Ethics: February 2021 Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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Current Affairs : Ethics: February 2021 Current Affairs Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


 
                                                                                                                                                        
9. ETHICS 
9.1. ROLE OF YOUTH IN NATION BUILDING 
Introduction  
India is a nation with large reserves of youth. This is because the median age of the country’s population is 29 
years. The demographic dividend has a great potential to contribute towards nation building, but realizing this 
potential requires overcoming prevalent challenges and creating an ecosystem to channelize this potential.  
What is Nation Building?  
In the broadest sense, nation building encompasses everything from development, well-being to security of all the 
citizens of the nation. It can be sub-divided into different but interdependent pillars:  
• Economic Prosperity: Economic Growth serves as the marker for standard of living and availability of critical 
goods and services which enhances development.  
• Political stability: Political stability at national, regional as well as local level is the barometer of robustness of 
the democratic processes of the nation. Democratic processes in turn strengthen the institutional capital and 
governmental stability in a nation.  
• Human Development: Human development encompasses education as well the collective health of people 
among others. Development of citizens of a nation directly correlates to development of the nation itself.  
• Social cohesion: Alongside the development of citizens as individual entities, building of a nation requires 
these entities to act in cohort in order to complement their energies. In that sense, social cohesion in a society 
plays a key role aligning individual energies.  
• Environmental Sustainability: The citizens and the nation that they build does not operate in a vacuum but in 
the context of physical environment they inhabit. The sustainability of that environment has a direct bearing 
on all of nation’s entities.  
Why role of youth is central to Nation Building?  
Most of the times, the youth of a nation is not the wealthiest or most powerful section of the society in the 
traditional sense. But they play a special role in development due to following reasons-  
• Energy and vitality that they bring: The vitality of any activity or any organization at its core is majorly driven 
by youthful energy. From construction workers to IT professionals to entrepreneurs, all vital areas of growth 
and development are driven by young working population.  
• Torchbearer of change and reforms: Youth bring with them new ideas, goals and processes to achieve them, 
thus acting as the driving force for reforms. For example, the emergence of gig economy which is driven by 
young people is bringing about positive disruption in work culture.  
• Present as well as future of the nation: The capabilities that the young population has, the work that they do 
now will shape the economy and society of the present as the well as the future. For instance, the education 
level of today’s youth will be directly correlated with Research and Development potential of tomorrow.  
• Provide direction to the nation: The youth have dreams, hopes and passions. These emotions and ambitions 
collectively provide a direction to the nation. This direction overtime translates to a vision which acts as the 
driving force of the nation. For example, the dream for a corruption free society is driving actions like e-
governance, Right to Information etc. which will ultimately culminate a more honest and vigilant society.  
How can youth contribute to Nation Building?  
Youth with them brings to the table all the ingredients for Nation Building, these ingredients can be shaped 
through following vocations-  
• Being the workforce of the nation: Every individual who works, directly contributes to generation of goods 
and services which directly or indirectly builds the nation bit by bit. For instance, an agricultural labourer with 
his/her physical effort or an investment banker with his/her financial prowess, contribute to nation building.  
o Also, the youth as part of the workforce support both elderly and children, thus maintaining the social and 
economic stability in society.  
• Creating culture of innovation and entrepreneurship: Young generation can create a vibrant entrepreneurial 
ecosystem which is committed to find solutions to the problems of the nation. For example, plethora of start-
ups have sprung up to solve the issues related to agricultural marketing in India.  
Page 2


 
                                                                                                                                                        
