declared Ramsar wetlands...............................25 
Subdivision C—Listed threatened species and communities 26 
18 Actions with significant impact on listed threatened species 
or endangered community prohibited without approval ..................26 
18A Offences relating to threatened species etc......................................28 
19 Certain actions relating to listed threatened species and listed 
threatened ecological communities not prohibited ..........................29 
Subdivision D—Listed migratory species 30 
20 Requirement for approval of activities with a significant 
impact on a listed migratory species................................................30 
20A Offences relating to listed migratory species...................................31 
20B Certain actions relating to listed migratory species not 
prohibited ........................................................................................32 
Subdivision E—Protection of the environment from nuclear 
actions 32 
21 Requirement for approval of nuclear actions...................................32 
22 What is a nuclear action? ................................................................34 
22A Offences relating to nuclear actions.................................................35 
Subdivision F—Marine environment 37 
23 Requirement for approval of activities involving the marine 
environment.....................................................................................37 
24 What is a Commonwealth marine area?..........................................39 
24A Offences relating to marine areas ....................................................40 
Subdivision FA—Great Barrier Reef Marine Park 44 
24B Requirement for approval of activities in the Great Barrier 
Reef Marine Park.............................................................................44 
24C Offences relating to Great Barrier Reef Marine Park ......................46 
Subdivision G—Additional matters of national environmental 
significance 48 
25 Requirement for approval of prescribed actions..............................48 
Subdivision H—Actions that are taken to be covered by this 
Division 50 
25A Actions that are taken to be covered by this Division......................50 
Subdivision HA—Limitation on liability for actions of third 
parties 51 
25AA Limitation on liability for actions of third parties............................51 
Subdivision I—Evidentiary certificates 52 
25B Evidentiary certificates....................................................................52 
25C Certificate to be given to person......................................................53 
25D Evidentiary effect of certificate .......................................................53 
25E Variation of certificate.....................................................................53 
25F Revocation of certificate..................................................................53 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999              v 
Division 2—Protection of the environment from proposals 
involving the Commonwealth 54 
Subdivision A—Protection of environment from actions involving 
Commonwealth land 54 
26 Requirement for approval of activities involving 
Commonwealth land........................................................................54 
27 What is Commonwealth land?.........................................................55 
27A Offences relating to Commonwealth land .......................................55 
Subdivision AA—Protection of Commonwealth Heritage places 
outside the Australian jurisdiction 57 
27B Requirement for approval of actions with significant impact 
on Commonwealth Heritage places overseas...................................57 
27C Offences relating to Commonwealth Heritage places 
overseas ...........................................................................................58 
Subdivision B—Protection of the environment from 
Commonwealth actions 60 
28 Requirement for approval of activities of Commonwealth 
agencies significantly affecting the environment.............................60 
Subdivision C—Actions that are taken to be covered by this 
Division 61 
28AA Actions that are taken to be covered by this Division......................61 
Subdivision D—Limitation on liability for actions of third parties 62 
28AB Limitation on liability for actions of third parties............................62 
Part 4—Cases in which environmental approvals are not 
needed 63 
Division 1—Actions covered by bilateral agreements 63 
29 Actions declared by agreement not to need approval ......................63 
30 Extended operation in State and Northern Territory waters.............64 
31 Extended operation in non-self-governing Territories.....................64 
Division 2—Actions covered by Ministerial declarations and 
accredited management arrangements or accredited 
authorisation processes 66 
Subdivision A—Effect of declarations 66 
32 Actions declared by Minister not to need approval .........................66 
Subdivision B—Making declarations 67 
33 Making declaration that actions do not need approval under 
Part 9 ...............................................................................................67 
34 What is matter protected by a provision of Part 3? .........................71 
Subdivision C—Prerequisites for making declarations 73 
34A Minister may only make declaration if prescribed criteria are 
met...................................................................................................73 
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