Q.1. The curved surface area of a right circular cylinder of height 14 cm is 88 cm2. Find the diameter of the base of the cylinder. (Assume π = 22 / 7)
Solution: Height of cylinder, h = 14cm
Let the diameter of the cylinder be d
Curved surface area of cylinder = 88 cm2
We know that, formula to find Curved surface area of cylinder is 2πrh.
So 2πrh = 88 cm2 (r is the radius of the base of the cylinder)
2 × (22 / 7) × r × 14 = 88 cm2
2r = 2 cm
d = 2 cm
Therefore, the diameter of the base of the cylinder is 2 cm.
Q.2. It is required to make a closed cylindrical tank of height 1m and base diameter 140cm from a metal sheet. How many square meters of the sheet are required for the same? Assume π = 22 / 7
Solution: Let h be the height and r be the radius of a cylindrical tank.
Height of cylindrical tank, h = 1m
Radius = half of diameter = (140 / 2) cm = 70cm = 0.7m
Area of sheet required = Total surface are of tank = 2πr(r + h) unit square
= [2 × (22 / 7) × 0.7(0.7 + 1)] = 7.48
Therefore, 7.48 square meters of the sheet are required.
Q.3. A metal pipe is 77 cm long. The inner diameter of a cross section is 4 cm, the outer diameter being 4.4cm. (see fig. 13.11). Find its
(i) inner curved surface area,
(ii) outer curved surface area
(iii) total surface area (Assume π = 22 / 7)
Solution: Let r1 and r2 Inner and outer radii of cylindrical pipe
r1 = 4 / 2 cm = 2 cm
r2 = 4.4 / 2 cm = 2.2 cm
Height of cylindrical pipe, h = length of cylindrical pipe = 77 cm
(i) curved surface area of outer surface of pipe = 2πr1h
= 2 × (22 / 7) × 2 × 77 cm2
= 968 cm2
(ii) curved surface area of outer surface of pipe = 2πr2h
= 2 × (22 / 7) × 2.2 × 77 cm2
= (22 × 22 × 2.2) cm2
= 1064.8 cm2
(iii) Total surface area of pipe = inner curved surface area+ outer curved surface area+ Area of both circular ends of pipe.
= 2r1h + 2r2h + 2π(r12 - r22)
= 9668 + 1064.8 + 2 × (22 / 7) × (2.22 - 22)
= 2031.8 + 5.28
= 2038.08 cm2
Therefore, the total surface area of the cylindrical pipe is 2038.08 cm2.
Q.4. The diameter of a roller is 84 cm and its length is 120 cm. It takes 500 complete revolutions to move once over to level a playground. Find the area of the playground in m2? (Assume π = 22 / 7)
Solution: A roller is shaped like a cylinder.
Let h be the height of the roller and r be the radius.
h = Length of roller = 120 cm
Radius of the circular end of roller = r = (84 / 2) cm = 42 cm
Now, CSA of roller = 2πrh
= 2 × (22 / 7) × 42 × 120
= 31680 cm2
Area of field = 500 × CSA of roller
= (500 × 31680) cm2
= 15840000 cm2
= 1584 m2.
Therefore, area of playground is 1584 m2.
Q.5. A cylindrical pillar is 50 cm in diameter and 3.5 m in height. Find the cost of painting the curved surface of the pillar at the rate of Rs. 12.50 per m2. (Assume π = 22 / 7)
Solution: Let h be the height of a cylindrical pillar and r be the radius.
Height cylindrical pillar = h = 3.5 m
Radius of the circular end of pillar = r = diameter / 2 = 50 / 2 = 25cm = 0.25m
CSA of pillar = 2πrh
= 2 × (22 / 7) × 0.25 × 3.5
= 5.5 m2
Cost of painting 1 m2 area = Rs. 12.50
Cost of painting 5.5 m2 area = Rs (5.5 × 12.50)
Therefore, the cost of painting the curved surface of the pillar at the rate of Rs. 12.50 per m2 is Rs 68.75.
Q.6. Curved surface area of a right circular cylinder is 4.4 m2. If the radius of the base of the base of the cylinder is 0.7 m, find its height. (Assume π = 22 / 7)
Solution: Let h be the height of the circular cylinder and r be the radius.