9. ETHICS 
9.1. ROLE OF YOUTH IN NATION BUILDING 
Introduction  
India is a nation with large reserves of youth. This is because the median age of the country’s population is 29 
years. The demographic dividend has a great potential to contribute towards nation building, but realizing this 
potential requires overcoming prevalent challenges and creating an ecosystem to channelize this potential.  
What is Nation Building?  
In the broadest sense, nation building encompasses everything from development, well-being to security of all the 
citizens of the nation. It can be sub-divided into different but interdependent pillars:  
• Economic Prosperity: Economic Growth serves as the marker for standard of living and availability of critical 
goods and services which enhances development.  
• Political stability: Political stability at national, regional as well as local level is the barometer of robustness of 
the democratic processes of the nation. Democratic processes in turn strengthen the institutional capital and 
governmental stability in a nation.  
• Human Development: Human development encompasses education as well the collective health of people 
among others. Development of citizens of a nation directly correlates to development of the nation itself.  
• Social cohesion: Alongside the development of citizens as individual entities, building of a nation requires 
these entities to act in cohort in order to complement their energies. In that sense, social cohesion in a society 
plays a key role aligning individual energies.  
• Environmental Sustainability: The citizens and the nation that they build does not operate in a vacuum but in 
the context of physical environment they inhabit. The sustainability of that environment has a direct bearing 
on all of nation’s entities.  
Why role of youth is central to Nation Building?  
Most of the times, the youth of a nation is not the wealthiest or most powerful section of the society in the 
traditional sense. But they play a special role in development due to following reasons-  
• Energy and vitality that they bring: The vitality of any activity or any organization at its core is majorly driven 
by youthful energy. From construction workers to IT professionals to entrepreneurs, all vital areas of growth 
and development are driven by young working population.  
• Torchbearer of change and reforms: Youth bring with them new ideas, goals and processes to achieve them, 
thus acting as the driving force for reforms. For example, the emergence of gig economy which is driven by 
young people is bringing about positive disruption in work culture.  
• Present as well as future of the nation: The capabilities that the young population has, the work that they do 
now will shape the economy and society of the present as the well as the future. For instance, the education 
level of today’s youth will be directly correlated with Research and Development potential of tomorrow.  
• Provide direction to the nation: The youth have dreams, hopes and passions. These emotions and ambitions 
collectively provide a direction to the nation. This direction overtime translates to a vision which acts as the 
driving force of the nation. For example, the dream for a corruption free society is driving actions like e-
governance, Right to Information etc. which will ultimately culminate a more honest and vigilant society.  
How can youth contribute to Nation Building?  
Youth with them brings to the table all the ingredients for Nation Building, these ingredients can be shaped 
through following vocations-  
• Being the workforce of the nation: Every individual who works, directly contributes to generation of goods 
and services which directly or indirectly builds the nation bit by bit. For instance, an agricultural labourer with 
his/her physical effort or an investment banker with his/her financial prowess, contribute to nation building.  
o Also, the youth as part of the workforce support both elderly and children, thus maintaining the social and 
economic stability in society.  
• Creating culture of innovation and entrepreneurship: Young generation can create a vibrant entrepreneurial 
ecosystem which is committed to find solutions to the problems of the nation. For example, plethora of start-
ups have sprung up to solve the issues related to agricultural marketing in India.  
 
                                                                                                                                                        
• Providing leadership in thought and 
action: Youth can provide the 
leadership role in bureaucracy, 
industry, social service etc., but most 
importantly in politics. This is because 
participating in politics directly affects 
policies and debates over critical issues 
affecting the nation such as budgetary 
allocations, environmental regulations 
etc.  
• Shaping the nation through their 
choices: Youth act as decision makers in 
the society. By their choices they dictate 
not only the extent but also the 
direction of the nation’s development. 
Their consumption patterns, lifestyle 
etc. shape the socio-economic spaces 
around them.  
o For instance, increasing awareness 
among youth about environmental 
degradation has encouraged 
development of ideas like circular 
economy.  
What are the challenges that they face?  
• Lacking pre-requisites of health and education: The problem of poverty, malnutrition, poor enrolment in 
higher education have handicapped the potential of youth. These issues culminate to poor human resource 
development and consequently limits their contribution to nation building. For example, poor nutrition 
directly affects the productivity of labour which in turn threatens their financial security.  
• Scarce skills and even more scarce opportunities: Estimates suggest that close to 2.5% of the population is 
skilled, this creates a scenario of large scale unemployment and generation of poor quality of jobs. This results 
in creation of problems like disguised unemployment and degree creep.  
o Degree creep can be defined as a scenario where for an identical job, the qualification has risen merely 
due to competition. For example, if qualification for a job of welder increased from a diploma in 
engineering to masters in engineering, this would be called degree creep. 
• Have to bear disproportionate risk: Young people who aspire to become politicians, entrepreneurs, civil 
servants etc. have to bear a disproportionate risks due to large competition. The woes of these youth are 
compounded by the risk-averse culture prevailing in the society which penalizes the risk-taking behaviour.  
o For example, an individual who wishes to enter politics has to bear the hard work and risk of contesting in 
elections alongside securing his livelihood from an alternate source.  
• Absence of a nurturing ecosystem: Youth, in their endeavour of Nation Building need support in the form of 
an ecosystem which trains them and provides handholding. For example, there is no concrete training program 
or mechanism for youth wish to join the political system.  
What can be done to overcome these challenges and encourage the youth to in Nation Building?  
To ensure active participation of youth in national development, it needs to be collectively supported by the 
government, the private sector, the civil society and their parents. Following can be done to for this: 
• Moving towards a healthier society: The idea is to move from curative health to preventive health by 
focussing on wellness. Shifting the focus to wellness will directly affect the nutrition levels, disease burden and 
will have a compounded effect when healthier youth translates to better productivity.  
• Strengthening the education systems: This can be done by effective implementation of National Education 
Policy 2020 alongside augmenting the infrastructural, financial and human resources in the education sector.   
• Providing education-skill development-industry-education linkage: The transition from education skill 
development, skill development to industry or vice-versa needs to be seamless. This is necessary to ensure 
Page 3


