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Factors Determining Dividend Policy
Profitable Position of the Firm
Dividend decision depends on the profitable position of the business concern. When the firm earns more profit, they can distribute more dividends to the shareholders.
Uncertainty of Future Income
Future income is a very important factor, which affects the dividend policy. When the shareholder needs regular income, the firm should maintain regular dividend policy.
The Companies Act 1956 has put several restrictions regarding payments and declaration of dividends. Similarly, Income Tax Act, 1961 also lays down certain restrictions on payment of dividends.
Liquidity position of the firms leads to easy payments of dividend. If the firms have high liquidity, the firms can provide cash dividend otherwise, they have to pay stock dividend.
Sources of Finance
If the firm has finance sources, it will be easy to mobilise large finance. The firm shall not go for retained earnings.
Growth Rate of the Firm
High growth rate implies that the firm can distribute more dividend to its shareholders.
Tax policy of the government also affects the dividend policy of the firm. When the government gives tax incentives, the company pays more dividend.
Capital Market Conditions
Due to the capital market conditions, dividend policy may be affected. If the capital market is prefect, it leads to improve the higher dividend