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Earthquake, in simple words, is the abrupt shaking of the earth’s surface. It is a natural occurrence and is caused due to the release of energy that generates waves in all directions. Although it is not frequent like other types of natural disasters, an earthquake can cause destruction and loss of life on a bigger scale.
Earthquakes can occur due to various reasons like a volcanic eruption, icefall, and landslides. However, earthquakes caused due to folding and faulting are more disastrous. They produce tragic and dramatic effects as destroyed cities, broken dams, and sometimes also cause Tsunami. This is why earthquakes are regarded as more destructive than other forces of nature .Earthquakes do not instantly cause harm to humans, but they cause property damage. The biggest danger is ground displacement, which causes large buildings to collapse, thereby causing injury or death to humans. Sometimes even the roads and bridges are destroyed, making them completely unusable.