 
                                                                                                                                                        
9. ETHICS 
9.1. ROLE OF YOUTH IN NATION BUILDING 
Introduction  
India is a nation with large reserves of youth. This is because the median age of the country’s population is 29 
years. The demographic dividend has a great potential to contribute towards nation building, but realizing this 
potential requires overcoming prevalent challenges and creating an ecosystem to channelize this potential.  
What is Nation Building?  
In the broadest sense, nation building encompasses everything from development, well-being to security of all the 
citizens of the nation. It can be sub-divided into different but interdependent pillars:  
• Economic Prosperity: Economic Growth serves as the marker for standard of living and availability of critical 
goods and services which enhances development.  
• Political stability: Political stability at national, regional as well as local level is the barometer of robustness of 
the democratic processes of the nation. Democratic processes in turn strengthen the institutional capital and 
governmental stability in a nation.  
• Human Development: Human development encompasses education as well the collective health of people 
among others. Development of citizens of a nation directly correlates to development of the nation itself.  
• Social cohesion: Alongside the development of citizens as individual entities, building of a nation requires 
these entities to act in cohort in order to complement their energies. In that sense, social cohesion in a society 
plays a key role aligning individual energies.  
• Environmental Sustainability: The citizens and the nation that they build does not operate in a vacuum but in 
the context of physical environment they inhabit. The sustainability of that environment has a direct bearing 
on all of nation’s entities.  
Why role of youth is central to Nation Building?  
Most of the times, the youth of a nation is not the wealthiest or most powerful section of the society in the 
traditional sense. But they play a special role in development due to following reasons-  
• Energy and vitality that they bring: The vitality of any activity or any organization at its core is majorly driven 
by youthful energy. From construction workers to IT professionals to entrepreneurs, all vital areas of growth 
and development are driven by young working population.  
• Torchbearer of change and reforms: Youth bring with them new ideas, goals and processes to achieve them, 
thus acting as the driving force for reforms. For example, the emergence of gig economy which is driven by 
young people is bringing about positive disruption in work culture.  
• Present as well as future of the nation: The capabilities that the young population has, the work that they do 
now will shape the economy and society of the present as the well as the future. For instance, the education 
level of today’s youth will be directly correlated with Research and Development potential of tomorrow.  
• Provide direction to the nation: The youth have dreams, hopes and passions. These emotions and ambitions 
collectively provide a direction to the nation. This direction overtime translates to a vision which acts as the 
driving force of the nation. For example, the dream for a corruption free society is driving actions like e-
governance, Right to Information etc. which will ultimately culminate a more honest and vigilant society.  
How can youth contribute to Nation Building?  
Youth with them brings to the table all the ingredients for Nation Building, these ingredients can be shaped 
through following vocations-  
• Being the workforce of the nation: Every individual who works, directly contributes to generation of goods 
and services which directly or indirectly builds the nation bit by bit. For instance, an agricultural labourer with 
his/her physical effort or an investment banker with his/her financial prowess, contribute to nation building.  
o Also, the youth as part of the workforce support both elderly and children, thus maintaining the social and 
economic stability in society.  
• Creating culture of innovation and entrepreneurship: Young generation can create a vibrant entrepreneurial 
ecosystem which is committed to find solutions to the problems of the nation. For example, plethora of start-
ups have sprung up to solve the issues related to agricultural marketing in India.  
 