Radius of the base of cylinder, r = 0.7m CSA of cylinder = 2πrh
CSA of cylinder = 4.4m2
Equating both the equations, we have
2 × (22 / 7) × 0.7 × h = 4.4
Or h = 1
Therefore, the height of the cylinder is 1 m.
Q.7. The inner diameter of a circular well is 3.5m. It is 10m deep. Find
(i) its inner curved surface area,
(ii) the cost of plastering this curved surface at the rate of Rs. 40 per m2.
(Assume π = 22 / 7)
Solution: Inner radius of circular well, r = 3.5 / 2m = 1.75m
Depth of circular well, say h = 10m
(i) Inner curved surface area = 2πrh
= (2 × (22 / 7) × 1.75 × 10) = 110
Therefore, the inner curved surface area of the circular well is 110 m2.
(ii) Cost of plastering 1 m2 area = Rs.40
Cost of plastering 110 m2 area = Rs (110 × 40)
Therefore, the cost of plastering the curved surface of the well is Rs. 4400.
Q.8. In a hot water heating system, there is cylindrical pipe of length 28 m and diameter 5 cm. Find the total radiating surface in the system. (Assume π = 22 / 7)
Solution: Height of cylindrical pipe = Length of cylindrical pipe = 28m
Radius of circular end of pipe = diameter / 2 = 5 / 2 cm = 2.5cm = 0.025m
Now, CSA of cylindrical pipe = 2πrh, where r = radius and h = height of the cylinder
= 2 × (22 / 7) × 0.025 × 28 m2
The area of the radiating surface of the system is 4.4m2.
(i) the lateral or curved surface area of a closed cylindrical petrol storage tank that is 4.2 m in diameter and 4.5m high.
(ii) How much steel was actually used, if 1 / 12 of the steel actually used was wasted in making the tank. (Assume π = 22 / 7)
Solution: Height of cylindrical tank, h = 4.5m
Radius of the circular end , r = (4.2 / 2)m = 2.1m
(i) the lateral or curved surface area of cylindrical tank is 2πrh
= 2 × (22 / 7) × 2.1 × 4.5 m2
= (44 × 0.3 × 4.5) m2
= 59.4 m2
Therefore, CSA of tank is 59.4 m2.
(ii) Total surface area of tank = 2πr(r + h)
= 2 × (22 / 7) × 2.1 × (2.1 + 4.5)
= 44 × 0.3 × 6.6
= 87.12 m2
Now, Let S m2 steel sheet be actually used in making the tank.
S(1 - 1 / 12) = 87.12 m2
This implies, S = 95.04 m2
Therefore, 95.04m2 steel was used in actual while making such a tank.
Q.10. In fig. 13.12, you see the frame of a lampshade. It is to be covered with a decorative cloth. The frame has a base diameter of 20 cm and height of 30 cm. A margin of 2.5 cm is to be given for folding it over the top and bottom of the frame. Find how much cloth is required for covering the lampshade. (Assume π = 22 / 7)
Solution: Say h = height of the frame of lampshade, looks like cylindrical shape
r = radius
Total height is h = (2.5 + 30 + 2.5) cm = 35cm and
r = (20 / 2) cm = 10cm
Use curved surface area formula to find the cloth required for covering the lampshade which is 2πrh
= (2 × (22 / 7) × 10 × 35) cm2
= 2200 cm2
Hence, 2200 cm2 cloth is required for covering the lampshade.
Q.11. The students of Vidyalaya were asked to participate in a competition for making and decorating penholders in the shape of a cylinder with a base, using cardboard. Each penholder was to be of radius 3 cm and height 10.5 cm. The Vidyalaya was to supply the competitors with cardboard. If there were 35 competitors, how much cardboard was required to be bought for the competition? (Assume π = 22 / 7)
Solution: Radius of the circular end of cylindrical penholder, r = 3cm
Height of penholder, h = 10.5cm
Surface area of a penholder = CSA of pen holder + Area of base of penholder
= 2πrh + πr2
= 2 × (22 / 7) × 3 × 10.5 + (22 / 7) × 32 = 1584 / 7
Therefore, Area of cardboard sheet used by one competitor is 1584 / 7 cm2
So, Area of cardboard sheet used by 35 competitors = 35 × 1584 / 7 = 7920 cm2
Therefore, 7920 cm2 cardboard sheet will be needed for the competition.