                                                                                                                                                        
• Providing leadership in thought and 
action: Youth can provide the 
leadership role in bureaucracy, 
industry, social service etc., but most 
importantly in politics. This is because 
participating in politics directly affects 
policies and debates over critical issues 
affecting the nation such as budgetary 
allocations, environmental regulations 
etc.  
• Shaping the nation through their 
choices: Youth act as decision makers in 
the society. By their choices they dictate 
not only the extent but also the 
direction of the nation’s development. 
Their consumption patterns, lifestyle 
etc. shape the socio-economic spaces 
around them.  
o For instance, increasing awareness 
among youth about environmental 
degradation has encouraged 
development of ideas like circular 
economy.  
What are the challenges that they face?  
• Lacking pre-requisites of health and education: The problem of poverty, malnutrition, poor enrolment in 
higher education have handicapped the potential of youth. These issues culminate to poor human resource 
development and consequently limits their contribution to nation building. For example, poor nutrition 
directly affects the productivity of labour which in turn threatens their financial security.  
• Scarce skills and even more scarce opportunities: Estimates suggest that close to 2.5% of the population is 
skilled, this creates a scenario of large scale unemployment and generation of poor quality of jobs. This results 
in creation of problems like disguised unemployment and degree creep.  
o Degree creep can be defined as a scenario where for an identical job, the qualification has risen merely 
due to competition. For example, if qualification for a job of welder increased from a diploma in 
engineering to masters in engineering, this would be called degree creep. 
• Have to bear disproportionate risk: Young people who aspire to become politicians, entrepreneurs, civil 
servants etc. have to bear a disproportionate risks due to large competition. The woes of these youth are 
compounded by the risk-averse culture prevailing in the society which penalizes the risk-taking behaviour.  
o For example, an individual who wishes to enter politics has to bear the hard work and risk of contesting in 
elections alongside securing his livelihood from an alternate source.  
• Absence of a nurturing ecosystem: Youth, in their endeavour of Nation Building need support in the form of 
an ecosystem which trains them and provides handholding. For example, there is no concrete training program 
or mechanism for youth wish to join the political system.  
What can be done to overcome these challenges and encourage the youth to in Nation Building?  
To ensure active participation of youth in national development, it needs to be collectively supported by the 
government, the private sector, the civil society and their parents. Following can be done to for this: 
• Moving towards a healthier society: The idea is to move from curative health to preventive health by 
focussing on wellness. Shifting the focus to wellness will directly affect the nutrition levels, disease burden and 
will have a compounded effect when healthier youth translates to better productivity.  
• Strengthening the education systems: This can be done by effective implementation of National Education 
Policy 2020 alongside augmenting the infrastructural, financial and human resources in the education sector.   
• Providing education-skill development-industry-education linkage: The transition from education skill 
development, skill development to industry or vice-versa needs to be seamless. This is necessary to ensure 
 
                                                                                                                                                        
skill levels of workforce matches the industrial demand, industry is enabled to undertake the task of skill 
development and also education-industry remain in continuous communication.  
• Generating more opportunities: Youth need an avenue to showcase their skills and translate their potential. 
These opportunities can be created by encouraging entrepreneurship, providing conducive business climate 
among others.  
• Creating a supportive and vibrant culture: The impressionable nature of youth makes it vital to provide them 
a supportive culture starting from their parents, teachers, schooling systems and up till the point they interact 
with society, market and government.  
o The ethos of this culture primarily rest on encouraging youth to contribute to the nation, providing them 
financial, institutional and emotional support and understanding that in building of the youth lies the 
essence of Nation Building.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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